Questions tagged [time-frequency]

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17
votes
1answer
5k views

What's the difference between the Gabor and Morlet wavelets?

The Gabor wavelet is a kind of the Gaussian modulated sinusoidal wave (source)   Gabor wavelets are formed from two components, a complex sinusoidal carrier and a Gaussian envelope. (source) ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why LTI system cannot generate any new frequencies?

Why $Y (\omega) = X(\omega)H(\omega)$ implies that an LTI system cannot generate any new frequencies? Why if a system generates new frequencies, then it is not LTI?
7
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1answer
899 views

Least Squares Re Synthesis of Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT)

Working with my own MATLAB implementation of the short-time Fourier transform (STFT), I've managed to write code for the analysis step where a 1D time-domain signal $s[t]$ is progressively windowed, ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Match Filter in Time-Frequency domain instead of just Time domain. Redundant, or better?

Assume you have a signal, and within it, some pulses are present. A pulse is a simple tone. You know the pulses' duration and shape. (Let us assume that a pulse is made of a couple of cycles, and then ...
6
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2answers
876 views

Fourier Transform with both Time Delay and Frequency Shift

I know that the Fourier transform of a function with time delay can be written as: $$\mathscr{F}\big\{x(t-t_0)\big\}=X(f)e^{-j2\pi f t_0}$$ The Fourier transform of a function with frequency shift ...
6
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2answers
17k views

Continuous Wavelet Transform with Scipy.signal: what is parameter “widths” in cwt() function? How do time-frequency?

I search to display a time-frequency signal with an original discrete temporal signal (sampling step = 0.001sec). I use Python and the library Scipy.signal. I use the function ...
5
votes
2answers
27k views

Amplitude of the Signal in Frequency Domain different from Time Domain

How does the Amplitude of the Signal is changed when taking the FFT of a Signal, Have a look, The amplitude had changed from 2 to 30, and Here is my code for generating the above output, ...
5
votes
2answers
292 views

Why we need Frequency and Time information at the same time

The big disadvantage of a DFT is that it has only frequency resolution and no time resolution. This means that although we might be able to determine all the frequencies present in a signal, we do not ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Doppler shift in time domain?

I have some clarifications required in this topic So initially I know that to shift a signal $X(f)$ by $f_0$ we need to take its inverse fourier transform and multiply it with a factor of $\exp(−j2\pi ...
5
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5answers
2k views

Time-varying “impulse response”

According to many references [1,2], the time-varying "impulse response" can compute wireless channel output $y(t)$ at time $t$ using the following expression: $$ y(t) = \int h(\tau, t) x(t - \tau) d\...
5
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1answer
153 views

Possibility of temporal super resolution

I've been reading some papers in the context of super resolution in imaging and video (for example works by Michal Irani [1], [2] and so forth), and was wondering if a similar idea can be applied with ...
5
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2answers
491 views

Is Gabor uncertainty a feature of the Fourier transform, or of nature?

By Gabor uncertainty, I mean the principle of uncertainty as applied to signals — with the result that you can't have arbitrary time and frequency localization. By way of background to my question, ...
5
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4answers
402 views

Mixed time/frequency domain data

I'm afraid this might be a bit of an elementary question, but I'm afraid I'm a little new to this. I've got a system that measures a frequency spectrum to find resonant frequencies. It does this by ...
5
votes
2answers
195 views

In the formula for the windowed Fourier transform, why is the complex-exponential term not time-shifted to the position of the window?

I have a question about the "windowed / short-time / short-term" Fourier transform that is somewhat perplexing me. I have now added an Addendum at the bottom, where the issue is presented more ...
4
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1answer
560 views

Motivation for using gabor transform instead of fourier transform

I am trying to understand the motivation for the above question for signal processing and image processing? Can anyone answer this question, or provide me with resources for this?
3
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3answers
331 views

Motivation of time-frequency analysis

Can anyone give me an example of two signals with different temporal waveforms having the same Fourier transform (FT)? Would the inverse Fourier transform still be able to recover correctly each ...
3
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5answers
2k views

Weird behaviour converting velocity to displacement

I'm trying to convert accelerometer data from accelerations to displacement, I assume that the initial velocity is zero and the initial position is also zero. Here's my code, ...
3
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2answers
548 views

A system that perfoms Fourier Transform operation - is it an LTI system?

