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Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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287 views

Wavelet transform and FFT using to extract feature power bands with EEG signals

I am using 5 channels [ fz , cz , c3 , c4 , pz] to detect drowsiness of driver My First Question is, what is the right input to get feature power band ( Theta , alpha , gamma , beta ) to wavelet ...
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341 views

How to manipulate output of Matlab's 'spectrogram' function for additional spectral analyses

all, I have an audio recording that contains several frequency-modulated elements (think animal calls like birds/bats). I have read this file into Matlab using 'audioread' and plotted the oscillogram ...
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38 views

How can we find the signal power of $x_{out}(t)=\frac{1}{2}Am(t)\cos \theta$?

I am trying to solve the following question: I have partially worked out the problem and we have: $$x_{out}(t)=\frac{1}{2}Am(t)\cos \theta,$$ which is the output of the LPF. and $$x(t)=Am(t)\cos (2\...
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54 views

DSP Hardware recommendation or is it even needed?

I'm new in embedded programming. Trying to choose a dsp, they seem very feature rich for my planned usage. I want to analyze 18 signals (simultaneously or near simultaneously) real time. I want to do ...
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1answer
134 views

Distinguish between sinusoidal oscillations and rythmic pulses

I want to distinguish between a sinusoidal oscillations and rythmic pulses. Which method can i use to do that? I want to implement a detector that can distinguish between this two types of signals. ...
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2answers
105 views

What is meant by finite action signal

In section 1.3 from Signals, Systems and Inference, Alan V. Oppenheim, George C. Verghese. Finite-action signals, which are also called absolutely summable signals, are defined by the condition \begin{...
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2answers
125 views

Alamouti Scheme. MISO. STBC for real constellation

I have a real orthogonal design for codeword... $$ \begin{bmatrix} s1 & s2 \\ -s2 & s1 \end{bmatrix} $$ $$ s=\begin{bmatrix} s1\\ s2 \end{bmatrix} $$ $$ Y^T=\sqrt{\frac{P}{Mt}} h^T ...
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101 views

Frequency Response Question on LSI System

Someone please explain me the question its seems very complicated to me. I just want know what the question asking and how to solve it i dont want fully solved solution. Thank you!!
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1answer
141 views

Wavelets and bank filters

The wavelet transform has a problem as it gives poor time resolution for low frequencies and poor frequency resolution for high frequencies according to uncertainty conditions. This appears well ...
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25 views

How best to analyse a 130volt +/- 20volt signal?

I want to measure and log a relatively high variable voltage signal, with minimum impact on the original signal. Normally the signal should average 130volts and vary by +/- 20volts at 10Hz. However ...
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59 views

How do I improve the SNR of my signal given a noise profile (additive noise)?

From an iPhone microphone, I have a background recording of 5s(fs = 44.1 Khz), and immediately after that, I have a voice recording of a person saying 'aaa...' for 10s(fs = 44.1 Khz). How can I use ...
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69 views

Mathematical proof and intuitive reasoning for: $\lim \limits_{\epsilon \to 0} \frac{1}{\pi t}\sin\frac{\pi t}{\epsilon}=\delta(t)$

Please provide the mathematical proof and intuitive reasoning for: $$\lim \limits_{\epsilon \to 0} \frac{1}{\pi t}\sin\frac{\pi t}{\epsilon}=\delta(t)$$ Where $\delta(t)=$Unit impulse function ...
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12 views

variable factors in Simulimk

In my simulation of an equation in Simulink, I need to have variable factors the same as shown in following picture but Simulink doesn't accept that. how I can solve this problem?
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1answer
462 views

Flat vs frequency selective fading in MC-CDMA?

