# Questions tagged [time-series]

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18 views

### 2D space and 1D time evolution of a random field

I also asked this on math stack-exchange, but it is also relevant for the signal processing community. I want to develop a 2D random field and its change with time with constant velocity. My process: ...
37 views

### How to remove noise from the signal?

I'm new to DSP and currently working on time-series data. The mentioned time series (of Toe) is extracted from a video tracking various body parts of an athlete. Ideally, there shouldn't be any ...
25 views

### Gabor uncertainty and time-frequency resolution

I have a question about Gabor's uncertainty theorem, and how it relates to time and frequency resolutions. As I understand it, Gabor's uncertainty theorem states that the standard deviations of a ...
32 views

### n independent, normal, random variable distribution

There is 2 time-series signal and we have to compare the distribution of them. I have heard there is a theory that says for n independent, normal, random variables of a series with many members, the ...
9 views

### Split Electroencephalogram data into interictal and preictal segments

I like to build a classifier to predict EEG seizures for my undergraduate work. I read that researchers tackle this as a binary classifier: interictal (normal behavior of the brain) vs preictal (...
52 views

### Methods for time series estimation in time domain

I am trying to estimate the clean form of a time series, $u(t)$ that is corrupted by additive White Gaussian noise $w(t)$ at a particular SNR. The received signal is: $$y(t) = u(t) + w(t)$$ My first ...
25 views

### Can i represent a Time series signal as a spectogram image with desired shape

I am trying to represent sensor data in spectrogram form. The data set consists of multiple 1D time series with a constant frequency of 1024 Hz taken from observations, cut into 1-minute sequences. ...
10 views

### Optimal fiducial marker design for signal registration

I have scalar, time series data being produced by a set of measurement devices. For simplicity, assume that all the devices operate at the same sampling frequency (I can always interpolate if not). ...
24 views

### Constrained interpolation/smoothing of multi-dimensional time series

Consider an $N$ dimensional time series $x_i(t),~i\in\{0,1,\cdots, N-1\}$ where $x_i(t)$ is smooth. It turns out that for all $t$: $x_i(t)>x_{i-1}(t)$. The multi-dimensional series is sampled at ...
31 views

### Is it possibel to use CNN to bandpass signal?

I have a time serie dataset and want to train a CNN-LSTM model to predict as well as detect outliers. How can I use CNN to filter the signal and extract features from specific frequency band?
33 views

### Peak detection in noisy waveforms

I have a set of 1-dimensional time-series, a subset of which contain either one or two peaks, and the remainder of which are pure noise. I've smoothed these data by ...
43 views

### Different mathematical signal models for different applications

I am looking for some interesting and physically meaningful applications of different signal models. I am currently working with complex analytic signal model given below, but I couldn't come up with ...
35 views

### Is a continuous time aperiodic signal discrete in the time domain?

This is a statement I have read from a textbook: Whenever we have periodic signals continuous or discrete time the frequency domain is discrete and time domain is continuous. Whenever we have ...
41 views

### Calculating power of brain signals

I have a dataset that contains EEG (or MEG) recordings of brain signals during some cognitive tasks. Each row, shows the source estimates of neurons in a particular region. source estimate contains ...
20 views

### Correlation metric for time series with non-constant proportionality

I'm looking for a robust metric to express the similarity between two time series having the same behavior, as simplified below. When one increases, the other increases (same for decreasing or being ...
122 views

### Why does my amplitude change upon inverse Fourier Transform when I am only randomizing the phase of the fourier transform using Python numpy?

I am trying to make a surrogate time series of a discrete data series using python, basically I wish to keep the amplitude same and change the frequency I take a Fourier Transform of the data I ...
48 views

### How to find the interval peirod from a series of discreate time (numbers)?

I have a series of time, they look like this: ...
8 views

### Error in check.datum(x1) : biwavelet package R

I am using CWT through biwavelet package to generate results of the Continuous Wavelet Spectrum of a time series. I have 443 observations of the time series. I want ...
43 views

### Running window design for irregular or nonuniform time series

I have to deal with multiple time series $X_n$ that are non-uniformly or irregularly sampled at increasing times $\Theta=\{t_k\}_{k\in \mathbb{Z}}$ ($t_k<t_{k+1}$). In case this could help, this ...
6 views

### Predicting the class of an event or its probability in n days after

I have a dataset with time series and for some of them (test sample) dates are known (maybe from zero to several pieces per time series), which we will call target events, the occurrence of which I ...
21 views

### How to interpret a break in linearity when performing detrended fluctuation analysis?

I have time series with 1048 values and when I perform detrended fluctuation analysis on this time series (using the windows or scales of 2^4 to ...
21 views

### Estimating Average HR from PPG sensor

I am reading Smartphone based Blood Pressure Monitoring via the Oscillometric Finger Pressing Method, which is trying to estimate blood pressure from a PPG sensor and a small applied force finger ...
41 views

### Power Spectral Density as a single number confusion

I'm trying to recreate the results of a machine learning applied to the DSP classification in the article: link. I have a signal (activity measurements from a smartwatch) per patient, so about 30 ...
19 views

### How to select the ARMA model parameters?

I have a series of data containing 120,000 points. The mean of each N(=60) point is zero. I want to forecast the next 60 points using the ARMA model. My question is, specificaly, how to choose the ...
90 views