If a system takes input as the time domain signal and outputs the frequency domain signal, is such a system an LTI system? For if the input time domain signal can be represented as a linear ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

Does it make sense to use a wavelet that is equal to a sine of one period?

Would I get same results with STFT method (short-time Fourier transform) if I try this?
3
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1answer
5k views

How does time shift correspond to phase change in a discrete signal?

I was watching this video where the presenter remarks: For a discrete signal, time shift corresponds to phase change in a discrete signal but not vice versa. I was trying to figure out how this ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Is there a name for the procedure of taking the FT over separate consecutive small time-blocks?

Suppose we have a continuous time-interval $I=[a,b]$, and a signal $x \colon I \to \mathbb{R}$. A procedure that is sometimes carried out (e.g. when doing bispectral analysis) is to partition $I$ ...
3
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1answer
452 views

What is the role of Freqency in Digital Images [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does frequency domain denote in case of images? If we look deeply into Digital Images they are purely generated by the pixels distributed in rows and coloumn and the ...
3
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1answer
5k views

Discrete wavelet transform; how to interpret approximation and detail coefficients?

I am trying to understand Wavelet transform. So far I have understood the basic theory of it. But I am not able to get my head around how to interpret both coefficients. I am using PyWavelets ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Uncertainty principle - Duration bandwidth principle

In one of NPTEL courses about time-frequency analysis, the professor said that the duration bandwidth principle is $\sigma_t^2 \sigma_\omega^2 \ge \frac{1}{4}$. He added that the formula making use ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Find time lag between two time series

I am trying to find the time lag between two time series over t = [0,1000] using MATLAB (not that it matters). The first time series is simply t^2. The second is (t-15)^2 which is, of course, shifted ...
3
votes
1answer
251 views

Does Wigner-Ville distribution provide the highest resolution?

For linear time-frequency representation, the resolution is limited by Gabor limit. However, if interference is allowed, the resolution may be higher. What is the possible resolution in such a case? ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Relationship between wavelet shape and wavelet filters

MATLAB has a library of wavelet functions, showing their "continuous forms" as well as the the decomposition and reconstruction filters. In decimated wavelet transform the filter size remains the ...
3
votes
0answers
181 views

Reconstruct signal from its Spectrogram only

The spectrogram of a signal throws away the phase information, but it is said to be possible to reconstruct the signal only from the spectrogram [1] via $$s(t) = \frac{1}{2\pi s^*(0)}\int_{-\infty}^{\...
3
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0answers
78 views

Interpretation of instaneous time and instaneous frequency in time-frequency plane?

In this paper: Sparse time-frequency representations, Given signal $x(t)$, the time-frequency representation was got by Gabor transform and was denoted by $\chi(t,\omega)=|\chi(t,\omega)|\exp(\mathrm{...
3
votes
1answer
368 views

Mathematical model of equivalent-time sampling, the resulting unevenly spaced periodic signal, and its interpretation

I sample a continuous signal $s(T)$ over time. This leads to $s[t]$, which depends on several factors of which some are (pseudo-) periodic. I am interested in the effect of one such periodic factors ...
3
votes
2answers
712 views

what is continuous wavelet (cwt) ,wavelet packet (wpt) and stockwell (S-T) computational complexity?

What is computational complexity of continuous wavelet transform cwt ? What is computational complexity of wavelet packet transform ...
3
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0answers
263 views

Hints and helps to implement an accurate wavelet packet transfrom

I want to implement a Time-Freqency analysis by wavelet packets. I don't know what level and sampling rate should I use. I've tried different value for level(3,4,5,6,). but I couldn't get an accurate ...
3
votes
1answer
507 views

Instantaneous Frequency Estimation by Hilbert Transform - Theoretical Justification and Proof

I would like to better understand why the instantaneous frequency estimation by Hilbert transformation works (and especially why it doesn't work / lead to precise results in many cases). The ...
2
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4answers
856 views

How to interpret the effect of different windows in short time fourier transform?

