Questions tagged [sensor]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Accelerometer drift: What hardware-level signal conditioning operations are being performed under the hood of a MEMS accelerometer chip?

I'm in a debate with a peer who says that filtering accelerometer signals at the chip-level has nothing to do with mitigating the problem of drift Often, additional software-level filtering is ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Speed from Depth/Pressure sensors

I have a pressure based Depth sensor. For reference, MS5837-02BA. All depth measurements I've been able to read are very accurate (±1cm) I tried experimenting to find out the speed of the body by ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Measuring the frequency of the Analog input signal of an ADC, which is operated by Raspberry PI

I'm building a monitoring package for a sensor via a raspberry PI and an ADC, which reads the analog signal (for the moment from a DC power supply instead the real sensor) and transfer it to my ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

Averaging data from 2 sensors

Suppose we take a reading of a single rotating axis using 2 identical sensors. Intuitively, I think that averaging the outputs of both sensors will yield a less noisy result. But what if sensor A has ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Using a Kalman filter to clean acceleration data

I am collecting acceleration, gyroscope and magnetometer data in all 3 directions. I would like to filter noise from the accelerometer using a Kalman filter. I am not trying to esimate orientatoin or ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

How significant is the time lag between inertial IMU data in a inertial analisys?

I'm working on a MCU system that use an IMU (ICM-20948) which has two different chip inside: one provides accelerometer and gyroscope data at $1125$ Hz (configurable at $125$ Hz), the other one ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Finding Minimum SNR or Minimum Detectable Signal Based on Noise Spectral Density

Imagine I have an $n$-bit sensor, whose noise spectral density is $V/\sqrt{Hz}$. $V$ is an exemplary measurement unit. The desired measurement bandwidth is also known. Is there a mathematical way to ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Accelerometer Inference from power spectrum

I have 3d accelerometer data sampled as 60hz. When I am looking at the power spectrum in all three accelerations (x,y,z). I am noticing a trend with a negative slope. I trying to figure a few things ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the driving Voltage?

While I was looking into ultrasonic transducer in order to transmit and receive a beam, I came across specification of a transducer stating driving voltage as 20Vrms. I am not sure what actually does ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Equalization of ultrasonic transducer [duplicate]

I am working with ultrasonic transducers with frequencies 100 kHz, one for transmission one for reception. The transmitted signals are chirps. I would like to measure the time of flight between ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

I want to get tilt sensor value for a given time t_0, but the tilt sensor data points are discrete. How do I interpolate between the discrete points?

I have 3-dimensional readings from a tilt sensor (specifically these are rotational angles about X, Y, and Z axes) over time. Let's call these angles S. I want to infer S at a specific time t_0, but ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Extracting time-tagged pulses from Geiger audio recording

I am doing some tests with SmartGeiger detector designed for smartphones. The sensor unit sends pulses via phone microphone jack input and the app does the counting and calculates the values. However,...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Android sensor data in airplanes

Don't really know whether this is the correct StackExchange channel to ask (but if you do, please refer me to it). I've captured sensor data of the geomagnetic field while in an airplane at 50 Hz. ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

Is it better to use sampling rates which are a power of 2? 32-64-128-256-512Hz? instead of using for example 30- 60-100-250-500Hz?

I am recently working with a sensor that I its sampling frequency can only be configured to either 32hz- 64hz- 128hz-256hz... and I was wondering whether using such sampling frequencies have any ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Estimating Real-Time Vehicle Velocity from low-frequency GPS, accelerometer, gyro and magnetometer in Smartphone

I am trying to write a system that would be able to estimate the velocity of a traveling vehicle (usually a car) using a smartphone. Most smartphones have the next sensors: 1Hz Low-Frequency GPS 10-...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

What does Allan variance really means? [duplicate]

Let a sensor (e.g. accelerometer) with a combination of white gaussian noise and random walk noise. The loglog plot that is usually shown as function of a time parameter, affine decreasing for a ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How to understand the sum of all “fourier frequencies”?

