# Questions tagged [sampling]

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-domain signal to a discrete-domain signal.

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### Mitigating high-frequencies after sampling

I have a dummy signal that I am sampling at $T = 100 \ \mu s$. According to the Nyquist frequency, I can identify frequencies up to $\pi/T = 31416 \ rad/s$, as we can see in the FFT of my signal (blue ...
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### Can we use Gardner timing error detector for multi level QAM or OFDM systems?

Sampling frequency offset (SFO) between the transmitter and the receiver in any system causes a gradually increasing timing error which is seen as an increasing phase rotation (function of time). In ...
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I am going through the basic tutorials for GNURadio, and I have a question related to the sample rate tutorial. In it they demonstrate the degradation effects of sampling at too low a sampling rate. I ...
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### Does Sampling frequency come into picture in Samples generation for DAC to generate sinewave (analog signal with particular frequency & amplitude)?

I'm generating samples for dac in STM32. sin(2pii /N)*4096/2. This is the formula I'm using. How to I come to know sampling frequency? Whether sampling frequency comes into picture?
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### How is sampling affecting this sine wave?

I am trying to create a sine wave in python, but when I graph it, it looks like this: here is the code I used to make the signal: ...
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### Does summing two audio samples affect sampling rate?

Original Post: Electronics Stack Exchange ("Why is my frequency being effectively doubled?") I'll try to explain everything with detail as this is one will be a hard one to explain. ...
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### Train of impulses in frequency domain

Why compressing a train of impulses in time domain produce a wide-spaced train of impulses in frequency domain and vice versa? i want to know the intuition behind that.
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### Sampling and Demodulation question

if I have an analog modulated signal with a DSBSC modulation (modulation index 100%) as an input in my receiver and I want to convert it to a sampled signal, do I need to demodulate the signal (with ...
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### Nyquist Frequency and Window Length

The Nyquist theorem states that the sampling rate must be twice the highest frequency to be observed. How does the length of the interval play into this relationship? The main resource that I found ...
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### How to find peak value of an analog signal efficiently after sampling in the digital domain?

I have a bandlimited analog signal for which I want to find the peak value in real time. The signal is sampled and processed digitally at just enough sampling rate. Since the peak of the analog signal ...
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### Does the Shannon theorem not apply when the amplitude of a wave is changed faster than half the time period of the wave?

Shannon's version of the sampling theorem states that if a function contains frequencies all strictly less than $B$ hertz, then it is completely determined by giving its ordinates at a series of ...
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### QPSK demodulation

My objective is to demodulate QPSK signal. At this moment, my constellation in the best case looks like in the picture below: and the corresponding eye-pattern: Eyes are completely closed, which ...
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### What is the difference between sampling over $-4\pi$ to $4\pi$ and 0 to $8\pi$

I see no difference in magnitude, but the phase plots vary significantly while using NumPy and MatPlotLib to plot. Looking at the phase plots, I feel like I'm missing something important. Also, I'm a ...
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### Filter to eliminate a 60 Hz frequency range

I have a analog signal that is converted into a discrete-time signal with an ideal A/D converter with a sampling frequency $fs$. The bandwidth of the signal of interest is $1 kHz$. The resulting ...
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### I/Q sampling with just one ADC

Usually I/Q sampling is performed on two signals with a 90° phase shift using separate ADCs. Suppose I have only a single (fast) ADC available to perform I/Q sampling, which approaches do exist? Is ...
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### What should be IQ sample rate at least?

As i read, IQ sample doesn't need nyquist criteria. What is the mathematical representation of this result? Why IQ sample doesn't need nyquist frequency? I know that can be set to nyquist frequency ...
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### Under what conditions is there a one-to-one mapping between continuous-time and discrete-time signals?

As the sampling theorem dictates that the uniform sampling frequency must be at least twice the maximum frequency present in the bandlimited signal (Nyquist rate), a question arises about the ...
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### How to measure correlation between 1 bit samples and theoretical original waveform?

I'm investigating quantization error. I have an analogue waveform that looks like this and is of theoretically infinite resolution:- I've sampled it as (8 bit oscilloscope readings & 0b1) to ...