Questions tagged [signal-analysis]

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5
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50 views

Minimum statistics noise estimate - how to calculate the underestimation factor?

I have implemented a basic noise estimator using the minimum statistics method. Noise power estimate is obtained as a minimum of the short time power estimate within a window of subband power samples. ...
4
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0answers
97 views

Finding the parameters and endpoints of a sinusoid

Suppose I have some signal $$ s(t) = n(t) + \left\{\begin{aligned} &0 &&: t < t_0\\ &A e^{i (2 \pi f t + \theta_0)} &&: t_0 \le t \le t_1\\ &0 &&: t > t_1 \...
3
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1answer
138 views

Separating/recovering base signal from two mixed signals, given phase information

I have collected two signals, $B_1(x)$ and $B_2(x)$. The signals start and end at the same $x$-values. Each signal $B_i(x)$ contains: a base signal $b(x)$, which is the same for both, and a signal, ...
3
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0answers
110 views

How to compute (in non adaptative way based on MMSE FIR) the feedback and feedword filter for DFE equalization?

System Model Consider the single-input single-output (SISO) communication system in the figure below: where the information bit stream is encoded and mapped such that the output of the encoder is a ...
3
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2answers
445 views

How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
3
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0answers
688 views

Linear Frequency Cepstral Coefficients, is Filter bank needed?

I am working on my master thesis on acoustic pattern recognition and have a question to the calculation of cepstral coefficients. I understand the step with a filter bank in MFCC calculation, it is ...
3
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0answers
141 views

Preserve scale during PCA

I have two signals, I've done a Principal Component Analysis and separated my signals, I get one with noise and one with signal. . ...
3
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0answers
253 views

Segment/Idenfication of signal from a spectrogram

I have the following Spectrogram of a signal: Essentially, in this signal, I know there is one point of interest (between 60-80) and between the the particular frequencies. I could, potentially ...
3
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0answers
167 views

understanding discrete wavelets

I was reading section 4.3.3 from chapter 4 of "A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing", "...Let $\bar{f}(t)$ be a continuous time signal defined over $[0,1]$. Let $f[n]$ be the discrete signal obtained ...
3
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0answers
2k views

How to convert raw pulse sensor data into actual pulse?

I've built a simple device, which sends readings from a pulse sensor to a PC. I get these data: What technique or algorithm can I use in order to calculate the pulse rate (beats per minute) from ...
3
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0answers
59 views

Intuition of Location on the Conic Axis TDOA solution

In an old paper "A New Approach to Geometry of Range Difference Location", there is a mathematical derivation that does not include any mention of the relationship to the underlying problem. In the ...
2
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0answers
29 views

What does the sample entropy of a digital signal mean?

What sample entropy signifies about a signal and how it used to analyse a signal?
2
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0answers
38 views

What is the physical significance of statistical quantities like mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis of a digital signal?

I understood the mathematical meanings of the mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis. But when we calculate these quantities for a signal (say a digital audio signal), what physical meaning do they ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Finding the Sections of Signals that are the Most Similar

I have two discrete signals, $A$ and $B$ (both with $L$ values). I want to look for the section (of a certain length $R$) on each signal ($[A_1:A_1+R]$ and $[B_1:B_1+R]$) where they are the most ...
2
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0answers
79 views

GPS CDMA signal acquisition (BPSK modulation)

Sorry, this may be a rookie question: I have a CDMA gps communication in BPSK. Codes have a duration equal to $1\ \text{ms}$ and their length is 1023. At the carrier frequency ($f_c = 1.57524\ \text{...
2
votes
1answer
383 views

Multiply signal $x[k]$ with $\cos(2\pi\nu_0k)$, then given $X(\nu)$ draw resulting function in frequency domain?

