Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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4
votes
2answers
19k views

What is the rms value of a signal and how to use it

In some papers/books I found infos about a signal given as RMS value. What is the RMS value and what information does it contain? How can I compute it? Moreover, if they say that the signal is a ...
1
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1answer
868 views

The two types of stability and “Why exponential”

When I was learning about LTI systems, I noticed that LTI system is said to be BIBO stable if and only if its square sum of impulse response is finite. This expression is found on many textbook of ...
0
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1answer
77 views

What type of sensors have complex Gaussian noise?

What type of sensors have complex Gaussian noise? Do strain gauges also exhibit such noise?
1
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0answers
700 views

How to process the .wav file to get meaningful information like the number of inhales/exhales

The plot of the data from the wav file. Link to the sound file - https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BxAPlY66uX7qWWtDZUw3WkpjSGs&authuser=0 Also the FFT plot is like this I am new to the field of ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

How to design a narrow band pass filter without DSP toolbox

I've two signals X and Y. These are proximity sensors reading measuring vibrations of a rotating shaft. Now I want to plot orbit plots for these signals. I can plot unfiltered orbits with just X and Y....
0
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1answer
91 views

adjusting swept signal equation

When I do a spectrogram in matlab / octave I can create a swept signal that looks like the RED plot line below. But how can I create a swept signal like the BLUE line in the 1st plot using the ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

Processing Accelerometer Vibration Data With FFT

For a project I am attempting to use an accelerometer to measure vibration in an RC aircraft and determine frequency from the result. To do this I am using an MPU-6000 accelerometer sampling @ 1000Hz. ...
2
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3answers
824 views

Normalization purpose in signal processing

What is the purpose of normalizing the signal? If we have two signals on hand, how is it used when comparing these two signals?
2
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1answer
589 views

Why are MFCCs of two equivalent signals completely different?

I have an audio file, of which I calculate 16 (actually 15 because I omit the first one) MFCCs in R. When I stream this file via VLC-Player and Icecast2-Server, receive it in Java (with the Player of ...
0
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1answer
392 views

Kiss fft does not work after giving it more than 32 samples

I am trying to take data from an accelerometer and apply Kiss FFT to the samples. I'm using a Freescale Kinetis FRDM-K22F board. I want to use 64 samples, but when I run the program I get an error ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Compute Similarity between Fourier Transforms

I'm looking to compare the Fourier Transforms generated by accelerators and gyroscopes that collected data of people walking. I've looked to see if there is a standard form of comparison, but I have ...
1
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1answer
234 views

WSS Ergodic Process with Power Spectrum

I was given a WSS ergodic process $x(t)$ with power spectrum : $$ \begin{array}{rcl} G_x(f) &=&1−\left|\frac{f}{B}\right| &\mbox{for } |f|<B\\ G_x(f) &=& 0 & \...
1
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0answers
27 views

Aligning frames with common elements

I am new to image processing and had the following question: I have take some 512-px grayscale images. The images were take in such a way that all images were of the same spot, but there was some ...
4
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1answer
169 views

Signal Processing using Fourier Transform

How can I derive the fourier transform of ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Signal Processing using Fourier Transform1 [duplicate]

How can I derive the fourier transform of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to identify useful elements of audio recording and ignore lulls?

I assume this is a relatively simple DSP task, but I'm having trouble finding any information on how to approach my problem. Hopefully someone with more experience and brain power can help me out: I ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Determining the point in a temporal signal when a periodic behavior begins to occur

I'm a newcomer to digital signal processing, so I'm looking for some general advice and direction on this problem I have. I have a signal like that shown below. Starting around x=40000, you can see a ...
0
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0answers
7k views

How to check whether a continuous signal is periodic or not?

