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Questions tagged [phase]

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GPS CDMA signal acquisition (BPSK modulation)

Sorry, this may be a rookie question: I have a CDMA gps communication in BPSK. Codes have a duration equal to $1\ \text{ms}$ and their length is 1023. At the carrier frequency ($f_c = 1.57524\ \text{...
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17 views

Reconstract the image from the modulus of its Fourier transform

In Reference, it is shown than one can recover the image by using only the modulus of its Fourier transform. It provides two iterative algorithm which is really similar to Gerchberg–Saxton method. ...
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1answer
43 views

FIR Linear Phase Condition

This is the linear phase condition for FIR filters as expressed by my prof: I don't understand why $G(f)$ can be negative. Isn't the Fourier transform expressed in polar form ? So the magnitude is ...
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13 views

How can I get better results from Phase Correlation

I am using Phase Correlation to register 3D data. There's a clear distinction in the y direction so the resulting shifts seem to be correct. But since there is a lot of similarity in the x direction ...
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2answers
56 views

FFT Phase interpretation of input signal with non-integer number of cycles in FFT window

It is known that if we take the FFT of a signal at such a frequency which has non-integer number of cycles in the sample window we get different value of phase even if the original signal was at phase ...
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2answers
199 views

Phase difference between signals sampled at different frequencies

I want to know that if it is possible to measure the relative phase difference between a signal that has been sampled at two different locations with different sampling frequencies? Also can that ...
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1answer
50 views

Frequency response of FM modulation/demodulation chain with phase derivative demodulation

Frequency modulating a carrier by white noise and then demodulating the complex signal using discrete derivative of phase it appears that the discriminator is acting as a low-pass filter. How do I ...
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1answer
44 views

Given 1 recording of my voice, how can I process it to sound like 2 independent recordings of my voice played in unison?

I have one recording of my voice $x[n]$ singing a song. One thing I could do is independently record me singing the song again to obtain $y[n]$. Then, $z[n] = \frac{1}{2}\left(x[n] + y[n]\right)$ ...
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1answer
15 views

script to check zero crossings to check if microphones phases are aligned

I have 'n' microphones placed in square fashion and I want to make sure that all the channels must be aligned in time exactly the same if the signal is equidistant from all the 'n' microphones i.e. in ...
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1answer
57 views

Phase transitions in GPS C/A signal

I'm reading "Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers" section 7.3 "Maximum data length for acquisition" and it's talking about phase transition: Theoretically, if there is a navigation ...
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24 views

Phase of complex nonsinusoidal signals

What's the best method for calculating phase of complex nonsinusoidal signals? I've tried using Hilbert transform, but I've found that my results change drastically depending on the amount of data I ...
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1answer
117 views

Group Delay for Hilbert Transformer and Resulting Dispersion

An ideal Hilbert Transformer shifts the phase for all positive frequencies by $-\pi/2$ and all negative frequencies by $+\pi/2$ while maintaining constant magnitude everywhere. Group Delay is the ...
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1answer
38 views

How to quantify phase distortion of a filter specific to a signal?

For example, a EKG input signal is filtered with a known transfer function that does not have linear phase. How do you quantify the phase distortion of the output signal given you have the input? I ...
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1answer
45 views

Coherent Radar — How do we justify it?

How can we justify doing coherent radar when the phase of the return is unknown? For instance, after a reflection, assuming a stationary target, we should get something akin to: $$ x_{rx}(t) = |\...
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13 views

Phase concentration for a broad range of frequency over time

I have local-field potential signals from two animals and I am trying to do phase analysis on these signals. What I am interested in is how phase concentration (or interatrial phase coherence) changes ...
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1answer
34 views

Coherent averaging of polyphase components of a signal

I want to subsample a multi-band signal to introduce controlled aliasing. My frequency components are uniformly distributed across the spectrum (comb structure) and occupy a relatively narrow ...
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4answers
84 views

Phase difference measurement of a signal sampled with two different sampling frequencies

