# Questions tagged [time-domain]

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### Beginner Q: Methodology of processing 5 kHz accelerometer signal for event detection

I'm very new to the world of signal processing and looking for some guidance. I have 5 kHz accelerometer data from a car and looking to process this to remove some of the high frequency noise and also ...
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### How to reconstruct the signal using overlapping frames in MATLAB

I understand that we can use the buffer function in matlab to split a long signal into overlapping frames. But is there any functions that we can use to put the ...
332 views

### Is it right to talk about dynamic range on frequency domain?

I'm comparing three frequency response's plots from simulations and experiments and I observed that two of them look like clamped to a DC component, where the max dB value is i.e. 100 and the min is ...
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### Representing a positive 0-limiting continuous time domain function, in terms of spectral samples, outside of a window

Bit of an odd question Assume you have a known function $x(t)$ which is continuous, but approaches but is not equal to, 0, on the interval $[-\infty,\infty]$ . You know also that it approaches 0 ...
87 views

### Any guidance on converting Time Domain to Frequency Domain in Matlab

Below is the graph of my load cell readings at 3 samples per second. I have collected 500 such samples. I want to stabilize the readings and read that first approach is to convert time domain data to ...
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### I am looking for an analytic description of a continuous-time Butteworth High-pass filter in the time domain (=impulse response)

having derived the Butterworth Lowpass Time domain response, I am now struggling to find a similar function for a Butterworth Highpass filter. I understand you need to replace s by 1/s. But this leads ...
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### convolving an LTI with filters

I just started learning signal processing and one of the very first topics I begun with is convolution. I want to learn signal processing practically, therefore I opted to work with circuits(also a ...
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### Why aren't the integrator and the differentiator inverse systems?

I have a statement that leads to a paradox, but I'm incapable of finding the part where I'm wrong. The integrator system $$x(t) \mapsto y(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{t}{x(\tau) \, {\rm d} \tau}$$ is a linear ...
227 views

### How do audiobook players manage to quickly speedup/slowdown playback speed without using more memory?

Many audiobook player apps on Android have a reading speed slider which lets us choose the reading speed e.g. 0.5x 0.75x 1.00x 1.25x 1.50x. This is time-stretching ...
16 views

### How to figure out frequency weightings on acceleration data using ISO 2631?

I'm trying to convert the raw acceleration data into frequency weighted acceleration data. According to ISO 2631: The acceleration signal may be analyzed and reported as either constant bandwidth or ...
232 views

### Why is modern control theory in the time domain instead of the S-domain?

I am not sure if I am missing something, but from what I read I understand that modern control systems work in the time domain rather than the frequency frequency or S-domain. Wikipedia article ...
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### Generating a time domain signal using the fundamental frequencies

I currently have the power spectrum (in dB) of a signal through which I obtained the fundamental frequencies and amplitudes. My question is: how to generate a time domain signal using these amplitudes ...
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### Meaning of the frequencies vector using fft

I'm so confused, and it would be nice if someone could clear my head, or at least direct me to suitable references. Assume that I have two gaussian pulses with the same bandwidth in time, but for 2 ...
34 views

### Derive Time-Domain Biquad Coefficients from Z-Domain

I'm trying to derive the time-domain coefficients of a biquad filter based on its z-domain coefficients. The purpose is to import externally-generated EQ filters (in z-domain) into Max/MSP (in time-...
76 views

### Rectangular Pulse Train and Sinc Function

I wanted to ask that in frequency domain the rectangular pulse is a sinc function, so is this sinc function periodic or aperiodic? Also if signals that are continuous in time domain then they are ...
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### Third octave band zero-phase forwards-backwards Butterworth filter adds amplitude to complex signals?

Overall aim: to take a short signal (likely to be noisy with some tonal components) and filter it into third-octave bands (TOBs), apply frequency-dependent spectral adjustments, then recombine the ...
2k views

### Time synchronous averaging - MATLAB

I have a time domain signal that corresponds to a vibration signal of a machine. I have a second signal that corresponds to a tachometer signal (There is a pulse every one revolution of the shaft). I'...
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### Determining the right order of time-domain low pass filter for desired cutoff frequency

I've been stuck on a problem regarding complex demodulation of a signal for a while and wondered if anyone could help. Suppose I have a signal $X(t)$ such that \begin{align} X(t) &= A(t)\cos(\...
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### How to calculate DTFT of cosine function divided by n

I'm having a hard time to calculate the next function, and I don't really know Matlab good enough to calculate it there. Help would be appreciated: $$h[n]=\frac{A_1 \cos⁡[\theta_1(n-N/2)]}{n-N/2}$$
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### Time domain analysis vs frequency domain analysis? Applications wise? [closed]

When do we use time domain analysis and when do we use frequency domain analysis? As far i studied i know that when we need to study individual sinusoidal components of a signal, we choose frequency ...
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### A one-pole LPF (6 dB/oct) has a step response to $1/e$ amplitude of ${\tt time} = 1/(2 \pi f)$. What would the response time be of a 3 dB/oct filter?

I was instructed in another question here that if a one pole (6 dB/oct) low pass filter is fed a discontinuity (ie. going from 1 to 0) it will take ${\tt time} = \frac{1}{2\pi f}$ to reach $1/e$ ...
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### Are there any recursive online max/min filters for time-series

Are there any online recursive filters that can approximate local, time-varying minimum and maximum values of a time series?
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### Is a LTI system with dead-time equivalent with a LTI system with no dead-time but delayed input signal?

I wonder if the system parameters would remain the same after all. According to the definitions, the gain is the change of the output induced by the change of the input if we assume that the gain is ...
208 views

### Questions about autocorrelation, correlation, and randomness

I'm learning about autocorrelation functions and trying to calculate some from a time series. Conceptually, what is the difference between the following two autocorrelation functions? g_{1}(\tau)=\...
164 views

### Time domain to angular domain approach

I have a rotating shaft where I need to move from the time domain to the angular domain to look for vibration faults. I have the data from a tachometer. From another post I found these steps: The ...
2k views

### Extracting Peak Frequencies Using FFT vs. Time Domain Peak Finding

I am trying to compare two processing algorithms that I believe should be producing very similar results. I am processing acceleration signals over the course of the day and we expect to see a ...
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### Time and Frequency Domain Relationship

Why do we say that a good time response means a bad frequency response?
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### Frequency and Order maps

I'm new to python and I'm using it to analyse accelerations from an accelerometer ie. vibration analysis. For that I need to plot 2 types of diagrams: 1) Frequency map; frequency and time on the axis ...
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### Time Frequency bin

I am doing research in audio signal processing for DOA estimation. I came across the term Time-Frequency bin. I have gone through several articles but none of them specify a TF bin rather it specifies ...
802 views

### How to filter out everything but a single frequency in the time domain?

I'm new to signal processing and would like some insights about the best way to filter simple data without being too computationally intensive. I have an audio signal and I want to extract a single ...
116 views

### Complex time domain signals and QAM

Is there an inherent connection between complex time domain signals and QAM? Given a complex time-domain signal is it always implied that this is a QAM-demodulated form of a real time domain signal? ...
111 views

### Pixel Wise Write into a Video File in MATLAB

A video file (in .ptw format) is read in MATLAB in the form of a 3 dimensional matrix (a structured format). My aim is to process the video in time domain on each coordinate pixel individually and ...