Questions tagged [sensor]

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Estimating Real-Time Vehicle Velocity from low-frequency GPS, accelerometer, gyro and magnetometer in Smartphone

I am trying to write a system that would be able to estimate the velocity of a traveling vehicle (usually a car) using a smartphone. Most smartphones have the next sensors: 1Hz Low-Frequency GPS 10-...
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26 views

What does Allan variance really means? [duplicate]

Let a sensor (e.g. accelerometer) with a combination of white gaussian noise and random walk noise. The loglog plot that is usually shown as function of a time parameter, affine decreasing for a ...
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1answer
60 views

How to understand the sum of all “fourier frequencies”?

I got the data of an acceleration sensor to analyze. It consists of special terms of 30 Hz, 60 Hz and 120 Hz. In the following you can see in the first plot the 60 Hz data and in the second one the ...
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2answers
35 views

Can amplitudes be used to differentiate one signal from another?

I have use case, where there are lot of sensors placed under ground.The sensors give amplitudes each second.So my aim is to detect if some anomalous activity takes place at that point. IF an activity ...
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2answers
67 views

Fourier transform of a noisy signal

Let's suppose i have a sensor that measures the output of a process and this cause a not negligible noise that affects my signal. My goal is to analyze the process signal in order to find faults. How ...
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33 views

SciPy - Distinguish between two group of periodic samples [closed]

First of all, I'm sorry for my bad English writing, plus, I'm new to DSP. Background We have got motion data of 20 cows. 10 cows are healthy and 10 cows are slightly lame. Lameness is an abnormal ...
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1answer
36 views

How to get discrete values from a nosiy data set that have a trend?

I have a sensor that produces values over time (appr. 50/sec). I visualized these values (X axis is the time), this can be seen on the picture, measurement A and B - these are two independent ...
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44 views

pressure decay filtering

So, I've been dealing with a series of pressure decay curves from a pressure transducer. Each one has a waterhammer effect as a consequence of shutting down pumps. Here are examples of 3 curves: I'm ...
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1answer
84 views

Getting Vario (m/s) from a bmp180

I am building a variometer as a hobbie, this could be a duplicate from an existing question: How to use Kalman filter for altitude prediction based on barometer data? . Details follow: I have a ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Reduce noise of sensor by combining two

I've had the basics of signal in university but little real-life practice. I've got an acceleration sensor with a digital output signal (signed 16 bit value). This signal is a little noisy. The ...
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8 views

Estimate the environment shape by traveled distance and angle

Consider a robot that randomly moves in a closed environment. Every time it encounters an obstacle, it performs a rotation and proceeds in the new direction. It can measure the angle (with a compass) ...
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58 views

Frequency Domain Signal to Noise Ratio

I am doing some research on low-cost air pollution sensors. I'm measuring the "ground truth" with a single low-noise sensor, and I'm trying to use it to calibrate a low-cost sensor that has high noise....
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33 views

Coordinate frame in IMU/GPS Error-state kalman filtering

I just read this really nice paper "Quaternion kinematics for the error-state Kalman filter", according to this book "Principles-Multisensor-Integrated-Navigation-Applications" we have following ...
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1answer
33 views

Inverting Sensor Transfer Functions?

When you see software packages that read in data from sensing equipment, does the software do something to inverse the transfer function? Correct me if I'm wrong in my understanding, but this is how ...
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1answer
161 views

Kalman Filter - How to combine data from sensors with different measurement rates?

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter for tracking the position of a vehicle with the help of position data from GPS and Odometry measurements. The GPS data (WGS84 format collected from an app on an ...
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2answers
274 views

Minimum sample frequency of IMU accelerometer and gyroscope

I was wondering how I would justify a sampling rate of 125 Hz for accelerometer and gyroscope data from wearable sensors. This is a rate used in a lot of biomechanics literature, but I can't seem to ...
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15 views

What features can be extracted from accelerometer sensor used for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)?

I am using dataset found online for SHM which uses accelerometer sensor to detect changes in the structure. I know that I can transform the time-domain data into a frequency-domain and into a time-...
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41 views

How to draw a smooth spectrum from a discrete array of measurements at selected frequencies?

