# Questions tagged [speech-processing]

Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals.

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### Pre-emphasis: What is connection between parameter a and 6db/oct?

I know that the standard pre-emphasis function is $y[n] = x[n]-\alpha\cdot x[n-1]$ and $\alpha$ is often set as $0.97$. However, when I was learning speech processing using Praat, the pre-emphasis ...
155 views

### Spectral density interpolation: Applications?

Let $\Phi_1$ and $\Phi_2$ be two matrix-valued power spectral densities. I wonder whether the problem of interpolating $\Phi_1$ and $\Phi_2$ has been studied in the literature and/or applied in ...
126 views

### Speaker diarization tool for acoustic analysis

I'm researching certain acoustic prosodic features during live clinical interactions. Because of the setting, the recordings always have cross channel bleed, and in some cases everything is recorded ...
458 views

### File size adjustment using FFT

I have been given the task of doing audio compression using FFT. The assignment is below. Below is my MATLAB code: ...
132 views

### Speech dereverbaration via maximum kurtosis adaptive filtering

I'm trying to code the algorithm described in Speech dereverbaration via maximum-kurtosis subband adaptive filtering by Gillespie, Malvar and Florencio, and the signal looks cleaner in when I plot it. ...
249 views

### Speech signal formant spectrogram. How can we determine F1?

The formant spectrogram in this page points F1 and F2 as below; In bottom-right F1 movement, I thought F1 could be below blue one. But how can we determine F1 is upper one not below one? Is it ...
490 views

### Parseval's Theorem for discrete series

I need to use Parseval's Theorem to find S\:=\:\sum _{n=-\infty }^{\infty }\:\left[\left(\frac{\sin\left(\frac{\pi }{4}n\right)}{2\pi n}\right)\left(\frac{\sin\left(\frac{\pi \:}{6}n\...
415 views

### Synchronizing 2 seperate speech audio signals

I have two speech signals: one with a man reading a passage, and one with a woman reading the same passage. I want to synchronize these signals so that, for each word, their readings line up. The ...
70 views

### why does/ doesn't phase count when you analyze a voice signal?

I am new to digital signal processing, I want to know why phase should not affect the analysis of a voice signal.
289 views

### MFCC in Speech Recognition and ANN

I have a dataset with over 2000 examples of digits (0 to 9) recorded on wav files. I'm trying to process these files with MFCC so that later I could train an Artificial Neural Network (ANN). My ...
1k views

### Why is LPCC and LPC used in speech recognition

I am currently trying to understand why LPCC and LPC is being used in speech recognition and why? LPC as I understand is model similar to source filter model, modelling speech production, and LPC ...
180 views

### Mel separated filter banks

I am currently a bit confused. I am currently trying to understand the MFCC extraction process, and don't understand how the Mel filter banks only provide a scalar output from each filter bank. What ...
38 views

### can you suggest me courses to start DSP? [duplicate]

I'm a cs student who's totally 100 % new to DSP can you recommend me math , physics and all the required courses so i can understand DSP better? thank you and also can you recommend some courses / ...
182 views

### Cepstrum calculus disambiguation

Learning the cepstrum analysis for speech recognition, I have met two different definitions of cepstrum (for discrete signals): $F^{-1}(ln|F(x[n])|)$ . That is, the cepstrum is the inverse Fourier ...
249 views

### Autoregressive modeling (linear prediction) of electrical transmission lines?

I've read that the reflection coefficients in speech processing (as computed by the Levinson-Durbin algorithm for solving the Yule-Walker equations) "represent the fraction of energy reflected back" ...
1k views

### Pre-emphasizing in speech recognition

Usually, in speech recognition, the techniques that are used are based on the linear prediction model (Fant, 1960). Parallel to this, the human speech production mechanism causes energy to drop ...
374 views

### Dynamic Time Warp through SPTK tool

I'm an IT student and got an assignment to do about Dynamic Time Warping(DTW) using the Speech Signal Processing Toolkit (SPTK) and comparing some words spoken by 2 speakers and finding the ...
448 views

### The essential pre-processing steps in speech signal analysis

My question is that for simulating a new scheme for speech emotion recognition (feature extraction and classification), what are the necessary pre-processing steps (I mean any kind of normalization ...
1k views

### Speech recognition: words vs. phonemes

One could train a speech recognizer with words or phonemes. I guess that they both have their pros and cons: with words there would be a lower error rate as phonemes can be put together building a ...
2k views

### How does noise reduction for speech recognition differ from noise reduction that is supposed to make speech more “intelligible” for humans?

this is a question that has interested me for some time now, mainly because I'm working on noise reduction for an existing speech recognition system myself. Most papers on noise reduction techniques ...
97 views

### Obtaining databases for speech emotion recognition analysis

For a research work on speech emotion recognition, I need the database of CASIA and EESDB for simulations. I could not find those; how can I get them? Thanks.
459 views

### autoregressive moving average code implementation

I am new to DSP and i am trying to take a wav (human speech) file and apply ARMA filter and plot its PSD graph in python. I see that there are a lot of AR implementations but almost none ARMA. I ...
218 views

### What is advantage of Logarithmic Sampling?

Logarithmic Fourier Transformation This paper starts off in the abstract saying that the given audio signal is sampled logarithmically. We also know that the human ear has a sort of a filter bank ...
301 views

