Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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What is the rms value of a signal and how to use it

In some papers/books I found infos about a signal given as RMS value. What is the RMS value and what information does it contain? How can I compute it? Moreover, if they say that the signal is a ...
868 views

The two types of stability and “Why exponential”

When I was learning about LTI systems, I noticed that LTI system is said to be BIBO stable if and only if its square sum of impulse response is finite. This expression is found on many textbook of ...
77 views

What type of sensors have complex Gaussian noise?

What type of sensors have complex Gaussian noise? Do strain gauges also exhibit such noise?
700 views

How to process the .wav file to get meaningful information like the number of inhales/exhales

The plot of the data from the wav file. Link to the sound file - https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BxAPlY66uX7qWWtDZUw3WkpjSGs&authuser=0 Also the FFT plot is like this I am new to the field of ...
3k views

How to design a narrow band pass filter without DSP toolbox

I've two signals X and Y. These are proximity sensors reading measuring vibrations of a rotating shaft. Now I want to plot orbit plots for these signals. I can plot unfiltered orbits with just X and Y....
91 views

When I do a spectrogram in matlab / octave I can create a swept signal that looks like the RED plot line below. But how can I create a swept signal like the BLUE line in the 1st plot using the ...
7k views

Processing Accelerometer Vibration Data With FFT

For a project I am attempting to use an accelerometer to measure vibration in an RC aircraft and determine frequency from the result. To do this I am using an MPU-6000 accelerometer sampling @ 1000Hz. ...
824 views

Normalization purpose in signal processing

What is the purpose of normalizing the signal? If we have two signals on hand, how is it used when comparing these two signals?
589 views

Why are MFCCs of two equivalent signals completely different?

I have an audio file, of which I calculate 16 (actually 15 because I omit the first one) MFCCs in R. When I stream this file via VLC-Player and Icecast2-Server, receive it in Java (with the Player of ...
392 views

Kiss fft does not work after giving it more than 32 samples

I am trying to take data from an accelerometer and apply Kiss FFT to the samples. I'm using a Freescale Kinetis FRDM-K22F board. I want to use 64 samples, but when I run the program I get an error ...
1k views

Compute Similarity between Fourier Transforms

I'm looking to compare the Fourier Transforms generated by accelerators and gyroscopes that collected data of people walking. I've looked to see if there is a standard form of comparison, but I have ...
234 views

1k views

How to find transfer function looking bode plot

I have some Bode plot (only in amplitude) as these: Now, I must to find their transfer functions, in particular the exact value of their zeros and poles. It is clear that their are a low pass filter ...
216 views

2k views

Extracting audio track to determine the song beat

I'm completely new to this field. Perhaps I'm calling it by a wrong name, but I want to analyze an audio track and retrieve a timestamp to beat mapping. Is there an open source 3rd party library ...
2k views

Effects of DC offset on a signal

What are some of the reasons why DC offset is considered undesirable for a timeseries signal other than wastage of power during transmission ? Specifically, How does it cause spectral leakage and out ...
88 views

Expected value of coupled signals is zero

Suppose there are two vector signals, $u$ and $v$, which are functions of time. Given, $E[uv^T]=0$, what is the physical significance of this statement. For clarity, assume $u$ and $v$ are noises in a ...
45 views

What happens to the fourier transform of sample result of $30kHz$ sinusoidal signal when sampled with sample frequency $44.1KHz$?

As the title says,w hat happens to the fourier transform of the sample output of $30KHz$ when sampled with sample frequency $44.1KHz$? I do not get how alias can appear, because fourier transform of ...
490 views

What is the distance metric in dynamic time warping?

I am reading the lecture slides from this site http://luthuli.cs.uiuc.edu/~daf/courses/CS-498-DAF-P/Lecture%2018%20-%20Time%20series,%20DTW.pdf In slide 24, the lecture suggest using metric of the ...
3k views

Why do we need to normalize a WAV file before calculating the FFT?

I am trying to calculate the FFT of a signal stored in a WAV file using SciPy. I found a solution here, but it seems like we need to perform this step before the FFT: ...
259 views

BCI project using EEG signals

I want to make a BCI project, based on EEG signals, to control a robot using the brain's P300 wave. I have read a lot of papers, which give me a wide knowledge on how to deal with those signals, but ...
I am writing some code which takes a signal of length $n$, and processes it in 20 ms chunks with 5 ms of overlap... So basically I have a buffer of 20 ms worth of sampled data, and I am trying to ...