We’re rewarding the question askers & reputations are being recalculated! Read more.

Questions tagged [periodic]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Weird resampling artifacts of a periodic signal

I am trying to grab time series data from a database storing data on a propritary format. When i chose a resolution which is not a multiple of the power of two of the sampling resolution i get these ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How can a signal be both periodic and random?

Do any examples of such signals exist where the signal is both periodic and random? Because as I see it, if a signal is periodic then the randomness kinda goes away because you know what the signal ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Fourier transform of a periodic/aperiodic signal

Generally speaking, I know that periodic signals (continuous-time domain signals) with period 2pi/wo have a spectrum with equidistance Delta-impulses of distance w0. My question is that, if we have ...
0
votes
3answers
62 views

Is $x[n]=(-1)^{n^2}$ periodic?

Is $x[n]=(-1)^{n^2}$ periodic? The answer said no, but when I draw it on a graph, it seems to be periodic, with fundamental period equal to $2$.
0
votes
2answers
76 views

Proof regarding the periodicity of a continuous-time sinusoid after sampling

Question A continuous-time sinusoid $x_a(t)$ with fundamental period $T_p = \frac{1}{F_0}$ is sampled at a rate $F_s = \frac 1 T$ to produce a discrete-time sinusoid $x(n) = x_a(nT)$. Show that $x(n)$...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Prove that, in DFT ,interpolation in time domain is equal to replication in frequency domain

Given: $x[n]$ is an $N$-point sequence whose DFT is $X[k]$ $$x[n]\xrightarrow{\mathcal{DFT}} X[k]$$ then, Prove that: DFT of the same sequence after insertion of $(M-1)$ zeroes between successive ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

White noise generation in frequency domain (stfft) produces a periodic pattern

I have created a set of spectral processing modules for SynthEdit next to be released, implenting short time fft, so I am now quite experienced with the matter, but recently encounteted an unexpected ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

Intermittent Harmonics, Is there a physical explanation?

I am doing some frequency analysis of a vibration signal from a spinning rotor, I am expecting to see peaks corresponding to the rotational frequency of the rotor. So the fundamental frequency ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Find the period of a signal with the DTFT plot

I have an exercise and I'm struggling to resolve it. Here it is : My problem is about the DTFT. I've always been taught that we use DTFT for infinite-lenght signal that are not periodic (if the ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Building periodic sequences from finite-support sequences

Given a discrete-time finite-support signal x[n] $$x[n] = \left\{ {\begin{array}{*{20}{l}} {{{( - 1)}^n}n}&{{\rm{ }}n = 1,2,3}\\ 0&{{\rm{otherwise}}} \end{array}} \right.$$ And consider also ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

How is frequency defined for a periodic signal?

For sinsusoids, frequency is $2\pi/T$, but for general periodic signals, how is frequency defined? Is it $1/T$ or $2\pi/T$? ($T$ is the fundamental period of the signal)
1
vote
0answers
43 views

How to find the period of a given signal? [duplicate]

I'm new to Signal Analysis. I have a manually generated Signal from a Gyroscope, which looks like in the picture below and I need to extract the X-Values for each period. Is there some technique to ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Why does this not work: Alt. way to compute the period of a discrete periodic signal that is a sum of 2 complex exponentials

I want to compute the fundamental period of the following discrete time signal: $ x[n]= \exp^{(j\frac{2\pi}{3})n} + \exp^{(j\frac{3\pi}{4})n}$ I know I can do this by taking the fundamental periods ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How to find the filter coefficient of matched filter to detect the pulse of a signal?

I would to understand how to find the coefficient of a matched filter. Let's consider we have a signal and the signal is buried in the following noise. we want to find the coefficient of a matched ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Periodicity of $\cos(2n + \theta)$

I have to calculate periodicity of e^j(2n + π/4) If cos2n is Aperiodic then what is the periodicity of ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is a periodic signal in image processing?