I got the data of an acceleration sensor to analyze. It consists of special terms of 30 Hz, 60 Hz and 120 Hz. In the following you can see in the first plot the 60 Hz data and in the second one the ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Can amplitudes be used to differentiate one signal from another?

I have use case, where there are lot of sensors placed under ground.The sensors give amplitudes each second.So my aim is to detect if some anomalous activity takes place at that point. IF an activity ...
0
votes
2answers
225 views

Fourier transform of a noisy signal

Let's suppose i have a sensor that measures the output of a process and this cause a not negligible noise that affects my signal. My goal is to analyze the process signal in order to find faults. How ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

SciPy - Distinguish between two group of periodic samples [closed]

First of all, I'm sorry for my bad English writing, plus, I'm new to DSP. Background We have got motion data of 20 cows. 10 cows are healthy and 10 cows are slightly lame. Lameness is an abnormal ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How to get discrete values from a nosiy data set that have a trend?

I have a sensor that produces values over time (appr. 50/sec). I visualized these values (X axis is the time), this can be seen on the picture, measurement A and B - these are two independent ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

pressure decay filtering

So, I've been dealing with a series of pressure decay curves from a pressure transducer. Each one has a waterhammer effect as a consequence of shutting down pumps. Here are examples of 3 curves: I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

Getting Vario (m/s) from a bmp180

I am building a variometer as a hobbie, this could be a duplicate from an existing question: How to use Kalman filter for altitude prediction based on barometer data? . Details follow: I have a ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Reduce noise of sensor by combining two

I've had the basics of signal in university but little real-life practice. I've got an acceleration sensor with a digital output signal (signed 16 bit value). This signal is a little noisy. The ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Inverting Sensor Transfer Functions?

When you see software packages that read in data from sensing equipment, does the software do something to inverse the transfer function? Correct me if I'm wrong in my understanding, but this is how ...
0
votes
1answer
346 views

Kalman Filter - How to combine data from sensors with different measurement rates?

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter for tracking the position of a vehicle with the help of position data from GPS and Odometry measurements. The GPS data (WGS84 format collected from an app on an ...
0
votes
2answers
673 views

Minimum sample frequency of IMU accelerometer and gyroscope

I was wondering how I would justify a sampling rate of 125 Hz for accelerometer and gyroscope data from wearable sensors. This is a rate used in a lot of biomechanics literature, but I can't seem to ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

How to draw a smooth spectrum from a discrete array of measurements at selected frequencies?

I have a AS7265x triad spectroscopy sensor from SparkFun (link) which gives me measurements at 18 individual light wavelengths between 410nm and 940nm. The datasheet says that the FWHM of each sensor ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Signal ECG , collecte & visualize data

I am currently working on a sensor that visualizes an ECG signal and visualizes its data. Its principle is that it has 3 electrodes that must be placed in specific parts of the body .... I would like ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What type of low-pass filter to use for gyroscope filtering in control application?

I am using a gyroscope to generate a feedback signal that drives a motor to resist rotation, just as in a camera gimbal. The gyroscope is sampling at 32 KHz with a bandwidth of 8 KHz, and my control ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Is my Kalman Filter model reasonable? Using for a 3 wheels rover platform

Background: I'm building a 3 omniwheel rover platform that looks something like this: It has 1 IMU sensors on each of the wheels (3 in total). So in theory, I can get gyroscope and accelerometer data ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

Bias instability in Gyroscopes : AVER / ADEV

I am attempting to implement allan variance to determine the amount of bias that is shown in my IMU's gyroscope ( BMI160 ). I am doing this with the following formula, that was captured in the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to interpret Allan Deviation plot for gyroscope?

Regions with different slopes correspond to different types of noises in Allan Deviation plot of a steady gyroscope at steady temperature. My doubts are: What is significance of x axis in this plot, ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Rocketry : Combine two accelerometers to reduce noise?

