Questions tagged [radio]

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134 views

Fully random PN sequence

Can a CDMA PN sequence be fully random, as in encryption-grade randomness, or must it be deterministic? I have tried the first bytes of SHA-256 hashes as PN sequences, but somehow they don't coexist ...
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0answers
38 views

How to setup filters to catch 4FSK deviations

I'm trying to demodulate a radio signal from Motorol DP4801 (MOTOTRBO) that follows DMR specification. I'm receiving the signal by using HackRF with the rate sample 1 MHz. The radio uses frequency ...
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2answers
34 views

What do you mean by radio sensing a channel?

I am slowly getting into the field of wireless communications, in particular with WiFi based communications. 802.11 MAC mentions that A station wishing to transmit first listens to the medium ...
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2answers
85 views

how to eliminate interference in the same center frequency

I'm trying to receive an ASK signal in the 433 MHz center frequency with a bandwidth of 100KHz. I'm using a CC1101 transceiver connected to a Raspberry Pi GPIO ports. However, there is an intermittent ...
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1answer
59 views

how to guess what the interference source it could be

At work, we are in an industrial area, and there is always a signal that I receive inside my office which interferences with my tests. This signal is in the 433 MHz and when I see the spectrum, ...
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1answer
564 views

Trouble with time-syncing two radio signals using cross-correlation

I posted a similar question a while ago here (I'm posting this follow-up since I'd like to focus more on cross-correlation now). I have a setup where I have two software-defined radios connected to ...
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0answers
18 views

Techniques use for pulsar observation and data reduction

I am new to radio astronomy field i am looking for help and guides about some basic technique used to search the pulsar and how to reduce the data capacity.
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4answers
950 views

How can the I and Q components of a quatrature signal be different from each other (apart from the 90º phase shift)

I've spent many hours reading and doing research about this. I don't attend any university classes or any type of classes that may approach such a topic. I am trying to learn this by my own without ...
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0answers
24 views

Will LoRa work from Earth to the Stratosphere

I'm unsure if this is the most suitable exchange however I thought it seemed most fitting personally, please correct me if I'm wrong. (I got redirected to here from the Network Engineering Exchange). ...
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0answers
15 views

Where to start with signal processing ? Dump1090 case [duplicate]

Without knowing anything about signal processing, I've started reading antirez's dump1090 code but they are so much things I struggle to understand, e.g: Why the sample rate set to 2MHz if the ...
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3answers
166 views

Real world application of signal sparsity?

There are theories based on signal sparsity in frequency domain like Compressive Sensing, Sparse FFT, etc. Throughout searching and studying papers I found out Cognitive Radio is a good example of ...
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0answers
33 views

Help in identifying low speed image transmission protocol over RF

In the seventies I worked for Muirhead on press fax machines that used to transmit pictures over radio and landline as I recall two FM systems were used a carrier 800 Hz modulated +- 150 Hz and 1900Hz ...
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0answers
84 views

Why do IQ Impairements, Quadrature Skew and DC offset have these geometric effects on the constellation?

I'm studying telecommunications, and would like to be sure to understand the maths behind these effects. For IQ Imbalance and DC offset, it seems pretty clear why we observe a rectangle shape or a ...
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1answer
93 views

Can a software defined radio with a frequency range of 300 MHz – 3.8 GHz detect AM (535 to 1705 KHz) and FM signals (88 to 108 MHz)?

I am interested in knowing whether BladeRF SDR with a frequency range of (300 MHz - 3.8 GHz) detect AM and FM frequencies? Also, how important is the sampling rate of the SDR. For example, BladeRF has ...
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0answers
107 views

Phase response of S11/S22 parameter for an RF attenuator? [closed]

I am new into the RF measurements. I was measuring the S11/S22 (reflection) parameters of an RF attenuator (with different attenuation levels, e.g., 10 dB) via a vector network analyzer from Rhode &...
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1answer
58 views

why transmitting a long pulse its spectrum gets spread?

I'm transmitting an RF signal with a CC1101 at 440 MHz. This signal is a constant of 1, so the spectrum should be a delta. Using a SDR dongle, I've checked the spectrum and it's wider than a delta ...
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2answers
510 views

How can I align these two signals? Cross correlation isn't working properly

I have two radios sampling simultaneously, and I am trying to time-align their two signals (they will always start sampling at slightly different times with random delays due to hardware differences). ...
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1answer
983 views

Checking for VHF pulse with SDR and python

So I have a small NooElec Software Defined Radio and I've got it working well with my Raspberry Pi using GQRX as a controller and to visualize the SDR output. My goal though is to use a python script ...
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1answer
185 views

Why is Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) measured as an RMS value?