There are many categories of windows, e.g., rectangular, Gaussian, and triangular. What are their effects on STFT?
2
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1answer
4k views

Time-frequency representation of sound signal using Matlab

I am currently doing a project on sound signal processing by using MATLAB. I have a problem regarding creating the command line so that I can get a graph containing frequency by its time. But this ...
2
votes
3answers
574 views

Analyse audio/music frequencies without STFT, at 1/f temporal resolution, using probe phasors at logarithmically-spaced frequencies, O(N log N)?

First, some background: The STFT is the best general-purpose tool I know of for analysing a (musical or other) signal into its component frequencies. For many purposes the STFT works fine, but there ...
2
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1answer
219 views

Infinite extent of spectrum, but also in time in Oppenheim's Discrete Time Signal Processing?

In Oppenheim's Discrete Time Signal Processing there's on p. 323 no limited band in both time and frequency - wouldn't that violate the Heisenberg Principle?
2
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1answer
417 views

Confused on the difference between the frequency spectrum of an entire song, and the frequency spectrum of a point in time

I am very much a beginner in this field - but find it really interesting. However I am a little confused on a certain area of knowledge. If I have understood correctly: At any point in an audiosignal,...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

Time-Frequency Analysis of Big Data - Data Size Reduction: averaging the most appropriate method?

Explanation: I would like to analyse the data from an experiment, which investigates the performance of a mechanical component using sensors, that has generated 2000 CSV files. Each file contains 513 ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Why are the systems equivalent?

Why are those two systems equivalent? System 1:$$\boxed{x[n]}\longrightarrow\boxed{\uparrow 3}\longrightarrow\boxed{\downarrow 4} \longrightarrow\boxed{y[n]}$$ System 2:$$\boxed{x[n]}\longrightarrow\...
2
votes
2answers
259 views

system response: time vs frequency. Why do I get different magnitudes?

I am simulating a linear system described by the following equation $m \ddot{x} + c \dot{x} + k x = A \sin(\omega t)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
983 views

Time delay estimate and sampling frequency

This is an extention to my other question. My sampling frequency is only about 2x my tone frequency. I want to estimate time delay of arrival using this signal. I am generating the tone signal so I ...
2
votes
1answer
525 views

About phase unwrapping

I am not too familiar with phase-related problems so I need some suggestions or corrections in a problem that might be an old but easy one. Here is my problem: given a complex signal: $$y(t) = e^{j\...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Compressing a time-domain signal in the frequency domain Matlab

I'm new to frequency domain analysis. Let's say I have a frequency domain representation from a time domain signal. What I want to do is taking frequencies with a low amplitude out of this frequency ...
2
votes
1answer
613 views

Lowpass filter impulse response in frequency domain

A Linear Time-Invariant system with impulse response $h_1[n]$ is an ideal lowpass filter with cutoff frequency $\omega_c =\pi/2$. The frequency response of the system is $H_1\left(e^{j\omega}\right)$. ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Is sub-sampling delay estimation possible without interpolation?

I want to estimate time delay between two complex narrow band signals. I can use any correlation method. There are several methods in the literature about sub-sample time delay estimation. Generally ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Time-Frquency Resolution issues

While Im studying wavelet transform, I have this questions in my mind which can't find it's answer: I understand that when we take longer time windows and take the fourier transform we would suffer ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Teager-Kaiser Operator vs. Hilbert Transform

Since a couple of months I started working on the extraction (estimation) of signal frequency and amplitude components by means of two different time-frequency approaches, namely the Hilbert transform ...
2
votes
1answer
393 views

Time Frequency Signal Analysis in Mathematica (MMA)

I want to know " Whether there is any Tool Box in Mathematica (MMA) for the Time-Frequency (TF) Signal Analysis". I am well-versed in MMA Programming, so want to do TF Signal Analysis in MMA. I think ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Why would you use DCT as oppose to DFT for detecting oscillation in a signal?

For my project, I needed to detect the primary oscillation frequency in a signal data. As I googled around, it turns out that DCT is the best tool to find this (http://www.mech.pku.edu.cn/robot/...