Questions tagged [sampling]

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-domain signal to a discrete-domain signal.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Which of the following sampling methods can be used to sample x(t) such that this signal can be uniquely recovered from its samples?

Assuming that a continuous-time $x(t)$ having its frequency content in the frequency band $1612\leq|F|\leq2015(Hz)$ is sampled with the sampling rate $Fs=806$ samples per second. Which of the ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

How do I detune an audio sample by 1 hertz up or down from a copy of it

I have a program that can take a waveform, such as a sine wave or sawtooth wave and detune it with another waveform that is slightly sharper or flatter. It takes the frequency of said waveform and ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Changing sampling frequency of SDR

Here is the block diagram for RTL-SDR which is taken from Software-Defined Radio Using MATLAB, Simulink, and the RTL-SDR: I think it well explains the basics of RTL-SDR but I have multiple questions. ...
1
vote
4answers
301 views

Can we have an analogous sampling theorem for quantization?

Sampling theorem tells us how we can sample a continuous signal such that we can reconstruct it without any errors, or without losing information. Quantization, on the other hand always results in ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

What should be my sampling frequency for a peak detector output where it is extremely important for me to capture the first time the peak occured?

Following is the output of the peak detector: The amplitude is not important to me, however the time when the peak occurs is extremely important. So my microcontroller will have an algorithm like ...
5
votes
2answers
218 views

Nyquist frequency isn't working

The situation is that I have a signal with linearly increasing frequency, $$\text{sin}(2\pi\omega(t)t),$$ where $\omega(t)=a+bt$ for some $a$ and $b$, and we constantly sample at one point per second ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Signal to noise ratio (SNR) of a CW signal

I understand the formula SNR = 6.02N+1.76 for a N-bit ADC which quantizes a modulated tone sampled at twice the BW. I am trying to understand what the same equation would be for a unmodulated CW tones ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Mitigating high-frequencies after sampling

I have a dummy signal that I am sampling at $T = 100 \ \mu s$. According to the Nyquist frequency, I can identify frequencies up to $\pi/T = 31416 \ rad/s$, as we can see in the FFT of my signal (blue ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Can we use Gardner timing error detector for multi level QAM or OFDM systems? [duplicate]

Sampling frequency offset (SFO) between the transmitter and the receiver in any system causes a gradually increasing timing error which is seen as an increasing phase rotation (function of time). In ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

GNURadio signal degradation *above* Nyquist rate

I am going through the basic tutorials for GNURadio, and I have a question related to the sample rate tutorial. In it they demonstrate the degradation effects of sampling at too low a sampling rate. I ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Does Sampling frequency come into picture in Samples generation for DAC to generate sinewave (analog signal with particular frequency & amplitude)?

I'm generating samples for dac in STM32. sin(2pii /N)*4096/2. This is the formula I'm using. How to I come to know sampling frequency? Whether sampling frequency comes into picture?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How is sampling affecting this sine wave?

I am trying to create a sine wave in python, but when I graph it, it looks like this: here is the code I used to make the signal: ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Does summing two audio samples affect sampling rate?

Original Post: Electronics Stack Exchange ("Why is my frequency being effectively doubled?") I'll try to explain everything with detail as this is one will be a hard one to explain. ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Dealing with normalized cut-off frequencies larger than 1.0

I am trying to create an FIR bandpass filter in python using scipy with the following characteristics: $$f_{c_{low}} = 310\,Hz$$ $$f_{c_{high}} =600\, Hz$$ giving me a bandwidth of: $$Bandwidth = f_{...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Sampling Noise Given Power Spectral Density

I am trying to write a Monte Carlo physics simulation which involves, given a power spectral density, sampling rate, and total number of samples, generating noise with such a power spectral density. I ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

2FSK implementation with VCO GNURadio

I am fairly new to GNURadio. I am trying to generate a 2FSK with minimum frequency shift. Instead of multiplying with a 8MHz complex carrier, I directly use VCO to generate two frequencies. One at 7....
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Where can I get the file l1eq_pd.m?