I have a AS7265x triad spectroscopy sensor from SparkFun (link) which gives me measurements at 18 individual light wavelengths between 410nm and 940nm. The datasheet says that the FWHM of each sensor ...
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13 views

Combine correlating input signals to generate multiple output signals

Choosing a descriptive title was quite hard, as I am not sure how to describe my problem accurately. I have a mechanical system fitted with several sensors (Strain Gauges and motion Sensors). There ...
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32 views

Can we draw Accelerometer and Gyro data on the same graph using Signal Vector Magnitude(SVM)or Euclidean distance?

I am a computer science student so do not have much electronics background. I am doing my final year project where I am collecting data from 3 axis accelerometer and gyroscope from android mobile via ...
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26 views

Determining position and g-forces from accelerometer and gyroscope data

I'm analyzing gyroscope + accelerometer data acquired from an IMU for a run of a water skiing slalom course, sampled at 100Hz. The double spikes represent spurious ~15G jitter from crossing both ...
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23 views

Signal ECG , collecte & visualize data

I am currently working on a sensor that visualizes an ECG signal and visualizes its data. Its principle is that it has 3 electrodes that must be placed in specific parts of the body .... I would like ...
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1answer
778 views

What type of low-pass filter to use for gyroscope filtering in control application?

I am using a gyroscope to generate a feedback signal that drives a motor to resist rotation, just as in a camera gimbal. The gyroscope is sampling at 32 KHz with a bandwidth of 8 KHz, and my control ...
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35 views

Is my Kalman Filter model reasonable? Using for a 3 wheels rover platform

Background: I'm building a 3 omniwheel rover platform that looks something like this: It has 1 IMU sensors on each of the wheels (3 in total). So in theory, I can get gyroscope and accelerometer data ...
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1answer
188 views

Bias instability in Gyroscopes : AVER / ADEV

I am attempting to implement allan variance to determine the amount of bias that is shown in my IMU's gyroscope ( BMI160 ). I am doing this with the following formula, that was captured in the ...
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1answer
716 views

How to interpret Allan Deviation plot for gyroscope?

Regions with different slopes correspond to different types of noises in Allan Deviation plot of a steady gyroscope at steady temperature. My doubts are: What is significance of x axis in this plot, ...
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54 views

Rocketry : Combine two accelerometers to reduce noise?

I am designing an IMU for an experimental rocket. I'll be using the BN055 9DOF that has sensor fusion - orientation quaternion - and gravity compensation. My main goal is speed computation, and I was ...
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1answer
83 views

Handling a number of simultaneous measurements in Extended Kalman Filter?

If I have a number of sensors whose measurements arrive at the same time - how can I handle them properly in the Kalman filter? P.S. The measurements are not necessarily taken at the same time but I ...
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3answers
216 views

Kalman Filter Sensor Processing

Kalman filter achieves convergence of state vector by using sensor observations. Assuming a sensor such like velocity sensor, giving two axis velocity information in X-axis as well as Y-axis(see edit ...
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1answer
33 views

Is there a closed form solution for a temporal calibration of two different signals?

Given two signals $f_1(t),f_2(t+dt)$ where $t$ is time and $dt$ is the time delay between the two signals, is there any closed-form solution with respect to $dt$? what are the efficient global ...
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1answer
162 views

FFT of resultant of signals

If one has two signals (say, two acceleromters mounted perpendicularly) and a piece-wise resultant acceleration signal is determined, it appears that frequency content information cannot be determined ...
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1answer
93 views

Signal recovery from multiple noisy sensors

I'm working on detecting signals buried under the sensor noise using a multiple sensor system and using some technique (correlation?) to take what is common to all the sensors and cancel out the ...
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0answers
258 views

Software based synchronizing of multiple data streams/sensors with slightly differing sampling rates

Situation: I try to synchronize the data streams of multiple sensors (ADXL372) of the same type but with different data output rates. The data sheet states all sensors should have the same sampling ...
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42 views

