# Questions tagged [window]

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### Multiple different length Windows for high resolution realtime FFT

I am looking at trying to achieve a 'realtime' (as quick as possible to acquire, process and present data) FFT application to analyse audio. I have setup my app to acquire a set of samples, apply a ...
790 views

### How to design a lowpass filter using Hamming window and sinc function

I have these three equations and have a noisy voice signal. I have to design a low pass filter of length N=1000 using hamming window technique. I have selected its cutoff frequecny 0.25 (normalized). \...
52 views

### DTFT of window function applied to input signal

$$x[n] = cos(\omega_1n) + cos(\omega_2n)$$ $w[n] = 1/N$ for $0 \leq n < N, 0$ for everything else Find the DTFT of $y[n]=x[n]w[n]$ expressed by the DTFT of $w[n]$, $W(\omega)$ I was thinking ...
63 views

### Gibbs phenomenon, which window to use?

"Rectangular window" and "Triangular window" have gibbs phenomenon So which window should be used in fir filter design to have minimum or zero gibbs phenomenon
30 views

### Is it okay to interpolate between overlapping areas obtained using a sliding window?

I am using a 50x50 pixel sliding window which moves left to right every pixel so that it covers a whole binary image which is about 2000x2000 pixels. In the window, the ratio value of black to white ...
32 views

### Why coherence function calculation needs averaging of different segments of the signal?

I am trying to understand coherence function calculation. I am working with a non-linear system without any noise. Coherence function is defined as: I understand that coherence is 1 for N=1, but I ...
149 views

### What is Frequency Resolution?

Im trying to tackle the following problem while still not having a firm idea on what "frequency resolution" means : Suppose we sample a continuous time signal with sampling period Ts = 1/2000, and ...
112 views

### Rectangular vs Hann windowing

I'm trying to create a basic digital signal processing pipeline, to manipulate a WAV file. Nothing fancy, I'm just looking to apply some filtering. My first attempt was to divide the input signal to ...
195 views

### Multi Resolution STFT for audio

I am looking at trying to achieve a multi resolution STFT analysis on a log sine sweep audio measurement. I have an impulse, and I would like to perform two different windowed length FFTs on the ...
37 views

### RMS from calculation from PSD using Welch's method [duplicate]

I've used Welche's method on a vibration signal to get the averaged FFT which I want to used to calculate the PSD from which I can calculate the RMS. Within the Welche method i've use Hann window ...
51 views

### Yet another fft question - a vocoder

Lets assume a pipeline X: ...
30 views

### identify equilibrium region after large transient

I am looking at data from a mechanical system under an unsteady load. I'm trying to find the simplest way to identify the portion of the signal once the system reaches its new equilibrium. Here's a ...
15 views

### Scalable gaussian window

I would like to determine fractional fourier transform of scalable gaussian window function Can I get help on implementing g(t,u) in MATLAB?
37 views

### Fundamental component estimation

I am dealing with phasor estimation (fundamental component extraction primarily), and i am using sliding window DFT (which happens to be very popular for phasor estimation). Now at nominal frequency (...
166 views

### What happens if you apply window after filtering a discrete signal to get it back to its original length?

What happens if you filter a discrete bandpass signal of length $N$ with a bandpass filter(Hann truncated sinc) of length $L$ and apply a window of length $N$ to the filtered signal of length $N+L-1$ ...
263 views

### Use of Tukey window and its effect on a graph

I am trying to minimise the noise in a spectrum of a variable. I am trying to to divide the time history in equal parts, to do the FFT of this time history parts and to do an average between these fft....
5k views

### Understanding overlapping in STFT

I understand the concept of the STFT. In order to avoid spectral leakage, you use a Hann window that overlaps by 50%. However, the problem that I have, is that the example code online does not account ...
15 views

### What is the correct input format to perform IFFT on a spectrum?

Say I have response of a band pass $\left(f_1-f_2\right)$ or a lowpass filter $\left(0-f\right)$ and if I want to estimate filter length then I may take the inverse transform of the frequency response ...
38 views

### Energy using Hanning window

I am a newbie in signal processing. I am testing the Hanning window on a signal. Obviously doing this window also means cut some energy of the signal, and when I do the DFT, the 0 frequency is not ...
71 views

425 views

### Instantaneous magnitude

I was reading this thread: How to get Instantaneous Magnitude for a Instantaneous Frequency From FFT? I have basically the same question, but I'm curious about more detail about the Hann window ...
1k views

### Overlap and windowing a signal for signal processing

I’d like to digitally signal process an audio data. Therefore my idea was to: Split the audio data into individual blocks of 16 samples each. Each block has an overlap of 50% (8 samples are shared ...