Questions tagged [synchronization]

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Problems with PSS phase offset calculation algorithm

I'm trying to implement a carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation algorithm to correct my phase offset with the correlated PSS signal. The algorithm for a corelated signal y(n) is as follows: y(n) ...
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30 views

Cross-correlation threshold for phase and time synchronization

I have a question regarding correlation-based synchronization. In particular, I'm interested in learning more about how to set a threshold. I currently use a percentage (around 90%) of maximum ...
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40 views

synchronization algorithm for cpfsk modulation

I am searching for simple and efficient algorithm to implement in order to estimate the symbol timing offset for synchronization purpose
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19 views

SDRs synchronization

I have 3 software defined radios (we can suppose that we have Ettus X310). I need to synchronize them because I need a high level of accuracy. I know that I can use the Octoclock to synchronize them, ...
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Synchronization for busty signals by correlation methods

I'm trying to reuse standard synchronization algorithms for phase(Costas) and Time (Polyphase Filter bank) for receiving bursty signals. The bursty signals are transmitted every 5 seconds. The signals ...
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Symbol time synchronization - Rounding up average symbol time and instantaneous time

I have a symbol timing synchronizer based on the techniques discussed here. My symbol time synchronizer seems to wander too far off (and fails to lock in some cases). I have tried to limit the average ...
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3 votes
1 answer
62 views

Synchronizing 2 time series signals at slightly different sampling frequencies

I'm working with an embedded system that has two acquisition channels and unfortunately, their clock crystals are slightly out of sync. Even though both boards are configured by software to sample at ...
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Derivation of Costas Loop SNR in digital domain

The tracking performance of PLL-based is often expressed in terms of error variance. To take into account the effect of Loop bandwidth, another parameter, called loop SNR is used. Loop SNR for an ...
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1 answer
51 views

Costas Loop SNR

I've seen in literature that loop performance is inversely proportional to loop SNR. The higher the loop SNR, the lower the variance, the better the performance. My question is how do we calculate the ...
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58 views

Frame synchronization for single carrier burst applications in fading channels

I recently started to implement communication systems with software-defined radios in GNU Radio. In my system design, I am planning to transmit data in burst mode, the frames will be not sequentially ...
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1 vote
1 answer
84 views

How can I fix bad clock recovery for bursts with short distance?

I use GNURadio as a prototyping tool to build a receiver for a digital signal of a home appliance. The signal itself looks good so far. Also the symbol synchronization works well using the symbol ...
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1 vote
3 answers
175 views

Confused about the difference between frequency synchronization and phase synchronization

I am not sure if this is the correct place to ask this question but it looked like the most fitting SE site. I study software engineering and I am taking a course about networking, where ...
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In OFDM, does the parameter time offset is important if there is only one mobile in the cell?

I am learning about OFDM, and in my reading, I have noticed that (mentioned everywhere) synchronization is a very critical aspect of OFDM. Here, I am writing in the context of time synchronization (...
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4 answers
446 views

Why is phase range between $-\pi$ and $+\pi$ (instead of $0$ and $2\pi$)?

I wonder why the phase range in DSP applications is between $-\pi$ and $+\pi$. For example, why is that not between $0$ and $2\pi$? This question popped when I was reading about synchronization in ...
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1 answer
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Design a timing recovery algorithm with predefined samples with max amplitude

I need your help in understanding how to simulate a timing recovery algorithm. I have already read a lot of literature and posted here the question but I have still doubts how it works. Let me briefly ...
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1 answer
50 views

Band-edge timing error detector, time accumulator

im trying to implement a band-edge FLL and timing locked loop from this paper (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261499267_Band_edge_filters_perform_non_data-...
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47 views

Correcting large frequency offsets at very low data rates

Consider a typical BPSK system running at a baud rate of 1 kbaud/sec - the receiver needs to deal with severe frequency offsets, let's say up to +/- 1 MHz offset and that the frequency offset can ...
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3 votes
2 answers
125 views

Symbol time offset simulation

I ran a number of simulations for symbol timing synchronization in the past. I used GNU Radio mainly. Now, I'm trying to do the same thing in C++. To achieve that, I need a way to introduce symbol ...
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2 votes
1 answer
135 views

Dealing with bias in an FFT for frequency correction

I'm working on using an FFT for frequency correction of a generic modulation signal. My algorithm basically attempts to balance the energy in the positive and negative frequencies of the FFT to be ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Actual Sample Rate slightly off?

