Questions tagged [speech-processing]

Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals.

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Parameters for signal analysis

I am extremely new to signal analysis. And before posting I did a lot of reading on signal analysis, FFT and windowing. I am working on my thesis which involves comparison of speech signals lets say ...
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1k views

When should we using moving average in algorithm design?

I'm new to signal processing. And I just read G.720.1. I find there is a lot of moving average used. And I can also recall there is a lot of moving average been used in other audio processing ...
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I'm interested in the state-of-the-art of vocal sound synthesis. Please advise me [closed]

Some of the things I'd like to accomplish: Strip the vocals from a recorded song as best as possible Recreate someone's song voice (like a famous artists') using someone else's voice as input Adjust ...
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2answers
146 views

What do cloud-based speech-to-text services upload to the cloud?

Services like Siri and Google Now perform speech recognition (speech-to-text) on mobile phones by doing part of the computation on a server in the cloud. What do they upload to the cloud? Do they ...
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177 views

Speech features that can be inverted?

I am trying to figure out speech features that can be inverted to recover the audio back with no loss or as less loss as possible. I am currently using the power spectrum which is completely ...
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1answer
463 views

Is it necessary to taper two ends before fft a time series?

I saw in some codes people always taper the ends of a signal using a cosine taper. Is that necessary and why?
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2k views

Log energy calculation

I have some code here that I don't quite understand. It calculates the energy for a given frame the following way: En=log(1+energy(32767*frame)) The energy ...
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1answer
198 views

Good methods for hardware based 1-2 word speaker independent speech recognition?

I want to detect, in real-time, a 1-2 word spoken phrase within continuous speech, speaker independently, in hardware. The smaller the number of gates the better. What is the best way to do this? Are ...
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2answers
113 views

is there a mathematical relation between percent overlap and window length or amplitude

I am trying to plot short time energy of an utterance with percent overlap as an input variable. As I referred to the short time energy equation it can be represented as square summation of $x(n)*w(n-...
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47 views

Time of sound-signal

Let's say I have a sound file, I then compute the Spectrogram and segment each part of it. Assume that it is a recording of someone saying the word "Hello" and therefore, each piece is given like so: ...
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4k views

Voice Audio Detection algorithm

I have to detect speech intervals in large pre-recorded files in my project. I think, there won't be so much noise in the background (audio will be recordered in the room or even in the studio), but ...
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116 views

How to check the quality of an audio through an algorithm or software program

Can you please help me with this problem?? I have been working on AM335x sitara evm and my project needs self diagnosis of the captured audio from the mic through the speaker on the same board (we ...
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1answer
6k views

MFCC Deltas, Delta-Deltas

I have just a quick question about how to calculate Deltas from MFCC. I have found the formula for calculating deltas here: $$d_t=\frac{\sum_{n=1}^{N}n\left(c_{t+n}-c_{t-n}\right)}{2\sum_{n=1}^{N}n^2}...
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1answer
109 views

How to detect time of arousal with excitation signal in speech signal?

I have several seconds of speech signal and I have to detect moments in time of arousal with excitation signal, which is creating by larynx. I'm looking for useful reference since several days. I know ...
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1answer
583 views

Can't compute real cepstrum of real signal

I'm trying to compute the real cepstral coefficients of recorded telephone audio in Matlab using the rceps function. On some audio frames (480 samples per frame -- 60ms of audio at 8kHz), I get a ...
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234 views

Quantifying the energy of a voiced frame

What should the energy, pitch frequency, and zero crossing rate of a voice/unvoiced/silence frame in signal be? My professor said that it is experimental, but I do not have any idea what the factors ...
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395 views

In voice recognition system, how to match digital input to a given word without seconds delay?

I've been looking around and found some great C/C++/Java libraries like CMU Sphinx or Windows SAPI. I did not like SAPI, and CMU Sphinx is way too complicated... would need months to understand how it ...
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2answers
843 views

Algorithm to detect if a spoken phrase matches a previously spoken phrase

I would like to create a very simple system that allows a user to train (once or multiple times) a spoken phrase (from 1 word to a whole sentence.) Then the (same) user would speak the phrase back, ...
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1answer
698 views

cceps (complex cepstrum) function in Matlab

My doubt is in regards to the usage of the function cceps in Matlab. The function is giving me the cepstrum for the entire speech signal of 3 or 4sec. This works ...
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425 views

audio features extraction using restricted boltzmann machine

I want to extract Audio Features using RBM (Restricted Boltzmann Machine). For this, I am giving the spectrogram (PCA whitened) as an input to the RBM. For each audio file, The spectrogram is a matrix ...
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1answer
2k views

How to compare vocal words in matlab

We as a group are new to signal processing and speech recognition. We have stored .wav sounds of three different words and we are trying to record a new .wav sound and have the system compare the ...
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0answers
9k views

MFCC calculation

I've got a project and need to calculate MFCCs. I tried to read some tutorials and then make a MATLAB function but I seem to have wrong answers. I'd like to feed MFCCs to one of the classification ...
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2k views

Where can I get a database of speech signals?

For a classification sort of experiment using Matlab, I am in need of a database of male and female voices. So where can I get links of such open databases.
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184 views

Reducing frequency of a signal

I have a signal that I want to make it sound like a whisper. This is probably better than using a voice conversion system, but I was just want to do some experimenting before. I was thinking maybe ...
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21k views

Why should one use windowing functions for FFT?

