Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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21 views

How do I design a reference filtering control scheme with a lead compensator?

I am trrying to design a lead compensator for a system. I have the following control scheme: where $Cr(s)$ is a prefilter which can be a lag or a lead compensator. My obkìjective is to design $Cr(s)$....
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17 views

Why does the step response has higher overshoot if the zero is too slow in a lead compensator used as a prefilter?

Consider a control scheme of the following type: where $C_r(s)$ is used to filter the reference, and it can be a lead compensator of a lag compensator. One thng I don't understand is why if I ...
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41 views

Measurement inaccuracy

Does this measurement result comply with the specification or not? Why? The upper limit of a test is 50 m/s and your measurement result is 46.912 ± 10 m/s. The lower limit of a test is 5 mT and your ...
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20 views

Calibration the instruments

The Measurement systems and instruments are frequently calibrated. Do anyone know the reason behind different calibrations. I have read that the measurement uncertainty increases with every step in ...
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34 views

Acceleometer Noise and FFT

Background: I'm fairly new to signal processing and sensors, etc. I'm working on my thesis, which involves the use of an MEMS acceleration sensor as a vibration measuring device (for rotating ...
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30 views

How to classify audio files based on their ZCR, energy, and enthropy of energy features?

Let's say I wanna classify the audio files of race car exhaust and normal car exhaust. I attain few features such as ZCR, energy and enthropy of energy from the training set and I wanna build the ...
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38 views

ADSR parameter identification from envelope data

I'm trying to work out how to identify (or predict) ADSR parameters (attack time, decay time, sustain level and release time) from envelope data of real signal (or 'raw' data, but I think getting it ...
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29 views

FSK carrier frequency estimation in non equiprobable data

We know that in equiprobable data,change in phase over a time interval, this result will be directly proportional to frequency: f∝Im(s(n)s(n−1)∗) Where s(n) is the normalized complex FSK time domain ...
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26 views

How to tell, which coefficient corresponds to which frequency while computing wavelet transform?

I am applying wavelet transform on functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) signal. My aim is to get the info that which coefficient corresponds to which frequency in the signal. Is it possible ...
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46 views

Total Harmonic Distortion THD for the rectifier

I have a circuit with rectifier and this cause the non-linearity and consequently harmonic. I show it on the oscilloscope and then collect the signal from the oscilloscope to the computer by using the ...
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39 views

Strange signals in wifi channel

I am currently working with a USRP B200 mini-i to receive 802.11 signals from various usb wifi devices. When sending packets with the USB device over a channel, lets say 2.412GHz, i can't really see ...
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69 views

Can an audio recording tell whether it is made in a large or small room?

The conversation of one or more people will be analyzed. I think need to look for something similar to reverberation or echo in an audio signal. How can this be implemented? Update: small room is ...
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31 views

Radar signals features for machine learning

I have project in which I have to classify materials based on the spectra of received radar signal. I want to create feature vectors of the specific materials. Can anyone share his ideas. ?
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81 views

should implementing the MMSE equalizer in time domain and frequency domain give same results?

Assume we have a received signal $r$ explained as below: $r = h * x + n$ where $h, x ,*, n$ denote to the multi-path channel, transmitted signal, convolution operation and AWGN, respectively. ...
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28 views

IID noise assumption at Matched Filter sample time

I read that at the correct sample times of a matched filter output the noise is independent assuming a Nyquist pulse. Can someone provide a proof of this or explain it more? Assuming your matched ...
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20 views

IEC fast RMS measurement

I'm looking how to implement fast RMS measurement according to the IEC 61000-4-30 class A and I would appreciate some advice or guideline, as I'm having some doubts. IEC goes with zero crossing for ...
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23 views

Applying Wavelet on energy disaggregation as denoising technique to remove uncertainties

I would like to apply Wavelet in MATLAB as a denoising technique on Non-Intrusive load Monitoring data. The data was captured by sensors on each appliance and one sensor on the smart meter (Normally ...
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22 views

Understanding shift in Q values?

