Questions tagged [time-frequency]

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2answers
14k views

Adding echo to audio sample

I have recorded my own voice in Matlab and I intend to add some echo to it.I came up with one solution for getting the desired echo effect: Delay the sampled audio in the time domain and adding it to ...
2
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2answers
290 views

Other time-frequency-plane tiling than STFT, DWT, ConstantQ-Transform: multiresolution STFT?

It is known that a) the STFT gives a rectangular tiling of the time-frequency plane b) the Wavelet transform gives a non-linear tiling (better frequency resolution for low-frequencies, and better ...
2
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1answer
5k views

scipy.signal.spectrogram

I want to do time-frequency analysis of a signal. So i decided to use spectrogram function from scipy. This function returns, three parameters f,t,Sxx. I am using below arguements: x : my signal fs : ...
2
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1answer
7k views

Matlab signal processing removing white noise from signal

What is the way to address the removal of white noise from a signal? Extra Details Hi I also agree the details are as follow: ...
2
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0answers
370 views

Plotting a scalogram of a signal's Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) in python

So I've been learning about wavelets for a few weeks because I'd like to use them in a research project I'm working on and I've been trying to grasp the general ideas behind them.I've been struggling ...
2
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1answer
133 views

Separate two sinusoids with very close frequencies (5 Hz difference) in a 44.1 Khz audio signal, with good time-domain resolution [closed]

Here is an audio signal which is a mix of (WAV file available here): a 2000 Hz sinusoid, beginning at 1.00 sec, without fade-in/fade-out a 2005 Hz sinusoid, beginning at 1.031 sec, with a slow fade-...
2
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0answers
92 views

Does anyone recognize this modulation?

I'm trying to extract the code of my garage remote, but i have some difficulty to find witch modulation has been used. At first I thought it was a simple digital modulation, but there is some strange ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Selection of transforms, windows, wavelets for current signal analysis

I am new to this topic but I already read about the propperties of different signal analysis methods. I am stuck with the obvious advantages of FFT, STFT and Wavelet transforms but can't find good ...
2
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0answers
103 views

How to derivate in the frequency domain

I have two Time Domain functions, $f_1(t)$ and $f_2(t)$. I have both Fourier Transforms, $F_1(\omega)$ and $F_2(\omega)$. Functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ are not independent and, in fact, $f_1$ is also a ...
2
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0answers
164 views

Vibration signal analysis of non-stationary movement

my task is to develop a condition monitoring system of a machine module. For that I am using the vibration sensors placed on the machine housing. I want to focus on only one module of the machine, a ...
2
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1answer
207 views

Does the instantaneous frequency contradict the uncertainty principle?

The uncertainty principle states that there is a trade off between time and frequency. So, finding frequency components at specific time is impossible. However, the instantaneous frequency measure the ...
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2answers
771 views

Stability of system with poles inside unit circle - conflict with differential equation

I am trying to understand why a system with a single pole inside the unit circle is stable. For example, take a system with one pole at $z=\frac{1}{2}$. The literature says the system is stable. As a ...
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2answers
1k views

Finite and Infinite support in time and frequency domain

It's known that signals with a finite support in time has an infinite support in frequency (talking about Fourier Transforms). A common example that is given for the claim is the triangle function ...
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2answers
4k views

Fourier series - time and frequency domain confusion

I am computing the fourier series of the following function between $[-0.5, 0.5]$ $$\displaystyle f(t) = \frac{1}{2} - |t|$$ According to the definition of Fourier Series the coefficients are given by ...
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2answers
7k views

What does it mean to combine signals coherently?