How to check if a continuous signal is Periodic or not? My notes says $\cos(\frac{3}{2}\pi t)$ is periodic because $T=4/3$. And $\cos(\frac{3}{2}t)$ is not periodic as $T=4\pi/3$.
0
votes
1answer
501 views

Lorentzian signal fit

A plot showing two S21 peaks through a resonator is given below: As you can see, the first resonance peak occurs at 4.43GHz. The fit applied to this peak is given below. $$y = A - 10 \log_{10} {\...
0
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1answer
1k views

How to find transfer function looking bode plot

I have some Bode plot (only in amplitude) as these: Now, I must to find their transfer functions, in particular the exact value of their zeros and poles. It is clear that their are a low pass filter ...
1
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2answers
216 views

What is meant by *sampling* in terms of the *sampling theorem*?

Let $y:\left(-\frac T2,\frac T2\right)\to\mathbb{C}$ be a square integrable function. The Fourier coefficients of $y$ are $$\underline{Y}(k):=\frac 1T\int_{-T/2}^{T/2}y(t)e^{-i\omega_kt}\;dt\;\;\;\...
-4
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1answer
111 views

Causal question on a discrete signal

Given a signal with a list of discrete values 1,2,3 (t=0),0,1, Whether the signal is causal when the arrow is in 3 and why? I know the definition of causal is that the output will not depend on ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Calculating the power of a signal

I'm trying to calculate the power of a signal and my tutor has given me this formula to do it I've spent the past while building a program and now the foundations are there it's time to implement the ...
1
vote
1answer
613 views

How to concatenate IIR filter (Butterworth) with a Matlab function and evaluate the integral

I have a function of $j\Omega$ and $v$ (velocity), i.e.: $$A(j\Omega,v)=\frac{(j\Omega)^2}{p + \frac{j\Omega}{v}}$$ where $p$ is the pole. I want know how $A(j\Omega,v)$ modify its behavior, when I ...
5
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2answers
12k views

Negative values of the FFT

I try to describe a simple signal in the frequency domain with the use of FFT function: ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Periodic Signal Fourier Transform

If I have a signal x(t) as follow x(t)=$\sum\limits_{k=-∞}^∞ R_{T}(t-2kT)$ $R_{T}(t) = \begin{cases}1 ;&[\dfrac{-T}{2},\dfrac{T}{2}] \\ 0; & \text{otherwise} \end{cases}$ $\mathfrak{F}\{R_{...
0
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2answers
1k views

Use wavelet transform to extract a waveform of certain frequency [closed]

how to apply wavelet transform method to extract alpha waveform( higher and lower band frequency known) from a given known signal ?
1
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3answers
209 views

Need critical help: How to detect and distinguish two very similar looking signals?

Hi guys I have a really tough signal processing question here. How do you detect and distinguish two very very similar looking waves? I need to distinguish between these two signals for an online ...
-1
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2answers
2k views

How do I identify CUTOFF frequency from my audio signal? [closed]

I was able to recorded an audio signal through the MIC and i applied FFT and Hanning window function to it. Now I want to know how do I identify CUTOFF frequency from it to apply the High Pass Filter. ...
0
votes
1answer
538 views

Bluetooth locating with RSSI and only one receiver

Is there a method to find the relative direction of a Bluetooth device to the receiver? A quick Google search on "Bluetooth positioning" returns several methods using triangulation, but I don't want ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there any measurements or test for whether an audio signal is stationary?

I need to divide an audio signal into frames in which the signal can be assumed to be stationary. How can I measure whether an audio signal is stationary in a frame?
-1
votes
1answer
575 views

How convert scal to frequency when use cwt in matlab

I am new in DSP.I have the flowing code t = linspace(0,1,1000); x = cos(2*pi*60*t); CWTcoeffs = cwt(x,1:64,'sym8','plot'); colormap jet; and my output is: ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Sampling orthogonal signals

Suppose I have two signals $f,g$ which are orthogonal in the sense of the usual inner product on $\mathbb R^d$. Then if I'm not mistaken these signals have disjoint spectral support, i.e their fourier ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

