Questions tagged [ofdm]

OFDM stands for Orthogonal, Frequency-Division Multiplexing.

339 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
18k views

How is symbol synchronization with OFDM done?

I'm trying to understand how symbol synchronization is done in OFDM using pilot tones, cyclic prefixes, or any other technique. I've read the following answers which provide some explanation, but I ...
• 755
11k views

How to demodulate an OFDM signal

I'm looking at decoding an OFDM signal which consists of 6 carriers (or tones) which are BPSK modulated and a pilot tone which aids tuning. This is the first time I have worked with OFDM so I need to ...
• 221
7k views

What is difference between OFDM and GFDM?

I am trying to understand the difference(s) between OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) and GFDM (Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing) which are used as a multicarrier modulation ...
• 605
262 views

Practicality of the assumption of i.i.d. for Rayleigh channels

I would like to understand how far the assumption of having i.i.d. is accurate/valid (from the practical point of view) when an OFDM system is working in Rayleigh channels. Is this means the channel ...
• 317
1k views

Flat fading criterion of OFDM subcarrier spacing

I have always thought that the OFDM subcarrier spacing $\Delta f$ is chosen such that not too small because Doppler spread can destroy subcarrier orthogonality not too large to avoid Cyclic Prefix (...
• 5,780
2k views

What Is the Difference between RLS, LMS and Wiener Filter? When Is One Preferred Over Another?

I'm dealing with a channel equalization problem where the channel is modeled as a WSS process. I understand LMS utilities a Wiener-like approach, ie it converges to the optimal (wiener) solution. I ...
1k views

Can we do cyclic prefix with zeros in OFDM rather than with samples from end of the ofdm symbol?

considering an OFDM symbol of x(0)x(1)x(2)x(3)x(4)....x(n-2)x(n-1)x(n). To perform cyclic prefix we prefix some samples from end of this OFDM symbol to the beginning of the OFDM symbol, like x(n-3)...
• 385
209 views

What's the reasoning behind changing pilot tones in OFDM?

Many OFDM wireless protocols (e.g. 802.11, DVB-T2, LTE, etc.) utilize pilot tones to provide channel state information for the receiver. Within the transmission, the pilot tones generally assume a ...
• 51
9k views

What does the one-tap equalizer used with OFDM accomplish?

I've read that OFDM normally uses a one-tap equalizer. It seems that a one-tap equalizer could only scale and delay a signal. Why is this useful? I thought multipath was handled through the cyclic-...
• 755
2k views

OFDM training symbol format

For OFDM synchronisation, we are using two training symbols according to the Schmidl and Cox method of frequency synchronization and timing synchronization. The paper says: The first OFDM training ...
9k views

2k views

Number of samples in one period of subcarrier after IFFT

I have a quick question about the number of samples in one period of a sub carrier in OFDM systems. The IFFT process generates N-parallel sub carriers in discrete time domain which are sent ...
• 605
1k views

OFDM modulator in LTE

My understanding of what an OFDM modulator does, is that it takes a parallel sequence of QAM symbols of size M, pads it with zeroes corresponding to the zero subcarriers, then passes them through an ...
• 701
2k views

What is the difference between (Sample Timing Offset), (Carrier Frequency offset), and (Sampling Frequency Offset)?

Briefly, can anyone explain to me what is the difference between (Sample Timing Offset), (Carrier Frequency offset), and (Sampling Frequency Offset)? and is Sampling Frequency Offset (SFO) like STO ...
• 383
2k views

What is the advantages of BPSK+OFDM over usual BPSK (with no OFDM Modulation)?

The other days I read a useful article (on BER v.s. Eb/N0 curve of ofdm) whose link is as bellow. While watching the plot inside, a question was arisen in my mind. I wonder if the BER v.s. Eb/N0 curve ...
• 21
5k views

Carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation using cyclic prefix

I understand the cyclic prefix, but in (1) it's said that: "If we consider that the channel effect is minimal and can be neglected. then the phase difference of the CP and the OFDM symbol which the ...
• 21
6k views

Coherence bandwidth and coherence time in an OFDM system

While studying an OFDM system, I have encountered statements like coherence bandwidth is the reciprocal of delay spread and coherence time is the reciprocal of the Doppler spectrum. Can somebody help ...
• 327
645 views

OFDM coarse freq estimation

I am trying to read OFDM synchronization paper by Schmidl and Cox. The math is slightly overwhelming. What is the formula that they use in implementation that distinguishes between coarse estimation ...
170 views

Bandlimiting and OFDM spectrum - what is considered "bandlimited"?

I have been reading about OFDM modulation, it's not clear to me how you can have band-limited OFDM but given its prevalence in wireless communication there must be some designation of approximately ...
• 746
1k views

Why do we need FFT pairs for OFDM?

this is a basic question, but i barely find any tutorial to explain this. Most of tutorial dont talk about why use IFFT and FFT, they just say "oh, at transmitter, we just take this information time ...
• 95
445 views

Multipath resistance of spread spectrum systems

I have been reading about various telecommunications technologies and one thing keeps being repeated many times without a clear explanation - that spread spectrum is not only resistant to multipath ...
• 121