Questions tagged [nyquist]

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Bandwidth with complex sampling

On the transmit side, I have a 20 MHz carrier frequency carrying a signal with bandwidth of 40 MHz (so 0 Hz to 40 MHz, center at 20 MHz). On the receive side, I have a dual channel ADC with each ...
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Determine stability of feedback system from open loop transfer function and Nyquist stability criterion gives different results

I'm confused due to the fact that the Nyquist stability criterion and looking at the transfer function doesn't give the same results whether a feedback system is stable or not. When I have the system ...
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I need help in understanding “Nyquist Criterion” definition

I am researching the split-step parabolic equation and its split step solution as in: Ozgun, Ozlem & Apaydin, Gokhan & Kuzuoglu, Mustafa & Sevgi, Levent. (2011). PETOOL: MATLAB-based one-...
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Why the Nyquist frequency is 0.5 of Fs, why not 0.55 or 0.65?, brief explanation [duplicate]

This my elaboration of the aliasing issue: a continuous signal can be represented by factors of : $e^{(i2{\pi}ft)}$ if we sample this signal then I will get: $e^{(i2{\pi}fk/N)}$ where $k=0,1,2.., N-1$ ...
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aliasing in image processing

I know that aliasing occurs when a signal is subsampled. If the sampling rate is lower than twice the max frequency in a signal, aliasing occurs. How is it in pictures? as far as I know, a sinc-filter ...
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1answer
79 views

Sample rates, Samples per Symbol, and Digital Pulse Shaping

Having some confusion about digital pulse shaping for complex baseband (passband) signals. The complex baseband linear modulation equation is $$s(t)=\sum_{m=-\infty}^{\infty}\text{Re}\{a_m\}h(t-mT)+j\...
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1answer
78 views

What does the frequency band mean when it comes to finding aliases?

The time signal which i'm trying to find the aliases for is: $$x:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow {\mathbb R}\\\ x(t)=\cos(50t) +2\cos(70t).$$ If the sample period is $T_s = \frac{\pi}{60}$ then according ...
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60 views

When do we divide by $2\pi$ while solving Nyquist problems?

I slightly lost the tempo in the course for a couple of days, so I apologies for the noob question if seemed so. Why do we divide by $2\pi$ in Nyquist problems sometimes and sometimes not? I saw there ...
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174 views

Spherical equivalent of Nyquist frequency

Let $\phi$ be a scalar function defined on the surface of a sphere. I have samples of $\phi$ at various locations on the sphere. I want to apply a spherical harmonic transform. I know that $\phi$ is '...
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5answers
112 views

Positive and negative frequencies in DFT due to frequency folding, or due to negatively indexed frequencies?

When I look for the cause of the mirroring of frequencies in DFT output, I get two types of explanations: The first one which says the frequencies are mirrored because of the complex exponential ...
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1answer
17 views

What is an example of using aliasing to your advantage when recovering an input signal?

Suppose you have an arbitrary analog input signal $x_a(t)$ guaranteed to have frequencies within a bandwidth $[f_1,f_2]$ Hz. Suppose your sampling frequency $F_s$Hz, and sample $x_a(t)$ to produce $...
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1answer
37 views

Multichannel sampling with aliasing

if i have 2 sensors, sensor1 and sensor2, that sample a signal on complementary points so that sensor2 samples always between sensor1s sampling points. can I achieve the doubled sampling rate with the ...
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1answer
43 views

Cross Domain Equivalent to Nyquist Sampling Theorem?

In attempting to answer this question by @Oliver here: What characterizies 'causality' for a finite FFT? I have considered the minimum requirement to avoid time domain aliasing in the Discrete ...
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70 views

Nyquist Rate of cosine modulated function

Here's my understanding: $$y(t) = x(t)~ \cos(\Omega_0 t)$$ I take the Fourier transform of y(t) and I get this result: $$Y(\Omega) = \frac{1}{2}X(\Omega - \Omega_0) + \frac{1}{2}X(\Omega + \...
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1answer
96 views

