Questions tagged [phase]

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77 views

Why does my PLL simulation oscillate after locking?

I'm working on a crude circuit simulator with the goal of implementing PAL encoding and decoding, so that I can experiment with generating images that look like video transmissions. In the simulation ...
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1answer
78 views

Phase Noise and Multi-carrier Frequency conversion

I have a oscillator with a phase noise mask that was represented in dBc at specific offsets from a carrier. Two options for a multicarrier signal going into a converter, apply the phase noise mask (...
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1answer
27 views

why is my phase spectrum calculated by hand not agreeing with matlab's `freqz`?

I am trying to replicate the Matlab function freqz. To calculate the phase of the frequency response of my filter I am implementing the equation for phase: $$ \phi(...
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1answer
51 views

scipy cross-correlation: interpretation

I want to compute the phase shift between two 1-D signals of same frequency, but before I'm trying to compute the time shift between. The cross-correlation function seems to be ideal for that but I'm ...
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45 views

How to reduce phase noise in radar?

Instability of oscillator can introduce phase noise to the signal received by radar [1]. Are there commonly used digital signal processing methods can reduce the phase noise? [1] Aubry, Augusto, et al....
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1answer
42 views

Varying shift between microphone data

I had given a sine wave of frequency 2kHz as input to two microphones placed near to each other. The data grabbed by two microphones are then plotted in MATLAB and it was found out that the initial ...
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51 views

How to get the phase of a 2D sine wave?

I am trying to find the phase of a generic 2D sine wave with the 2D FFT. The formula for the phase is arctan(im/re). So I made 22 sine waves with phases ranging from 0 to 2 pi (by cropping the ...
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2answers
60 views

Phase spectrum interpretation

I have an analog signal alternatively captured by two probes. Sometimes the signal is periodic and depending on the physical conditions the two periodic signals might be in phase or out of phase. Also,...
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1answer
62 views

Varying phase shift between two signals

I have two microphones separated by a distance d placed in end-fire configuration. Audio input data was played from the front side (i.e corresponding to 0 degrees.) The data picked by microphone1 and ...
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14 views

Best choice to digitally rotate reference for an IQ filter?

I have analog GHz signal modulated with 60KHz signal and I analog mix it with reference GHz and low pass filter so now I have a 60KHz signal $a$ which I enthusiastically sample (at 1MHz). Meanwhile I ...
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1answer
48 views

Phase Response of $N$-th order Digital All-Pass Filter

I am having trouble reconciling my derivation of the phase response of an N-th order all-pass filter with those I am finding in the literature, and I figured someone here could help me. Real Version: ...
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1answer
38 views

Amplitude-and phasefunctions for a system

I am studying a course in signalanalysis and have run into som trouble with a exercise. I am to dimension the circuit below in such a way that the DC-amplification is 1 and that the frequencies $\...
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0answers
20 views

Self Quadratic Phase Coupling || What does it really tell us?

I am working on a beginner kind of project, and after processing some data and plotting a lot of bispectrum plots, I found out that a lot of them had peaks on the diagonal fx = fy (where fi denotes ...
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1answer
58 views

How to calculate the total time delay of a first order linear filter on a signal?

I have a non-periodic signal. I apply a first order linear IIR filter on it. The filter will introduce phase shift to the signal that will appear as a total time delay. Is there a formula I can use to ...
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1answer
56 views

Can FFT tells us existance of same frequencies with different phases?

So I know that applying FFT on a time-domain signal, shows which frequency components exists and what amplitudes each frequency signal has. My question is, suppose the signal contains same frequency ...
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2answers
80 views

When joining two signals of different frequencies how do I find the phase shift that makes the join smooth?

I'm generating a sine wave and I want the second half of the signal to be in a different frequency. How do I find the phase shift I can apply to the second half so that the joining between the halves ...
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2answers
22 views

1D-Phase Unwrapping

I am new to signal processing and I am reading about 1D phase unwrapping Here is the paper that I am reading https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/~/media/files/ljmu/about-us/faculties-and-schools/fet/geri/...
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2answers
85 views

How to demodulate PM with signal faster than carrier?

