Questions tagged [window]

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50 views

Blackman window magnitude attenuation

I am trying to compute the fundamental phasor using sliding window DFT. I have employed a Blackman window in conjunction i.e $$ \sum_{k=0}^{L_{DFT}-1}x(k) w(k) e^{-j2\pi k/N} $$ where $x(k)$ is the ...
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1answer
26 views

minimal signal window size (length)

In order to detect a frequency component of 1 Hz with a DFT - do I need a signal window (signal in time domain) of at least 1 second length (in order to have at least 1 cycle of the desired minimal ...
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2answers
99 views

why is the signal divided into epochs in EEG classification?

I'm new in EEG signal classification. Studying the literature on this topic, I wonder why the EEG signals are divided in epochs, so, instead of classifying the whole signal all at once, we usually ...
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0answers
24 views

What is appropriate windowing technique for sine burst excitation?

I had to give sine burst to get good SNR. In above Blue color -> Actuation signal or input. Orange -> Response or output. I did use hanning window for both. The frf real & imaginary plot ...
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1answer
58 views

Discrete Signal Windowing

How do we apply windowing of 50% (4 samples) to a discrete signal with the odd number of values as 1234567? Is it done as: ...
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2answers
228 views

Find the Equivalent Noise Bandwidth

I have already asked (in another thread) how to quantify (specify) the window function I have created. One figure I need it seems is the Equivalent Noise Bandwidth (ENBW) Or Noise Equivalent Bandwidth....
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0answers
24 views

How to specify a window?

I have developed my own window function for pre-processing signals prior to a DFT (FFT). How do I measure the performance of the window so that I can specify how good (or bad) it is? Maybe other ...
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0answers
14 views

Noise and harmonic elements w/in a discrete time signal

So I have a discrete-time signal with around 300 samples. It is part of an environmental science application, so is not-strictly periodic although there clearly are periodic components. I have applied ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Frequency Support of Window Functions

All window functions, which go from zero amplitude, up, then back to zero amplitude, are all base-band signals. Why is this? Are all functions that have this behavior always band-band aka low-pass?
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0answers
68 views

Gibbs phenomenon, which window to use?

"Rectangular window" and "Triangular window" have gibbs phenomenon So which window should be used in fir filter design to have minimum or zero gibbs phenomenon
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1answer
35 views

Is it okay to interpolate between overlapping areas obtained using a sliding window?

I am using a 50x50 pixel sliding window which moves left to right every pixel so that it covers a whole binary image which is about 2000x2000 pixels. In the window, the ratio value of black to white ...
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1answer
55 views

Why coherence function calculation needs averaging of different segments of the signal?

I am trying to understand coherence function calculation. I am working with a non-linear system without any noise. Coherence function is defined as: I understand that coherence is 1 for N=1, but I ...
0
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1answer
66 views

RMS from calculation from PSD using Welch's method [duplicate]

I've used Welche's method on a vibration signal to get the averaged FFT which I want to used to calculate the PSD from which I can calculate the RMS. Within the Welche method i've use Hann window ...
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0answers
17 views

Scalable gaussian window

I would like to determine fractional fourier transform of scalable gaussian window function Can I get help on implementing g(t,u) in MATLAB?
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0answers
40 views

Fundamental component estimation

I am dealing with phasor estimation (fundamental component extraction primarily), and i am using sliding window DFT (which happens to be very popular for phasor estimation). Now at nominal frequency (...
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3answers
131 views

Rectangular vs Hann windowing

I'm trying to create a basic digital signal processing pipeline, to manipulate a WAV file. Nothing fancy, I'm just looking to apply some filtering. My first attempt was to divide the input signal to ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the correct input format to perform IFFT on a spectrum?

Say I have response of a band pass $\left(f_1-f_2\right)$ or a lowpass filter $\left(0-f\right)$ and if I want to estimate filter length then I may take the inverse transform of the frequency response ...
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1answer
69 views

Energy using Hanning window

I am a newbie in signal processing. I am testing the Hanning window on a signal. Obviously doing this window also means cut some energy of the signal, and when I do the DFT, the 0 frequency is not ...
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1answer
444 views

Use of Tukey window and its effect on a graph

I am trying to minimise the noise in a spectrum of a variable. I am trying to to divide the time history in equal parts, to do the FFT of this time history parts and to do an average between these fft....
0
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1answer
93 views

When can a windowed cosine be considered band-limited signal?

I have an exam in the following days and i have no clue of what is the response to this question in the exam: given this signal: $$g(t) = H\left(t+\frac{T}{3}\right) f(t) - H\left(t-\frac{2T}{...
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1answer
61 views

Peak to Average Power Ratio of an exponentially increasing signal

I am having an exponentially increasing sinusoidal signal. After sampling, I am dividing the signal into frames of length 128 and doing windowing operation with a hanning window of length 128. Then ...
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1answer
68 views

DTFT of window function applied to input signal

$$x[n] = cos(\omega_1n) + cos(\omega_2n)$$ $w[n] = 1/N$ for $0 \leq n < N, 0$ for everything else Find the DTFT of $y[n]=x[n]w[n]$ expressed by the DTFT of $w[n]$, $W(\omega)$ I was thinking ...
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2answers
258 views

Multi Resolution STFT for audio

I am looking at trying to achieve a multi resolution STFT analysis on a log sine sweep audio measurement. I have an impulse, and I would like to perform two different windowed length FFTs on the ...
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1answer
61 views

Yet another fft question - a vocoder

Lets assume a pipeline X: ...
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2answers
220 views

Half Window Functions and Formulas

I am looking at implementing different window functions in an application I am making. I have found the formulas for all major symmetrical windows, however I would like to implement half windows. ...
2
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1answer
69 views

What is the proper way to filter out unwanted noise from accelerometers?

