# Questions tagged [noise]

In signal processing noise can be considered random unwanted data without meaning.

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### Ambient noise levels in desert and recording studio

Are there mathematical models which suggest which of the two - desert or recording studio - is likely to be quieter? I would think a recording studio would be quieter than a desert. Is there a ...
24 views

### ICA for Noise Reduction over a Dataset

Suppose my dataset consists of $N$ example vectors $\mathbf{x}_{1}, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_{N}$ where $\mathbf{x}_{n} \in \mathbb{R}^{p}$ $\forall n$. I assume that each vector $\mathbf{x}_{n}$ is ...
516 views

### Removing background noise algorithm

What is the algorithm for removing background noise from an audio clip of human speech? Say I have a 10 second audio clip of somebody talking, and there is background noise of them tapping on their ...
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### SINR is 3-tap zero forcing filter

I have a following toy example: received signal: $y[n] = x[n] - x[n-1] + z[n]$ and with $\text{Pr}(x[n]=1)=0.3=\text{Pr}(x[n]=-1)$ and $\text{Pr}(x[n]=0)=0.4$ and $z[n]$ is a Gaussian distribution. I ...
222 views

### Detection Bandwidth for Noise Power Calculation

I am trying to calculate the $P_{noise}$ in an experimental setup, such as given below. The DUT is excited at a predefined frequency, $f$ , with power $P_\text{in}$. The total power is measured by the ...
294 views

### How to find out the noise level of a signal

Is it possible to find the amount of noise or SNR of a signal from its time series output? For example; let x = randn(100,1) and ...
142 views

### Gaussian signal generation

Edit: Could the following be the answer? Generate WGN-like-signal which is centered around a set dBm value. Treat that signal like it was a frequency domain representation of an unknown X time-domain ...
159 views

### Kronecker delta instead of dirac delta as correlation function of white noise

From my understanding, if you have a sample $x_{t_1},\dots,x_{t_n}$ of $X_{t_1},\dots,X_{t_n}$ which are iid $N(0,1)$, then $x_{t_1},\dots,x_{t_n}$ is a sample path of Gaussian white noise. However, ...
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### Least square error channel estimation in the presence of AWGN noise

I want to implement Least Square (LS) channel estimation method in the presense of AWGN noise in MATLAB. $y(n) = x(n) * h(n)$ $Y(k) = X(k)H(K)$ Y(k) is the received signal in frequency ...
27 views

### Dirty Image Quality Assesment Measure

I was looking for a way to measure how dirty is the document in image processing. Example images below: a. Dirty Backgrounds b. Dirty Backgrounds with Text Can someone give me an initial idea to ...
247 views

### Is noise figure dependent on input noise power?

I was reading about Noise Figure on Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noise_figure). There, I saw the following definition: The noise factor is thus the ratio of actual output noise to that ...
111 views

### How to simulate (in matlab or c) power spectrum of random brownian noise signal?

I have a semi random noise signal, it does have some periodicity however. I can estimate the power spectrum (of the blue signal, I thought that it would be more clear, because white noise is flat, ...
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### How do I find variance from the PSD of a stochastic process?

I have a time series that consists of noise and a signal, shown here windowed and Wiener filtered: and the PSD of just the noise (used in filtering): I want to find the variance of the noise using ...
133 views

### why does my integrator perform noise shaping?

I am designing (in matlab) a simple system with a DC signal at 0 Hz and some added noise. I am performing a differentiation of the signal (by simply subtracting the last values from each other), next ...
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### How to add a particular noise on a signal?

I have a simple ADC model (an input signal == sampled signal ). The adc should be modelled as with following values: 1.5 V (peak to peak).. meaning --> +1.5 V --> 0 dBFS ... how to do this ? The ...
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### What happens to crosscorrelation of two noise generator if one of them were to be inverted

I have two noise generator u1 and u2 and their crosscorrelation is given, what will happen to this crosscorrelation if u2 or u1 were to be inverted?
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### Whitening Filter for Noise Estimation

The signal I'm working on includes some noise which is I assume Gaussian white noise with zero mean and an arbitrary variance. So, it is like; ...
117 views

### Torque signal fft

I have the following torque signal picked up with a 10.240Hz sampling rate from a testbench. I am studying its fft which I create on Octave with the following code: ...
280 views