# Questions tagged [wave]

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58 views

### Where should triangle, sawtooth and square waves start?

I am reading a text on DSP, which shows generation of sin, cos, triangle, sawtooth and square waves. Generated cos waves start at 1 and sin waves start at 0, which makes sense (cos(0)=1, sin(0)=0). ...
551 views

### How audio watermarks are captured

I have read that we can use audio watermarks to "identify the original produces of the material or the consumers of the media." How consumers of the media is measured by audio watermarks? Lets say ...
207 views

### Get dB full scale value of a group of wave samples

I am trying to compute the dBFS value of a group of samples (stereo wave file), according to this formula: $$p_{RMS} = \sqrt{\frac{ x_1^2 + x_2^2 + \ldots}n }$$ dbFS = 20\log_{10}\frac{ p_{RMS}}{...
16 views

### Need help with detecting onset of audio in wav file

I'm new to DSP and I'm learning as I go. I have an audio file with a chirp signal(2kHz). I played and recorded this chirp signal and the recording has a lot of environmental sounds. Here is my code:
9k views

### Can you turn a square wave into a sine wave using a low pass filter?

And if it could, would it make the sound of the square wave thinner than before because of losing its harmonics?
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### Why do waveforms that are symmetrical above and below their horizontal centerlines contain no even-numbered harmonics?

All About Circuits site states that waveforms that are symmetrical above and below their horizontal centerlines contain no even-numbered harmonics. Can somebody explain this mathematically, or point ...
47 views

### are Ultra sound signal amplitude dangerous? [closed]

First sorry if this question if it's out of topic but I'm very intrigued The human ear can hear a specific range of sound waves frequency. and huge amplitude of those sounds can damage the ears but ...
1k views

### Why does a wave continuously decreasing in frequency start increasing its frequency past the half of its length?

I'm trying to programmatically generate a wave (sine or square) with a continuously decreasing frequency. To do so, I simply multiply the starting frequency for a decreasing value, that linearly goes ...
50 views

### difficulty in understanding amplitude, frequency and period

I have difficulty in understanding of some fundamental terms as amplitude. Can be there more than one amplitude for a signal? The following expression is combination of 3 sinusoidal signal, so are ...
74 views

### Is it possible to encrypt an audio wave? NFL Example

In the NFL, quarterbacks receive playcalls from coaches over their helmet's wireless interface. Someone mentioned how occasionally, these radios will pick up interference from airplanes, and that ...
55 views

### frequencies in sound: multiple possibilities?

First, I am by no mean a sound engineer (as you will guess later). I was just wondering something while looking at the waveform of a .wav for a given shape of waveform on a duration of 2 sec for ...
1k views

### Extracting metadata from wav files [closed]

I was curious if there is a way to extract metadata from wav files. For instance, can you get bpm, key, instrument, etc. from a .wav file on upload?
40 views

### how to extract a period of a periodic pulsed signal?

I rercorded a sequence of zeros and ones which is repeated many times. However, the first and the last repetitions may not be complete because I have to start recording at a random time, so the ...
135 views

### When simulating a voltage divider using wave digital filters I get inversed polarity outputs

I'm studying wave digital filters for my bachelor's thesis and I'm finding problems in implementing a voltage divider to test my knowledge. Here's the circuit that I'm trying to simulate and the WDF ...
103 views

### Windows Audio WAVEFORMAT buffer BYTE to 16-bit int

I am trying to understand audio-buffer processing at the low-level for the first time. I have the following C++ code copying WAVE-format byte data from capture buffer of Window Core Audio (*ppData in ...
200 views

### How to compare two audio files that maybe have been recorded in the same environment

I have two audio files that I think they were recorded in the same room. Is there any tool that can be used to compare both of them. Knowing that sample rate and format are the same. Thanks
155 views

### Equation for impulse train

I am looking for a formula (Fourier series) to generate an impulse train waveform - a spike-wave with amplitude and period both $1$ – so that $f(x)$ has value $1$ at $x = 1,2,3,4...$ and $f(x)$ has ...
2k views

### Mathematical equation for the sound wave that a piano makes

Is there a mathematical function that can output the sound that a piano makes at different frequencies? So if the simplest equation for a sound wave (at a given frequency and for a given sample rate) ...
1k views

### Wav file scale factor

I seek a scaled audio file format for my dsp output. I'd like to produce "scaled wav files", when I've done my pre processing. Eg. if the amplitude is 15.5 (of whatever unit), you should be able to ...
66 views

### Pitch fluctuates unexpectedly in simple sine function

I wrote a very basic C program to play a sine of a user-specified frequency. In the interest of portability, I have it spit values directly to stdout, so hopefully you can reproduce my problem on your ...
300 views

### Bandpass filter on noisy sinusoid that predicts turning points

Is there an application where it is required to predict turning-points of a signal that is like a sinusoid with constant frequency, variable amplitude and some noise (Gaussian additive noise)? The ...
570 views

### How do you construct common waveforms (square, sawtooth, triangle, noise) from sine wave partials using an IFFT?

In the lovely image below we see the addition of sine waves making a square wave. I am coding a wave table synthesiser and thought it would be great to get the user to be able to fiddle with the ...
273 views

### Is it theoretically possible to perfectly quantize a continuous signal?

So, I'm completely new to digital signal processing, but while reading a piece this morning about quantization it got me daydreaming: could a machine ever be fast enough to sample the position and ...
174 views