Interpretation of steady state sensor signal

I try to understand some measurement results of an accelerometer MEMS sensor. I used a mikrocontroller which is sampling an accelerometer's analog signal with the built in analog-digital-converter. ...
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0answers
46 views

Source localization in 3d

Let's say I have a 4-sensor square-shaped array in 3d space, with sensors at $$ s_1 = [1 \ 0 \ 1] \\ s_2 = [2 \ 0 \ 1] \\ s_3 = [1 \ 0 \ 2] \\ s_4 = [2 \ 0 \ 2] \\ $$ And a single source somewhere ...
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3answers
582 views

Digital filter selection for sensor

I am having a LM35 sensor which gives $10\textrm{ mV}$ signal per degree rise of temperature. Now I have one question, which digital filter will be the best for this ? This sensor will be use in very ...
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72 views

Digital filter: selection

I am going through digital filter design. But I really get confused with so many Digital filters : IIR FIR Moving Average Linear phase filter Allpass filter Comb filter Analog filter: ...
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2answers
231 views

Detecting Pattern from Signal Data by Gaussian Mixture Model?

I'm a machine learning newbie. I have sensor data which is generated by several sensors. The data is a series of 'time's. (it is not labeled, in other words, I cannot know which sensor generates ...
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1answer
5k views

What is sensor drift?

From Wikipedia: If the output signal slowly changes independent of the measured property, this is defined as drift So my question is, if I have a gyroscope with sensor drift does that mean that $E\...
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1answer
919 views

Filtering an acceleration signal

I have a triaxial accelerometer giving me acceleration along x, y, and z. I then combine the 3 axes by calculating magnitude of acceleration over all time points (details in my question here) I'm ...
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1answer
2k views

Triaxial accelerometer to single signal

I have some smartphone recorded accelerometer data, so I have acceleration along 3 axes: $$a_{x}, a_{y}, a_{z}$$ The accelerometer data was collected by securing a phone to a walking subject. I'm ...
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1answer
80 views

Spectrum Sensing HW

I am interested to use an existing hardware to perform a spectrum sensing/monitoring in the frequency range of 2.2–2.6 GHz. Taking into account that the 802.11ac channels are in the range of 2.4–2.5 ...
2
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0answers
170 views

Vibration signal analysis of non-stationary movement

my task is to develop a condition monitoring system of a machine module. For that I am using the vibration sensors placed on the machine housing. I want to focus on only one module of the machine, a ...
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1answer
311 views

Frequency measurement from acoustic emission sensor data(VDC RMS)

Currently, I am facing a problem about understanding FFT concept and getting exact frequency with acoustic emission sensor data(VDC RMS data). I want to measure the sound frequency from the acoustic ...
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1answer
89 views

Techniques Used To Process Accelerometer Recordings [closed]

I'm currently working on a project which involves using Accelerometer data. Having searched the internet for techniques in processing the data, I am unable to find simple techniques. Is there any ...
2
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2answers
196 views

Why do we assume zero mean noise in sensor data?

I am reading a paper on measuring respiratory patterns from video data. In defining the model, the authors formulate the problem mathematically as: $x_i(t)=h_i(t) \ast g(t) + n_i(t) $ Where $n_i(t)...
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1answer
2k views

Using Kalman Filter to fuse two sensor readings of the same type

I have always used Kalman Filter to smooth a signal comes from one sensor only. I would like to know if Kalman Filter could be used to fuse data coming from two different sensors that provide the ...
1
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1answer
311 views

How to remove ADC-induced noise from voltage measurement data?

I am measuring the various voltages involved in a solar energy system, but the recorded values vary by quite a bit, most of which is caused by the ADC in the Arduino Nano I am using to take the ...
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1answer
377 views

Vibration Sensor - Balancing Machine

Im' working on a balancing machine. this machine has two vibration sensors. (pizzo) my question is about that why this machine use two Sensors? this machine has an rotary encoder to detect disk angle. ...
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0answers
39 views

How to determine load cell response to arbitrary temperature changes with known step response(s)

We have a loadcell, the output of which is (naturally) temperature dependent. Under static load conditions, we have observed a dynamic response to temperature changes. Therefore, we did a step ...