When capturing microphone audio, I noticed that my static buffer eventually overflows. So I timed the samples, and low and behold I'm getting an actual sample rate of 44102-ish Hz (my timer is very ...
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204 views

Synchronization of tx and rx in sdr

I am implementing a FMCW radar using bladerf sdr: When reading the output from the vector sinks, the outputs are not synchronised.How should I synchronise them? is it possible to do so using gnuradio ...
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aperiodic auto correlation properties

I'm reading about PSC (primary synchronization code) in UMTS. It is a so-called Golay sequence. It is said it has a good aperiodic auto correlation properties. What does it mean (in terms of aperiodic)...
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137 views

Symbol synchronization with unknown symbol rate

I'm learning about the early late gate symbol synchronization and understand that it needs to be given the symbol rate ahead of time. How could a multi-symbol rate system use an early late gate? It is ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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synchronize adcs with neuronal network

if i have two adcs(analog to digital converters) sampling a signal. Is it possible to synchronize the two adcs with deep learning? as far as i know, with super-resolution on image processing it is the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How to distinguish between received quadratures

How can you distinguish between two quadratures in QAM when the phase is not known at the receiver? For example, if the quadratures are sin and cos, how can the receiver tell which one is which, since ...
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1 vote
3 answers
58 views

Why does altering path length in radio transmission alter the phase of the received signal?

I do have a very naive yet bothering question: Assume I send a sinusoid signal \begin{equation} A*cos(2\pi ft+ \phi_0) \end{equation} over a radio channel. Assume there is only a LOS-path for each ...
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2 answers
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Symbol Synchronization for GFSK/FSK signals in GNU Radio

I am trying to demodulate GFSK signal, and extract the packets using GNURadio. TX information: It is basically BLE transmission but customized. BW: 2MHz, data rate: 1MSymbols/sec, 1 bit per symbol. ...
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2 answers
132 views

OFDM symbol synchronization

In an OFDM receiver, how could we find the start of the symbol for FFT operation. I know the CP-based method to find the start of symbol. However, what if the sampling is off by some duration. We ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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phase difference detection

For application of syncing sampling clock phase to carrier phase of received signal where the received signal is sampled with 10 times the carrier phase and modulated with the PSK shown in the figure (...
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0 votes
1 answer
122 views

Loop Bandwidth for Carrier Demodulation loop

I am trying to implement a simple MATLAB model for the demodulators for phase modulated signals (PSK) used in communication systems. For the detection of the phase modulated output (PM out in the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
303 views

PLL for Phase Demodulation and Carrier Tracking

I've been playing around with using a PLL for phase demodulation and it's working pretty well. The PLL locks to the carrier and the error term is the demodulated message signal. However, depending on ...
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0 votes
3 answers
284 views

Blind Carrier Synchronization

From my reading, I see that there are two ways people usually do carrier synchronization: Decision directed, where the transmitted symbols are unknown are the receiver, decisions are made, and then ...
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2 votes
0 answers
324 views

Designing a PI filter for a Costas Loop

I am currently trying to implement a Costas Loop in order to demodulate a BPSK signal. Here is the reference block diagram I have been using to design the loop:Costas Loop Block Diagram I originally ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to allign audio signals after DTW?

