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Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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16 views

the model need backgound

Suppose the multivariate one-way anova model for the raw data , i.e. $$ \label{Example_model_1} \mathbf{y}_{ij}=\mathbf{\mu}+\mathbf{z}_i+\mathbf{e}_{ij}, ~~ i=1,\ldots,m,~~j=1,\ldots,n_i,~~~~~~~~~~...
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1answer
69 views

What is the signal-noise model of laser induced fluorescence?

The following image is an example of a fluorescence signal trace from the photomultiplier tube detector (PMT). Each spike represents one fluorescently labeled cell. This signal model is definitely ...
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2answers
61 views

Filtering Surge Signals

I am working on a matlab program which needs me to detect the pattern of surges in a signal and then remove them. I tried out various filters like median, hampel, butterworth etc. but couldn't get an ...
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2answers
2k views

Baseline Correction: What is the concept of a baseline shift and baseline correction?

I have a laser induced fluorescence signal data-set. Currently the processing pipeline performs baseline correction by manually moving the signal so that the initial point is at the origin. Is this a ...
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12 views

What frequency energy estimation technique for 60 bands spectrum analyzer

I'm making a 60 bands spectrum analyzer for audio and I have tried 2 different algorithms one with a bank of band-pass filters and second the Goertzel filter. With the bank of bandpass filters I don't ...
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2answers
66 views

Convolution property

Is the convolution of two equal signals the same signal? I have this system: and i have to find $h_1[n]$ (which i've been struggling for a while), given $$ h_2[n] = u[n] - u[n-2] $$ and $h[n] = ...
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30 views

Spectrum Analyzer - Acquisition time computation

Using a spectrum analyzer, is there a theorical equation that links acquisition duration and acquisition parameters ( Span, RBW, VBW, sweep time and averages number ) Does this equation depends on the ...
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2answers
229 views

Time-invariant and Time-varying Systems

Determine whether the following system is time-invariant or not: $y(t)=x(t)\sin 10\pi t$ Solution: Given: $y(t)=x(t)\sin 10\pi t$ $y(t)=T[x(t)]=x(t)\sin 10\pi t$ The output due to input delayed ...
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1answer
67 views

Finding where signal is showing some (unknown) periodicity

I have readings of the vertical displacement of someone over time, as in the picture below: At some points in time, the person will be exercising or jumping up & down, creating more or less ...
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4answers
1k views

What does the term “railed” mean in signal processing?

I'm having trouble finding a definition of "railed" that relates to signal processing. Am I correct in my guess that this term is in fact from this field? My signal data comes from an EEG device. ...
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2answers
4k views

Compressive Sensing - Incoherence Property

Compressive Sensing is built on 2 properties: 1) the sparsity of the representation basis relative to the sampling basis and 2) the incoherence between the singular vectors from each of the 2 bases in ...
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3answers
2k views

Compressive Sensing Incoherence Principle

As people acquainted with Compressive Sensing would know, incoherence and sparsity are two main principles. I've been reading about compressive sampling and developed an interest into the topic. What ...
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1answer
24 views

duration for a signal after filtering [duplicate]

I have a signal $s(t)$ of duration $T$. This signal doesn't have a limited bandwidth. To solve this problem, I filter it with a pulse shaping filter (raised cosine filter). My question: Does ...
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1answer
43 views

Is there any way that we can perform speech recognition without using Fourier transforms?

I am trying to research about speech recognition and why everyone uses Fourier transforms in going about the topic. I know that we get information related to the frequency of each sound uttered which ...
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0answers
79 views

Which equipment to use for testing performance of AM, FM, and DAB

I want to test the performance of AM, FM and DAB radio in RTL-SDR. I want to measure sensitivity, adjacent channel selectivity, cross-modulation/blocking, and third-order intermodulation to be some of ...
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21 views

Any recommendations for buying SINAD measuring equipment? [duplicate]

I am interested in buying a device that measures the SINAD of the audio signal(FM signal) that I receive from PC. Here is the setup : Signal generator -> attenuator ->HackRF connected to PC with SDR# ...
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1answer
2k views

Why doesn't sampling a periodic continuous-time signal yield a periodic discrete-time signal?