Can any one help me understand why there is a shift in Q values? It seems there is a DC offset/bias. How do I remove it or set it accordingly to make it equal to the I values/waveform? I am using a ...
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142 views

Separation of signals without loss of information about the signals themselves

There is a signal that contains: Rectangular pulses on frequency of 1 kHz Rectangular pulses on frequency of 1.4 kHz Other noises. Required: Separate 1kHz pulses from everything else and measure ...
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28 views

How modulate and shift in frequency?

I have a 16-QAM constellation, then I divide it into imaginary part and real part. I convolve both by Srrc pulse and multiply by cos(2*pifct) and -sen(2*pifct). Let's say fc equal to 40 MHz Now, we ...
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I don't know why the packet size is considered in this packet reception probability equation

https://www3.nd.edu/~mhaenggi/pubs/broadnets04.pdf In 3 page of this paper, the packet reception probability without interference is $e^{-\theta N Ad^2/ P}$. $\theta$ is sinr threshold. $N$ is a ...
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15 views

Phase concentration for a broad range of frequency over time

I have local-field potential signals from two animals and I am trying to do phase analysis on these signals. What I am interested in is how phase concentration (or interatrial phase coherence) changes ...
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2answers
96 views

how can we align wto signals with a time lag in between?

I have two signals from two different sensors. I cropped the area i am interested in from both sensor signals. The problem is that the signals start at different time instants. I am searching for a ...
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44 views

pressure decay filtering

So, I've been dealing with a series of pressure decay curves from a pressure transducer. Each one has a waterhammer effect as a consequence of shutting down pumps. Here are examples of 3 curves: I'm ...
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26 views

I want to invert my fourier transform components to waves again

Hi I am using R to analyze some data I basically did fft(data) and got a vector of complex numbers but from that now I want to remove certain harmonics from my actual wave but how do I convert one of ...
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7 views

control points and concentration of sampled points in a parametric curve

Can anybody explain to me what the following sentence means? "In cubic Hermite, as any parametric curve, the control points density reflect in the concentration of sampled points in more dense parts ...
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53 views

Phase response of an LTI-system

I've got an LTI-system such as follows: $$y'(t)+{2} y(t)={5} x(t-{3}), t>0, \\ \\ y(0)=0 \ \text{ ja } x(t)=0, \ t<0.$$ From this i've already figured out the transfer function: $$H(f)=\frac{5\...
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85 views

Convolution of a non-symmetrical window function by a cosine signal in the frequency domain

A have a time signal: The associated DFT spectrum of this signal: The time signal can be considered as a non-symmetrical rectangular window function multiplied by a cosine signal with a frequency $...
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55 views

How to normalize features after windowing for future test data?

I have an eeg data about 10 minutes. I want to extract some features (e.g. statistical features, power spectrum features, interchannel features, . . .) from this data to apply them to the machine ...
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37 views

FFT frequency-magnitude not correct when a positive gain EQ point is applied

I have a measurement system, which applies a log sine sweep as stimulus to a DUT and records the return signal. I then extract the impulse response, and perform an FFT on this to examing phase and ...
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13 views

What wavelet should i use to analyze harmonic function?

If i have the following signal: $$ s(t) = cos\left [ t\cdot \left (\frac{a}{2}t+b \right ) \right ] $$ What is the best family of wavelet to analize the signal, and what is its scale range? Do i ...
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34 views

Hot to generate image through Delay and Sum algorithm

I want to generate image through Delay and Sum algorithm. The list of the formula are attached, I have calculated rij(t) which is nothing but signals in time domain (1xn matrices), and the tij(x,y) (...
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62 views

State of the art for automatic rhythm analysis

What are the currently most used and less error prone algorithms in the field of music information retrieval for beat detection and tracking?
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36 views

Are there methods to measure how the change in one signal will affect another signal?

