# Questions tagged [nyquist]

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155 questions
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### Relation between bandwidth and data rate

I have trouble understanding the following from wikipedia - Bandwidth (Signal Processing) A key characteristic of bandwidth is that any band of a given width can carry the same amount of ...
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### Find minimum sampling rate of non-ideal notch filter

Old test problem: "You have been asked to design a real-time digital filtering system that eliminates a band of frequencies between 20 and 30 MHz but preserves everything else. The system uses an ...
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### Choosing minimum sampling frequency of a filtered signal

I have a time series of acceleration sampled at 1000Hz to capture random impacts on a structure. The ringing of the structure (not of interest) produces noise which a 50Hz filter seems to eliminate ...
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### Sample Frequency - Recommended Practical Nyquist, Lower Used by majorities appications

Doubt1: What is the Lowest Sampling Frequency used by majorities sound applications. Is there limited frequency sampling lower than 8KHz In C/C++? Comment In Java I haven't detected any problem, but ...
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### Difference between Nyquist rate and Nyquist frequency?

So I've been searched online and can't seem to find a clear cut answer to this question. From my understanding, the Nyquist rate is double of the maximum frequency of a signal which Nyquist frequency ...
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### Finding the Nyquist Frequency of Irregularly Sampled Discrete Data

According to L. Eyer et al. (1999), the correct Nyquist frequency of irregularly sampled data is $$\frac{1}{2p}$$ Where $p$ is the largest value such that:  \forall t_i,t_i = t_1 + n_ip \\ \...
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### Benefits of oversampling in a realtime noise-cancellation system

When sampling a signal, it is standard practice to use a sampling rate that is greater than two times the bandwidth of the signal in order to avoid aliasing. The result is then low-pass filtered (and ...
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### Why doesn't the sampling theorem work in this case?

In this example, under "Discussion", we can see that the Nyquist sample rate will result in samples with the value zero only. But why is this? I thought the sampling theorem said that if you sample ...
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### Nyquist Frquency isn't what it is supposed to be

I am new here and also am not very knowledgeable about DSP so this might be dumb and easy. I am aware of the fact that in order to reconstruct a signal, I need to sample it at a frequency that is more ...
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### Nyquist Rate Determination

If the Nyquist rate for xa (t) is Ωs, what is the Nyquist rate for xa(2t)? Will it be the same, increase 2 folds or decrease 2 folds?
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### I still get aliasing of my signal, even though I stay below the Nyquist frequency. What am I missing?

Thanks in advance for any help with my newbie question. I've been consulting quite a large number of resources in order to understand how I can create and playback a nice sawtooth without aliasing, ...
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### Sampling rate: camera resolution when taking a photo of an LCD

Consider a digital camera that faces an LCD and that is perfectly focused on the LCD. The LCD shows an image of $n \times n$ pixels. What resolution does the camera have to have to perfectly capture ...
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### Do we have aliasing with this chip rate and transmission bandwidth

A particular communication system I came across defines chip time to be 0.57 ns and consequently chip rate is 1760 MHz. The transmission bandwidth is 2.16 GHz. I am wondering, do we suspect to have ...
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### Downsampling and Gaussian filtering in the context of scale space pyramids

In the context of scale space image pyramids using Gaussian filters I noticed that it's common to downsample the image after blurring with $\sigma = 2*\sigma_{init}$ . My question is: What is the ...
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### Compressed Sensing vs Common Compression Approaches

I have a very basic question regarding common compressing approaches. Often, I have heard something like "The problem in our common way to compress data is, that we have to acquire a huge number of ...
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### Cannot recreate a simple Nyquist series in Matlab

a Nyquist series should look something like {...-1, 1, -1, 1, ... }, which i think means it is a sine wave sampled at the peaks and valleys exactly. Now, given a sampling rate of 48 Hz, the Nyquist ...
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### nyquist fequency

simple question, but I cant seem to understand how they got the answer. I have $x(t)$ as a signal, and I'm told that its Nyquist frequency is $\omega_0$ I'm asked - what is the Nyquist frequency of ...
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I am trying to identify a system based on input/output response and thereby estimate a transfer function. I generated a frequency sweep function in Mathematica which gives me the discrete values of a ...
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### ISI Nyquist criterion and spectral efficiency

While reading Bernard Sklar's Digital Communications book I've got confused with ISI Nyquist criterion (not Nyquist rate criterion). There is stated (Sklar, 3.3 section) for symbol rate $R_s$ minimum ...
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### 100 kHz sinewave contaminating a signal sampled at 48 kHz

If sampling at a rate of 48 kHz, with no anti-aliasing filter on the input, and the input signal is contaminated by a 100 kHz sine, at what frequency would the sinewave signal appear in the output ...
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### Why remove energy at Nyquist before ifft?

I've heard that you should remove the energy at Nyquist before performing the ifft. Why is it that you can't leave the Nyquist energy there, is there danger of aliasing somehow?
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### Sending a Filtered vs Non-Filtered speech over a Communication Link

To send a $10 \, KHz$ bandwidth of speech (Non Filtered speech), Nyquist criteria says that sampling duration should be $50 \, \mu s$. While for a $4 \, KHz$ bandwidth of filtered speech, sampling ...
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### Nyquist Criterion in higher dimensions

I was just wondering if there were any "obvious" resources, papers, or textbooks I should look into regarding the nyquist-criterion in higher dimensions. For example, this would be relevant if there ...
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### What is the minimum sampling duration to capture a given frequency?