I am working on phase interferometry for locating a transmitter. The direction of arrival of an incident wave can be estimated from the phase difference caused by the antenna separation as shown ...
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0answers
36 views

Bandwidth in the filter-Hilbert method

I understand that the Hilbert transform on broadband data produces uninterpretable results. And so we first bandpass the data, and then run the Hilbert transform. My question is, how wide can the ...
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16 views

Cross location Cross frequency coupling

Let's say there are 2 sensors recording data at some sampling rate. I'd like to know, how to calculate Cross frequency coupling (Phase amplitude coupling, for now) between these 2 channels ? I have ...
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1answer
97 views

Is it possible to find precise peak frequency using FFT phase shifts?

Been experimenting with FFT on a generated sinusoid and found something strange that doesn't seem to be described anywhere (though I may be missing something of course). A sinusoid that exactly ...
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1answer
82 views

Understanding the FFT phase spectrum with a simple example

I'm trying to compute the DFT using scipy's functions. I don't understand why the phase spectrum of a simple sine wave with 2 Hz frequency doesn't show $\pm\pi/2$ at the $\pm 2Hz$ frequencies. Instead,...
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1answer
142 views

Amplify a signal and phase shift it by multiplying by a complex number

Still need help 25th October 2019 I have a real time domain signal contained in an array, it's just two different frequencies summed together. If I want to amplify this signal by 10 and phase ...
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36 views

How to correct phase using arctangent as Phase Detector

I have a DPLL that's trying to lock to a DSB-SC input signal with a carrier whose phase is $\theta$. So after some mixing and filtering (Costas Loop), I have these two signals ($\hat{\theta}$ is the ...
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2answers
90 views

Calculating amplitude, time-shift and phase of third sinusoid as a sum of two others

My apologies in advance, I am new to this digital signal processing. Question is at the bottom I have two 4000hz sinusoids given by the following formulas: unknown frequency such that: $$x_1(t) = 24\...
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42 views

How to deal with phase incoherence issues after manipulating a signal in the frequency domain?

Let's say that we want to manipulate a signal in the frequency domain using a short time Fourier transform and once we're done , we use an inverse STFT (plus overlap and save) to convert the results ...
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16 views

Is it possible to restore audio that has been tonally modified by a phase vocoder?

My objective is to apply some process to the modified audio that allows me to obtain the original audio. I think it can be solved through machine learning techniques. I don't know if there is any ...
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1answer
99 views

Binary and Quadrature Phase Shift Keying [duplicate]

I was learning Modulation Techniques and was on the topic Phase Shift Keying (PSK). As far as I have understood, In Binary PSK we encode a single bit on a one signal element and we differentiate ...
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27 views

Skew measurement with phase deviation

I am calculating the standard deviation of skew (= phase/2*pi*fin) from the 1000 monte carlo runs of the following code. In the y0, there is no input skew., but in y1 there is a skew present. Its ...
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1answer
38 views

The phase of signal when it passes a frequency divider?

When we used the microwave frequency divider, such like: RF Bay FBS-N-14 or analog dividers in wiki. The input signal is $\cos(\omega t+\phi)$, and the output signal is $\cos(\frac{1}{2}\omega t+\...
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1answer
50 views

How to determine the phase of a time-sampled periodic signal?

I know this is a rather common and a rather simple problem, but somehow I can't find a solution that is equally simple to understand (and implement). I have a signal that closely resembles a noisy ...
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37 views

Design of low pass filter

I'm designing a low pass filter to identify the DC content of a signal. The most important aspects of my application are the accuracy and the speed of the identification. I would like to know if the ...
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3answers
66 views

Phase of the DFT

I'm new to the numerical processing of sampled measurements so my question is probably trivial. Let's suppose that I have the following sampled signal generated in MATLAB: ...
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0answers
25 views

how to reconstruct an phase information from the magnitude spectrogram

I need to recreate the phase of a spectogram of magnitude and when inverse fourier, that the sound is understandable and not pure noise Observe these softwares https://photosounder.com/ http://...
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1answer
54 views

Phase shifts of QPSK

I'm honestly lost on creating timing diagrams for bit sequences. I understand for QPSK there are symbols 00, 01, 10, 11 with phase shifts of 45,135,225 and 315. I'm just not understanding how you ...
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2answers
52 views

Is it valid to calculate the magnitude, power, and phase of a real time-domain signal without converting it to the frequency-domain?