### wavwrite with 32 bits per sample seems to overflow?

I am trying to generate a 32bit PCM wav file with octave, the file shall contain a single full-scale sample (0db impulse). I am getting the expected result when using 24 bits per sample: ...
54 views

### Is there a special case in which wave atoms convert to curvelets?

I'm new to multi scale transformations. I was wondering if there is a special case where wave atom converts to curvelet transform? Can I use wave atom parameters to have curvelet properties?
256 views

### How to triangulate 2 sources on a 2d plane formed by 4 sensors?

I have 4 sensors capturing signal data. Signal distribution speed is constant and known. I have sensors positions in 3d space. Also, I have an amplitude/frequency decomposition for data received by ...
1k views

### How to “draw” the function/wave to send symbols using QAM?

Say you have the following 8QAM constellation diagram: Say, you want to send the sequence: 001 110 101 000 001 How would you draw the function/wave containing the symbols? My problem in ...
167 views

### How to mix two audio files recorded with different settings to obtain a realistic result

I am a software engineer, currently working on a signal-processing related project, which I am new to. For evaluating the algorithm(which is written in R), I need to mix (merge) two different audio ...
3k views

### How to obtain the Sound Pressure Level from .wav file based on these given parameters?

I have a wav file recorded from a hydrophone. I am not quite familiar with signal processing so I really need some advice from you. I have gathered the information which looks useful and related. ...
43 views

### In DSP - is it true that the only type of interfering wave occurs when frequencies match? [closed]

Therefore, any other frequency, no matter the amplitude, won't interfere or degrade original wave in the DSP frequency domain systems?
244 views

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654 views

### Combining 2 sinusoids of equal amplitude with different frequencies into 1 new “wave”

This question is about combining 2 sinusoids with frequencies $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ into 1 "wave shape", where the frequency linearly changes from $\omega_1$ to $\omega_2$, and where the wave ...
345 views

### How do I sum the discrete cosine transform cosine waves?

Sorry if this sounds like a stupid question, I'm new to DCT. I've implemented various types of DCT (like IV and II) and they all give vastly different coefficients. From what I've read, the DCT ...
228 views

### Why LFO should be alias-free?

I'm really tripping about this point! I try to reason with you and explain what's my trouble. Consider a scenario with Sample Rate 44100hz and a LFO square wave that will modulate some internal ...
470 views

### Generate loopable sine wave cycle for given frequencies

I am somewhat new to DSP so bare with me. I am working on a simple wavetable oscillator. What I am trying to do is generate one cycle of a wave form for each note (frequency) and store it in an array ...
1k views

### Moving Average of sinusoid

If you calculate a simple moving average over a window length that is equal to the period of the sinusoid, you get a straight line (=0 because the wave is symmetric around the X-axis): the wave has a ...
242 views

### If you had supersonic hearing, would you be able to hear the carrier wave of an AM radio station?

Would you be able to hear the carrier wave of an amplitude modulated station, if you could hear in the MHz range, or would the high frequency be filtered out after rectification?
488 views

### Signals cross-correlation

I am trying to measure phase difference between two received waves which are recorded by two separate PC's (microphones). The two PC's starts recording at the same time, then I make a sine wave sound ...
130 views

### Computing of speech signals modulation entropy

I got a question regarding to modulation entropy of audio signal. There is some literature I found about this topic, http://www.irit.fr/recherches/SAMOVA/FeaturesExtraction.html#me. I've read sample ...
101 views

I need to play thousands of simple sounds (generated tones) at the same time. If I am understand correctly there should be a way to add them together in complex wave but i really can't see the light ...
2k views

### Removing unwanted square-wave noise from a signal

I have a signal, s, given at the end of this message. I need to remove the square wave shape from it. The desired signal is actually very small and it has been contaminated by a strong square-shape ...
768 views

### Python: write .wav to chosen directory [closed]

I can only write .wav files to the current directory fname = 'bassswoon.wav' wav = wave.open(fname,'w') wav.writeframes(struct.pack('h', bassswoon)) wav.close() ...
2k views

### How to perform sine generation (in C)?

I am interested in how should a listing for a program look like that will generate a sine of f=50hz, using the next arguments for any moment in time. ...
10k views

### Generating a noisy sine wave in Python, efficiently

(Questions after code block.) For now, I am generating the sinusoid and the noise separately and then normalising the amplitude so I can write the signal to a .wav file (16-bit, 16kHz). ...
376 views

### Why every musical instrument sounds different than any other while listening?

This is soft question.I am not expert in music. We know that English language has 26 letters (which are again grouped into vowels and consonants) , while language of music is same all over the world ...
169 views

### Unsupervised learning algorithms to detect anomaly in waves

I have a sample of graphs (more than 10000...). that look like in the image below: I am searching for an unsupervised learning algorithms that can help me to detect anomalous observations. Here what ...
96 views

### Formatting issue WAV - MP3?

I have two "sources" of audio: record WAV audio files (44.1kHz, 16bit, stereo) with Linux arecord and convert them with LameMP3Encoder to MP3 files (44.1kHz, 320kbps, 32bit**, CBR)*** record MP3 ...
104 views

### What is the Sound of a Solution to the Wave Equation?

What is the sound of a solution $y(x,t)$ to the Wave Equation $\frac{\partial^2y}{\partial t^2}=c^2\,\frac{\partial^2y}{\partial x^2}\enspace$? To be clear, I don't look for a solution of the Wave ...