I'm a beginner in signal processing and have a hard time to filter out environmental noise from the floor vibration data collected using accelerometers. I have tried using butterworth filter (IIR) ...
0
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1answer
162 views

How to deal with overlap in STFT when considering the highest energy among multiple channels

I have a 4 channels audio file. As a pre-processing step, it goes through an STFT with $T$ frames and $M$ frequencies. The output is divided into magnitude and phase per channel, so for $C$ channels, ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Hanning and Hamming Window

I am new in the field of signal processing. What's the different between Hamming and Hanning window? When we use the former and latter?
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0answers
42 views

Is there a window with both a lower side lobe level and higher side lobe roll of rate than Blackman

Is there a window with both a lower side lobe level and higher side lobe roll of rate than the Blackman window - even if it is poor or useless for some other reason?
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2answers
151 views

Multiple different length Windows for high resolution realtime FFT

I am looking at trying to achieve a 'realtime' (as quick as possible to acquire, process and present data) FFT application to analyse audio. I have setup my app to acquire a set of samples, apply a ...
3
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4answers
641 views

What is Frequency Resolution?

Im trying to tackle the following problem while still not having a firm idea on what "frequency resolution" means : Suppose we sample a continuous time signal with sampling period Ts = 1/2000, and ...
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0answers
98 views

How to know the time of my window to calculate the STFT with python knowing only the length?

I am trying to implement a work presented in an IEEE paper where they have mentioned that the STFT was performed on the signal measurements to obtain a spectrogram with no overlap window of 3 min : I ...
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1answer
32 views

identify equilibrium region after large transient

I am looking at data from a mechanical system under an unsteady load. I'm trying to find the simplest way to identify the portion of the signal once the system reaches its new equilibrium. Here's a ...
2
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2answers
143 views

Fundamental misunderstanding of windowing

I believe I have a fundamental misunderstanding of windowing. I thought that windowing is applied to a signal with pointwise multiplication, then some sort of filtering is then done to it (say using ...
1
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2answers
902 views

How to design a lowpass filter using Hamming window and sinc function

I have these three equations and have a noisy voice signal. I have to design a low pass filter of length N=1000 using hamming window technique. I have selected its cutoff frequecny 0.25 (normalized). \...
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3answers
2k views

Correct method for processing FFT in realtime

I am attempting to build a 'live' FFT for continuous analysis of an audio signal. I am relatively new to this, but have attempted the full thing, and then updating the graph at 20Hz refresh rate. My ...
1
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2answers
409 views

Interpolated FIR filter group delay

I'm trying to design a digital low pass filter with a narrow transition band. My sampling rate is 25 kHz, the cut off frequency is 60 Hz & the transition band width is 4 Hz. I'm looking for about ...
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0answers
233 views

Windowing a signal by using Hanning / Hamming or… zero padding?

My question is about the use of Hanning or Hamming windows versus "square" windows. In my understanding, I will use a Hanning or Hamming window to limit the spectral leakage. But, on the second hand, ...
1
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2answers
515 views

Short length windowed sinc filter

I have a 50-60Hz signal being sampled at a frequency of 25 kHz & I'm trying to filter all frequencies beyond 70 Hz with a reasonable steep transition band (approx 4 Hz) & good attenuation (~40+...
1
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1answer
1k views

Gaussian window and standard deviation

I am trying to figure out how to use the matlab gausswin function which constructs a Gaussian window for $N$ samples with a given standard deviation $\sigma$. The function is defined by ...
1
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3answers
8k views

Window period(overlap) and FFT

How does changing the window period (i.e the number of points overlap between two frames) affect the FFT results ? Suppose that a time series signal was converted to frequency domain by FFT with ...
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1answer
357 views

fft - spectral leakage from noise into target frequency?

I have an acoustic setup. A sender, emitting a clean sine signal. The receiver is far away. In the time domain, the sine is hardly visible because the noise is nearly as big as the signal. In the ...
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1answer
292 views

Should I use window or any filtering to average my data?

I have 80 seconds of data and I have to score my data by taking the average or median (or some other method) every 10 seconds. What's the best way to do this ? Should I just use a regular rectangular ...
-1
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1answer
142 views

On-Chip DFT Engine vs Software DFT

I'm new to signal processing. I'm trying to build a network analyzer. So far I was only considering getting the output signal through a 16-bit ADC and then do its corresponding windowing and DFT to ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Hilbert transform with a sliding window

I have a input voltage signal which has disturbances present in it. I am actually discretizing the input signal into say $1300$ samples and taking Hilbert transform of the signal by taking $N$ samples ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Should zero element be considered to calculate mean when smoothing spectrogram by window?

My (mass spectrometry) spectrogram does not measure the intensity constantly. I obtain the spectrogram, for example, ...
1
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4answers
541 views

What do I lose when I set overlap rate to a really high value in STFT

If I don't care about computational cost, is there any cons when I put overlap rate really high in STFT?
2
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1answer
2k views

How is a signal multiplied with the window functions?

How the input signal get multiplied with the window functions like Hamming, Hanning, Blackman, etc? I have tried to multiply the input signal of $10\textrm{ MHz}$ sampled at $100\textrm{ MHz}$ using ...
4
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3answers
6k views

Understanding overlapping in STFT

I understand the concept of the STFT. In order to avoid spectral leakage, you use a Hann window that overlaps by 50%. However, the problem that I have, is that the example code online does not account ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Inverse the Hanning Window [closed]

I am using the following formula to calculate the Hann values for a set of points: $$ w(n)=0.5\left(1-\cos\left(2\pi \frac nN\right)\right) $$ To implement this in java, I am using the following code:...