I have been studying signals and systems lately and I have came across the following claim: The uniform sampling of a periodic continuous-time signal may not be periodic! Can someone please ...
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1answer
33 views

How to find spectral density of a signal whose correlation depends on time?

Suppose we have two uncorrelated, real white noise $\xi_1(t)$ and $\xi_2(t)$, with zero mean, and equal variance. Now, I create the signal $\xi(t) = a\xi_1(t)\cos(\omega_0 t) + b\xi_2(t) \sin(\...
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2answers
28 views

I am trying to convert a signal into another unit, but the error keeps increasing during each iteration

I have a signal, A, and I want to convert it into another unit by using a formula: $$s_i = \frac{(1+x_i)}{(1-x_i)}\cdot s_{i-1}$$ where $x_i$ is each sample of ...
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1answer
73 views

What kind of power spectrum implies uncorrelation in time?

I am new in signal processing field, and actually I just need some basic tools for what I am working on. I've learnt that the autocorrelation function is the inverse Fourier transform of the signal's ...
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2answers
1k views

Order analysis or order tracking

Last week I've been trying to implement the Order Analysis in MATLAB in vain. I've read a lot of docs about it like this one , but I still can't figure it out. This will be my last shot. Say I have ...
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2answers
2k views

Digital filters in LabVIEW

I am very new in signal processing and using digital filters. I have to use a low-pass filter to analyze my data in LabVIEW and have a question about it. Any help and advice is appreciated. I am ...
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1answer
34 views

Log Distance-Normal Shadow Model and Friis

Since I'm founding several but different results about this model, I would ask you if all it is OK with this formulas: 1) Friis Model --> $Pr_0 = Pt + Gt + Gr + 20\log_{10}\frac{\lambda}{4\pi d}$ 2) ...
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1answer
55 views

What does this spectrogram mean?This is spectrogram of a multitone FM signal

! The spectrogram of FM signal has been generated by using Matlab.Now I want to what does these scratch like lined represent, though I have only two frequency components in my message signal(https://i....
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1answer
62 views

How to match two signals that have similar shape but are scaled and expanded?

I have two signals A and B in time domain as follows: Visually both signals look very similar; however the X and Y axis range are different for both the signals. Signal B is basically a "stretched" ...
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1answer
40 views

How to detect if a signal raises sharply or slowly?

so how can i detect if a signal raises sharply or not ? Are there easy solutions (i suppose there are) ? the problem is that if a signal raises sharply, i need less data to not pollute the dataset ...
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0answers
17 views

Derivation of the reassigned STFT magnitude of a complex exponential

I have a complex exponential defined as $x(t)=Ae^{i2\pi f_{0}t}$ and its short time Fourier transform with respect to the analysis window, $g(t)$ is defined as, $$X_{g}(b,f) = \int_\mathbb{R} x(t+b)g(...
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0answers
39 views

How to generate wireless O-QPSK modulated signal in Matlab?

I am trying to create a small simulation where I would need to transmit a wireless signal from one wireless node to another and then transmit one more message back to node 1. Considering this is LR-...
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0answers
24 views

How to compare two 802.15.4 O-QPSK modulated digitals signals?

I am working on wireless sensors project and I am trying to simulate a transmission between two nodes. So let's say I have two nodes which transmit the message to each other, i.e. node 1 transmits ...
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1answer
27 views

Understanding Baud Rate

I am new to signal processing and just trying to understand what Baud rate really means. As I understand it, the baud rate speed is really the time that the processor takes when it is ON and when it ...
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0answers
72 views

High quality removing gravity from accelerometer data without Sensor Fusion

My smartphone have only accelerometer sensor. I need to get data close to (0,0,0) in hold in my own application. I did use some app from Google Play and data was very close to it (some like 0.1 and ...
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0answers
43 views

How to find the period of a given signal? [duplicate]

I'm new to Signal Analysis. I have a manually generated Signal from a Gyroscope, which looks like in the picture below and I need to extract the X-Values for each period. Is there some technique to ...
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28 views

barker sequence in signal processing

In our class test we were given a signal with barker sequence and a 10101010... sequence ahead of that and were asked it's importance. So what is the significance of that 10101... sequence?
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38 views

Binary vs 4-PAM PSD

I'm struggling to understand how you would form an expression for the PSD of a 4-PAM signal which is using rectangular pulse shaping. I understand for binary the likelihood of +/1 is equal so the ...
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0answers
28 views

What is k and n in this Discrete Hilbert Transform formula and how to use it with a time series?

