# Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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227 views

### Could multiple echo reflections be combined to improve signal to noise ratio?

I am working on a system processing ultrasonic echo reflection. The transmitter creates a short ultrasonic pulse and the receiver analyses the reflection. If I send two pulses (back to back or with ...
119 views

### Characterising a system from its input and output

I have 2 data sets sampled at regular intervals which represent the input and the output of a system. A quick analysis of the plots shows the following: There is a proportional factor between the ...
256 views

### Study Signal Processing

I'd Like to ask two questions : What is the difference between studying Signal processing (both Deterministic and statistical) in Department of Electrical Engineering versus Department of Mathematics ...
220 views

### Q and I part in QAM

I have one confusion in QAM about in-phase I and quadrature Q part, i.e. do they transmit identical data or not? For e.g. if i have 11001001 as a byte to be transferred, so will 4-QAM separate it like?...
2k views

### Can the order of filtering and downsampling be exchanged?

Say for example, I have a signal with maximum frequency at 600Hz, and I originally oversampled it at 2000Hz. Afterwards I was only interested in frequency less than 500Hz. I guess I could first filter ...
8k views

### Negative dB signal to noise ratio

Is it common to find systems having signal to noise ratio (SNR) less than 1 i.e. noise is more than signal? I am currently working with SNR of -5db to -20db. And how useful is it to work with sensor ...
81 views

### how can i get to know the frequency of a speech signal?

What is the actual meaning of frequency? what if the signal is aperiodic?? In general, we say that frequency means the repeatition of an event in unit time. But what about a speech signal? how can we ...
805 views

### Extracting the phase of a jittering sine wave using python

The background: I conducted an experiment where I rotated an object (with three-fold symmetry) many times and recorded the projection of the object. I should be able to tomographically reconstruct ...
299 views

### converting block diagrams with delays to equations

given this block diagram: can someone please clarify how to interpret the second delay (the one prior to $Y$)? to convert this block diagram into a simple equation, I interpret the diagram as: ...
1k views

### In a signal there is a peak, I want to find the start of the peak and the end of the peak

I want to the start time and end time for the peak shown below. The start and end are shown by the marked circles in the fig As there are number of such plots and want to know start and end time for ...
281 views

### Describing Function for non-symmetric Saturation Model

Let's talk about a standard saturation model: with bounds $bound_{lower}$ and $bound_{upper}$. So in this example the output $y$ will be: \begin{equation} y(u) = \begin{cases} bound_{lower} ...
49 views

### How to decode speaker gender from spoken transcript

I have 20 audio recordings (raw format) of people reciting the same ~50 word transcript. I would like to use audio signal analysis to decode speaker gender from audio recording. Intuitively, it ...
72 views

### Interpolation methods for radar and acoustic imaging and potential pitfalls

A) What are the most common methods used to remap data for current generation imaging radars and acoustic sensors? B) What are some of the pitfalls in these methods? For example, in the past, at ...
125 views

### When was the time-frequency analysis invented?

It seems there are several papers from the seventies but backtracking from the references gets quickly difficult. Who calculated for the first time a time-frequency representation of a signal?
58 views

### Time shift — two interpretations

In their textbook(Example 1.1), Oppenheim and Willsky provide the following method for obtaining $g(t)=x(-t+1)$ from $x(t)$ : Replace $t$ with $-t$ in $x(t+1)$. In other words, advance the signal by 1 ...
25k views

### How to calculate Signal-To-Noise Ratio

I am doing some analysis in python working with a photodiode. The signal is more or less periodic with some phase shifting in certain areas that give rise to faster or slower periods but overall still ...
107 views

81 views

### What does it mean for audio to be 'sped up'? How can I undo it?

I very simply have a .wav audio file, but there is a note with it that says "This audio has been sped up by 10x". I am wondering, what does it mean exactly from a signal processing perspective for an ...
82 views

### Need to calculate $\frac{E\left[|x(n)|^4\right]}{E\left[x^2(n)\right]}$

I need to calculate $\frac{E\left[|x(n)|^4\right]}{E\left[x^2(n)\right]}$ in real time, where $x(n)$ is complex. For $E\left[|x(n)|^4\right]$ I plan to take the absolute, raise it to the power $4$ ...
475 views

### Removing empty/low amplitude part from signal

I have a signal of length 'N' which looks like this ...
1k views

### relationship between block size and detected frequencies in goertzel algorithm

I'm trying to use the goertzel algorithm to detect a pair of frequencies in a signal. The sample rate I'm using is 8000 hz, and the size of the incoming sample buffer is 60 samples. I have a large ...
3k views

### How to get fundamental frequency of a signal using autocorrelation?

I am trying to get the fundamental frequency of a signal that only has a single pitch. I coded out the autocorrelation function using FFT and already got the autocorrelation result. Unfortunately, I ...
569 views

### Comb-like peaks in frequency spectrum

I am currently working on a project which involves measuring the sound produced by the onset of a vapour bubble in boiling water. All the experiments went perfectly well and I'm now trying to obtain a ...
304 views

### How to Concatenate white noise signal and applying bandpass filter matlab

I created a white noise signal. I am trying to use the array I have created with the white noise to play in 2 channels. When the left channel I was trying to have 5000 samples and the right will have ...
759 views

### Is step detection the correct approach to this problem? what if not?

I'm looking for some advice on where and what to start reading for learning to solve this. I've the time series of the position coordinates (x,y) of an animal in an open field (just a cage). I want ...
61 views

### Suitable metrics for summarizing or visualizing the spatial activation of components after temporal Independent Component Analysis (ICA)

I will first describe the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) steps, so that the question becomes clearer, and more relevant to similar questions. Assume we have $N$ sensors distributed in space. ...
816 views

### How moving part pixel intensity values of video frames becomes dominant compared to stationary part intensities in reconstructed frames?

Hello everyone i want to do dynamic texture video sementation using the Fourier transform in MATLAB. I am applying 3-D fft on dynamic texture video frames (using matlab function 'fftn') and ...