Let $$y[k]=x[k]\cdot \cos(2\pi\nu_0k) .\tag{1}$$ Then, given a signal $x[k]$ with the DTFT $X(\nu)$ according to the following figure what will the frequency domain for $Y(\nu)$ look like for a ...
2
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0answers
40 views

How to remove varying noise from strain data in MATLAB

I'm very new to signal processing. I have some data measured over time at 800 Hz. I'm interested in the high frequency signals. You can easily identify them in the image below (in this case, 3 signals)...
2
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0answers
929 views

Basics of Normalizing Cross-Correlation with a View to Comparing Signals

I'm trying to understand how cross-correlation is used determine the similarity of two signals. This tutorial offers a very clear explanation of the basics, but I still don't understand how to use ...
2
votes
1answer
694 views

Are resolution increase and noise reduction from oversampling mutually exclusive?

Oversampling a signal means sampling it with a significantly higher sampling frequency than the Nyquist rate. As far as I know, there are three advantages: Easier design of anti alias filter Increase ...
2
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0answers
72 views

ESPRIT signal subspace and rotational invariance

so in ESPRIT[1,2] we have some signal of the form: $$y[n] = \sum_{k=1}^{K} a_i(k) e^{j\omega_k n} + N[n]$$ where N is noise, then we get the autocovariance matrix $$R_{yy}=E[y[n]y[n]^*]$$ take the ...
2
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0answers
144 views

How to visualize the autocorrelation matrix and it's properties

Having a hard time wrapping my head around autocorrelation matrix as it applies to a spectral estimation problem like MUSIC or ESPRIT. If the signal vector contains a summation of sinusoids in noise, ...
2
votes
1answer
394 views

What are F0 counters in Speech signals? What is represented by F0?

I can't find any dedicated definition for Frequency F0 counters. Can anyone tell me what does F0 exactly mean, I am confused about that.
2
votes
1answer
563 views

MFCC Classification

I'm working on gender estimation from speech signal and I completed MFCC feature extraction. So now I'm trying to estimate gender from these features. But I have frames for an audio file and I ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Is there in signal processing similar method than Otsu's method in image processing?

I'm just wondering that is there any similar method for separate signal and signal+noise in signal processing like otsu's method set threshold to valley of image histogram? And if there is how can I ...
2
votes
1answer
488 views

Finding baseline (reference) of nosiy data and lag/lead between 2 signals

I have 2 datasets which vary with time as shown in the figure - Sa – Red , Sb – BLACK . I am doing the analysis in R. The entire dataset and a segment of data from 30 - 31 s are shown below - - As ...
2
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0answers
323 views

Auto correlation properties of window functions in pulse compression application

It is known that different window functions perform differently and users pick a window function (in amplitude modulation) based on their application or requirement. I am trying to pick a window ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Distinguish between chords and single notes

I am implementing a pitch detection system where I detect pitch in single notes (guitar). I recently found this library, that detects chords in an audio signal. When there are chords in the signal, ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Is there a way to extract the difference between the 2 signals? Fitting?

I'm very new to signal processing and have been struggling this far. I have a device that measures the signal due to the magnetization of iron particles. In order to calculate the response of the ...
2
votes
0answers
221 views

Help detecting target in pulsed radar signal

This signal is from the Pasternack $2.4\textrm{ GHz}$ development kit. The saved signal appears to be the pulsed waveform. It is sampled at $20\textrm{ kHz}$ for $4130$ points. I recorded a ...
2
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0answers
203 views

Vibration signal analysis of non-stationary movement

my task is to develop a condition monitoring system of a machine module. For that I am using the vibration sensors placed on the machine housing. I want to focus on only one module of the machine, a ...
2
votes
0answers
373 views

Connections between quantum field theory and signal processing

I've been working with quantum field theory on the basis of it being a stochastic signal processing formalism for a number of years. The projection to fourier components within the forward light-cone ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

How to make sense of audio file's $\textrm{dBFS}$?