I am trying to simulate an MC-CDMA system. I have NXK matrix $S$ which consists of subcarriers ($s_n,_k$ represents subcarrier $n$ of user $k$) and KX1 vector $X$ consists of user symbols. So my ...
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445 views

The essential pre-processing steps in speech signal analysis

My question is that for simulating a new scheme for speech emotion recognition (feature extraction and classification), what are the necessary pre-processing steps (I mean any kind of normalization ...
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1answer
427 views

Recover IQ samples from signal

I have a data acquisition device that provides me with an array of integers that represents a modulated signal (let's say QAM16). I would like to recover the I and Q samples from the raw time-domain ...
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2answers
711 views

IIR Lattice Filter in C programming

I would like to implement Lattice IIR filter in c, i can't defined the value of gN, i know that x(n) = fN(n), but how to initialize gN ?. you can find the algorithm here : n
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1answer
490 views

Why the energy is a good feature extraction for detect disturbances in signal processing?

To detect disturbances in signal processing a common step is to extract signal characteristics to analyze them, among these characteristics it is recommended to use the signal energy. Why energy is ...
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2answers
764 views

Frequency spectrum of complex equivalent Baseband Signal - Frequency Content around carrier frequency

Basically my objective is to generate a complex equivalent baseband signal of an AM modulated wave in MATLAB. Then to view the difference in frequency spectrum of AM modulated RF signal vs complex ...
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40 views

How to do training of the Ant Colony used for classification?

I'm using the Ant colony for my database of EEG signal for the detection of epileptic seizure. I read this article and I'm confused. Is this algorithm for training set to genertae rules or just for ...
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25 views

Which filter to use for data with high amount of errors?

I have the following data collected from a heart rate sensor. The data is in bpm vs. milliseconds. All the data points below 80 is incorrect (errors/noise). When it plummets below 80, it's because the ...
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1answer
118 views

application of wavelet to vibration signal

I ask you to help me to interpret this figure corresponding to a diagnosis of gear failure using CWT (Haar); I have already worked on the analysis of the vibratory signals using the FFT; But since the ...
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138 views

Transient and steady-state analysis for adaptive filter

I have got review for my work saying, that my work (adaptive filter variant) should be analyzed in transient and steady-state before claiming it improves performance. I have done common (in my ...
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128 views

Any examples of analysis in time domain to extact information

I am sending a 20Khz signal from my phone and capturing all the signals while doing exercise above it. Here I have a signal of a person doing "hand scissors exercise" I am doing analysis on how many ...
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1answer
485 views

How to convert the mean and variance of a processed received signal into a SNR or BER?

So I'm trying to eventually get some sort of signal quality metric, and to do that, I'm trying to take the mean and variance of my bit determination signal and use that to come up with a Signal to ...
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451 views

Flattening out a power spectral density

The situation is as follows. I am generating a white noise voltage signal with a certain power spectral density amplitude of choice, from 0 to some cutoff frequency, for example 200 MHz. This proceeds ...
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48 views

Mean of the product of a signal with its conjugate

I have to find $E\{s_m\cdot s_n^*\}$, where $E$ denotes mean or expected value; $s$ is a signal at $m \in [1\ldots M]$ elements and $^*$ denotes its conjugate. I am doing it by dividing it into two ...
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49 views

Orthogonality of pseudo random basis functions

I was reading about Matching Pursuit and it struck me that you might use a dictionary simply consisting of uniformly distributed bipolar pseudo random vectors, instead of, say, Gabor atoms or windowed ...
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178 views

Variation of Pulse width with center frequency in Pulse Compression technique

Assume a chirp with BW = 1 Hz (frequency range 0-1 Hz) for a period of 700 sec. The pulse compression technique (obtained through auto correlation function) applied on the chirp generates a pulse ...
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336 views

BFSK modulation what signal the transmitter actually sends?

I am trying to understand how modulation with carriers works(transmission part). I will express my question in terms of BFSK for simplicity. Let us condiser BFSK modulation with symbols {1,2}. Then ...
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53 views

noise in signal

I am trying to add phase noise in signal. However, when i see the graph in frequency domain the spectrum is not broading. Can anyone tell me what mistake i am making? ...
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475 views

Detailed Analysis of Phase Delay of an Audio Signal

I write this question as a new reference point because it is difficult to find something exhaustive regarding this topic. I'm talking about the calculus and interpretation of the phase delay of a ...
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257 views

Cross spectrum using `cpsd` (matlab) of 2D matrices

I'm struggling with cpsd for 2D matrices. In my test, I've generated two 100x100 matrices (sine waves) s1 and ...
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413 views