I am designing an IMU for an experimental rocket. I'll be using the BN055 9DOF that has sensor fusion - orientation quaternion - and gravity compensation. My main goal is speed computation, and I was ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Handling a number of simultaneous measurements in Extended Kalman Filter?

If I have a number of sensors whose measurements arrive at the same time - how can I handle them properly in the Kalman filter? P.S. The measurements are not necessarily taken at the same time but I ...
2
votes
3answers
235 views

Kalman Filter Sensor Processing

Kalman filter achieves convergence of state vector by using sensor observations. Assuming a sensor such like velocity sensor, giving two axis velocity information in X-axis as well as Y-axis(see edit ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is there a closed form solution for a temporal calibration of two different signals?

Given two signals $f_1(t),f_2(t+dt)$ where $t$ is time and $dt$ is the time delay between the two signals, is there any closed-form solution with respect to $dt$? what are the efficient global ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

FFT of resultant of signals

If one has two signals (say, two acceleromters mounted perpendicularly) and a piece-wise resultant acceleration signal is determined, it appears that frequency content information cannot be determined ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Signal recovery from multiple noisy sensors

I'm working on detecting signals buried under the sensor noise using a multiple sensor system and using some technique (correlation?) to take what is common to all the sensors and cancel out the ...
2
votes
0answers
312 views

Software based synchronizing of multiple data streams/sensors with slightly differing sampling rates

Situation: I try to synchronize the data streams of multiple sensors (ADXL372) of the same type but with different data output rates. The data sheet states all sensors should have the same sampling ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Interpretation of steady state sensor signal

I try to understand some measurement results of an accelerometer MEMS sensor. I used a mikrocontroller which is sampling an accelerometer's analog signal with the built in analog-digital-converter. ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Source localization in 3d

Let's say I have a 4-sensor square-shaped array in 3d space, with sensors at $$ s_1 = [1 \ 0 \ 1] \\ s_2 = [2 \ 0 \ 1] \\ s_3 = [1 \ 0 \ 2] \\ s_4 = [2 \ 0 \ 2] \\ $$ And a single source somewhere ...
1
vote
3answers
709 views

Digital filter selection for sensor

I am having a LM35 sensor which gives $10\textrm{ mV}$ signal per degree rise of temperature. Now I have one question, which digital filter will be the best for this ? This sensor will be use in very ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Digital filter: selection

I am going through digital filter design. But I really get confused with so many Digital filters : IIR FIR Moving Average Linear phase filter Allpass filter Comb filter Analog filter: ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Detecting Pattern from Signal Data by Gaussian Mixture Model?

I'm a machine learning newbie. I have sensor data which is generated by several sensors. The data is a series of 'time's. (it is not labeled, in other words, I cannot know which sensor generates ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

What is sensor drift?

From Wikipedia: If the output signal slowly changes independent of the measured property, this is defined as drift So my question is, if I have a gyroscope with sensor drift does that mean that $E\...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Filtering an acceleration signal

I have a triaxial accelerometer giving me acceleration along x, y, and z. I then combine the 3 axes by calculating magnitude of acceleration over all time points (details in my question here) I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Triaxial accelerometer to single signal

I have some smartphone recorded accelerometer data, so I have acceleration along 3 axes: $$a_{x}, a_{y}, a_{z}$$ The accelerometer data was collected by securing a phone to a walking subject. I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Spectrum Sensing HW

I am interested to use an existing hardware to perform a spectrum sensing/monitoring in the frequency range of 2.2–2.6 GHz. Taking into account that the 802.11ac channels are in the range of 2.4–2.5 ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

Vibration signal analysis of non-stationary movement

my task is to develop a condition monitoring system of a machine module. For that I am using the vibration sensors placed on the machine housing. I want to focus on only one module of the machine, a ...