I have a signal that is a periodic concatenation of truncated Lorentzians ($\frac{1}{1+x^2}$), like so: The exact shape of the signal is unimportant I guess. I can approximate it with its first few ...
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1answer
51 views

DSP: newbie not understanding z transform/complex sinusoidal frequency and phase

Im reading Will Pirkles Designing audio effect plugins book and I'm not sure if I'm understanding the z transform correctly. I got up to differential equations in college, but haven't done math in ...
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25 views

How to implement this phase rotator?

question 1, I think that we can use si,sq ,siq to control the phase move.In my understanding,in the Fig. 5. Phase rotator ,si, sq correspond to the values on the horizontal and vertical lines.siq ...
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2answers
65 views

signal processing techniques for accurate phase measurement

I have two signals, $V\sin(\omega t)$ and $V\sin(\omega t+\theta)$. I need to find the value of theta with an accuracy of $0.05$ degrees. Can anybody suggest a method for phase difference ...
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1answer
38 views

Why Bluetooth 2 use pi/4-DQPSK instead of OQPSK?

From the peak to average power ratio point of view OQPSK is better than pi/4-DQPSK. What is the advantage of pi/4-DQPSK compare to OQPSK? Why Bluetooth 2 use pi/4-DQPSK instead of OQPSK?
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34 views

Phase Error Growth in Digital Mixer Signal

I am working on a code where digital mixing is to be performed for down-conversion of incoming signal. The mixer signal is created using the phase accumulation approach. However it was observed that ...
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1answer
40 views

Timing Jitter in PLLs

Regarding white (uncorrelated) and coloured (correlated) timing jitter. I know that for free-running oscillators (such as VCOs), various kinds of noise causes the jitter, for example (1/f) coloured ...
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1answer
27 views

Why RHP zero phase is not 180° to 90°

The asymptotic phase behavior of an RHP zero is from 0 degrees to -90°, the mirror of an LHP zero. Graphically, I'm confused about why this is the case and the phase is not from +180° to +90°. See the ...
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1answer
57 views

can $e^{j\phi_0}$ be incorporated into the sine and cosine terms?

This is from "communication system" by Carlson fifth edition page 109: If transfer function of a channel be like this: $H(f)= Ae^{j\phi_0}e^{-j2\pi ft_g} $ and input to this system be: $x(t)=...
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1answer
60 views

Extraction of the phase lag form cross-correlation function

I would like to find out the phase offset that my signal contains at the receiver side. For this, I use the cross-correlation function, where I cross-correlate signal before and after matched filter. ...
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0answers
55 views

Phase relationship of cosine components in real signal using DFT

Background Info I have a real signal comprised of 8 frequencies 400Hz-680Hz in 40Hz increments. The signal is generated from 8 cosines of equal amplitude (A=1) and phase (Phase= 0rad), summed together....
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1answer
80 views

Adding phase noise to a signal results in amplitude variation on a constellation - whats the mistake? *plots inside*

I am attempting to add phase noise to a modulated signal. I am doing this by taking a phase noise mask (single sided 0 Hz to 1 MHz), which shows dBc values away from central value or reference value. ...
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2answers
84 views

What is phase shift?

I'm reading about when a $H(z)$ system is min phase or max phase, and I get when a system is a min phase or max phase depending on the location of the zeroes. But I don't get at all the phase shift ...
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1answer
55 views

How to perform a phase recovery for higher order modulation schemes

My objective is to demodulate the signals with different modulation orders and schemes. In particular, I want to recover the phase first. Let us say, my signal looks like in the constellation below . ...
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1answer
91 views

How to obtain the exact value of wavelength from a 2D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot like it is obtainable from 1D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot?

I have a two dimensional multi modal spatial signal generated from a MATLAB code using sinusoidal functions of different wave numbers, amplitudes and phases. What I want to know is that if I have the ...
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1answer
32 views

Performing root-music, how do i retrieve frequency and phase data of a signal?