I'm trying to build a song visualizer using the FFT method. When I analyze the audio, I get the $\textrm{dBFS}$ value for each frequency range. From my understanding, $\textrm{dBFS}$ is in the range ...
2
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0answers
47 views

how to design wavelets from splines

Can any one tell me how to design wavelets from splines using matlab. whether we can make wavelets from higher order splines or only with B splines
2
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0answers
551 views

Peak detection techniques

I'm using a cell-averaging constant false-alarm rate (CA-CFAR) detector to detect peaks like the first one in the following plot: The magenta line is the adaptive threshold, which is the local ...
2
votes
0answers
907 views

Analyzing accelerometer data: appropriate use of rotation matrices?

I'm working on a project in which a rod is attached at one end to a rotating shaft. So, as the shaft rotates from 0 to ~100 degrees back-and-forth (in the xy plane), so does the rod. I mounted a 3-...
2
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0answers
47 views

Signal conjugation detected on RF recording samples, why?

I collected spread spectrum signals at 400 MHz at low elevation angles using Software Defined Radio complex sampling over the seasons. I noticed that over watery, icy surfaces, the RF samples are ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Determining the point in a temporal signal when a periodic behavior begins to occur

I'm a newcomer to digital signal processing, so I'm looking for some general advice and direction on this problem I have. I have a signal like that shown below. Starting around x=40000, you can see a ...
2
votes
3answers
412 views

Help with IQ balance equations?

I have developed a spectrum scope that plots signal vs. frequency starting from IQ signals. I currently do not have a way to balance the IQ signals, so am looking at various ways to do so. I have ...
2
votes
0answers
984 views

Extracting the phase of a jittering sine wave using python

The background: I conducted an experiment where I rotated an object (with three-fold symmetry) many times and recorded the projection of the object. I should be able to tomographically reconstruct ...
2
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0answers
151 views

Can ICA be applied to solve BSS problem in frequency domain?

I'm recently doing research on EMI, and I want to seperate the mixing signals. However, the data given is in frequency domain. As I have used ICA to solve blind source separation problem in time ...
2
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0answers
266 views

Is there any problem with my FFT method?

I am trying to analysis a system by Fourier Transform. my system has 3 dominant modes. (1,0.05) (0.51,0.01),(0.46,0.01) the pairs are defined as (freq,damping_ratio) I've got those result with ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Calculation of the correlation of two sinusoidals

First of all I apologize for the long question. I am working with a 3-axis accelerometer and a 3-axis gyroscope and I need to calculate the correlation between the different signals (acceleration in x,...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Complex Cepstral Transform and Audio Watermarking

I am doing research in audio watermarking and have come across the paper that uses the complex transform to embed the watermark in order to improve the robustness and inaudibility of the embedded ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Compare luminosity beetween groups of images

We have a set of images which are immunofluorescence stainings of mice brain slices. These image show the expression level of a marked protein. We have two groups of mice, which underwent behavioral ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Voice sample prediction scheme

I have some telephone voice audio with occasional "blips" in the audio. The blips appear to come from an IP link buried in the PSTN (this is a conceptual explanation, so don't worry about things like ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Signals - question due to sampling

I don't have an idea how to start it. Help pls :) $$m = z(t) + \frac{\operatorname{Sa}(t-T)}{4}$$ We have some signal $z(t)=\left(\operatorname{Sa}(\frac{t}{T})\right)^2$. How often the m signal ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Is there a difference measure that is insensitive to shifts?

I'm trying to figure out a difference measure that is relatively insensitive to time shifts. I have tried DTW (dynamic time warping.) This is the result: The signals on the left are clearly more ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Balance Fader in Digital Amplifiers

What is the purpose of Balance / Fader in a digital Audio amplifier? In a signal flow what is the most apt position to place balance and fader(for example after before a compressor unit or at the ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Best temperature compensation equation?

I'm looking for the correct temperature compensation equation to use on our project. We are measuring the output of a detector who's signal is very sensitive to temperature drift. Any external ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

How to remove constant accelerometer velocity offsetting?

For quite some time I have been working on a project and got stuck recently with a problem considering integrating vertical acceleration from a legendary MPU6050 to get vertical velocity. What I have ...

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