To recover the original signal when compressive sensing is used, we get an error, to avoid the error, we need to modify the l1eq_pd.m file. How to go about it? Where can I get this file in Matlab?
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Aliasing in Doppler Radar

my book about RADAR says that: If a Continuous wave radar sends a sine wave at frequency $f_T$ to a moving object (at speed V), a frequency $f_R$ is received. Their difference is called Doppler ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Why symbols have to be upsampling, if the symbol rate and sample rate is same what happen?

In digital modulation process, after constellation mapping and before pulse shaping, the symbols are upsampled with the number L(samples per symbol). At this moment, why symbol have to be upsampled, ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

How to reconstruct original signal from sampled signal?

My original signal as f1=2; f2=5; fs=100; Ts=1/fs; t=0:Ts:1; xt=cos(2*pi*f1*t)+cos(2*pi*f2*t); figure plot(t,xt) as shown below figure. and my sampled signal ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Clock recovery using Mueller and Muller adds noise affecting EVM or SNR (Two cases - GNU Radio & Python code)

The implementation of the Mueller and Muller clock recovery that I am seeing adds a large amount of 'noise' or degradation to the Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) to the symbols on the constellation. This ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

FFT requirements of real time signal from sensors

I have an electrical current sensor which generates measurements every second. I want to calculate the FFT of this signal. Since my real-time values are received every second, I think that the fastest ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Speed measurement calibration

I have a sailing yacht where speed is measured using a peddle wheel. It measures speed through water (STW). This measurement contains a measurement error whose magnetude is dependend on both speed (it ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How to perform a phase recovery for higher order modulation schemes

My objective is to demodulate the signals with different modulation orders and schemes. In particular, I want to recover the phase first. Let us say, my signal looks like in the constellation below . ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Sampling with an alternating phase offset

Suppose, I sample a signal $z=\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}\omega t}$ alternatingly in $I=\mathrm{Re}(z(t))$ and $Q=\mathrm{Re}(\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}\alpha}z(t))$. Thus my data array contains $$\texttt{data ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Train of impulses in frequency domain

Why compressing a train of impulses in time domain produce a wide-spaced train of impulses in frequency domain and vice versa? i want to know the intuition behind that.
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Sampling and Demodulation question

if I have an analog modulated signal with a DSBSC modulation (modulation index 100%) as an input in my receiver and I want to convert it to a sampled signal, do I need to demodulate the signal (with ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Nyquist Frequency and Window Length

The Nyquist theorem states that the sampling rate must be twice the highest frequency to be observed. How does the length of the interval play into this relationship? The main resource that I found ...
4
votes
3answers
181 views

How to find peak value of an analog signal efficiently after sampling in the digital domain?

I have a bandlimited analog signal for which I want to find the peak value in real time. The signal is sampled and processed digitally at just enough sampling rate. Since the peak of the analog signal ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Does the Shannon theorem not apply when the amplitude of a wave is changed faster than half the time period of the wave?

Shannon's version of the sampling theorem states that if a function contains frequencies all strictly less than $B$ hertz, then it is completely determined by giving its ordinates at a series of ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

QPSK demodulation

My objective is to demodulate QPSK signal. At this moment, my constellation in the best case looks like in the picture below: and the corresponding eye-pattern: Eyes are completely closed, which ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

What is the difference between sampling over $-4\pi$ to $4\pi$ and 0 to $8\pi$

I see no difference in magnitude, but the phase plots vary significantly while using NumPy and MatPlotLib to plot. Looking at the phase plots, I feel like I'm missing something important. Also, I'm a ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Filter to eliminate a 60 Hz frequency range

I have a analog signal that is converted into a discrete-time signal with an ideal A/D converter with a sampling frequency $fs$. The bandwidth of the signal of interest is $1 kHz$. The resulting ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Rate transition block in simulink