What does the expression 'combine signals coherently' imply?
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1answer
2k views

Time shifts and change in phase

My question here is in regards to implicit information/terminology. Basically, whenever we say that "a shift in time means a change of phase in fourier space", is it implicit that the shift is ...
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2answers
467 views

Compensation for Irregular Time Step for DFT (FFT)

I want to run a clustering algorithm (svm, knn) on the ferquency spectrum data of a temperature sensor that published at irregular times. Here is the temperature data to take the FFT: I got the ...
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1answer
162 views

Introduction to fast algorithms for time–frequency analysis

I had preliminary knowledge of digital signal processing from Oppenheim's Discrete-Time Signal Processing and is studying time-frequency analysis now. May someone suggest introductory reference (...
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1answer
4k views

How does shifting a signal in the time domain affect its frequency domain?

Suppose the signal is shifted by dt (signal 'starts' later, say after 1s instead of 0s), does that correspond to a positive or a negative phase shift df in the frequency domain? There are certainly ...
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4answers
576 views

Introductory book on time-frequency analysis?

I'm looking for an introductory book to time-frequency analysis. The book should be practical in nature and not mathematics heavy. Suggestions?
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1answer
696 views

Time-frequency analysis of non-sinusoidal periodic signals

Given the history of the sum of a time-varying mixture of periodic signals, say square waves, how would you efficiently estimate the number and frequencies of components active at a particular time? ...
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1answer
107 views

Term for integral multiples of fundamental period?

As we know that a signal has fundamental frequency and integral multiples of fundamental frequency are known as harmonics I am curious about the term that will be used for integral multiples of ...
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2answers
277 views

How can I accurately represent an mp3's wave form in respects to time?

I'm trying to programmatically plot a sound wave that I have placed in a 2d array, however, I cannot consistently get the sound wave to reach the end of the window. For example, when you load a sound ...
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2answers
1k views

Compensate for phase shift of Hilbert transform

I'm using Octave and trying to use the "instfreq" function from the time frequency toolbox which requires an analytic signal input. To get this analytic signal I'm using the Octave function "hilbert" ...
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1answer
238 views

Filtering and peak finding

I have an observed signal which is the norm of the sum of two 3-vectors: $$ S(t) = || \mathbf{A}(t) + \mathbf{B}(t) || $$ Now, I have full knowledge of the vector $\mathbf{A}(t)$, $$ \mathbf{A}(t) = \...
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1answer
336 views

Plotting Hilbert Spectrum from Hilbert Huang Transform

Before anyone calls it a repeat post from past posts. I'd like to point out I've read all of those; however, I have questions on making a hard coded version of the hilbert spectrum. I do indeed have ...
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1answer
189 views

How to compute number of samples in 1 cycle of signal?

I have 3 signal sampled at 12 KHz frequency obtained from a motor rotating at constant 2000, 2020, and 2040 rpm. For 1 second signal recording I have 12,000 time samples. Depending on the frequency I ...
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2answers
4k views

How does the Magnitude of an FFT relate back to the Time Series wave it was created from?

Alright, to start out I am a mechanical engineer with very little circuits and digital signal processing background. So please excuse my ignorance as this is far out of my usual territory. When ...
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2answers
84 views

Defining an average in time for a density in time

I'm reading the text book "Time-Frequency Analysis" by Leon Cohen and I've made my way through a decent portion. There is however a conceptual issue I keep coming back to. The book states: If we ...
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0answers
26 views

Time spans in coherence computation

Currently I'm writing my master thesis and I'm having troubles with coherence definition. My question is similar to https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/92412/clear-steps-to-calculate-coherence-...
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0answers
21 views

Wignerville of market data [closed]

I am trying to get some insight into market data, in this case the stock KO. Here is the chart: If I take the wignerville of ...
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0answers
18 views

Bandpass filtering with passband changing with time

Is it possible to implement some sort of filter which adapts as a function of time? Specifically, say I have a "noiseless" model of some signal which has the same frequency components at the same ...
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0answers
140 views

Power spectral density of a pulse

A little background: I am simulating the response of an antenna to a pulse. The pulse has a wide frequency range, but the antenna only responds to a fairly narrow frequency. I can extract voltage and ...
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0answers
137 views

How to sample a transfer function (angular spectrum) in the frequency domain?

