# Questions tagged [sampling]

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-domain signal to a discrete-domain signal.

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### Sampling interval $T$ as a multiplier in digital processing of a continuous-time signals

[from: Discrete-Time Signal Processing, Oppenheim and Schafer, p.224] Q: Why do we have $T$ as multiplier in $TY_a(j\Omega)$ in Eq.155?
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### Partial column approximation error

Can someone help me understanf how to plot the next partial column in MATLAB: while N=2001 |M|<700 ak =
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### Under what conditions is there a one-to-one mapping between continuous-time and discrete-time signals?

As the sampling theorem dictates that the uniform sampling frequency must be at least twice the maximum frequency present in the bandlimited signal (Nyquist rate), a question arises about the ...
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### Are resolution increase and noise reduction from oversampling mutually exclusive?

Oversampling a signal means sampling it with a significantly higher sampling frequency than the Nyquist rate. As far as I know, there are three advantages: Easier design of anti alias filter Increase ...
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### Spectral Analysis of a Time Series with Missing Data Points

I use a PC to record time series of some physical property. The problem is that, for some reason, I did not record the time series as a whole, rather I record first segment, then second, third, etc. ...
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### How to measure correlation between 1 bit samples and theoretical original waveform?

I'm investigating quantization error. I have an analogue waveform that looks like this and is of theoretically infinite resolution:- I've sampled it at a 1 bit resolution (as 8 bit oscilloscope ...
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### How Do I Measure the Time Duration of a Finite Length Discrete Sequence?

Assume I have a five-sample time-domain sequence (none of the five samples are zero valued) and the time period between each pair of samples is one second. Measured in seconds, what is the time ...
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### Why Is the Total Time Equal to $N \cdot {T}_{s}$ and Not $\left( N - 1 \right) \cdot {T}_{s}$ In the Context of DFT?

In the definitions of the DFT DFT $$X(j)=\sum_{k=0}^{N-1} x(k) \exp \left(-i 2 \pi\left(\frac{j}{N}\right) k\right)$$ Let us say, if we have $10$ points, $N=10$, each sampled at $0.2$ seconds, why ...
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### Fourier Like Spectral Analysis with Uneven Intervals and Redesigned DFT Matrix

I intended to use a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) on a time series sampled at uneven intervals. What I did was to calculate a DFT matrix where the elements are the values at the uneven locations ...
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### Modulation upsampling method

I try to implement a qpsk modulator in Octave. The chain is the state of the art I guess: $$\text{Symbol mapper} \rightarrow \text{Upsample 4} \rightarrow \text{Root raised cosine filter}$$ My main ...
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### Phantom harmonics when using cosine windows why do they appear and how to avoid them?

Given an $L$ order cosine window, it is possible to show that the width of the main lobe is given by: $$\omega_w = \frac{2 \pi L}{(2N+1)}$$ Where $L$ is the order of the window, $N$ is the maximum ...
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### Continuous wavelet transform subsampling at lower frequencies?

I am not completely confident in my understanding of wavelet theory, but since I am currently in the process of creating a CWT scalogram tool, I have to ask: Is there a theorem allowing us to ...
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### Choosing a Sampling Rate and a Cutoff frequency

I have an assignment: You wish to generate a pure 1000 Hz tone digitally using a computer. How would you choose a sample rate that assures that you could generate the tone and use the same sample ...
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### Condition for aliasing

Which one of the following is the condition of aliasing? (a) Tails of the replicas enter into the Nyquist interval (b) The tails of the replicas enter into the Nyquist interval and add to the ...
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### What is the difference between the sampling frequency of signal and sampling frequency of filter

I believe that there is no connection between the sampling frequency used for converting an analogue filter to digital filter and the one used to sample a signal that the filter will be used on. But I ...
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As far as I understand, you can have two different continuous-time signals with the same discrete-time frequency spectrum after they are sampled and it may be possible these shifted replicas in the ...
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### Sub nyquist sampling, required number of samples for time sparse grouped signals

Question: Does it make sense to perform compressed sampling if the non zero samples are grouped in time? If so, what is the minimal length of the vector x that should be acquired to allow full signal ...
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### How to make low pass filter using frequency sampling method?

https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/technical-articles/design-of-fir-filters-using-frequency-sampling-method/ So there is two main equation: I wish to filter out frequency $\le 10000Hz$, for example. So ...