Hello I am not a domain expert in signal processing but I need to align two audio signals. I have seen the following page https://librosa.github.io/librosa_gallery/auto_examples/plot_music_sync I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
114 views

NDA timing estimation for mutli-level QAM(RC pulse)

What non-data0aided techniques are used to estimate the timing for multi-level QAM? For single level QAM(so 4 QAM) you can use variance minimization or power maximization but I'm not sure these ...
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3 votes
1 answer
55 views

Synchronising audio in realtime without knowledge of original signal

Was doubting whether this is the right SE forum to ask my (elaborate) question, so don’t hesitate to let me know if it’s not. Also, if anyone knows of a better way to title the question, feel free to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Initial Clock synchronization between multiple smart phones (android OS) connected over Wifi?

I want to synchronize the initial clock of multiple smartphone devices (Android-based) for real-time VoIP communication. Basically, a MANET has been formed and I want to synchronize the clocks up to <...
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1 vote
2 answers
188 views

Digital PLL loses lock every time mesage crosses zero

I think my digital PLL is almost ready, but I've encountered this problem and I don't know what might be causing it, so I'd appreciate if you could help. I'm using the DPLL in a Costas loop. It seems ...
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0 votes
1 answer
75 views

How to synchronize audio and video streaming for not fixed FPS streaming?

It's a 3-stage process. In the first stage, a video (with audio) is recorded at a fixed 25 FPS rate. In the second stage, it's demuxed in two different channels and the video is processed. In the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Need some references on sound quality evaluation and syncing

I have to do a project where I'm receiving the same sound signal from different channels (with different offsets), but they may not be consistent all the time. At any given time, I should decide which ...
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5 votes
1 answer
620 views

Maximum cross-correlation coefficient value for time delay estimation

I am using cross-correlation for time delay estimation of two synchronized recordings ($x_1$ and $x_2$) of a fixed sound source from two different locations. I understand that the delay is associated ...
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0 answers
454 views

How is DJI OcuSync wireless link physical layer implemented?

I'm looking for documentation on the wireless command link of the DJI OcuSync. I found this website (in Chinese). It seems like an OFDM link that uses Alamouti codes? I'm specifically interested in ...
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0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Synchronization Accuracy Required For Communications

One of the biggest problems in phase modulated communication is discovering when your signal has arrived. High accuracy in this area is important, as even a quarter wavelength error can cause the ...
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1 answer
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QPSK demodulation problem due to apparent transmitter clock frequency drift

I am using FPGA to generate 10Mbaud QPSK signal in two channels corresponding to two quadratures. Upsampling to 1GSample/s (using raised cos filter for interpolation) and complex upconversion (f_up=...
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3 votes
1 answer
889 views

GNU Radio loop bandwidth normalization

From GNU Radio documentation, the control_loop block proposes loop bandwidth values in the range $[\frac{2\pi}{200}, \frac{2\pi}{100}]$ in radians per sample. Some blocks, like the new timing symbol ...
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0 votes
1 answer
152 views

Synchronize a software waveform generator

I'm having some trouble with a software waveform generator I'm attempting to put together. Especially with synchronizing the waveform. Goal Generate a mains synchronized (50 Hz) sinusoidal waveform ...
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1 vote
1 answer
392 views

Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum Synchronization Methods

Frequency-hopping spread spectrum waveforms change the carrier frequency at some interval. I can see if the frequency is constant for the duration of an entire packet, the pilot symbols could be used ...
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1 vote
1 answer
478 views

OFDM: How to do the carrier recovery of the quadrature(I/Q) demodulation

For an OFDM system, after the OFDM modulation, the quadrature modulation is used to move the signal from the baseband to the pass-band. But when it comes to the receivers, I can't find any way to make ...
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1 vote
0 answers
229 views

Band-edge filtering for an RRC pulse-shaped manchester/biphase-encoded bitstream

Band-edge (derivative matched) filters can be used to generate an error signal for frequency locked loops (real part) or symbol timing loops (imaginary part). The derivation of the band-edge filters ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Timing recovery in GNU Radio : Variable rate vs Fixed rate operation

I have been wondering about the implementation of timing recovery blocks in gnuradio. In literature, for asynchronous sampling, all that is needed are error detector (MM, ML, Gardner etc), a loop ...
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