# Questions tagged [sampling]

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-domain signal to a discrete-domain signal.

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### Dynamically changing cut-off and sampling frequency of a digital filter

I have designed a low pass filter that smooths the output coming from an accelerometer attached to a vibrating machine. I designed this assuming cut-off frequency $f_{c1}$, and sampling frequency $f_s$...
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### BandPass Signal Vs PassBand Signal

Am reading Rick Lyons - Understanding DSP book about Sampling. I have few doubts related to this chapter. what is the difference between Bandpass Signal and a Passband Signal ? Can somebody give an ...
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### Instantaneous Frequency variation

I am looking for a method to calculate the instantaneous pitch variation within a speech signal for time-warping application. Sample by sample frequency variation knowledge within a frame will give ...
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### simulating multipath via tap delays in FPGA

I have a Xilinx FPGA running at 200MHz with an ADC and DAC on board. I am taking a 2462MHz sine wave (pretending it is 802.11b chan 11), mixing it down to 40MHz putting it through my FPGA, mixing it ...
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### Adding echo to audio sample

I have recorded my own voice in Matlab and I intend to add some echo to it.I came up with one solution for getting the desired echo effect: Delay the sampled audio in the time domain and adding it to ...
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### How to predict the spectrum of an aliased/folded signal without looking at the FFT?

This seems like a trivial concept but I just can't get the hold of it. I have a signal with two complex sinusoids having frequencies -25MHz and 17MHz. Currently it is being sampled at 64MHz so I get ...
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### Converting frequency from $\textrm{Hz}$ to radians-per-sample

In MATLAB I have to pass cut-off frequency for designing a filter. But this Cut-off frequency is in radians-per-sample. How do I convert my analog Cut off frequency in $\textrm{Hz}$, into the required ...
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### Downsampling an image by an integer factor

When downsampling an image by an integer factor $n$, the obvious method is to set the pixels of the output image to the average of the corresponding $n \times n$ blocks in the input image. I remember ...
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### What is the effect of aliasing on the magnitude of the autocorrelation?

I've a question about the effect of aliasing on the magnitude of autocorrelations. From a simulation in MATLAB, I don't see any effect of aliasing or any need to anti-alias filter when I take the ...
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### FIXED POINT conversion Problem (DSP)

Actually after reading the data from ADC is an $Q15$ format (ie. ADC supports 0-3.3v, ADC is an unipolar type). then the $Q15$ data is converted to $q31$ format ($Q31$ value = $q15_{data}$ <<16)....
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### When is aliasing a good thing?

In Hamming's book, The Art of Doing Science and Engineering, he relates the following story: A group at Naval Postgraduate School was modulating a very high frequency signal down to where they ...
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### What are the advantages, if any, of derivative sampling?

In Five short stories about the cardinal series $[1]$, the author makes the following comment: Interestingly enough, Shannon goes on to mention that other sets of data can also be used to ...
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### How to Extrapolate a 1D Signal?

I have a signal of some length, say 1000 samples. I would like to extend this signal to 5000 samples, sampled at the same rate as the original (i.e., I want to predict what the signal would be if I ...
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### What is meant by “stochastic sampling”?

What exactly is meant by "stochastic sampling" and is it profoundly different from the regular Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem? Is it related to sampling a stochastic process?