Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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45 views

Signal processing

I am quite new to signal processing and I have got the signal in picture. I'm working with Python. The central part has some sort of periodicity and it is the one I want to retain, whereas I want to ...
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Model of modulator and demodulator in Simulink. Why is MER so lowest?

I created a simple model in Simulink of a quadrature modulator, amplifier and quadrature demodulator. On the oscilloscope(scope in Simulink) and spectrum analyzer the displayed results look normal (at ...
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43 views

How to find if the signals are in sync or out of sync with each other?

Considering these are two signals over time, black and red.Following are some of the properties Every Second a new data point is added over time . There is no control on the generation of the ...
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31 views

Cannot reconstruct constant overlap add STFT perfectly

I am implementing an STFT function for spectrogram of certain audio files. Here's my function: ...
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215 views

Power spectral density vs. Fourier Transform

I am trying to understand the difference between the Power Spectral Density and the Fourier transform. Specifically, I am trying to understand why the power spectral density is useful and in what ...
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3answers
66 views

How to find the time of beginning of the slope of the signal?

I have a time signal in MATLAB format. Sampling rate is 100k, so it is roughly 5 seconds of signal. See the link below https://www.dropbox.com/sh/v7vev2j14i77mlk/AAA-X7JGMAzO6IyElYmFPFwra?dl=0 If ...
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29 views

How to create different Time frequency images from a data

I'm new to Python. I have a time series in a CSV file that has about 5000 rows and 3 columns. I have split the data into training and testing in ratio 70:30 respectively. However, I have a problem ...
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26 views

how to reduce signal noises

I am trying generate guided waves on simple metallic plate through piezo-ceramic material, I place two piezo on the surface of the plate at the different location and through Arbitrary pulse generator,...
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42 views

What is DAB modulation in signal generators?

I am using R&S signal generator and for generating a DAB signal there is an option for mentioning the modulation level in %. For example, we can generate DAB modulation 50% . I can understand that ...
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44 views

Underwater acoustic channel is giving me a flat BER vs SNR curve

I need to do OFDM and GFDM signal transmission in underwater acoustic channel. I have my underwater acoustic channel as follow. ...
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40 views

Using a Multirate FFT system to analyse audio

I am trying to implement a multirate fft system to try and achieve frequency windowed analysis of audio. Say I have managed to get an impulse response of a system. This impulse may be say one ...
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1answer
88 views

Audio from multiple microphones mixed to mono and ASR

I am trying to do speech recognition on an audio file which has 1 channel (mono). My problem is that the channel is comprised of the signal of 3 microphones which have captured the audio at different ...
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2answers
130 views

Augmentation for EEG signal classification using Deep Learning

Augmentation is a technique that we use in deep learning for expanding the training dataset. It includes different ways of modifying an image and adding it to the training dataset. My question is if ...
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23 views

Calculate phase lag between two signals with perturbed frequencies

This type of question has been asked quite a few times on this forum and others now, but I still haven't found a satisfactory answer to my problem. Given an input signal: $$x_1(t)=\cos\big(2\pi ft\...
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21 views

Expression related to Tellegen's theorem and signal flow graphs

I'm reading the paper "Signal Flow Graphs-Computer-Aided System Analysis and Sensitivity Calculations" by Arnold Y Lee and my question in about expression/equality (59) in the paper. The expression ...
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51 views

Advances in Blind SNR estimation beyond $M_2M_4$

In Pauluzzi and Beaulieu, various SNR estimation methods are compared. Among the blind methods considered, the $M_2M_4$ estimator seemed to be unambiguously the best. However, it has been shown that ...
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742 views

How to envelope a non periodic Impulse signal?

I want to analyse a trc oscilloscope file, find impulses and envelope them. In the end I want to plot the envelope. data file (trc): https://ufile.io/z4m4d Code: (Python) ...
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1answer
453 views

Are resolution increase and noise reduction from oversampling mutually exclusive?

Oversampling a signal means sampling it with a significantly higher sampling frequency than the Nyquist rate. As far as I know, there are three advantages: Easier design of anti alias filter Increase ...
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62 views

Frequency bins too powerful at the start and at the end of each sample computed DFT data

I've taken the following link http://coding-geek.com/how-shazam-works/#comments as a project to start practising and learning signal processing and python programming for me to get started in speech ...
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125 views

How to estimate noise by eigendecomposition of the variance covariance matrix?

I'm new here so I will try to be as clear as possible. I am trying to apply some techniques from signal processing framework to denoise financial time series. I would like to know if what I am ...
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1answer
112 views

Break a signal into segments, add them together and then perform an FFT on the result

If you break a 4 second signal into 0.5 second segments, add them together and then perform an FFT on the resultant 0.5 second data. Will the FFT / frequency spectrum be the simlar to an FFT on the ...
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98 views

How can we determine the channel impulse response using correlation process from the spectrum of the signal?

I am sending the pulsed signal from the transmitter antenna, and at the receiver side, I captured the received signal in the time domain, and also in the spectrum of the signal. How can I get the ...
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3answers
175 views

Resample audio signal with a low factors

Currently, we need to handle a piece of an audio signal. We want to resample it with different factor rate (p/q) starting with 1.0002 to 0.9998 with a decrement of 0.000005. But Matlab function cannot ...
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0answers
238 views

NMSE of complex numbers

Actually I am doing an RF measurement and this includes phase and power. i generate a list of powers ranging for example from (-50 to 40) dBm, while the phase rotate to make it for example spiral ...
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2answers
938 views

Quantify the difference between two audio spectrograms

I have two speech signals of the same length. They contain the exact same speech content but are recorded from two different microphones. I want to compare the differences between them. 1) Assuming ...
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0answers
33 views

