Unsupervised clustering of image data is tricky thing and requires adjusting the method to the content of the images set.
Assuming we're dealing with the MNIST data set we can do some nice things using known tools.
First, let's assume we're after 2 features, namely we're after a dimensionality reduction from 784 features / dimensions to 2.
The first approach ...
I think that the best option, probably, would be Random Forests or any other Boosting / Bagging method based on decision trees.
I would probably start with SK Learn Random Forests.
As more advanced trick I'd go after XGBoost.
The Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) (Also the Fisher's Linear Discriminant, which the LDA is a generalization of) is a method to find a projection plane to separate data by linear projection Matrix multiplication).
Its main limitation is the use of linear projection.
On the other hand, it can be used in a supervised manner. Namely it can use the labels to ...
This is probably going to take trial and error on your part. The things I'd try:
Different light angles: use LEDs at different incident angles to illuminate the cards.
Different light colors: Use red, green, blue, and infrared LEDs to illuminate the cards.
Polarizing filter: use a polaroid filter (sunglasses might do) at different angles (rotations) in ...
There are many modern known features for images. Among them:
Those are classic and popular features. Since the blossom of Deep Learning people are less and less invest in researching newer features.
One way to interpret the DFT, that I personally find most useful, is by comparing it to the DTFT (Discrete Tome Fourier Transform, which has an infinite input domain) of a repeated function. That is, imagine tiling your image out to infinity, and applying the DTFT, to obtain a periodic, continuous Fourier domain that you then sample. Because of the ...
I'm very new to Fourier transform
I suggest to start with the math here. Make sure you understand the formula and WHY it is the way it is. Then work your way up by doing simple examples where you write the code AND also calculate the result by hand so you can compare the two and get a feel of how the code works
Start with a single non-zero pixel in the ...