Questions tagged [software-defined-radio]

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Why aren't I getting my expected FM channel when multiplying these two frequencies?

Hope y'all are doing well. Recently I've picked up a LimeSDR and interfacing it with GNURadio and been having a blast with it. I got my first FM receiever demo working using examples from LimeSDR FM ...
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What a SDR can (and cannot) tell about a received signal's power/energy

I'm rather new to SDR and I'm still wrapping my head around understanding how it functions. I greatly appreciate it if you guys can help me understand what's going on. From what I've gathered, an SDR ...
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SDRs synchronization

I have 3 software defined radios (we can suppose that we have Ettus X310). I need to synchronize them because I need a high level of accuracy. I know that I can use the Octoclock to synchronize them, ...
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GNU Radio, Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum for High Hopping Intervals

I am planning to implement a frequency hopping spread spectrum transmitter and receiver in GNU Radio. In my project, the bandwidth of the message signal is around 200 kHz and the maximum frequency ...
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UBX could not transmit signal

I am new to x310. I want to transmit a signal with its UBX daughter board and using gnu USRP sink block . but it seems no signal transmitted. Is this a software problem or hardware?
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Confusion about the frequency of a signal recorded with a USRP

In my assignment I am provided with a recording of a radio signal that was supposedly done in the AM spectrum with a USRP, and I am told to process it in various ways with GNURadio. However, the ...
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Why is phase range between $-\pi$ and $+\pi$ (instead of $0$ and $2\pi$)?

I wonder why the phase range in DSP applications is between $-\pi$ and $+\pi$. For example, why is that not between $0$ and $2\pi$? This question popped when I was reading about synchronization in ...
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Why do I see a frequency shift from center when transmitting a QPSK via USRP with GNU Radio?

I am transmitting a QPSK signal via GRC and when I look at it on the spectrum analyzer, the signal is shifted away from my center frequency. This shift increases the higher the center frequency (i.e. ...
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OFDM symbols terminology explanation

I've already read and understand what does OFDM mean and what does it stand for and why we use it in our wireless technology today. My question that I didn't understand is what does it mean number of &...
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Symbol time offset simulation

I ran a number of simulations for symbol timing synchronization in the past. I used GNU Radio mainly. Now, I'm trying to do the same thing in C++. To achieve that, I need a way to introduce symbol ...
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I/Q sampling with just one ADC

Usually I/Q sampling is performed on two signals with a 90° phase shift using separate ADCs. Suppose I have only a single (fast) ADC available to perform I/Q sampling, which approaches do exist? Is ...
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Finding time of arrival of signal using GNU radio

I am sending a repeating BPSK modulated PN sequence signal from a USRP x310 transmitter. I am receiving the sequence with another USRP x310. Both are attached to an octoclock. Is there a way to get ...
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SDR Dongle, 2MHz Bandwidth related to Fs but bandwidth range 50-2000 MHz

Having a conceptional issue. If a SDR dongle has a 2MHz signal bandwidth, but that can be anywhere within the range of 50-2000 MHz, why is the bandwidth only 2 MHz. The clock must be double the ...
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ADALM-PLUTO SDR with gnuradio on Macbook

I am looking to interface PlutoSDR with gnuradio on a macbook. I have gnuradio-companion installed, however, plutosdr blocks (source and sink) don't show up in it. Also tried installing iio-...
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Microwave oven RF leakage graph

I am using WARP V3 board to receive microwave oven leakage. I placed an antenna outside the door of the oven. I plotted a time series absolute received data. The sampling rate of the rx data is 40Mhz. ...
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Do we have to insert the DC null in OFDM when using RF direct sampling ADC architecture?

Generally, DC Nulls are added in OFDM because zero-IF receivers don't pass the DC component. But what if I use an RF direct sampling architecture? Will there be DC offset? If not, then is it okay not ...
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Use of I/Q representation for unmodulated Rx Signal

it may be a stupid question but while learning about DSP and Modulation I was wondering, if the I/Q representation of an RF Signal is of any use, when the received signal does not contain any ...
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Calculating dBFS for I/Q

I'm trying to figure out how to calculate the dBFS for a complex input. I have an AD9361 part which has a 16-bit A/D and I believe outputs I and Q samples. Now I know you can calculate the dBFS for a ...
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Interference between two signals with the same frequency. (exercise from the book software receiver design)

I find it hard to describe the LPF. This is an exercise from the book Software Receiver Design Build Your Own Digital Communications System in Five Easy Steps chapter 4.23.
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Why do we need to increase sampling frequency at the transmitter?