### problem with FFT in PYTHON

so, I got a time series data. t = array (of regular interval starting from 0) length of t = n = 2080 dt = temporal spacing = 2.e-10 I have a set of data at t values E(t) = array Now, since I want to ...
61 views

### Comparing two Accelerometer signals in time domain

As a research to answer my question, I've been reading several posts on this stack with a common thread of "comparing signals". The methods recurrently suggested were to use DTW, correlation ...
13 views

### Calculate ACF in C++?

I would like to manually reproduce the method that authors of an article used in their research (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02750-9 (Page 8. top)). It is mentioned as "ACF", so I wrote ...
83 views

### Processes/Transforms involved to get brainwave data from raw EEG? (Autocorrelation confusion)

Not clear on what the autocorrelation function of raw EEG means physically why can't you take the FT of a the EEG itself and get frequency data? With BCI & basic electrode setups you can ...
12 views

### Discrete Wavelet Transform Time Series

My problem is to cluster some time series together. But due to a huge length I was interested in using some methods to reduce the dimensionality. I was thinking of Discrete Wavelet Transform since the ...
368 views

### Python: Dynamic Time Warping, what actually is a 'similarity score' and how to compute it?

I want to compare two time-series data to see their similarity to each other. For this task, I use Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) algorithm. I have tried the implementation using Python ...
71 views

### What is the physical significance of statistical quantities like mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis of a digital signal?

I understood the mathematical meanings of the mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis. But when we calculate these quantities for a signal (say a digital audio signal), what physical meaning do they ...
25 views

### Removing frequencies and reconstructing signal

I am trying to implement this section of this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.15846 The rPPG signal is the spatial average of green value per frame over a video. Head orientation signals are a ...
48 views

### Good test for periodicity between signals

I have two timeseries signals. They look like this: Each signal started out from the same array, but each received different preprocessing treatments. Ultimately, each signal represents the breathing ...
111 views

### Why does alpha of 0.5 in detrended fluctuation analysis indicate randomness?

I'm trying to get an intuitive understanding of the different coefficients in detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). It is used to detect fractal patterns in time series and it yields a coefficient, ...
27 views

### Periodogram of time series with multiple seasonal behaviors

I have a time series of sampled for every 5 minutes for 20 years of some geological signal. I would like to generate a periodogram in order to analyze what seasonal behavior affects the signal. At ...
64 views

### Help with denoising signal and periodogram analysis resources

This is a cross posting from the crossvalidated stack exchange as I thought this may be a better forum to ask. I have a dataset consisting of respiratory time series signals of different lengths ...
16 views

### How to find epochs where two time series are less aligned than they should be?

I have two time series that normally should be quite aligned, in the sense that they should show similiar behaviour - i.e. when one goes up, the other should also go up, etc. Unfortunately, they are ...
59 views

### Is this statement correct from DSP aspect?

So, In my report I am comparing the related works, In most of the previous work, researchers have used spectrogram as input to vanilla CNN and classify. Where I am using different handcrafted features ...
52 views

### How to detect start and finish of temperature control in temperature time series

I have a huge dataset containing temperature data inside a building. I want to extract the time that the building starts and stops controlling the temperature (approximately around the vertical black ...
77 views

### Series Sum Operator Properties and Identities

As I was reading my book, I came across the following expression: \begin{equation} \sum _{n=-N}^N\sum _{m=-N}^N \phi \left(n-m\right) \end{equation} Then the book said, if we let $k = n-m$, then: \...
19 views

### Better way to turn time series spikes/high frequencies into discrete signals?

I am just wondering if there is a better way to transform time series data spikes/high frequencies into discrete signals? Currently, I have time series data that I am applying a median filter to loop ...
45 views

### How can I call the area under an impulse/spike?

I am looking for an appropriate term to express the area under a spike or impulse for time series signals. The term "Briefness" is probably not appropriate since the amplitude should be ...
25 views

### Redundancy when using Nyquist rate for a time series

I sample temperature at one sample per second (the hardware I am using takes the temperature at this rate, so this is the max I can efficiently sample.) The Nyquist rate for this signal would be 2 ...
94 views

### Recommended Resources / Literature Search Terms for a Solutions to a Specific Kind of Multi Harmonic Signal Structure

Hopefully this isn't considered too off-topic. I'm working in industry these days and came up with a solution to a signal processing problem we'd been facing. I'd like to get a sense as to whether ...
35 views

### How can I find the delay between two signals? [duplicate]

I am using NARX in Matlab. Is there any method to find the delay between input and output signals? My aim is to decrease memory length by finding the delay. TIA.
25 views

### Detrending multiple signals

I have multiple time series coming from pings of phone applications in a specific area. I am suspecting that the signal is sometimes bigger and sometimes lower not because the actual signal is bigger ...
121 views

### Why Cramér spectral representation and not DTFT for stochastic process

In a lot of time-series analysis references I find (written by mathematicians or statisticians rather than engineers), I find the following signal decomposition for a stochastic process, termed the &...
31 views

### Are ACF plots sufficient to detect white noise assuming probable existence of non linear associations?

ACF plots use autocorrelations tests to determine associations in time series. Autocorrelations, however, only measure linear associations. To my understanding, certain non-linear associations can ...
I'm looking for the method to calculate theoretical similarity of two random noises $x$ and $y$ with mean $0$ and standard deviation $1$, I've got also $12500$ samples of signal, sampled $2.5$ Ga/s. ...