Questions tagged [nyquist]

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A question about sampling rate of cosine signal

Given $$c(t) = \cos(2\pi\cdot 30 \cdot t) $$ If we sample this signal at the Nyquist rate 60 Hz and at a higher rate of 80 Hz, we get the following: There is no aliasing as $f$ = 30 Hz is less than ...
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2answers
76 views

anti-alias filter of square pulses

I'm trying to determine whether or not an anti-alias filter is needed for sampling square waves. The goal is to sample square wave pulses from a video detector with an ADC, do some time-domain digital ...
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1answer
26 views

Bandwidth computation for NRZ baseband transmission scheme

In Andrew Tanenbaum's book on Computer Networks, while explaining about bandwidth of a NRZ (Non Return to Zero) baseband transmission scheme, he says the following: With NRZ, the signal may cycle ...
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1answer
26 views

How do I apply the Nyquist criterion on the following spectrum to see if it satisfies the criterion or not?

I am trying to find out if the pulse in the figure satisfies the Nyquist criterion for a modulation interval T. I'm used to the Nyqusit frequency, but I cannot grasp what the Nyquist criterion is ...
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2answers
48 views

What is the right way to downsample using Fourier method?

I want to know what is the right way to downsample a sampled signal using Fourier transform as the implementation in scipy.signal.resample confuses me. Reading ...
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1answer
59 views

How to determine sampling frequency for an x(t) signal avoiding aliasing?

The antitransform of the function is given: $ \hat{x}(f) = \frac{123 + i246\pi f}{246 - 24600 \pi^2 f^2 + i4920\pi f} $ I'm asked to determine which frequency can I sample using the function x(t) ...
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1answer
98 views
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0answers
26 views

Nyquist sampling theorem / Nyquist - Shannon theorem evaluation over M-PSK

I am trying to simulate an M-PSK Tx-Rx System on Simulink and analyse what the effect of sampling rate reduction would have on it. More, particular I am trying to prove what Nyquist sampling theorem ...
9
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2answers
125 views

Spherical equivalent of Nyquist frequency

Let $\phi$ be a scalar function defined on the surface of a sphere. I have samples of $\phi$ at various locations on the sphere. I want to apply a spherical harmonic transform. I know that $\phi$ is '...
2
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0answers
48 views

Nyquist zero ISI criterion for rectanguar pulses in the frequency domain

Nyquist criterion for zero ISI states that in the frequency domain, the replicas of the frequency characteristic of combined: TX pulse shaping filter - channel - RX pulse shaping filter must add ...
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1answer
32 views

Sampling a signal with varying frequency

Question I'm trying to figure out the sampling rate for my ADC to sample essentially signal essentially of the form: $$y(t) = \sin(\max(t, \omega_{max})\times t) + n$$ where $n$ is noise. Context ...
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1answer
22 views

Perform frequency analysis on grouped pulses

I have a system which consists of individual pulses grouped in trains. The trains have a frequency of 10 Hz, with a timing precision of sub ns. The pulses have a frequency of 2.2 MHz with a timing ...
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2answers
38 views

Passing a sampled signal through a filter

I was wondering why is it wrong to use a band-pass filter on a sampled signal? If the signal we want to sample has frequencies up to fmax, we sample it with frequency fs = 2fmax (so that Nyquist ...
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2answers
147 views

Derivation of Nyquist Frequency and Sampling Theorem [closed]

I have been looking through different sites and questions over the internet about Sampling theory, but couldn’t find the clear definition of how nyquist frequency condition is derived? It would be ...
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2answers
138 views

Nyquist noiseless channel capacity; how can bit-rate be two times the bandwidth?

I'm confused by the Nyquist channel capacity formula. How can channel maximum capacity approach double the bandwidth. $C = 2\times BW \times log_{2}(L)$ bits/sec The way it was explained to me ...
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1answer
86 views

Conclusions of sampling around Nyquist Rate

I'm trying to understand some results of playing around with sampling around a signal's Nyquist sampling rate. For my example, I'm sampling a $B=5\mathrm{Hz}$ wave over a 1 second period. In the ...
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2answers
143 views

Minimum sample frequency of IMU accelerometer and gyroscope

I was wondering how I would justify a sampling rate of 125 Hz for accelerometer and gyroscope data from wearable sensors. This is a rate used in a lot of biomechanics literature, but I can't seem to ...
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4answers
1k views

reconstruction filter - How does it actually work?