I have a time series and I need to find the Discrete Hilbert Transform of that. This paper says that about the Hilbert Transform. Suppose I have a time series f(t)...
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3answers
3k views

Why do we get ripples in the frequency spectrum of a chirp, and how do I remove it?

The ripples in the amplitude spectrum of a linear spectrum is undesirable. I desire to obtain a flat spectrum response. Hence, how can I remove these ripples? Also, which factors (like time bandwidth ...
2
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1answer
590 views

How audio watermarks are captured

I have read that we can use audio watermarks to "identify the original produces of the material or the consumers of the media." How consumers of the media is measured by audio watermarks? Lets say ...
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1answer
56 views

Calculation of line of sight system gain

I'm trying to calculate the overall gain of the transmitter-receiver system for a line-of-sight wireless transmission. My question is how to calculate the overall gain of the system. Is it as simple ...
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1answer
45 views

Any meaning to the magnitude of a FFT when audio is recorded using a PC?

I understand the theoretical meaning of the magnitude of a FFT from a mathematical sense. But what about when the sound audio is recorded using a PC microphone using a package like PyAudio, and FFT is ...
2
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1answer
133 views

What is discrete angular frequency?

I am currently reading a paper about speech enhancement. The paper uses Spectral Subtraction Method. On that section, The paper stated that ω is the "discrete angular frequency index of the frames" ...
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1answer
248 views

Usefulness of Matrix Notation for Linear Periodically Time Variant Transformations

I am quit puzzled about a notation I found in Gardner's 1986 book titled Introduction to Random Processes. It is in the chapter on Cyclostationary Processes at section 12.4 which pertains to Linear ...
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0answers
32 views

Finding threshold for noisy pulse train

I have a noisy signal that roughly switches between two distinct amplitude levels, i.e. looks like a pule train with irregular pulse with and small variations in the "on" and "off" amplitude over time,...
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0answers
16 views

Partitioning data for minima detection

I am working with signals that consist of consecutive equidistant dips. I am trying to write an algorithm that finds the absolute lowest (minimum) point in each of the dips. We don't know the ...
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1answer
63 views

Difference between two sine generators

I have two sine oscillators and I get these two different spectrum analysis (let's disregard the slight frequency difference). Is there any deductions that can be made about the "quality", or sine ...
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0answers
27 views

Log Sine Sweep Acoustic Measurements

I am currently trying to understand the Sine Sweep Method for taking acoustic measurements. I am following this paper: https://www.thinksrs.com/downloads/pdfs/applicationnotes/SR1_SweptSine.pdf I ...
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1answer
59 views

Are the error probability of orthogonal signal and on/off signal the same?

I have to write the error probability of orthogonal signal and on/off signal,and now i have finished the error probability of on/off signal,but i don't know how to write the code about error ...
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0answers
37 views

How to find the filter coefficient of matched filter to detect the pulse of a signal?

I would to understand how to find the coefficient of a matched filter. Let's consider we have a signal and the signal is buried in the following noise. we want to find the coefficient of a matched ...
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3answers
244 views

What is the precise definition of a nonlinear signal?

I tried to find the the precise definition of a nonlinear signal. However it is not easy. How can we define a nonlinear signal?
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2answers
9k views

What are advantages of having higher sampling rate of a signal?

Being a non signal processing science student I have limited understanding of the concepts. I have a continuous periodic bearing faulty signal (with time amplitudes) which are sampled at $12\textrm{ ...
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0answers
10 views

Looking to simulate sound level meter (read microphone audio signal into 1/3 octave)

I am looking to pull audio from a microphone and analyse the 1/3 octave data. Can anyone suggest a software library to do this that I could then build a software interface on top of? Initially looking ...