# Questions tagged [non-linear]

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### How to find a system without an input $x[n]$ is linear or non linear

The question is this: $$y[n] = \cos\left(\frac{5\pi}{8}n + \frac{\pi}{4}\right)$$ This is what my teacher said when I asked him for help-: In any system, inputs are not given, then we have to assume ...
19 views

### EMD code question in finding local max/min points

Trying to understand the following part of the EMD code taken from (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/55448-empirical-mode-decomposition-animation?s_tid=prof_contriblnk) ...
26 views

### what is the correct order of applying a nonlinear operation and downsampling (with anti-aliasing)

In UltraSound imaging, after beam-forming and obtaining the envelope, Log-compression which is a non-linear operation and scan conversion which is a 2D interpolation (with inherent down-sampling) is ...
49 views

### Analysis of the ratio of two moving average filters

I have created a basic segmentation algorithm for 1-D signals (e.g. audio) based on a ratio of energy averages. The classification rule involves comparing the signal energy measured over a short time ...
17 views

### How to solve Lorentzian equation in matlab with once unknown variable

I am trying to solve Lorentzian in maltab but unable to get expected result. My equation is as follow - ...
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### Applying Superposition Property : $x^{2}[n]$ vs $x[n^{2}]$

If we consider the mapping $\mathcal{H} : x[n]\mapsto y[n]$ and define the following output signal $y_{1}[n]:=\mathcal{H}\{x[n]\}:=x^{2}[n]$, then one can easily verify that such system is non-linear ...
114 views

### How to find the output mean and autocorrelation of a non-linear system

I need help with this question. I am sure this is the right StackExchange forum for this type of question. Consider a nonlinear device such that the output is $Y(t) = aX^2(t)$, where the input X(t) ...
78 views

### Can I measure non-linearity of a line echo path?

I'm dealing with an echo signal from a hybrid. An echo path includes DAC, the hybrid, ADC and the line infrastructure. I can see, that after using a digital linear echo-canceller the residual echo ...
32 views

### Offline State Estimation

Imagine I have a nonlinear system: $$\frac{\text{d} x}{\text{d} t} = f(x,t)\\ y = g(x).$$ I can design a nonlinear observer to estimate the state $x$ based on the measurements $y$. However, this ...
60 views

### Determine if system is linear time variant

The system equation is given as: $$y(n)=(n-1)x(n-1)+(n+1)x(n+1)$$ I solved that the system is time variant: \begin{align} y(n-k)&=(n-k-1)x(n-k-1)+(n-k+1)x(n-k+1)\\ H[x(n-k)]&=(n-1)x(n-k-1)+(n+...
35 views

### Discrete representation of a signal that has unevenly spaced samples in frequency

I'd like to describe a problem that I've been struggling with for a while. I want to apologize in advance due to the long text. I just want to be as clear as possible in my first post. Consider the ...
127 views

### Efficient implementation of spike removal

I have implemented the moving median absolute deviation (moving MAD) and it seems like bit-exact to Matlab's implementation. Nevertheless, I am sure that it is not efficient. The usual median filter ...
52 views

### Lifting scheme versus filter banks

I am having some trouble understanding the intuitive connection between the two. I worked through all the theory and learned that Sweldens showed how to derive lifting steps when having admissible ...
37 views

### How to find the value of regularization parameter/s when having one or multiple priors

I am working on a image reconstruction framework, specifically interferometry. In simple words we have data that is pertubated by noise, say $$V^o_i = V_i + \sigma_i$$ Where $V^o$ is a complex ...
57 views

### Numerical differentiation on circular data

I have multiple time series of position data (x, y, z) and orientation data expressed as Euler/Tait-Bryan angles (yaw, pitch, roll) obtained from a head tracking device. I need to obtain velocity ...
28 views

### What does an ADC DNL specification mean, exactly?

I'm looking at the differential non-linearity specification for an Analog-Digital converter. The spec sheet claims that the DNL ranges from -1LSB to +1LSB, with a typical value of $\pm$0.6LSB. What ...
51 views

### Erosion compotition rule $\left ( f \ominus g \right ) \ominus h = f \ominus \left (g \oplus h \right )$

I want to prove that erosion of a signal by a function $g$ followed by erosion with another function $h$ is equivalent to erosion of the signal by the dilation of the two functions (Erosion property): ...
64 views

### STFT Reconstruction After Modification

Why do we want to minimize the difference between the two signals the original one and the modified one when all we want is the modified constructed signal? What is the purpose of making it the ...
34 views

### FSK carrier frequency estimation in non equiprobable data

We know that in equiprobable data,change in phase over a time interval, this result will be directly proportional to frequency: f∝Im(s(n)s(n−1)∗) Where s(n) is the normalized complex FSK time domain ...
97 views

### Total Harmonic Distortion THD for the rectifier

I have a circuit with rectifier and this cause the non-linearity and consequently harmonic. I show it on the oscilloscope and then collect the signal from the oscilloscope to the computer by using the ...
66 views

### How to quantify phase distortion of a filter specific to a signal?

For example, a EKG input signal is filtered with a known transfer function that does not have linear phase. How do you quantify the phase distortion of the output signal given you have the input? I ...
28 views

### How to find the solution of nonlinear least square (NLS) equation for freqeuncy estimation

I am struggling to understand the theory of parametric methods for power spectral estimations of line spectra. And I want to find the solution of nonlinear least square (NLS) method for estimating ...
39 views

### Nonlinear model identification [closed]

I need to build nonlinear model having recorded input/output data. The object is not simple and linear model will fail for sure. What other options exist besides Least Mean Squares? I need to ...
174 views

### As of 2019, which discrete nonlinear, time-invariant systems with memory are considered “easy” to model and identify?

There are several types of discrete nonlinear time-invariant systems with memory ("NTIM") which are considered "easy" to model and identify. Any such system can be represented using a Volterra series, ...
234 views

### Having difficulty checking for time invariance of discrete system

A system is given with the following equation: $$y(n) = 3y^2 (n-1) - nx(n) + 4x(n-1) - 2x(n+1)$$ I need to check for the linearity and time invariance of the system. By just looking at the equation I ...
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### How to correct phase of Diagonal Volterra kernels obtained with exponential sweep sine?

I'm trying to model a non-linear system using non-linear convolution with Novak's (2010) synchronized exponential sine weep (SESS) that models them with a Generalized Hammerstein (Volterra diagonal). ...
2k views

### Volterra Kernel Convolution Method

Here I understand that the first term is a simple convolution of the input signal with first volterra kernel that I have acquired through farina sweep method, my question is if the second term is the ...
69 views

### Attenuating peaks of a signal in a specific direction

Consider a segment of a time-domain signal shown in the following graph and the two marked peaks, the first one facing downwards (in red) and the second one facing upwards (in black). I would like to ...
128 views

### Effect of nonlinear transformation on digital signal

Currently, I know that by passing a band-limited baseband digital signal through a nonlinear system results in the expansion of the original signal's bandwidth and creates harmonics. Therefore, I ...