# Questions tagged [power-spectral-density]

The Power Spectral Density (PSD) is the distribution of signal power over frequencies.

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### SDR spectrum anomalies

Is it normal to see periodic peaks going from 48.75 - 90 MHz? Also i was checking on my SDR dongle once and the whole band was raised above background offset for like a whole 50 MHz bandwidth and then ...
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### How to find the solution of nonlinear least square (NLS) equation for freqeuncy estimation

I am struggling to understand the theory of parametric methods for power spectral estimations of line spectra. And I want to find the solution of nonlinear least square (NLS) method for estimating ...
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### Formula for PSD across an axis of a 2D output

Consider a 2D stationary input $e(x,y)$ and a 2D real convolution function $h(x,y)$. Let $S=h*e$ be the result of the convolution of $e$ by $h$. If needed, we may assume $e$ is isotropic (spectrum ...
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### PSD graph of GPS L1 Signal on MATLAB

I'm trying to analyze GPS L1 C/A signal on MATLAB. I could generate the PRN codes(binary signals). After I add NAV Data to the PRN code using modulo 2, I need to modulate it using BPSK. I also could ...
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### Normalize a Mel-Spec over which axis?

I have to find out: how to normalize a Mel-spectrogram.(for mashine-learning purpose) However, I don't know which axis has to be transformed. The spectrogram S is of shape (m x n) where n are the ...
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### Analytically determine a PSD from a transient function

This question is related to a series of questions I have asked about the units of PSD and ESDs. I include it as a separate question as it may have worth in isolation. As I understand it to compute ...
105 views

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### Over-the-air (OTA) BER measurement

I'm in the process of evaluating BER performance for a GNU Radio BPSK receiver. The setup for the experiment is illustrated below. Using a spectrum analyzer just before the USRP, the average channel ...
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### psd in matlab, problem with the coefficient $\frac{1}{2\pi}$

Using the fft to mimic the Fourier Transform I have this question. The definition that I use for the PSD $S(f)$ is: $S(f)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{\infty}^{\infty}exp(-i\tau2\pi f)r(\tau)d\tau$ where r(t)...
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### How can we prove that Spectral density of In-Phase component and Quad-Phase component of a sample function of narrow-band noise have same definition?

Suppose we have a narrow-band noise $N(t)$. We analyse this to In-Phase and Quad phase components by the equation: $$N(t) = N_I(t) \cos(2\pi f_c t) - N_Q(t) \sin(2\pi f_c t)$$ Now a book (by Simon ...
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### Question regarding AC power of ergodic process

We know Ergodic process is the subset of Weakly stationary process which permits us to substitute time average for ensemble Average My teacher said If $X(t)$ is Ergodic random process then following ...
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### limit of the integral in the anti-transform

if I have an autocorrelation on a limited domain r($\tau$)=$\lim_{T \to \infty}\frac{1}{T} \int_{0}^{T} u(t)u(t+\tau)dt$ The power spectral density, obviously will have an infinitive domain: S(f)=...