I do understand Voltage/Current measurement of a Sine Wave is in RMS, as average yields a zero, and RMS gives a true 'DC equivalent' value. But I do not understand why an EVM measurement could be in ...
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2answers
83 views

What is the relation between the carrier frequency and the attenuation of electromagnetic waves?

For electromagnetic waves, what is the relation between the the carrier frequency, attenuation (absorption loss) and propagation distance? I know that modulating high frequency carriers are required ...
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1answer
40 views

Output eqaution of a repeater?

Assume we have a signal repeater, a simple repeater that amplifies the signal then transmits it as is. Does the output power of the repeater is dependent on the received signal at the repeater ? for ...
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1answer
959 views

How do I convert a real baseband signal to a complex baseband signal?

I have radio telescope observations that have resulted in two real-valued signals (corresponding to the right- and left-handed circular polarizations). The signals are sampled at rate $2B$, and ...
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0answers
138 views

What kind of signal modulation is more resistant to jamming?

I've understood that spread-spectrum type of modulations are more resistant to narrow band jamming, for obvious reasons. What is less obvious is why someone would try to jam for example a cellular ...
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1answer
125 views

How to accurately model wideband RF reflections?

I would like to model a transmitter and received pair, both sampling at the same bandwidth (not clock synchronized), where there are a number of reflectors. The time delay due to the reflectors can be ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Recommendation for good ressources on digital processing and D-QPSK

I've been a C++ developer for 10 years. Quite high level. And I am completely new to Digital Signal Processing. I am trying to implement a Software Defined Radio. Specifically I am trying to receive ...
2
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1answer
952 views

Measuring signal phase difference between receivers

I am working on a project which aims to locate a transmitter. I consider doing this using several receivers and measuring the phase differnces between them. My problem is that arduino measures once ...
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1answer
111 views

Receiving multiple signals at the same frequency at the same time

I'm doing a project for my school it's a communication platform for different mobile devices I'm gonna build and I need to send data from the devices to station am making, I figured how to use signal ...
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2answers
133 views

What are the fundamental reasons that suggest us to minimise transmission power for energy-efficient radio link design?

My question in short: Under which scenarios minimising transmission power is beneficial in terms of transmitter energy-efficiency? is there any fundamental reason to keep a low-power oriented design ...
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0answers
51 views

Considerations when determining squelch

I asked this question recently. From the comments I learned that squelch is not a hard and fast thing, and that many considerations might go into determining a reasonable value, depending on use, the ...
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0answers
72 views

Coming up with a squelch value

I am building a scanning-type system. I have samples in $\textrm{dB}$ and I want to determine when to allow them through. I am trying to decide between allowing them through when they reach a ...
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2answers
259 views

If you had supersonic hearing, would you be able to hear the carrier wave of an AM radio station?

Would you be able to hear the carrier wave of an amplitude modulated station, if you could hear in the MHz range, or would the high frequency be filtered out after rectification?
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2answers
1k views

fmcw radar sampling requirements

I have been reading about "all-digital" or "software-defined radars". Lately, I was trying to simulate an FMCW short range radar in Matlab. One thing that struck me during the simulation is that to ...
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1answer
1k views

Possible to Derive Receive Signal Power from RSSI?

My Set-Up I am sending packets at a specific frequency and with a specific gain from one N-210 USRP to another of the same model. NOTE: I have the transmitting USRP connected to a series of ...
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0answers
282 views

Is GNU Radio a good choice still? [closed]

I'm a newbie at DSP. I am starting a hobbyist project where I plan to monitor 100's of wildlife radio collar frequencies (at my job) and record how many "beeps" per minute are received. My software ...
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0answers
34 views

Car engine audible through AM radio — what is this called?

A car's engine rotates in the range of 500 RPM to 6000 RPM. This is in the audible range. The car's engine is activated using spark plugs which are an electrical system at the same frequency (or some ...
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3answers
634 views

Filtering out unwanted square wave (Radio: DCS/DPL signal)

I've need to remove a DPL/DCS signal from a recording. Roughly speaking, a DCS signal is a low frequency (67.15Hz) square wave sent at the same time, over the same carrier, as speech. Because it is a ...
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2answers
318 views

Quadrature modulation

I have a question: What is the difference between $ I \cos(t) - Q \sin(t) $ and $ I \cos(t) + Q \sin(t) $ except that they are phase shifted 90 degrees ? On the internet I can find both ...
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1answer
62 views

Modeling a signal through the environment

I have a signal that is composed of a sinusoid. I will send it over the air through radios. Part of the signal will go through processing on a computer, which means that it will be converted from ...