I'm trying to form my own understanding on the religious war around using 192kHz as a sampling rate for playback (the Internet seems to have a wealth of material on both sides). I'm struggling to ...
0
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1answer
98 views

One sided frequency spectrum (Matlab vs. Origin)

There are a lot of queries on fft frequency all over the web. I guess the following point not discussed anywhere explicitly. Hope someone can provide an insight here. If we have and even number of ...
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3answers
411 views

Absolute convergence of periodic sinc interpolation

An $N$-periodic complex discrete-time sequence $[x_0, \dots, x_{N-1}]$ can be resampled to an $M$-periodic sequence $[y_0, \dots, y_{M-1}]$ with $M>N$, using sinc interpolation: $$\begin{align}y_m ...
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1answer
263 views

Shannon-Nyquist theorem reconstruct 1Hz sine wave from 2 samples

Lets say I want to set the minimal sampling rate to reconstruct a 1Hz sine wave, according to the Nyquist-Shannon theorem that states that the maximum recoverable frequency is Fs/2 i.e. we must sample ...
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3answers
481 views

Why is the high-pass filter result in a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) downsampled?

From Wikipedia's description of the Discrete Wavelet Transform, a signal yields a set of: approximation coefficients (low-pass: by averaging + downsampling) detail coefficients (high-pass: convolving ...
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1answer
47 views

Nyquist Frequency on semi-unevenly sampled data

I have a data set that has 'kind of' constant sampling rate - it switches between 1 min and 2 min. About 70% of the times, samples are taken every 1 minute, and about 30%, samples are taken every 2 ...
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1answer
40 views

Effect of Nyquist frequency on Fourier transformed data

Upper plot is the original data's plot, and the bottom plot is Fourier transformed data. For the bottom plot, x-axis is the frequency and y-axis is the amplitude. I don't understand the weird behavior ...
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1answer
436 views

Nyquist Maximum data rate formula for PCM

The Nyquist maximum data rate formula for a binary PCM is given by $$C = 2B\log_2L$$ I'm not very sure what "$B$" is here. Is it the bandwidth of the signal being sampled or is it the channel ...
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1answer
61 views

Calculate aliasing of $x_a(t) = \cos{(2\pi300t)} + \cos(2\pi600t)$ when sampled with $F_s = 1000$

I'm asked to sample the signal $$x_a(t) = \cos{(2\pi300t)} + \cos(2\pi600t)$$ with sampling frequency $F_s = 1000$ and plot the magnitude spectrum for the resulting sampled signal. My thinking is ...
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2answers
58 views

In the Sampling Theorem, why are the image frequencies at n*fc not a problem?

In this example I have been working through, we first look at the situation when fs > 2fc and then the situation when it isn't: In the example, the frequency responses of a sampled sinusoid at fc = 5 ...
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0answers
108 views

Aliasing from downsampling and Nyquist

In a book Conceptual Wavelets in Digital Signal Processing by Lee Fugal 2009 on page 246 the author talks about aliasing present in DWT subbands due to downsampling by 2 and states: Recall from DSP ...
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0answers
58 views

Practical Signal Processing by Mark Owen Exercise 2.1. and 2.2

The following exercises don't have answers in Practical Signal Processing by Mark Owen. What is the author looking for here? A mathematical proof? 2.1 A cosine wave of frequency f is sampled at $t = ...
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0answers
21 views

relation between Nyquist sampling theory and regression

Regression is mainly about estimating a function when only a finite number of samples of the function are available. Theories usually care about asymptotic performance as the number of samples tends ...
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2answers
58 views

What exactly is captured in a Sample of the Nyquist-Theorem variety?

I'm new to DSP and was thinking of sampling in the traditional music creation way, in that you capture a sound and play it back, warp it, etc., but when I thought about the Nyquist theorem, I realized ...
2
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1answer
488 views

Nyquist Plot for transfer functions with poles at the origin

I'm learning Nyquist plots and something has been seriously bugging me when treating poles or zeros in the origin. Nyquist plots obtains information based on the argument principle which states "If f(...
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2answers
60 views

How to select the sampling frequency when the input signal frequency is not known

I am trying to observe the noise produced by UPS present in our lab, under no load (a normal running condition when its power is on). As I don't know its frequency range, I have randomly chosen 4 ...
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1answer
81 views

Amplitude Response at greater than half the sampling frequency

I am hoping to clear up some confusion I have. In a lab I am taking, we analyzed the amplitude response of a simple system. We found that as we increased the input signal frequency to greater than ...
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0answers
40 views

Minimum sample frequency that allows reconstruction of information signal but VIOLATES Nyquist?