I am having this problem in Fourier optics, where I am using the Angular spectrum method (a lti filter) to calculate the electric field at the required plane given ...
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0answers
30 views

For extracting the characteristics of the signal what minimum duration should be considered?

Being non signal processing student I have a limited understanding of concepts. I have a continuous periodic bearing faulty signal of 10 seconds duration sampled at 12 kHz. So I have 120,000 ...
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0answers
148 views

Feature recognition within a single song

I want to write an algorithm in C++ which is capable of identifying specific features within a single song, e. g. the sound of a drum which is played 100 times during 5 min. State of the project So ...
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0answers
145 views

Does MATLAB have a FM discriminator [closed]

I'm wondering if MATLAB communications or DSP toolboxes has a FM discriminator? If so, what is the name of the function/object?
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0answers
52 views

Dividing a signal in channels

I have a signal in time domain, and I have to convert it into frequency domain and divide it into 100 channels, and find the center frequency of each channel. I am not good in "MATLAB" so how to do ...
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1answer
5k views

Spectrogram, time vs frequency localization, and length of signal

So I'm having some trouble conceptually and am hoping somebody can clear something up for me. This is long and I apologize for that but I want to provide as much information as possible so that the ...
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2answers
862 views

What is a 'time-variant' signal?

I have found in the literature a "time-variant signal" term , but I could not understand what that's mean. I know that there is "time-variant systems", but this is the first time, which I see a time-...
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0answers
76 views

Time-frequency analysis

I had this question in the exam without any further explanation. Why the time translation invariance is an important feature for time-frequency distributions? I am writing to ask whether anyone can ...
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0answers
77 views

How can I get frequency information in wavelet?

I am working in image processing. I am confused while getting into wavelet. I applied the fft2() function on Lena image and I got frequency information for the same. But when I applied bior4.4, a ...
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0answers
314 views

Heisenberg boxes image for Matching Pursuit

I'm using the MATLAB algotirhm Matching Pursuit to obtain the Gabor atoms forming a signal. But now I want to graph them in a "Heisenberg boxes" graph. Does someone how if is there a function to graph ...
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1answer
274 views

Variance of the Discrete Gabor Transform for practical implementation

When we design a discrete Gabor filter for a 1D signal, how do we determine the variance of the filter, depending on the time step of the signal? Is there any empirical theorem/result that we should ...
1
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1answer
396 views

Impossible to make a scalogram of a signal with 262144 samples

I have a signal with 262144 samples and "sampled" with 200Msps. I want to use the cwt (Continuous Wavelet Transform), for making a time-frequency scalogram. Also, I worked in some scripts in python ...
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2answers
314 views

Parameter extraction from DFT results, possibly with leakage effects

Let's start with a simple temporal law, that I want to analyze in the frequency domain : $x(t)=\frac{1}{2}(A+Bcos(2\pi \nu_0 t+\phi_0))$, with : $A=4$ $B=10$ $\nu_0=10^8$ $\phi_0=10^8$ I made a ...
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0answers
537 views

Estimating The Time-delay using the Phase of the Cross- Correlation function

I am relatively new to time delay estimation. I am working on a project where I am estimating the time-delay from the phase of the cross-correlation function (CCF), since it is more reliable in ...
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2answers
118 views

Filtering on a time signal

I am new to DSP, and am mostly self taught. I have a couple of questions, that may be too basic, but I couldn't really find an answer online. I have a signal obtained by plotting the motion of a ...
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1answer
8k views

Python - time frequency spectrogram

I have some 64 channel EEG data sampled at 256Hz and I'm trying to conduct a time frequency analysis for each channel and plot a spectrogram. The data is stored in a numpy 3d array, where one of the ...
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1answer
454 views

Correct way to implement Discrete and Stationary Wavelet Transform?

Can someone please confirm if this is indeed the correct way to compute DWT: ...