### Logarithmic Spacing

What is the meaning of sampling logarithmically? How do you space the samples logarithmically? Or to rephrase the second question, How to sample an audio signal logarithmically? It would be ...
189 views

### What is logarithmic mapping in a filter bank such as the one in the human ear?

"The spacing of the filters in a filter bank used to make an ordinary spectrogram is linear, whereas an auditory filter bank has a spacing that corresponds to the way in which sinusoidal frequency ...
140 views

### Cepstrum of finite impulse train

In Acero's Spoken language processing (p. 309) it says that the cepstrum of a finite length impulse train $$x[n] = \sum^{M-1}_{k=0} \delta[n-kN]$$ is given by \hat{x}[n] = \sum^{ \infty}_{r=1} \frac{...
62 views

### Suggestions on how to use FIR model in sentence retrieval task

Estimating an impulse response from input-output measurements is called system identification. When the impulse response of the linear system $h(n)$, is of finite duration (M samples) or can be ...
164 views

### How to deal with variations in amplitudes when doing voiced/silence detection?

I have a collection of wave files that has a few well separated words spoken. My goal is to split them into individual files. I wanted the program to work on all files, not just one of them or require ...
93 views

### What do we mean by Total Factor Space in Audio Processing?

I am referring to the article for understanding Ivectors which says: Over recent years, i-vector-based framework has been proven to provide state-of-the-art performance in speaker verification. ...
217 views

### difference between logged power spectrum and power spectrum?

What is the difference between a logged power spectrum and power spectrum... Well the log part. So can a normal power spectrum be converted to a logged power spectrum just by taking the log of the ...
77 views

### Is there a method to combine speech signals recorded by different microphones?

I have 3 speech files of the same speech recorded by 3 different microphones at the same time. I'm only concerned to improve the speech quality (in terms of SNR and intelligibility) by combining the ...
1k views

### The minimal signal to noise ratio (SNR) for people to understand a speech in the noisy background

This question seems easy to find an answer but I got lost in the end. I am trying to find the threshold for people to understand speech in a noisy environment. For example, assume the background noise ...
38 views

### Pole-Zero Configuration of Glottal Signal

I am currently studying for an exam in my Speech Processing course this Friday and I stumbled upon this question in one of the sample exams: The answer to this question was given as: Can someone ...
57 views

### Finding the closest match of a recorded word to a 'corpus' of singly-recorded words.

I am interested in learning more about processing audio and thought that it will be helpful to learn while doing a project. The project involves a pseudo-speec recognition where I have a corpus of ...
237 views

### TTS - Diphone database

I am working on text to speech conversion. I have done speech synthesis by concatenation of phonemes.The transition between phonemes is not smooth.I want to shift to diphone synthesis. Where can ...
260 views

### How to interpret the sign of a cepstral coefficient?

I feel like I've got a decent intuition for what the magnitude of a cepstral coefficient represents (i.e. how much of the signal's energy is contained in harmonics of a given wavelength), but I don't ...
322 views

### Long term spectral flatness measure voice activity detection

This is the Long term spectral flatness measure code that I have written so far. Can someone please help me, I don't know if I'm writing it correctly. It is working fine and gives high peak for ...
1k views

### Bandpass filter using wavelet transform

I'm working on a speech recognition project. The first step of this project is to find phoneme in the speech signal. To do that, I found this paper that discusses about it. In the paper, wavelets are ...
2k views

### Applying a window function to a speech signal

I'm currently developing a speaker recognition system. I have two main problems: What is the most suitable windowing function to apply to a speech signal prior to the STFT? Is it necessary to apply ...
8k views

### Why is each window/frame overlapping?

I am currently reading up on some speech recognition theory. As it speech signals usually are non stationary, but if a speech is seen in a very small time frame can it be deemed stationary, as would ...
3k views

### Compare two audio tracks

I need to compare two audio tracks and compute the difference. The difference is how close they are in terms of pronunciation, rhythm etc. ignoring speaker voice characteristics. The first track is ...
964 views

### What is the unit of x-axis of a sound signal?

I'm confused about the unit of x-axis. The below signal has a duration of 3 second and sampling frequency 44100. So should i write Time(s) for the unit of x-axis. However, in the graph, it shows ...
57 views

### Amount of delay in audio signals which are echos of the original audio signal

Could you please inform me, in simulations and also in practical cases how much is delay in audio signals which are echos of the original audio signal (I mean the reference assumption in the ...
132 views

### Removing known sequence from an audio sample

I have an audio recording of a conversation which is obscured by a movie playing on a television. I have an audio recording of that same movie playing on that same television with no conversation in ...
52 views

### Checking if a lecturer can be heard clearly from the back of a room [closed]

I would like to indicate to a human speaker standing at the front of a classroom if he/she is speaking loudly enough to be heard from the back. From some research, i have gathered that I am looking to ...
713 views

### Signal processing for audio and speech

I have started learning about signals and I am interested in sound signals. There are some questions that I need to resolve. For example in music, difference of notes like 'sol' and 'la' are about ...
82 views

### Single channel speech enhancement

What is the difference between Magnitude spectral subtraction and Power spectral subtraction in terms of performance?
938 views

### Calculation of SNR

I have implemented RLS algorithm using adaptive filter on TMS320C6713 DSK.I want to calculate the signal to noise ratio. In this forum I found a method that I should input a speech signal with a ...