Questions tagged [spectral-efficiency]

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Higher Spectral Efficiency with Frequency Domain Equivalent of Partial Response Signaling?

In other recent posts such as this one, I detailed partial response signaling common to GMSK where a known inter-symbol interference (ISI) is intentionally introduced in the time domain at the benefit ...
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How is it that a dial-up modem can achieve 33.6Kbit/s with only 3100Hz of bandwidth?

My understanding is that plain old telephone service passes frequencies between 300Hz and 3400Hz. How is it that a V.34 modem in the late 90s would be able to achieve data rates of 33,600bits/s with ...
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Spectral efficiency of with OFDM vs without OFDM?

OFDM has advantage over frequency selective channel with addition of cyclic prefix after IFFT of MPSK or MQAM symbol. but I wonder that the spectral efficiency of with OFDM vs without OFDM.
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Is FFT sub matrix degeneracy a problem in OFDMA for some type of noise?

Say that the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is used in OFDMA. There are a number of degenerate (singular, non invertible) sub matrices of some DFT matrices. Does this result in any problems? One ...
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Are capacity and spectral efficiency identical for a dicrete-time digital signal?

I saw this answer and saw on the wikipedia page that both spectral efficiency and capacity can be measured in bpcu i.e. 'bits/symbol'. I just want to confirm then that they are identical for a ...
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Capacity and channel estimation algorithms: explanation of results

I study a spectral efficiency of a system with a precoding scheme with different channel schemes. Algorithm A for channel estimation gives a smaller estimation error instead of Algorithm B. I have ...
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Space-Time coding uses large amount of block codes to acheive maximum spectral efficiency

Assume I have a MIMO system with $M=8$ transmit antennas, and an arbitrary number of receive antennas. This MIMO systems uses space-time coding. the block codes (matrices) transmitted are part of a ...
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Find Bandwith from Spectral Efficiency and Eb/N0

to give you a short intro of why I am asking here. My Uni is offering a TeleCom Lecture, I love the topic but all they teach is electronics, the exercise sheets are still TeleCom, we get no supporting ...
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Relationship between spectral efficiency and PAR

Low PAR means less fluctiations in the magnitude of a signal and hence analog signal processing (e.g., power amplifier) is tremendously reduced. For example, constant envelope modulation schemes like ...
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About combination between QAM and PAM

I have confused question regarding the possibility of combination between QAM modulation and PAM in order to improve the spectral efficiency. Is that possible? As you see in the below Figure, it's ...
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A priori spectral efficiency of OFDM scheme

Of course I can compute the spectral efficiency as the ratio of the measured bit-rate (of data bits, no header, no preable, nor redundancy bits included) and the measured spectral bandwidth. This ...
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Why do we say that spectral efficiency is measured in [bit/s/Hz], not just [bit]?

The link spectral efficiency of a digital communication system is measured in bit/s/Hz. We have that 1 Hz = 1 s$^{-1}$. So, $\left((1 \,\text{bit}) /1 \text{s} \right)\, / \left({\frac{1}{1 \text{...
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Spectral Effeciency of BPSK

The null-to-null bandwidth of the main lobe of a BPSK signal is twice the symbol rate. BPSK transmits one bit per symbol, so the signal bandwidth is twice the bit rate. That has been shown on a few ...
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FFT subset output yields computational efficiency

The traditional FFT gives $N=2^k$ outputs for $N=2^k$ inputs (generally complex.) The time effort is $O(N \cdot \log(N))$. If all I want is a compact subset of $M \ll N$ output frequency points, is ...
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Does "keying on" a sine wave at a zero-crossing reduce its bandwidth?

I understand that a pure sine wave of infinite duration occupies no bandwidth, i.e. it is only the modulation of a carrier that gives it sidebands. Does the exact timing of a sudden modulation make ...
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ًWhy we use fourier transform in most of spectrum estimation approaches?

I wonder why in all spectrum estimation techniques, the analysis depend on the Fourier transform? Why not deal with the signals in time domain?
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ISI Nyquist criterion and spectral efficiency

While reading Bernard Sklar's Digital Communications book I've got confused with ISI Nyquist criterion (not Nyquist rate criterion). There is stated (Sklar, 3.3 section) for symbol rate $R_s$ minimum ...
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