# Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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### Why do we read that Hilbert transform can be used for envelope detection?

We can often read that Hilbert transform is useful for envelope detection (e.g. Hilbert transform to compute signal envelope?) I have done some tests with various soundfiles, and ...
4k views

### Estimate frequency and peak value of a signal's fundamental

How can I find out frequency and peak value of a signal's fundamental? Please do consider the following: The peak value of some harmonics might be higher than that one of the fundamental The ...
6k views

### Concept of Orthogonality and Orthonormality

Please explain me the concept of Orthogonality and Orthonormality. I understand that the mathematical definition of orthogonality between two vectors is that their dot product is zero. It means that ...
1k views

### How does one know how many times to downsample in Harmonic Product Spectrum?

I have been working on a Harmonic Product Spectrum Algorithm. Now, all the literature I've read about the subject tells me to downsample an N amount of times. How does one determine what this N value ...
697 views

### Signal processing using panda board

I'm an absolute beginner. I'm doing a project that involves estimating the time delays between the sound signal arriving at different microphones in an array (the project is a bit complicated but I'll ...
886 views

### Envelope of a signal via Convex hull / Edge detection

Is there a method in order to compute some sort of edge detection / convex hull of a signal x[n] (in orange here). Here of course the orange signal is not convex ...
505 views

### Has this Principal Component Analysis (PCA) been done correctly?

I have a set of 3D data points, indicated by the blue color in the picture below. I then project them onto the x-y plane, i.e. setting z values of all the points to 0, shown by the yellow color below....
258 views

### Symbol rate offset estimation

I am confused between symbol rate offset, symbol timing offset and sampling clock offset. Can anyone tell be the difference between these terms.
645 views

### What is the best pitch (frequency detector) for a Voice Activity Detection Algorithim?

I am programming a Voice Activity Detection algorithm. After researching several methods, I implemented a simple method that determines whether or not the person is speaking based off the RMS of the ...
1k views

### Envelope follower not smooth enough

With the following code, I get the "envelope" of a sound signal. However in the "envelope" there are small oscillations (high frequency) : it is not smooth enough... I imagine that it's possible to ...
49 views

### How to determine degree of polarization in time domain!

I know there are methods to determine the degree of polarization of multi-dimensional signals, say [Bx(t), By(t)] -> DOP(f). Is there any way to extract a DOP for given vector time series in the time ...
415 views

### Very first values of y[n] in an IIR filter

I use a simple biquad IIR filter : ...
1k views

### Using fft in matlab to retrieve input signal magnitude

I am trying to understand how you use an FFT in matlab to measure/retrieve the magnitude of the input signal. For my understanding I have put this script together, creating a 15Hz sine wave with a ...
347 views

### Logarithmic Scale Question

I just have a small theoretical question that buggers me to be honest. I have a sound file that I found its spectrum on linear and on logarithmic scale. Alright, I have done this, it's a plain ...
154 views

### Guess the frequency response of a filter with little information

I have a processing unit that does a nice EQ filtering on soundfiles. The only thing I can do is : I give the original .wav file, and the processing unit gives me back the filtered .wav. I have no ...
184 views

### Constant phase for each frequency?

FFT of some signal $x$ has two parts: $|x|$, which is the magnitude spectrum and $arg(x)$, which is the phase spectrum. I want each frequency to have the same phase. Is there a way to accomplish this?
2k views

### Draw a frequency response graph from a simple equation

How is it possible to draw an audio frequency response graph (x-axis : freq from 20 to 20 000hz, y-axis : dB) from a simple equation like y[n] = x[n] - x[n-486] ...
1k views

### IIR issues when order is high

Thanks to all the people who helped me here, I finally achieved to implement a notch filter (*), with coefficients given by : http://www-users.cs.york.ac.uk/~fisher/mkfilter/trad.html When I do order=...
2k views

### Audio Signal Separation - Identifying Interest points

I asked this question here: Audio Separation of .wav signal but it wasn't clear, so, here is my second attempt: First off, assume that I have a .wav file containing a sentence as follows: "My name ...
186 views

### How to distinguish between recorded and a live vocal signals?

Is it possible to detect if a sample of human voice by smartphone/computer(44Khz) is sourced from another electrical device or originated from a human being I ...
179 views

### Detect signals degree of imbalance

I have got this question: let's suppose that I have three signals, representative of the same variable, but taken on three different component of a same device; in my case, three load signals, ...
8k views

### Scale signal to a given range [closed]

Is there a function in MatLab to scale a given signal to a specific range, like how soundsc does it with the input? I have to signals, one is a ...
785 views

### Audio Watermarking in MATLAB - How to choose frames to embed in?

Hello I am working on audio watermarking in MATLAB and am trying to choose specific frames of the audio signal where the watermark will be embedded. Through research, I have read that the best way to ...
698 views

### Classifying this signal in dimension and number of channels

The question is: "Weight and height measurements of a child taken every month" Classify this signal as: one/multidimensional single/multichannel I'm not understanding how this can be described as ...
161 views

### understanding discrete wavelets

I was reading section 4.3.3 from chapter 4 of "A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing", "...Let $\bar{f}(t)$ be a continuous time signal defined over $[0,1]$. Let $f[n]$ be the discrete signal obtained ...
114 views