I would assume you perform the calculations the same way, but since there would be no imaginary component because the signal is not complex it would be simpler: ...
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2answers
438 views

What effect does rotation in the spatial domain has on phase in Fourier transforms?

More precisely, let's say I apply a 45 degrees rotation to an image (in the spatial domain) say, in Matlab : Ir=imrotate(myImage,45,'crop'); FT_I=fft2(I); In the ...
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0answers
33 views

Does phase margin exists only for linear systems?

If possible, how to determine the phase margin for nonlinear systems?
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1answer
75 views

Manually creating a lowpass filter from the frequency domain: what phase?

In an attempt to gain a better understanding of DSP, I want to create a very simple (1D) lowpass, or I think more correctly "stop-band" or "band-reject" filter, to filter out a single frequency, e.g., ...
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3answers
68 views

Analyzing a signal that contains frequency content at Fs/2 doesn't seem to work unless there is a phase shift

I am trying to write a basic program that samples a 4 kHz sinewave at a sampling rate of 8 kHz and takes the FFT of the signal and plots it. From everything I have read, as long as the signal you are ...
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1answer
41 views

Question about quadrature signals

My question is related to this article: https://www.dsprelated.com/showarticle/192.php I think I understand mostly everything until this sentence: "The directions in which the impulses are pointing ...
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2answers
140 views

Phase information of a signal when creating a spectrogram

Sorry for the uninformed question but I need some help understanding this. I'm trying to understand what phase information is and it would be very helpful if someone could correct my understanding of ...
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2answers
175 views

Frequency response of a microphone using a sine sweep

I want to determine the frequency response (magnitude, phase) of a microphone. I have another "good" reference microphone whose frequency response I know. I understand that I can use a good speaker ...
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1answer
47 views

Can we normalize data to unit variance without distorting the phase?

Consider we have one dimension time samples. The noise in the samples made some portions of the time samples amplitude very high. Obviously the short variance for those time samples will have high ...
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2answers
165 views

DCT vs DFT why do we need/want phase?

Why do we use complex exponentials in the Fourier transform, why do we want the phase part? As opposed to in DCT where there is no phase and only magnitude? Moreover, what does this phase concretely ...
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2answers
270 views

Understanding the phase in DFT

Although using regularly the FFT algorithm to compute DFTs, I don't really understand how the phase part works. e.g. in Matlab: ...
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1answer
57 views

Measuring group delay through a linear phase filter

I'm having a difficult time wrapping my head around a phase/ group delay problem and it corresponding to where you start sampling so I built up a system to test some of these issues. The system passes ...
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0answers
86 views

Implementing Costas loop for 4-PAM

EDIT 2: OK, regarding the code I’ve pasted below, and seeing the FFT plot, I suspect the LPFilters aren’t working since I’m getting $0.5*m(t)*[cos(2 \pi f_c t ( \theta_e)+cos(\theta_e)]$ instead of $0....
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0answers
34 views

When plotting the cosines of the phases of some sensors, I got an interesting plot

I have a laser that I modulate at some frequency, typically 1250 Hz. I have a sensor that tracks what happens inside a reactor when it's illuminated. I am doing Fourier analysis on both the laser ...
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1answer
135 views

How to achieve an arbitrary phase shift? [duplicate]

To help demonstrate why a time delay appears as a linear phase shift and not a constant phase shift I wanted to plot what a constant phase shift looks like. I have been looking at the Hilbert ...
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22 views

Calculate phase lag between two signals with perturbed frequencies

This type of question has been asked quite a few times on this forum and others now, but I still haven't found a satisfactory answer to my problem. Given an input signal: $$x_1(t)=\cos\big(2\pi ft\...