My apology if following question is too simplistic to be asked but I have the following code which generates a nice sine wave for me:


enter image description here

Now I was thinking I should be able to construct a cosine wave in the similar way by changing the X(2) and X(N) values into some real mirrored values say X(2)=-32 and X(N)=32. However, the output is not what I want i.e. a cosine wave

enter image description here


You must keep in mind that for a real-valued signal, second half of your spectrum is a complex conjugate of all values below the Nyquist frequency. In your case:

X(2) = -32
X(N) = 32

as you can see the coefficients are not the complex conjugate of each other. Because of that you are ending up with round-off errors, since two frequency components are cancelling each other out.

Here is some modification to your code:

clc, clear all, close all
fs = 32;
dt = 1/fs;


td = linspace(0, (length(s)-1)*dt,     length(s));

stem(td, s, 'b', 'linewidth', 2)
grid on
legend({'reconstructed signal'})

Which gives:

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the answer. So what you changed in my code was basically changing X(N)=32 into X(N)=conj(32) . What's the mathematical interpretation of this? i.e. conjugate of a real value. $\endgroup$
    – Bababarghi
    Oct 23 '15 at 12:28
  • $\begingroup$ Complex conjugate $\endgroup$
    – jojek
    Oct 23 '15 at 12:34
  • $\begingroup$ conj(32) is 32, so X(N)=conj(32) is the same of X(N) = 32, or did I miss something ? The error of OP was just he did X(2) = -32 instead of X(2) = 32. But I like your way to do it, it prevents errors. $\endgroup$
    – MaximGi
    Feb 26 '16 at 9:11
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ If you are asking about the line X(N)=conj(X(2)); then it is there to automatically calculate the coefficient when OP wants to play with the code. Indeed X(N) will be 32 in the example above. $\endgroup$
    – jojek
    Feb 26 '16 at 9:14

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