In the context of image processing (and computer vision), the concept of convolution comes up a lot. Convolution is quite related to the concept of Fourier transform and DFT. In the context of image ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Fourier Transform of Alternating Periodic Rectangular Pulse

I'm having trouble determining Fourier transform of signal. I have 2 ideas on how to solve this problem. Given the signal is periodic I could use formula for Fourier transform of periodic signals: $$...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Finding period of a square wave with varying sampling frequency

I have a square wave (0-1.8V) with a varying sampling frequency (from a circuit simulator). It is also not a perfect square wave (the high and low signal could be very close to but not precisely zero ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Finding periodicity in discrete events

I have a program that detects events in a large amount of measurement data. When it detects an event, it writes a timestamp. I have thousands of event timestamps. What I wish to do is detect if there ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Making sense of the periodogram

I am trying to use the periodogram to tell when a signal is periodic or not by following the tutorial for the astropy Lomb-scargle periodogram here. http://docs.astropy.org/en/stable/stats/...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Reason of effect of continuity and discreteness on periodicity of signal?

We know that a sine signal in continuous time is a periodic signal with a period $2\pi$ whereas the same sine signal in discrete time is aperiodic. My question is how changing just a type of signal (...
1
vote
1answer
556 views

How can I improve my fit of cosines to periodic data using Python?

I have a space-separated csv file containing a measurement. First column is the time of measurement, second column is the corresponding measured value, third column ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

periodicity of constant discrete time signals

are constant discrete time signals periodic? example \begin{equation} e^{i10\pi n} \end{equation} my proffesor says that this signal is aperiodic, in the discrete sense. but it seems wrong, because ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Does dividing the magnitude spectrum of white noise by sqrt(2) give an RMS magnitude spectrum?

I understand that the RMS Amplitude of a sinusoidal signal is around 0.707 ($\frac1{\sqrt2}$) times the Peak Value, but this is not true for noise. However, an FFT of a noise signal indicates ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Discrete signal testing for periodicity

How would one go about determining if the following discrete time signal x[n] is periodic, and if it is, determine its fundamental period? I understand that the ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Finding the fundamental period by using four elementary operations (+,-,x,/)

The idea is to find the fundamental period of any periodic and bounded signal. This is all that we know about the signal. Nothing else. Only allowed operations are: $+,-,\times , \div$. We can also ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

Ideal sampling of audio signals-Periodic spectrum [duplicate]

When applying ideal sampling on audio singals, why is the spectrum periodic ?
2
votes
3answers
87 views

Why must the angle contain $\pi$ for $\cos$ be periodic?

The $\cos(\frac{n}{6})$ is aperiodic, and $\cos(\frac{n\pi}{6})$ is periodic, why? What role does the $\pi$ play? By the way, $n$ must be integer I have seen this question,Why is cos(n/6) aperiodic? ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I find the fundamental period of the given signal?

I am having a problem in finding the fundamental period of the signal $x(t)$ given below: \begin{align} x(t) &= 2\cos\left(\frac 45 \pi t\right)\sin^2\left(\frac{16}{3} t\right)\\ &= 2\cos\...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

how to extract a period of a periodic pulsed signal?

I rercorded a sequence of zeros and ones which is repeated many times. However, the first and the last repetitions may not be complete because I have to start recording at a random time, so the ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Estimating variance in arbitrary, periodic signal

I have a periodic signal $x[m], m \in [0;M-N+1]$ made of modulated templates $s[n],~ n \in [0;N-1],~ N \ll M = NK$ of finite energy and support (i.e. zero outside of its defined interval, which does ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

detection of periodicities in n-dimensional signals

Generally speaking, what analyses are necessary and sufficient for the detection of periodicities in an n-dimensional signal amounting to a discretely sampled density distribution over n-dimensional ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Remove multiplied white noise from periodic signal

I need to remove noise that is multiplied to a periodic signal using a maximum of 7 periods having no information about the noise. I have tried to use auto-correlation: ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

State Space conversion of Sinusoidal model

i would like to learn how to convert sinusoidal model into state space form which has following equation our model consist of sum of periodic components with additive of white noise, given by ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Numerical error while implementing a periodic pulse signal

I'm trying to illustrate the principle of constructing a periodic signal using an elementary pattern. This is the code I use (python 2.7 + numpy + scipy.signal) : ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Is Oversampling a Signal Same as Discretizing the Signal?