Sourse separation from known underdetermined mixing matrix

How to recover uncorrelated N sources from given N-1 signals and known mixing matrix M, (e.g. 9x8 matrix)? If I just use pseudo-inverse matrix M+, my source estimates are correlated with each other ...
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86 views

Beamforming with NDP frames

During beamforming, the Tx first sends NDP Announcement (which is a broadcast frame) thereby reaching all Rx in its area. And then it follows by sending NDP. Is the 2nd frame (NDP) is also a ...
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205 views

i want to mute a particular frequency in real time audio

i want to mute a particular frequency range in real time audio for eg: in audio signal frequency above 3 kHz should be muted for specific interval of time.
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327 views

MATLAB remove noise

I am in trouble with my study, could you please help me. I have a set of data containing information about the signal that come from a preamplifier of the radiation detector system. After radiation ...
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0answers
55 views

Doppler Shift and Wireless Access Points

I am trying to design and implement a system that would calculate the velocity of a hand motion in smartwatch. The general idea is to calculate the Doppler Shift of each access point and find ...
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0answers
102 views

Calculating gyroscope data from accelerometer and attitude data

I am currently collecting accelerometer and attitude data using smartphone sensors. Data is collected at 100Hz over 2.5 seconds. Of which there are 250 accelerometer points and 250 points representing ...
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401 views

How does bandwidth relate to the bitrate?

This might be a really trivial question, but I can't wrap my head around it. In almost every textbook, we're told that bandwidth (among power and noise), is the factor for both range and bitrate. I'...
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69 views

Sufficient conditions for exact signal recovery using OMP?

For a compressive sensing model : $$y_{_{MXN}}=A_{_{MXN}}x_{_{NX1}}$$ where $x$ is $K$ sparse, what is the sufficient condition for Orthogonal matching Pursuit (OMP) to exactly recover the data for ...
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79 views

Identifying an Event based on a Jump in Rolling Variance in Python

I am trying to figure out a way, in Python, how to identify when an event occurs, based on a jump in the rolling standard deviation. As shown in the plot below, around the 12000th sample, an ...
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490 views

How to detect overall error between two signals and also track changes occurred

I need to develop an algorithm that will compare two signals (1 Reference Signal and other is measured signal values from sensor) and generate some metric(s) to describe changes between them. I am not ...
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2answers
205 views

Significance of sequency ordering in Walsh-Hadamard matrices

So I've been doing some reading into Hadamard and related matrices (Slant, Walsh, , and have observed that there are three typical "orderings" of the rows based on various criterion. E.g. "Natural", "...
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38 views

finding the duration of a sequence of data

I need to find the duration of a sequence of data values that represents head yaw movements .where the positive values are head looking to right and negative values are head looking to left .the ...
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56 views

Impulse signal function

I am simulating an impulse signal of a resonant bearing fault with this formula: $$ y(k)=\sum_r A_r \sin\left(\displaystyle \frac{2\pi f \left(k - rF/f_m\right)}{F}\right)\cdot e^{\displaystyle-\beta(...
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73 views

Which filter makes sense for a triggered event?

I have a very noisy data from a particle accelerator and I want to improve the signal (in every way it's possible): As background: It's data from an electron accelerator which produced Bremsstrahlung ...
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222 views

How to use frame based audio features for machine learning

I have an audio recording (wav file) that is 2 seconds long. That is my sample and it needs to be classified as [class_A] or [class_B]. To extract MFCC features, I divided the sample into frames (183 ...
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525 views

Window size and DFT size

I am using pwelch function of Matlab which returns the power spectral density (PSD) estimate. This got me confused about DFFT size and Windows size. Here my code: ...
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119 views

Best Method to Separate square wave and smooth wave

I have a signal consists of a smooth wave and square waves. Is there comprehensive method can separate square wave and smooth signal? I looked for the likelihood ratio test but cannot find any ...
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191 views

The signal $\frac{e^{j10\pi n}}{10}$ is periodic/aperiodic?

How to verify the function $$ \frac{e^{j10\pi n}}{10} $$ is a period/aperiodic function ? My attempt: $\omega_o=10\pi\implies f_o=\omega_o/2\pi=5$, which is a rational number. So the given function ...
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86 views

Determining the probability of two signals, with added independent noise, being the same?

I have the first 100ms of two signals, each with a noise independent to that signal. I want to compare the two signals and determine the probability that these two signals are (minus noise) the same, ...
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43 views

quantitative definition of “FFTable” data point as a function of the signal to noise level

Regarding hotpaw2's answer to the "Number of FFT points required for a specific frequency resolution for an oversampled signal" question: Given that the result of an FFT can be interpolated ...
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68 views

One period with transient

Assume I have only access to only one period of a signal that there is a transient effect on the signal as well. I am pretty sure that there is a particular frequency in the signal. Is there a way ...
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39 views

What are the popular benchmark systems and equations in adaptive signal processing?

In various papers I met repeating equations and systems used during experimental analysis. For example AR model as follows $x(k) = 1.79 x(k-1) - 1.85 x(k-2) + 1.27 x(k-3) - 0.41 x(k-4) + v(k)$ seems ...
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48 views

How does the error in azimuth angle vary as one moves away from the boresight direction of a radar

My question is basically same as the title. I am trying to find a mathematical model which provides the error, $d\theta$, in azimuth angle($\theta$) as one moves away from the boresight direction of ...
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0answers
61 views

Correlation between a lowfrequent and a fast signal

I need to evaluate the correlation between some measured signals. Those signals are for example current, temperatures at various points, vehicle speed and torque from an electric motor in a vehicle. I ...
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88 views

Removing gravity from a non-orthogonal body

I am not sure where to post this question, if it is not appropriate here can you suggest where shallI post it to? Question: I have a Cube with dimension of x,y,z. I am trying to do some integration ...

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