I'm trying an alternative method to the classical fft to do signal analysis. I perform root-MUSIC on a certain known signal + noise in matlab with the function 'rootmusic'. This gives gives the signal ...
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1answer
45 views

Phase of the sine signal by finding FFT of it in matalb using angle

I am using sine signal with phase=0 an frequency=100KHz. Computed FFT of it. Using angle function and multiplied the result with 180/pi; But getting 90.36 at 100KHz frequency. Can anybody explain why ...
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1answer
35 views

What phase rotation occurs when you take the derivative of an audio signal?

If you take the derivative of an audio signal, it provides a 6 dB/oct upward sloping filter (increasing high frequencies / cutting low frequencies) all the way across the spectrum. What is the result ...
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2answers
161 views

Accurate phase calculation in sinusoidal linear regression?

I've been trying to work out a way to minimize the error in phase calculation. The underlying model is the following $$s(t) = \sum_{i=1}^{M} A_i\sin\left(\frac{2\pi t}{T_i} + \phi_i\right) + \...
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2answers
600 views

Is there a physical reason why phase should be uniformly distributed?

I was thinking a little about how signal phase might be distributed. Usually in such discussions I see people make the assumption that phase is uniformly distributed between $0$ and $2 \pi$. This only ...
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1answer
47 views

Best window before FFT ? (for a signal consisting of 2 tones used for phase measurement)

I am doing phase measurments by transmitting and receiving tones (100 kHz and 16 kHz simultaneously). I am transmitting the tones and receiving them, applying Blackman Harris window and doing FFT for ...
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1answer
67 views

How to compute correct phase in FFT even after applying phase unwrap and zeroing round off error?

I am converting a time-domain synthetic 1D signal to frequency domain using MATLAB fft. In the frequency domain, the amplitude vs frequency plot is coming reasonable which means it is showing the ...
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39 views

Breaking down sin wave to frequency domain causing weirdness in phase

I have tried many many different things and I cannot figure out why my phase is messed up. Here is what I am trying to do. I create a simple signal with a known wavelength, phase, and amplitude like ...
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1answer
93 views

Creating Bode Plot from Experimental Data

I have a blackbox system in which I can input a function and obtain the output signal (in MATLAB). I'm attempting to reconstruct a Bode diagram and have had success with the Magnitude plot, however, I'...
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1answer
121 views

Phase correction algorithm: minimisation phase error

Thank you for your participation in my discussion in advance. I am working on the implementation of a phase correction. Currently, I have finished the algorithm. I think it is a standard algorithm ...
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1answer
60 views

Why does Phase-locking value show spurious effects at the beginning & end of a signal?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of the phase-locking-value, as e.g. defined here, by some simple examples. Basically, I am creating two signals with the same frequency & amplitude, where ...
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2answers
124 views

How can I experimentally find the bandwidth of my PLL?

I recently designed a phase-locked loop. I would like to quantify its bandwidth so that I can better understand it. However, I made this bandwidth in an informal manner due to my lack of formal ...
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1answer
44 views

Beyond "mid-side": decompose an audio stereo recording (coincident microphones) into Mid + 45° + 90°

Context: I have done in the past stereo recordings in XY position (coincident microphones): from a source far from at least 20 meters (example: piano in a big reverberant building). Since the ...
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28 views

Reconstruct phase while preserving magnitude

I was wondering if anyone could help me with this problem, I'm fairly new to audio signal processing so please bear with me. My ultimate goal is to, given a magnitude, reconstruct an audio clip from ...
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2answers
92 views

Fringe movement analysis to extract displacement

I am using a Michelson interferometer with the interferogram recorded on a CMOS sensor. I have taken a video of the fringes moving when a displacement of 50 $\mu m$ is imposed to one of the mirrors. ...
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1answer
35 views

Compression of Multivariate Phase Signals

I have a data matrix $X$ whose columns are composed of instantaneous phases of recordings from different electrodes. In other words, each column keeps a periodic sawtooth signal with a range from $[-\...
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2answers
199 views

CORDIC, What is it?

I am reading about CORDIC (Coordinate Rotation Digital Computer) and I have t implement it. Honestly, I am reading and don't understand the difference between phase detection algorithm ( PLL, Costas ...
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1answer
38 views

Pointers for digital FM synthesis

I am working on a digital synthesis project, in python and c currently. I have made a Sine and Saw wave generator and have now been working on FM between the two wave types. I have successfully made ...

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