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as per the nyquist theorem the range of x[n] will be (-16/2)<x[n]<(16/2), i.e., -8<x[n]<8, the bits of quantization is given in the form of 2^n, which is equal to 8, so 2^n=8, i.e., n=3.


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Yes, they can be different, depending what your maximum input value is.


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The short answer is for any digital signal the frequency spectrum is periodic, repeating at multiples of the sampling rate. The D/A output is the periodic spectrum shaped by a Sinc response due to the staircase (zero-order hold) reconstruction, with the first null of the Sinc at the sampling rate. The intention of the continuous-time lowpass filter is to ...


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You're spot on: whereas other frequencies are typically subject to noise that is somewhat benign shaped and result of random processes, DC is usually affected by things like a DC offset. Physically, that happens pretty easily: Say, you've got an ADC with 14 bits of effective number of bits, and it has a differential sensing range of 0 V to 2 V. Then, but 1/...


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