I have two distinct signals and I would like to compute their correlation. However, I think that just computing the crosscorrelation does not work here, since the signals are from different sources — ...
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18 views

Time series without a fix frequency

I have readings of almost 400 sensors and the storage system only records when there are variations in sensor readings. Normally for a certain time (it's stored in days / hours / min and sg) I only ...
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11 views

Optimizing a heating/cooling system for a particular input

Lets say I have a house with 2 rooms. One of them has a window that opens and closes T periodically. So the heat influx behavior of the window is like a square wave. There is an air conditioning unit ...
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15 views

How to do colour map in MRI?

For this question, I assume if we do a colour map, it is based on the magnitude of the magnetic strength? After that how do we know where each coordinates belong to? Like for example at p= 0 degrees,...
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34 views

Digital Spectrum Analyzer: Video Bandwidth

I am currently working on a Digital Spectrum Analyzer. We are trying to imitate a hardware Spectrum Analyzer by capturing I/Q data and performing an FFT on it. I am a bit stuck on how to imitate the ...
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129 views

Signal Averaging

Note I also asked this in math stackexchange I was reading a wiki page about signal averaging specifically in the section Signal power for sampled signals. At least at first glance the information ...
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27 views

Stack features in wakeword model

I'm not clear how is the input features are stacked in wakeword applications. Taking https://static.googleusercontent.com/media/research.google.com/en//pubs/archive/43969.pdf as an example, the author ...
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1answer
131 views

CIC Filter implementation for Normalized Correlation

This is a follow-on to the original post ... I am trying to implement real-time correlation of two signals. I noticed the CIC Filter discussion here: How to find correlation/cross-correlation of two ...
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1answer
109 views

Block by block CCDF and PAPR analysis in MATLAB

There are few signals (OFDM-like modulation scheme with uniformly distributed data source) generated by my script. I need to compare scheme performance in sense of CCDF (Complementary Cumulative ...
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1answer
69 views

How to automatically identify a surge in a periodic signal

Say I have a periodic signal i.e. Sine wave, which sometimes can have spikes that are 100% larger than the peak value. These spikes can be periodic as well. I'm trying to find an algorithm that could ...
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16 views

What features can I extract from optical fibre signal?

I have sensors placed in pipelines and I have amplitudes coming from it. I want to detect the type of activity taking place at the sensors(like digging,tunneling,clamping etc). So I have a signal ...
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1answer
56 views

How to sketch this multirate system spectrum?

In the following system: The signal x(n) is upsampled by 2 and then filtered. The signal and the filter have the following spectrum: After upsampling the spectrum of X would look the same except ...
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1answer
46 views

Graph Fourier transform: the adjoint notation for the eigenbasis matrix

I already asked this question here but there is no response. I'd like to ask this question in signal processing domain. It is well-known that for a real symmetric matrix $L$ (here, graph ...
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1answer
55 views

Beamforming but only for total power?

Is there a method to speed up beam-forming if you only care about the total power in a given direction, or total power in frequency groups? I've googled this, and can't find anything. My intuition ...
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1answer
34 views

What is the difference between positive matrix coefficients and negative matrix coefficients of an audio?

I have turned an audio file into an one dimensional array by using audioread function in matlab and found several positive and negative fractional coefficient values.What is the basic difference of ...
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177 views

How to find Coefficients of Autoregressive (AR) model using least means square (LMS) Algorithm without having future signal?

I want to do two things. Estimating Coefficients of AR model using LMS Using Coefficients found in step 1 and predict future samples of a signal using AR equation. I don't have a desired signal so I ...
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1answer
124 views

How to apply baseline methods to MNE preprocessed raw EEG signals?

I am new at EEG preprocessing and classification. I have followed Clemens Brunner's blog https://cbrnr.github.io/2018/01/29/removing-eog-ica/ as a tutorial for MNE. This is how I have preprocessed ...

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