Say in the frequency spectrum, you have an information signal between (-100, 100) Hz, and a noise signal between (-700, -500) and between (500, 700) Hz. What is the minimum possible sample frequency ...
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1answer
85 views

Nyquist frequency , sampling distance

I have few questions I tried to solve regarding nyquist theorem, and I would like to see your opinion if I'm doing it correctly?(one I know the answer second one not sure). 1.Let $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ be ...
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2answers
100 views

Nyquist sampling

I know that if $f_\mathrm{m}$ is the "Nyquist frequency" (max frequency) and $f_\mathrm{s}$ sampling rate then $f_\mathrm{s}>2f_\mathrm{m}$. Am I correct so far? I have a signal $x(t)$ with max ...
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1answer
86 views

Do Nyquist samples have the same sum as the integral of the signal?

Assume I sample a signal according to the Nyquist criterion. Then I perform a simple summation / integral over a linearly interpolated signal. Is this equivalent to the integral over the continuous ...
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0answers
36 views

Why are patterns repeated in the frequency-power graph of a periodic signal?

The original question was posted here. I have a signal, which I'd like to treat as a non-continuous function now, let it be $signal(t)$. It looks like this: Zoomed in a bit: I create a Lomb-Scargle ...
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1answer
49 views

Nyquist Rate (Sampling Frequency) for $ {f}^{2} \left( x, y \right) $

We are given that $f(x,y)$ is highest frequency is $\omega$ what will be the frequency sample rate if we want to restore the function of the form $g(x,y)=f^2(x,y)$ Would it be correct to say that ...
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2answers
275 views

Why does a higher sampling frequency mess up my bandpass filter?

I was designing a bandpass filter in python using some of the scipy.signal modules. I am plotting the frequency response of my filter to verify that my desired frequency is in the passband. However, ...
0
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1answer
498 views

Calculate bandwidth of a signal for Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem

I have to calculate the minimum sampling frequency for the Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem which is Fc > 2*B, where B is the signal bandwidth. I have this signals: $\text{sinc}^5(t/2 - 4)$ and $\...
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0answers
75 views

Proving Nyquist Sampling theorem for strictly bandlimited signals

I understand that the Nyquist sampling theorem dictates that the minimum sampling frequency, $f_s$, be s.t. $f_s > 2B$, where $ B $, is the bandwidth of the signal. I have read the explanation for ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Effective Nyquist frequency / signal resolution for overlapping time averaged signal samples

Say that I have a continuous signal. If I sample the signal at sampling rate f_sample, then the highest signal frequency that I can resolve without worrying about ...
0
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1answer
63 views

What does the frequency band mean when it comes to finding aliases?

The time signal which i'm trying to find the aliases for is: $$x:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow {\mathbb R}\\\ x(t)=\cos(50t) +2\cos(70t).$$ If the sample period is $T_s = \frac{\pi}{60}$ then according ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Number of discrete samples required for the longest wavelength

I am trying to understand the effect of the critical Nyquist frequency when applying the Goertzel algorithm for estimating the power spectrum of a discrete signal. (Goertzel doesn't really matter, ...
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1answer
29 views

Frequency spectra of a sampled process

I have a process $X$ with frequency spectra I sample this process with sampling frequency $f_s = 2$. What will the frequency spectra $R_z(f)$ of the sampled process $Z$ look like? I realize that ...
0
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2answers
418 views

Higher order harmonics during sampling

I am studying about the sampling theorem in conjunction for ADC. I got little confused while reading about aliased frequencies. I see that as per the Nyquist theorem, the sampling frequency (fs) ...
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1answer
120 views

Is it possible to lose half the samples, and yet see the full spectrogram as the original signal?

Consider an speech audio signal sampled at 16,000 samples per second. Plot its spctrogram. If we delete every other sample from input signal, we get y[n] = x[2n] for all n. It seems that if we plot ...
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1answer
120 views

Follow up question regarding: “Complex sampling can break Nyquist?”

I'm having some trouble understanding the sample rate limitations when considering a complex baseband signal. I understand (based on the linked SE questions below), the either (1) physically ...