I am confused about the new terminology 'oversampling' I have encountered very recently. To explain it better, I am going to use numerical examples. Now let's assume I am using a BPSK modulator and my ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating the complex signal's average power

$$x(t) = \cos(\pi i t/20+\pi/4) - 2je^{j \,12\pi i t} + 5\sin(2\pi i t/3+\pi/3) $$ I need to find the signal's average power. How can I do that? The $i$ index (represented in red in the below image) ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

Fourier coefficients of product of two periodic signals

question: If $x(t)$ and $y(t)$ are two periodic signals(both with period T) with Fourier coefficients $c_{n}$ and $d_{n}$ respectively then, Fourier coefficient of $z(t)=x(t)\cdot y(t)$ is: (a) $\...
2
votes
4answers
198 views

Very basic question about how we define frequency in signal processing

When talking about general periodic continuous-time signals for which $$x(t + T_0) = x(t)$$ where $T_0$ is the fundamental period we define the fundamental frequency $\omega_0$ as $\omega_0 = 2\pi/T_0$...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding the fundamental frequency of a periodic signal

Suppose we have the signal $$x(t) = e^{j\omega_1 t} + e^{j\omega_2 t} + e^{j\omega_3 t},$$ where all the frequencies are rationally related (that is, the ratio of any pair of frequencies is a rational ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Rationally related frequencies and the Fourier Series representation

Suppose that we have the signal $$x(t) = e^{j\omega t} + e^{j\frac{3}{2} \omega t},$$ and we want to find a Fourier Series representation for that signal. Is this possible? According to my ...
-1
votes
1answer
577 views

sum of two periodic signals with different length

So, I have those two signals (x1,x2) and I want to make a new signal (x) which is the sum of them. What bothers me here is the length of each one of the signals. I made this little code over here in ...
1
vote
1answer
502 views

DFT shift theorem proof

Learning DSP on my own time. Can't figure out the proof for DFT shift theorem which states the following: Given, $x[n]$ to be a periodic with period $N$, $\text{DFT}\{x[n]\} = X[k]$, then $$ DFT\{x[n-...
1
vote
2answers
218 views

Fourier Series of Aperiodic convolution of periodic functions

we were given the following classic exercise: Given two periodic signals $x(t), y(t)$ with fundamental period $T$ with Fourier series coefficients $c_m^x, c_m^y$ respectively, find the Fourier ...
3
votes
3answers
400 views

formula derivation for periodic signal power

Studying DSP on my own. Taking an introductory class. Was given a formula for signal power $$ P = \lim_{M\to\infty} {\frac{1}{2M+1} \sum_{n=-M}^M} \lvert x[n] \rvert^2 $$ I do understand why the ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Periodic signal checking when using $\Sigma$

Is the following signal periodic? $$ \sum_{κ=-\infty}^{\infty}\left[\mathrm{rect}\left(\frac{t+2κ}{10}\right)\right]+\cos\left(\frac{π}{75}t\right) $$ where rect is the rectangular signal
-3
votes
4answers
107 views

Signal periodicity in discrete-time

Let $x[n]$ be a discrete-time signal, and let $$y_1[n]=x[2n]$$ You have to show that if: $x[n]$ is periodic, then $y_1[n]$ is periodic. $y_1[n]$ is periodic, then x[n] is periodic. So for the ...
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Phantom harmonics when using cosine windows why do they appear and how to avoid them?

Given an L order cosine window, it is possible to show that the width of the main lobe is given by: $$\omega_w = \frac{2 \pi L}{(2N+1)}$$ Where $L$ is the order of the window, $N$ is the maximum ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Periodicity of a constant signal!

This can be a very silly question, but I'm quite confused: If we take the Fourier transform of any constant signal, we get an impulse at zero, which says that its frequency is zero and, hence, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What is special about the frequency $\omega_0=\pi$ that suddenly causes rate of oscillation decrease?

In Alan Oppenheim's book Signals and Systems a comparison is made between the properties of discrete-time and continuous-time complex exponential signals in section 1.3 pg. 26. Specifically it says: ...