# Questions tagged [snr]

Signal-to-noise ratio (often abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.

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### how do I calculate SNR of noisy signal?

I am having problems in understanding how to do it practically I have a wav file that contains pure speech and another ave file that just contains the background noise (can be various things, such as ...
4k views

### Relationship between entropy and SNR

In general any form of enropy is defined as uncertainty or randomness. In a noisy environment, with increase in noise, I believe that entropy increases since we are more uncertain about the ...
724 views

### How can you tell whether there's a signal (when your signal looks a lot like noise)?

This is my snoring detector again. I've gotten pretty good at detecting a signal when there's anything there -- can track from a wall-peeling snore down to breathing you can't even hear in the ...
342 views

### Direct Correlation (DC) Time Delay Estimation: Variance Keeps Decreasing for Increasing SNR?

I'm trying to reproduce the results from this paper "Discrete time techniques for Time Delay Estimation" doi:10.1109/78.193195, for both the correlation and Least Squares. I've generated a random (...
1k views

### SNR After Multiplying Two Noisy Signals

If I have two noisy signals where the noise is not correlated and I know the SNR of each signal, how would I find the SNR after multiplying the two signals together?
4k views

### Pulse Compression(Chirp) SNR Gain

I've created both single tone signal and a LFM chirp signal with same pulse duration and cross correlated both of them with their own(matched filter). Peak points of both results were same as expected ...
749 views

### Help in understanding the formula of Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) - Part 1

Question 1: Consider an Autoregressive model : \begin{align} y[n] &= y[n-1] + x[n]\\ z[n] &= y[n] + w[n] \end{align} where $y$ is the output observation, $x$ is a random input and $w$ is ...
1k views

### What are the various definitions for $\rm SNR$, and their associated methods for measuring it?

The definition of $\rm SNR$ seems to be somewhat of a tower of babel in industry. What definitions of $\rm SNR$ are there (feel free to site application), and how exactly can it be measured for that ...
500 views

### How to detect continuous noise in audio call?

We want to detect bad audio quality in audio call. Should we extract this information from amplitude or frequency spectrum ? Is there any technique/transform/filter available for this ? Example: I ...
4k views

### Calculating SNR from Frequency Domain

As I am newbie to signals, I have collected an appliance signal in frequency domain as follows: (PSD- Power Spectral Density). So, I need to calculate the SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) and BER (Bit ...
401 views

### Acoustic Scenarios With Negative SNR

For all the practicing engineers out there: Where have you encountered a negative SNR? How negative, in dB, was it or estimated to be? Where would you expect to encounter a negative SNR? Note: I ...
331 views

### Questions on the generation of R.O.C. curves

In my foray into detections, I am trying to understand how best to generate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and some questions have come up. In my studies, I have found out that ROC ...
1k views

### Fixed SNR with unitary noise variance

I've just one question : How can I write a model like y = x + w,( with w a white gaussian noise) with a fixed SNR and a noise variance equal to 1. What coefficient may I have before x ? Thanks !
17k views

### Measure the SNR of a signal in the frequency domain?

How do you measure the SNR of a sinewave in the frequency domain? (Assuming no filtering.) Suppose: $$x(n) = s(n) + n(n)$$ Create the signal (nCycles of a sinewave) in MATLAB...: ...
579 views

### SNR of a 16-bit DSP with 12-bit ADC, 40-bit accumulator

According to the 6dB-per-bit rule, a 16-bit DSP would provide 96 dB of dynamic range, approximately. If the ADC and DAC are both 12-bit long, the DSP is still considered to have 96 dB, or the ...
787 views

### Time delay estimation in low SNR

So I am interested in finding delay between two noisy narrowband signals,for example, two arterial pulse waveform. I can easily get a correct estimate of delay using cross-correlation method, but it ...
7k views

### SNR calculation confusion

Follow up to question and comments posted here The SNR calculation method posted as answers were implemented in matlab Implementation of Deve's answer: ...
714 views

### Relationship between $E_b/N_0$ and $\rm SNR$ with channel coding

I would like to know what would be the relationship between $E_b/N_0$ and $\rm SNR$ when there is a coding rate of $R_c=K/N$. Normally when there is no channel coding according to this link. \...
1k views

### Sampling Rate Effect on Quantizer SNR

I am currently reading the 'Coding' chapter on Rabiner & Schafer's Book on speech processing. In one of its exercises, the reader is given a simple A/D converter using 16-bit uniform ...