Generating Wavelet family matrixes

We have unnormalized Haar matrix which, is for example, H4=[1 1 1 1;1 1 -1 -1;1 -1 0 0;0 0 1 -1] After normalizing it, we use for haar transform. I know how to ...
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563 views

Effect of pathloss on signal power

Consider I have two transmitters $tx_1$ and $tx_2$ at say a distance of $d_1=5\text{ m}$ and $d_2 = 15\text{ m}$ respectively from a receiver. Now, if I consider the effect of path loss in such a ...
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133 views

PID Control - process variable / setpoint

I'm trying to design a PID controller but I have a problem in the following case: The process variable can only be between 0 and 1. The setpoint can be close to one, for instance 0.97. Hence the ...
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124 views

Zero Crossing rate

Is it possible to have negative zero crossing rate? (can rate be negative?!?) Because I saw a figure which the signal has been broken in frames each of 10msec, with the plot of zero crossing rate ...
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51 views

Goertzel filter Poles on unity circle influence of a behavior of a signal at high frequency

I'm trying to apply a goertzel filter on my sound data of 20500 Hz with sampling rate of 44100[samples/sec]. My bit duration which is passed to the goertzel function is returning a very low magnitude ...
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63 views

Changes of phase in high frequency makes the speaker “clicks”

I modulate some data over sound in a 17.7Khz and 17.8Khz. It works like an FSK with a pulse duration of 0.015sec. When playing a string the speaker gives a very strange noise that it seems to be the ...
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107 views

Getting the frequency of a 0.33Hz to 3Hz signal

I read a noisy signal from an accelerometer which is attached to the pedal of a stationary bike and need to find the frequency of the signal/ speed of the person cycling. I taught of the following ...
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174 views

MATLAB, recover a signal that has a cosinusoidal interference and that has been AM modulated

I have a signal which has been AM modulated but the channel also added a cosinusoidal interference A cos(2 * Pi * f0 * n * Tc + Phase), at the same ...
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494 views

Correlation between two graphs in Matlab

I am trying to make a system that detects footsteps. First I filter and decimate the original signal, then I make a convolution between the filtered signal and a single footstep, then I extract the ...
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38 views

What is the physical meaning of the s-space?

In my audio processing lecture, the term s-space came up. My instructor basically told us that it's a space where we perform calculations that couldn't be ...
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353 views

extrapolate turning points for a sine weighted moving average?

On a stationary signal a sine-weighted moving average is calculated (SWMA: the coefficient vector looks like the first (>0) part of a sinusoid). The SWMA looks like this: very smooth: The future is ...
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40 views

Is there a principled way to distinguish between these signals?

Consider these two signals: They both describe a biological process going on in the same subject. The blue one is obtained at rest and the red one after the subject is perturbed. Is there a ...
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814 views

Classification SVM

I have a problem with Support Vector Machine classification. I have two classes of children (boys and girls). I use a MFCC function for training (for each class I have 24 coefficients, number of ...
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249 views

Complex Morlet Wavelet piano sound analysis

my project is monophonic music transcription I am using complex Morlet wavelet but over the 1000 Hz complex Morlet does not give all results right, my code is like that ; ...
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7k views

How to check whether a continuous signal is periodic or not?

How to check if a continuous signal is Periodic or not? My notes says $\cos(\frac{3}{2}\pi t)$ is periodic because $T=4/3$. And $\cos(\frac{3}{2}t)$ is not periodic as $T=4\pi/3$.
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362 views

Trying to understand the gold-rabiner pitch detection algorithm

I am currently in the process of taking on implementing the Gold-Rabiner pitch tracking algorithm, and I came across what seemed like a good explanation of it in David Meehan's "A Code Excited Linear ...
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18 views

Suppose we have the following data. How can we calculate the channel capacity and R?

A channel has a bandwith of 5MHz. If signal strength to spectral noise density S/N0 is 107 Hz, calculate the channel capacity C and R. The problem is that I can use Shannon-Hartley theorem because ...

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