OFDM transmitter bandwidth

Theory Suppose an OFDM transmitter with four subcarriers is implemented using the structure shown below. If the serial data input rate is 40 bps, each parallel stream will run at 10 bps. ...
1
vote
1answer
482 views

Beat Detection with Arduino

I'm trying to make a robot dance on several songs using Arduino. I need to understand how to get the rhythm from the songs, something like detecting the beats, calculating the bpm.. I'm not expert but ...
0
votes
1answer
773 views

how do you compute the channel gain from path loss index in wireless communication? [closed]

how do you compute the channel gain from path loss index in wireless communication?
2
votes
1answer
923 views

Is a negative Es/No for an SCPC RF signal possible, and what would such a value signify?

I apologize if this isn't the correct Stack on which to ask this question, but it seemed like the best fit. I've tried to Google an answer, but I haven't been able to find anything that applies ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

System invertability

Can someone please explain how to determine if a system is invertible or not. The particular systems that I am looking at are: $y(t) = \cos \left( x(t) \right)$ - I believe this is non-invertable ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What is a 'time-variant' signal?

I have found in the literature a "time-variant signal" term , but I could not understand what that's mean. I know that there is "time-variant systems", but this is the first time, which I see a time-...
0
votes
1answer
415 views

Extending a waveform

Apologies if this makes no sense or seems rather simple, I'm a Matlab newbie. Basically, I've got a .wav audio waveform which I am resampling to various different frequencies and then trimming the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Periodicity of the output of causal time-invariant systems when the input is periodic

For time-invariant systems, if the input is periodic, the we can argue that the output is periodic: If we shift the input signal one period, we come up with the same signal as before, and since the ...
2
votes
4answers
16k views

Measure the SNR of a signal in the frequency domain?

How do you measure the SNR of a sinewave in the frequency domain? (Assuming no filtering.) Suppose: $$x(n) = s(n) + n(n)$$ Create the signal (nCycles of a sinewave) in MATLAB...: ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Extracting audio track to determine the song beat

I'm completely new to this field. Perhaps I'm calling it by a wrong name, but I want to analyze an audio track and retrieve a timestamp to beat mapping. Is there an open source 3rd party library ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Effects of DC offset on a signal

What are some of the reasons why DC offset is considered undesirable for a timeseries signal other than wastage of power during transmission ? Specifically, How does it cause spectral leakage and out ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Expected value of coupled signals is zero

Suppose there are two vector signals, $u$ and $v$, which are functions of time. Given, $E[uv^T]=0$, what is the physical significance of this statement. For clarity, assume $u$ and $v$ are noises in a ...
-2
votes
1answer
45 views

What happens to the fourier transform of sample result of $30kHz$ sinusoidal signal when sampled with sample frequency $44.1KHz$?

As the title says,w hat happens to the fourier transform of the sample output of $30KHz$ when sampled with sample frequency $44.1KHz$? I do not get how alias can appear, because fourier transform of ...
0
votes
1answer
490 views

What is the distance metric in dynamic time warping?

I am reading the lecture slides from this site http://luthuli.cs.uiuc.edu/~daf/courses/CS-498-DAF-P/Lecture%2018%20-%20Time%20series,%20DTW.pdf In slide 24, the lecture suggest using metric of the ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Why do we need to normalize a WAV file before calculating the FFT?

I am trying to calculate the FFT of a signal stored in a WAV file using SciPy. I found a solution here, but it seems like we need to perform this step before the FFT: ...
-1
votes
1answer
259 views

BCI project using EEG signals

I want to make a BCI project, based on EEG signals, to control a robot using the brain's P300 wave. I have read a lot of papers, which give me a wide knowledge on how to deal with those signals, but ...
-1
votes
1answer
479 views

Confusion when applying Hamming window to signal

I am writing some code which takes a signal of length $n$, and processes it in 20 ms chunks with 5 ms of overlap... So basically I have a buffer of 20 ms worth of sampled data, and I am trying to ...

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