So I just revised my pitch calculation algorithm using a harmonic product spectrum algorithm. I was just curious about why this explanation of Harmonic Product Spectrum states that you need to ...
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1answer
693 views

Introduction to speech processing with code and examples?

Can anyone suggest an introduction to speech processing, class notes or books accompanied by programs that can be run to see what the algorithms do ? For example, in Burrus et al., Computer-Based ...
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29 views

Decoupling consonant phoneme

This question follows from Designing a sound that localises well I am developing an experimental system for pitch training. I am giving each of the 12 pitch-classes {C CD D DE E F FG G GA A AB B } ...
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142 views

Speech Signals - Recognition vs Analysis [closed]

I am looking at working broadly in the area of Speech Signal Processing, and would be grateful if someone can clarify these doubts! 1) Are there any differences between Processing and Analysis of ...
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1answer
311 views

Speech discrimination from animal sound

i am looking for discrimination of speech from animal sound if you take a 150ms frame of speech and bird as shown below, what feature can i extract from them so that i can effectively state the ...
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1answer
966 views

Confusion regarding wav to MFCC conversion

I have to compare two .wav files. I am converting the wav file to an MFCC file. Why am I getting different MFCC matrices when using different Matlab toolboxes (one of them is giving a matrix having ...
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2answers
135 views

Concepts / Algorithms for recognising words in the Time-Domain

I'm currently working on a project that involves in Speech and recognising Phonemes (in kind of real-time). The current algorithm works by always listening for input from the Mic, and input that is ...
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1answer
2k views

Relationship between frame rate and sampling frequency in speech signal processing?

While I was going through the short time processing of speech signals, I got stuck at the relationship between the frame rate and the sampling frequency. Is there any relationship between them for ...
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2answers
2k views

what does musical noise sound like and is there a sample clip for it?

Musical residual noise is created when a noisy signal passes through a noise reduction algorithm. For instance, please see the paper: Esch, T; Vary, P: "Efficient Musical Noise Suppression for Speech ...
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2answers
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Difference Between MFCC of speech and speaker recognition

I am doing my project on speaker recognition. One of my friends is doing his project on speech recognition. Both of us need to calculate the MFCC for feature extraction. Is the MFCC going to be the ...
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1answer
5k views

Advantages and disadvantages of Hilbert-Huang Transform versus Fast Fourier Transform? [closed]

Which one is better for frequency detection? In what circumstances? Advantages and disadvantages of both? Which would be better for a Voice Activation Detection algorithm? Which would be better for an ...
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1answer
347 views

Speech / Audio Separation

I'm looking for a way to implement a Speech Separation from a .wav file. Let's say I have a .wav signal containing the following words: "The cat flew away" Now I ...
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0answers
88 views

Speech signal Quality & Speech signal improvement

I'm trying find authoritative references for [1] Which analyzing techniques (time/frequency domain) i should use for determining the quality of a speech signal. [2] Which algorithms i should run ...
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0answers
36 views

Examples of cases where “invariance to transformation” on signal is important

I realize that this might not be the most well-formulated question, but I figured I'd throw it out there as an open-ended discussion that could turn up some interesting input. I'm relatively new to ...
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326 views

How to remove salt & pepper noise from speech signal?

I'm having a lot of problems with my project: I added salt and pepper noise by inbuilt function I DWT function with Haar family Now I want to remove noise from original speech signal. I don't know ...
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1answer
143 views

Measure of harmonicity in a time-series

I'm analyzing speech signal for identifying voiced and unvoiced regions. Voiced regions are supposed to have a "pitch", which can be estimated using auto-correlation function (ACF). Basically, one ...
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498 views

Removing surrounding noises from voice recording

I have a wave file whose frequency spectrum looks like this. It contains audio, which I want to keep while removing the rest. The problem is that the surround noise changes, just those distinct ...
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1answer
309 views

Speech recognition library for detecting phrase in file

I want to find all occurrences of a specific phrase in a set of audio files (it's a catch-phrase in a TV show). The phrase is pronounced by different people with different speed etc. What is the best ...
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3answers
7k views

How do I go about detecting whistles, pops and other sounds in live audio input?

I've read many questions on SO, and frankly, each one of them is not describing any particular way to go about it. Some say "do FFT" and some say "zero crossing" etc. But I've only gone as far as ...
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1answer
762 views

Fisher ratio or F_ratio

I am confused while writing code to implement Fisher’s F-ratio. Suppose I have 4 speakers, each speaker pronounces 2 words and each word has 3 frames and each frame has 30 sub-bands. $u$ is mean of ...
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1answer
1k views

Question about overlap-add

@Jim Clay: No if the filter varies slowly, then the clicks go away. So I guess the filter needs to vary slowly to avoid audible clicking sounds. I created a test in matlab where I'm comparing time-...
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453 views

Remove spurious peaks of Hilbert transform

I want to eliminate spurious peaks of Hilbert transform for finding glottal closure in the linear prediction (LP) residual. I have the following 4 steps: Down-sample. Hilbert Transform. Identify ...
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1answer
326 views

How to denoise a conversation between two people?

I would like to know how to determine (using any programming language) whether a given audio file contains noise, such as of people talking in background, how to remove the noise, and how to ...