Sub nyquist sampling, required number of samples for time sparse grouped signals

Question: Does it make sense to perform compressed sampling if the non zero samples are grouped in time? If so, what is the minimal length of the vector x that should be acquired to allow full signal ...
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1answer
64 views

creating this famous basic nyquist theory photo

Hello i ha built this code which create a only one replica of the data, how can i create the whole photo shown bellow of many cycles as shown bellow? i read in the internet that zero padding could ...
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1answer
32 views

Perform frequency analysis on grouped pulses

I have a system which consists of individual pulses grouped in trains. The trains have a frequency of 10 Hz, with a timing precision of sub ns. The pulses have a frequency of 2.2 MHz with a timing ...
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1answer
534 views

Stability of open-loop transfer function from its Nyquist plot

I am facing a confusion on understanding system open-loop transfer function stability from its Nyquist plot. According to the formula, for open loop transfer function stability: $$Z=N+P=0$$ where $N$ ...
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2answers
103 views

Sampling and Reconstruction of digital signal in Matlab

I'm trying to write a program in Matlab that samples (using Nyquist theorem) and recovers signal. However, I cannot write sampling part for sum of 2 signal. ...
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2answers
92 views

Nyquist Theorem adding two same frequency near to Nyquist Frequency with phase shift

This is my first question on this platform. Sorry if I made mistakes. What happens if we add two or more same frequency signals near to Nyquist Frequency with phase shift and sample them? For ...
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Link between DFS, DFT, DTFT

My understanding of DFT is as follows For a signal $x[n]$ of finite-length, the DFT is DFS of the periodic extension, $\tilde{x}[n]$, of that signal $x[n]$ and also another way to view DFT is that it’...
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How to select the sampling frequency when the input signal frequency is not known

I am trying to observe the noise produced by UPS present in our lab, under no load (a normal running condition when its power is on). As I don't know its frequency range, I have randomly chosen 4 ...
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1answer
41 views

Whats the difference between spatial and temporal resolution?

Iam trying to understand how super-resolution works. But i think i have not understood correctly the difference between the optical resolution (spatial resolution?) and the resolution i know from a ...
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3answers
76 views

Upsampling with time offsets

Suppose I have done 4x oversampling for a continuous time signal, but the successive sampling times have a linearly increasing offset. Specifically, the samples with indices {4k; k=0, 1, 2,...} are ...
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2answers
640 views

Nyquist frequency and DC

Im studying the DSP book by Steven W. Smith. On page 41 he covers the Nyquist frequency. He makes up an example by writing the following. ... consider an analog signal composed of frequencies ...
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0answers
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Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem: implications on matching data records?

I have two data records $R_1$ and $R_2$ with sampling periods $T_1$ and $T_2$, where $T_1$ < $T_2$. These records arise from sampling and filtering two signals to remove any noise (including ...
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42 views

does aliasing occur always if i sample a vibration in real world applications?

I was reading about the aliasing effect and nyquist. I understand that aliasing effect occurs if the sampling rate is lower than twice the maximum frequency in the signal I want to sample. So I was ...
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1answer
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Nyquist theorem vs sampling theorem vs shannon sampling theorem?

Is there any difference between these three?or these are just three names of same theorem?
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23 views

How to estimate the frequency of a feature in an image?

I have a background in the 1-D signal analysis but I am totally new to image analysis. I would appreciate any help. Given the following original image and the downsampled image, as you could see, ...
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5answers
205 views

Reconstructing/interpolating small regions of a bandlimited signal by taking the fewest possible samples

I have a signal which is bandlimited and can be sampled at arbitrary continuous positions. The value at any position is given by an expensive computation. I need to do some further computation on ...
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5answers
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A question about sampling rate of cosine signal

Given $$c(t) = \cos(2\pi\cdot 30 \cdot t) $$ If we sample this signal at the Nyquist rate 60 Hz and at a higher rate of 80 Hz, we get the following: There is no aliasing as $f$ = 30 Hz is less than ...
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1answer
4k views

No of samples 4mega samples per second,using 8 bit ADC,V p_p is6V. calculate frequency and peak power

This place has been great in helping me to understand my online image and signals class! I've moved on to another question and wanted to see if I'm correctly grasping the subject. The next question ...
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2answers
99 views

anti-alias filter of square pulses

I'm trying to determine whether or not an anti-alias filter is needed for sampling square waves. The goal is to sample square wave pulses from a video detector with an ADC, do some time-domain digital ...
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2answers
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Understanding the Conditions for Recovering a Discrete Time Signal Through Sampling