I've thinking about this for some time now and I was wondering why do we need to increase smapling rate in the transmitter? I will explain a bit more. From the point of view of a software-defined ...
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RF direct conversion down to DC and signal recovery from IQ

I've previously worked with super-heterodyne receivers where the IF spectral content has been above DC. Reading the below tutorial; direct down conversion receivers are used to mix a signal of ...
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Having trouble transmitting/receiving a BPSK signal using two USRPs

I am relatively new to working with SDRs and GNURadio and I am attempting to generate a BPSK signal and transmit it through one USRP and receive and demodulate it on another USRP. I am using GNURadio ...
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Radio Signal Stationarity

A radio signal recording of a wireless communication system (e.g: Wi-Fi traffic) is beaconized, channelized and subject to noise. When working with such an RF signal, numerically transformed to a ...
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How can an SDR recover a high-frequency signal?

How can software-defined radios operate at high frequency? The Nyquist rate dictates that you need to sample at twice the frequency to fully recover the signal. If my signal of interest is modulated ...
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Help in identifying low speed image transmission protocol over RF

In the seventies I worked for Muirhead on press fax machines that used to transmit pictures over radio and landline as I recall two FM systems were used a carrier 800 Hz modulated +- 150 Hz and 1900Hz ...
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What is the line encoding in this FSK signal

As a learning exercise, I'm trying to reverse engineer the radio protocol of a 27MHz wireless mouse. The device currently transmits on the 27.045MHz channel and uses 2FSK. I have an IQ recording of ...
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How do I differentiate between signals from an unknown program?

I believe this question is on topic for this site under Algorithm debugging questions, but if not, I would appreciate a suggestion about where to post this question....
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420 views

Why do IQ Impairements, Quadrature Skew and DC offset have these geometric effects on the constellation?

I'm studying telecommunications, and would like to be sure to understand the maths behind these effects. For IQ Imbalance and DC offset, it seems pretty clear why we observe a rectangle shape or a ...
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341 views

Creating GNU radio flowgraph for continuous switching between transfer and receive mode

I am having a hackrf-one device which can either transmit or receive signals. I am having a GNU radio flowchart which has a selector block which allows manual switching. I am not able to switch it at ...
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1 answer
159 views

Can a software defined radio with a frequency range of 300 MHz – 3.8 GHz detect AM (535 to 1705 KHz) and FM signals (88 to 108 MHz)?

I am interested in knowing whether BladeRF SDR with a frequency range of (300 MHz - 3.8 GHz) detect AM and FM frequencies? Also, how important is the sampling rate of the SDR. For example, BladeRF has ...
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131 views

Compare the quality of IQ data from different Software Defined Radios (SDRs)

I want to know what methods are best to scientifically evaluate the quality of different Software Defined Radios (SDRs) that spit out IQ samples. For this question, I would like to set the boundary ...
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Technical Term for the Sum I + Q

Most likely a very simple question, but I haven't been able to find a good answer. When working with analytical signals in general, and software defined radio in particular, a common operation is to ...
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2 votes
0 answers
136 views

Why is channel estimation done after synchronization and why does it work?

I am interested in Software Defined Radio communications where almost all processing is pushed to the digital domain. I'm wondering why is channel estimation done after frequency and phase ...
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2 answers
2k views

Trouble with time-syncing two radio signals using cross-correlation

I posted a similar question a while ago here (I'm posting this follow-up since I'd like to focus more on cross-correlation now). I have a setup where I have two software-defined radios connected to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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why transmitting a long pulse its spectrum gets spread?

I'm transmitting an RF signal with a CC1101 at 440 MHz. This signal is a constant of 1, so the spectrum should be a delta. Using a SDR dongle, I've checked the spectrum and it's wider than a delta ...
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Time Alignment of 2 Sensors Sampling the Same Signal with Different Hardware Delays

I have two radios sampling simultaneously, and I am trying to time-align their two signals (they will always start sampling at slightly different times with random delays due to hardware differences). ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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How can the I and Q components of a quatrature signal be different from each other (apart from the 90º phase shift)

I've spent many hours reading and doing research about this. I don't attend any university classes or any type of classes that may approach such a topic. I am trying to learn this by my own without ...
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Recommendation for good ressources on digital processing and D-QPSK

I've been a C++ developer for 10 years. Quite high level. And I am completely new to Digital Signal Processing. I am trying to implement a Software Defined Radio. Specifically I am trying to receive ...
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