# Questions tagged [z-transform]

The Z-transform converts a discrete time-domain signal, which is a sequence of real or complex numbers, into a complex frequency-domain representation.

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### Please explain Multiplication property in Z transform?

I am having problem visualizing contour any example will be great help. As far as as where I need it I was trying to find Z transform of a contracted signal by first multiplication by impulse train.
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### Region of convergence for discrete system

I am confused by two questions on the region of convergence (ROC) when applying the $Z$-transform. Consider a discrete-time linear system $$x[n+1] = Ax[n]+Bu[n], \qquad y[n]=Cx[n]+D$$ whose transfer ...
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### Z-transform of not quite an upsampler

I know the z-transform of an upsampler is: $$y[n] = \begin{cases} x(n/L) &n=0,\pm L, \pm 2L, ...\\ 0&otherwise \end{cases} \longrightarrow Y(z)= X(z^{L})$$ if $x[n]_L$ is defined to zero ...
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### Why is the Z-transform so important in digital filters analysis and design? [closed]

Please elaborate on why this mathematical transform can help analyzing as well as designing any type of digital filter.
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### Is the inverse of a causal system also causal?

If I have a causal system H(z) and I find the inverse of this system: $$G(z) = \frac{1}{H(z)}$$ Is G(z) also causal?
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### ROC of inverse system function

If the region of convergence (ROC) for system function $H(z)$ is $R_h$, what is the ROC of the inverse function $G(z)=\frac{1}{H(z)}$? 
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### z-transform causality properties: negative coefficents are zero ($x[-1]z^1=0$, $x[-2]z^2=0$, …)

Let's suppose I have a system: $$Y(z)=X(z)H(z)$$ If the system is causal, does that mean that all the negative coefficients (example: x[-1]) of the transform for $Y(z)$, $X(z)$, and $H(z)$ are zero?...
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### chirp z-transform for different output sizes

I am attempting to use the chirp z-transform for an application that requires arbitrary FFT output sizes less than or equal to the length of the input signal. However, I've encountered an issue where ...
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### Is this calculation of inverse z-transform proper

I wonder whether my calculation of inverse z transform are correct. My IIR system is described as follows in Z-domain $H(z) = \frac{z^{-2}}{1-0.5z^{-2}}$ After using partial fraction decomposition I ...
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### z-Transform Methods: Definition vs. Integration Rule

The definition of the z-transform is defined as $z = e^{sT}$ where "s" is complex frequency for continuous-time systems and "T" is the sample period. Why are rules such as the forward rectangular ...
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### Octave - freqz strange results

I wrote octave code to find transmittance based on zeros and poles: ...
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### Steady state value of a complex convolution

I am trying few problems on the introductory part of DSP. One of the problem asks to calculate the steady state response of a system with impulse response $h[n] = (\frac{j}{2})^{n} u[n]$ to an input ...
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### How to determine poles and zeros of the z-transform?

This is a simple question, but I just don't understand how we determine the poles and zeros of a rational system function. For example, for the LTI system described by this constant coefficient ...
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### How does an IIR system affect magnitude and phase of a sinusoidal signal

Consider an IIR system with impulse response $h[n]=\left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} \right)^n u[n]$. If I apply $x[n]=\cos(n \frac{\pi}{2} + \varphi)$ at the input, how can I determine the change in ...
### Transfer function of resonant filter with 2 poles, peak at $f_0 = 500\text{ Hz}$, and $\Delta f = 32\text{ Hz}$
From my studying difference equations and transfer functions, I understand that when a complex exponential input $x[n]=z_1^n$ is applied to an LTI system with transfer function $H(z)$, determining the ...