My model is operating at a sampling interval of $\frac{1}{f_0 \times N \times L_{maf}}$ s, (using a fixed point iterative method), now i want the output of my model to be at a sampling rate of $ f_0 \...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Understanding FFT for a vibrational analysis experiment

I am trying to understand how FFT works in order to measure the vibrations of a 3D printer. I will be doing this with an Arduino Nano and a MPU6050 accelerometer. In order to program the Arduino ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

K-Path sampling overall transfer function

I'm trying to derive the overall Z-transform for the K-path sampling system shown below. I numbered some of the equations that I'll reference. I don't think I understand going from equation 3 to ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

FFT sample ordering with odd N

I have series of $ N =133 $ data sampled symmetrically around the origin in an actual space at $ x(n \tau) = x_n $ with $ n \in \{ -(N-1)/2, \, ..., \, 0, \, ... , \, (N-1)/2 \} $. Now, I'm a bit ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Improving Main Lobe Width of FFT

It is common knowledge that the duration time samples are collected is inversely proportional to the width of the main lobe in the Fourier domain. The simple example is the rectangular pulse in time ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Does the Nyquist frequency of the Cochlear nerve impose the fundamental limit on human hearing?

The bandwidth of human hearing by empirical data is $20 \; Hz$ to $20 \; kHz$. A cochlear implant stimulates the auditory or acoustic or Cochlear nerve directly so that the hearing can be improved in ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Dynamic sampling of thermal images

My master’s dissertation subject is to analyze and implement an algorithm that would sample (store) thermal images from camera with different frequency rates to optimize database size and processing ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Question on PCM Sampling and Quantization order

I had a doubt in my mind regarding the orders of sampling and quantization in PCM. What is the impact if the order is reversed, that is, the continuous time signal is first quantized and then sampled? ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Doubt about sampling rate and spectrum with USRP and gnuradio [duplicate]

I have started working recently with software defined radio (SDR) as well as gnuradio. I have worked with digital signal processing for a while and one feature at one tutorial, which I saw for ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Why does applying RRC to the signal increase bandwidth?

Please see this question: Why samples per symbols $\geq 2$ in the GNURadio Constellation Modulator block?. The first answer here says "filtering the signal, you have bandwidth expansion". ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Wavetable and Nyquist: which size do I need?

I was reading this tutorial by the master earlevel, while trying to build some sort of wavetable. He says First, let’s back up and figure out how long our tables need to be. Recalling that we need to ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

does ifft of higher order equal upsampling signal

I have a signal with length 2000, and am taking an fft by 2048, after I perform analysis and some operation on signal in frequency domain I tried to convert it back to time domain. I received a signal ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How is sampling rate affect the Doppler spectrum? Textbook attached

I am studying FWGN model, in the textbook "MIMO-OFDM wireless communication with MATLAB", it says "When oversampled by a factor of $N_OS$, the bandwidth of Doppler spectrum becomes \...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to verify and plot expression for sampled signal is correct?

Given the signal $x_a(t)=4cos(2\pi\times40t+\pi/3)+10cos(2\pi\times160t-\pi/6)$, I am to sample it at $f_s=200Hz$ and find the expression for $x[n]$ My process: $$x[n]=x_a(nT)=x_a({n\over f_s})=4cos(0....
5
votes
2answers
56 views

ADC sampling rate and signal bandwidth for FHSS

If i am correct; for a radio receiver the ADC sample rate will have to be higher than at least twice the BW of the data (disregarding sparse sampling techniques). So for frequency hopping spread ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Simulating Effects of Sampling after Butterworth Filter

Is there anyway to simulate the effects of sampling an analog signal with Python/MATLAB? I am trying to show what happens to the frequency domain (magnitude and phase) of the analog signal after it ...
0
votes
2answers
399 views

Minimum sampling frequency, quantization, and bitrate calculation

An analogue sensor has a bandwidth which extends from very low frequencies up to a maximum of 14.5 kHz. Using the Sampling Theorem what is the minimum sampling rate (number of samples per second) ...

1
2 3 4 5
19