Due to the Nyquist rate, you need to sample twice as fast as the highest frequency you want to measure. Then when you do a FFT the number of samples determines the number of bins and thus the ...
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### Processing 47-53 MHz signal sampled at 96000 Hz

I am fairly new to the topic of DSP and FFT and I have hit a mental block. For a project, I am trying to pick out frequency's with amplitude peaks in a 47-53 MHz signal. This signal is being put ...
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### What is the proof of the equation for the aliased frequency fa = |R*n - fs|?

R (sampling rate) fs (signal being sampled fN (the Nyquist frequency) fa (aliased frequency) I was hoping someone could explain to me why this is true with a more mathematical proof. it seems ...
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### Soft question: Why do we need to reconstruct a signal?

I am currently reviewing the Nyquist criterion which says I need to sample the signal at 2 times the maximum frequency in order to avoid aliasing in the reconstructed signal. My question is that in ...
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### When calculating the Nyquist frequency should carrier frequency be included

This isn't my field, so please forgive any misnomers on my part. I'm looking into buying a amateur radio receiver, and I'm thinking about what sampling rate I need. I'm most interested in satellite ...
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### The Nyquist-Theorm behind the fft

I saw a code in Python in the scipy.org (http://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy-dev/reference/tutorial/fftpack.html) and found this: First question: Is it right that T = 1/800 <==> fs = 800 Hz fulfill ...
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### why Sampling with higher than nyquist frequency is causing aliasing?

fm=20000 and I am sampling following signal at 65000 Hz: ...
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### Relationship between Fs (the Nyquist frequency), and the frequency used with a sine wave

Say you are given a vector t =[...] for the time to be used to generate a sine wave of a certain frequency say FHz. I have all the data for t so I can conclude what dt is (my dt = 1d-5). Now I am to ...
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### Basic sampling problem - could use some advice

I have a problem in my DSP class that I could use some advice with. An analog signal of length 2.5s is sampled with a Nyquist frequency and the sampled sequence has 5001 values. What is the highest ...
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### Can I ignore the Nyquist criterion?

If I have a signal with frequencies up to 2000 Hz but I'm only interested in the frequency range up to 500 Hz, is it correct to sample at 1000 Hz $(f_\mathrm s \geq 2 \cdot f_\mathrm{max})$? Or do I ...
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### Recording square waves at sample frequency

For a project I am working on, I need to incorporate GPS data into an audio file. As things currently are, the easiest way for me is to record the audio in a multi-channel .wav file, and add the GPS ...
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### Minimum Samples Per Chip?

Is there a 'Nyquist Criteria' for the minimum samples per chip that are needed for a correlator? I've heard 2, but will 1 work? What are the implications of having less than the minimum (in the ...
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### How to determine Nyquist Rate

I have the Fourier Transform of a signal. How can I determine the Nyquist Rate of that signal? What is the formula for that?
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### Is phase and amplitude information necessarily lost when undersampling?

Is phase and amplitude information necessarily lost when undersampling if you have a constant periodic single frequency sinusoidal? My second question is: How can one determine the undersampling ...
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### Calculate Max Number Of Harmonics for given Sample Rate?

How do I calculate the maximum number of harmonics a complex wave can have based on the sample rate? Say I Have a 20hz fundamental and a sampling rate of 44100 hz. My instinct is to take 44100/2 = ...
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### Computing shifted signal without first reconstructing

Looking for a solution to the following problem: A signal $x(t)$ is band limited to $B$ Hz, and sampled above the Nyquist rate, with corresponding $f_s = 1/T$. If the sampled signal is given by ...
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### What does “two signals aliasing to each other” mean?

So I just read something that two signals are aliasing to each other. I know what a single signal is being aliased - that is when sampling rate is not higher than or equal to the Nyquist rate. But I ...
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### Does sampling ~> Nyquist frequency capture harmonics?

In a debate on the value of 24b/192KHz consumer audio (using a good brick wall filter, minimal jitter), a friend posed the argument: Nyquist never properly dealt with harmonics, which change sound ...
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### Effects of sampling rate approaching the Nyquist frequency? (not undersampling)

I understand that you need to sample at a frequency greater than or equal to the Nyquist frequency to reconstruct a signal/aliasing etc. I read though that a "more conservative" approach is to sample ...
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### Explanation of binning in frequency analysis post-FFT

I am creating an Android app which records sound for t seconds at a sampling rate of 44.1kHz with a buffer size of 8192 (16 bit mono samples). I need to plot a ...
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### Using under-sampled data, what determinations can be made about the Nyquist rate (correct sampling rate)?

Using under-sampled data, what determinations can be made about the Nyquist rate (correct sampling rate)? If my instrumentation limits me to sampling data at a fixed but insufficient rate what, if ...
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### Nyquist Frequency Phase Shift

The figure below shows in dashed lines sinusoidal signals of the same frequency at three different phase shifts. The signals are then sampled such that the sinusoidal frequency is exactly a half of ...
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### Why do we follow Shannon's Theorem in audio sampling?

My professor told me that in sampling a signal, is not usual to respect the Shannon theorem because the interpolation formula contains sines and fractions which are difficult to calculate with a ...
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### Ignoring Nyquist

What happens if I ignore Nyquist? I have a 16.368MHz digital signal coming out of a GPS front-end chip. My microcontroller (which is reading that digital stream of data) operates at a maximum of ...
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### How are signal bandwidth and MSPS related?

In various software defined radios, there are three important parameters to set when receiving: frequency, bandwidth and MSPS (million samples per second?). What does it mean to receive with a triple ...