### understanding windowed fourier ridges

I am studying windowed Fourier ridges for my project. I know that it computes the instantaneous frequencies and amplitudes from the spectrogram. But I don't really know how it relates to signal ...
3k views

### Magnitude-squared Coherence calculation inconsistence

I have to calculate the magnitude-squared coherence (MSC) between two signal. However, using a routine that uses only one taper (or no tapers at all) my result is always 1, despite the signals are ...
183 views

### Add harmonics to a FFT decomposed signal

i would like to add even harmonics from the data of FFT of a signal. How do i do that ? do i have to search for higher magnitude frequencies then add the $2f$ then $4f$ etc ? I understand how to do ...
334 views

### Inverse filtering

There is an example of inverse filtering in my textbook which I don't fully understand. Given the two filters v(t) = (1,-0.5) and w(t) = (-0.5,1). The inverse of these filters are given by: for v: ...
249 views

### Is there any problem with my FFT method?

I am trying to analysis a system by Fourier Transform. my system has 3 dominant modes. (1,0.05) (0.51,0.01),(0.46,0.01) the pairs are defined as (freq,damping_ratio) I've got those result with ...
1k views

### Calculation of the correlation of two sinusoidals

First of all I apologize for the long question. I am working with a 3-axis accelerometer and a 3-axis gyroscope and I need to calculate the correlation between the different signals (acceleration in x,...
331 views

### Find the time lag for a wave

suppose that we have a wave which has some peaks in some indexes like 2,12,25,... and otherwise zero. I want to extract the time lag or lags between peaks of a signal. could anyone help me ?
2k views

### What is the meaning of a Nyquist diagram in a vibration signal

I need to analyze some vibration data from accelerometers (g-Hz) but I don't quite understand the meaning of each component that the registered signal contains. Basically it is Magnitude and Phase. I'...
128 views

### Right algorithm for fourier transform on physical heights

I have data from a LIDAR unit that I would like to get the spectral density of. Unfortunately, the only thing I remember from my Fourier analysis class are the methods that I know will not work. The ...
207 views

### Is there any way to differentiate between impulses?

I have a set of signals consisting of impulses at different instant of time i.e. its not a continuous signal. What I want is a mathematically intuitive way to distinguish between any two such signals? ...
490 views

### Complex Cepstral Transform on Audio in MATLAB

Hello I am trying to computer the Complex Cepstral Transform of an audio signal. I am using wavread to get an array of data type double precision. However, when I ...
111 views

### Complex Cepstral Transform and Audio Watermarking

I am doing research in audio watermarking and have come across the paper that uses the complex transform to embed the watermark in order to improve the robustness and inaudibility of the embedded ...
113 views

### Is my accelerometer precise enough?

I have a device with an accelerometer and I want to make it as precise as possible (using algorithms). Currently no DSP algorithm is running - I am reading values as they are. I've made 3 tests - in ...
167 views

### How much is the chance for a pure mathematician (geometer) to get a postdoc in imaging if he switches fields after Ph.D. and apply for one? [closed]

Before I start my question, I should probably mention that this question might not be the right question to ask here, but I tried academiabeta, and stackoverflow, but without getting any to-the-point ...
115 views

### Voice sample prediction scheme

I have some telephone voice audio with occasional "blips" in the audio. The blips appear to come from an IP link buried in the PSTN (this is a conceptual explanation, so don't worry about things like ...
1k views

### Estimating Filtered Noise Variance

Assuming I have samples of a colored noise. I know the empirical Variance of those samples. I also know the bandwidth of the filter which colorized the noise (Only the bandwidth, not the actual filter)...
2k views

### How to convert raw pulse sensor data into actual pulse?

I've built a simple device, which sends readings from a pulse sensor to a PC. I get these data: What technique or algorithm can I use in order to calculate the pulse rate (beats per minute) from ...
381 views

### Sum of sines sound wave using microcontroller

I need to produce a signal which contains only several frequencies, for example, 17KHz, 17.2 kHz,17.6 kHz. The components I'm using are microcontroller (PIC16F1783 by microchip) which works at 80 kHz ...
2k views

150 views

### How did Scientists Capture First Images of Molecules Before and After Reaction?

"Using a state-of-the-art atomic force microscope, the scientists have taken the first atom-by-atom pictures, including images of the chemical bonds between atoms, clearly depicting how a molecule's ...
562 views

### Gain function calculation (frequency response)

Define moving average process $y_t := 0.5 x_t + 0.5 x_{t-1}$ where $x_t := e^{i2 \pi t}$. Its frequency response is then: $$H(f) = 0.5 + 0.5 e^{-i2\pi f}$$ Recall that the frequency response in ...
7k views

### Use Butterworth and Chebychev filters

I need to calculate frequency response, phase response and apply to signals the Butterworth, Chebychev1 and Chebychev2 band-pass filters. I'm developing in C++ with Qt, and I'm looking for algorithms ...
1k views

### Possible to break out complex WiFi signal?

Is it possible to break out the i and q of a complex WiFi signal? If I have a laptop with a standard WiFi card in it, could I break out the i and q in analog, or upon sampling in an FPGA via digital ...