I noticed that for a low pass Butterworth filter, as the cut off frequency reduces, the poles get closer to the unit circle. Is it applicable to all filters and why is this so?
As the normalized cut off frequency reduces from $\pi/2$ to $0$ (close to $0$- really low cut off frequency), the poles get closer to unit circle (the distance between the poles and unit circle reduces monotonically). Similar behavior is observed when we increase the cut off frequency from $\pi/2$ to $\pi$ (close to $\pi$- really high cut off frequency), the poles get closer to unit circle again- at $\pi/2$ they seem to be farthest away from the unit circle.
I would really appreciate if anybody could help me understand why this is so intuitively and also the math behind this (if there is any). Thanks in advance.