So, we had a very brief introduction to the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem (the discrete time version). While discussing this, we have seen that multiplying a discrete time signal $x[n]$ by an ...
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1answer
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Downsampling and Gaussian Filtering in the Context of Scale Space Pyramids

In the context of scale space image pyramids using Gaussian filters I noticed that it's common to downsample the image after blurring with $\sigma = 2*\sigma_{init}$ . My question is: What is the ...
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1answer
79 views

Bandwidth computation for NRZ baseband transmission scheme

In Andrew Tanenbaum's book on Computer Networks, while explaining about bandwidth of a NRZ (Non Return to Zero) baseband transmission scheme, he says the following: With NRZ, the signal may cycle ...
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1answer
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How do I apply the Nyquist criterion on the following spectrum to see if it satisfies the criterion or not?

I am trying to find out if the pulse in the figure satisfies the Nyquist criterion for a modulation interval T. I'm used to the Nyqusit frequency, but I cannot grasp what the Nyquist criterion is ...
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2answers
89 views

What is the right way to downsample using Fourier method?

I want to know what is the right way to downsample a sampled signal using Fourier transform as the implementation in scipy.signal.resample confuses me. Reading ...
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1answer
82 views

How to determine sampling frequency for an x(t) signal avoiding aliasing?

The antitransform of the function is given: $ \hat{x}(f) = \frac{123 + i246\pi f}{246 - 24600 \pi^2 f^2 + i4920\pi f} $ I'm asked to determine which frequency can I sample using the function x(t) ...
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1answer
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Nyquist sampling theorem / Nyquist - Shannon theorem evaluation over M-PSK

I am trying to simulate an M-PSK Tx-Rx System on Simulink and analyse what the effect of sampling rate reduction would have on it. More, particular I am trying to prove what Nyquist sampling theorem ...
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Nyquist zero ISI criterion for rectanguar pulses in the frequency domain

Nyquist criterion for zero ISI states that in the frequency domain, the replicas of the frequency characteristic of combined: TX pulse shaping filter - channel - RX pulse shaping filter must add ...
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1answer
39 views

Sampling a signal with varying frequency

Question I'm trying to figure out the sampling rate for my ADC to sample essentially signal essentially of the form: $$y(t) = \sin(\max(t, \omega_{max})\times t) + n$$ where $n$ is noise. Context This ...
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2answers
54 views

Passing a sampled signal through a filter

I was wondering why is it wrong to use a band-pass filter on a sampled signal? If the signal we want to sample has frequencies up to fmax, we sample it with frequency fs = 2fmax (so that Nyquist ...
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428 views

Derivation of Nyquist Frequency and Sampling Theorem [closed]

I have been looking through different sites and questions over the internet about Sampling theory, but couldn’t find the clear definition of how nyquist frequency condition is derived? It would be ...
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571 views

Compensation for Irregular Time Step for DFT (FFT)

I want to run a clustering algorithm (svm, knn) on the ferquency spectrum data of a temperature sensor that published at irregular times. Here is the temperature data to take the FFT: I got the ...
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2answers
556 views

Where can I find an authoritative (peer-reviewed or textbook) reference to sampling-induced beating?

I presume we are all here well aware about foldback aliasing when sampling signals above the Nyquist frequency; i.e. half the sampling rate. By contrast, the phenomenon of beating occurs when ...
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379 views

Nyquist noiseless channel capacity; how can bit-rate be two times the bandwidth?

I'm confused by the Nyquist channel capacity formula. How can channel maximum capacity approach double the bandwidth. $C = 2\times BW \times log_{2}(L)$ bits/sec The way it was explained to me ...
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1answer
264 views

Conclusions of sampling around Nyquist Rate

I'm trying to understand some results of playing around with sampling around a signal's Nyquist sampling rate. For my example, I'm sampling a $B=5\mathrm{Hz}$ wave over a 1 second period. In the ...
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448 views

Minimum sample frequency of IMU accelerometer and gyroscope

I was wondering how I would justify a sampling rate of 125 Hz for accelerometer and gyroscope data from wearable sensors. This is a rate used in a lot of biomechanics literature, but I can't seem to ...