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Questions tagged [mfcc]

Related to the calculation, verification, usage, and requirements for Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients.

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38 views

How to overcome different MFCC coefficients distributions from different speech datasets?

I am using MFCC values as features for a machine learning model of speech, detecting age from a voice recording of a person. I work with voice datasets I found on the web: common-voice and vctk. ...
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2answers
23 views

why the MFCC is gender indenpend and used for isolated word recognition

I think female and male have total different MFCC feature for same word such as "one", but why the MFCC could be used for isolated word recognition which use the same HMM model for the same word ...
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1answer
18 views

What does mean when we say mel scale reflects how humans hear musical tone [duplicate]

According to the standard mel frequency conversion formula, the mel frequency corresponding to 10000 Hz is 3073.22. Does it mean human ears perceive 10000 Hz frequency of any sound as 3073.22 Hz?
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5 views

Noising audio in MFCC space

I am training up an audio recognition neural network using MFCCs. Its been shown to be very beneficial to artifically add noising and reverb of the original audio when training a neural network (Data ...
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0answers
28 views

Using MFCC and DTW for clustering music

There are lots of information on the web about using MFCC features and DTW distance between voice signals to measure their similarity. I have been thinking of using these methods to cluster music ...
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1answer
58 views

How can I modify a sound signal based on it's MFCC

I'm working on an NN algorithm with which I want to filter noise from sound signals. I have some clean speech sound samples and noise samples, by combining them I get the signal that I want to filter....
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0answers
14 views

inaudible part of signal in MFC transform

MFC transform eventually captures a good portion of the humanly intelligible part of audio signals. I was wondering at which steps of the transform is the inaudible part of the signal rejected? Is it ...
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0answers
66 views

Audio Feature Extraction MFCC & LPC (MATLAB)

I'm doing gunshot recognition project using MATLAB and on feature extraction stage I'm stuck at MFCC and LPC extraction. I want to calculate 8th order LPC and first 13 MFCC's. But when I used ...
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1answer
41 views

audio signal reconstruction from MFCC

Transforming an audio signal to Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients is broadly used in tasks involving learning on audio. I was wondering, is this transform invertible with some good approximability ...
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0answers
23 views

MFCC feature vector

I want to extract the MFCC feature vector of PCM data into a wav file. Is there a way to extract pitch intensity from MFCC feature vectors?
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1answer
50 views

Fast Fourier Transform using numpy

I am a computer science student and didn't really have signal processing as a subject. Maybe I should be clear on the concepts of sampling rate and frequency of the signal but I am a little confused. ...
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1answer
115 views

Two voice pronunciation comparison similarity MFCC + DTW

Calculate each MFCC to compare wave file A and wave file B, and then use FastDTW to measure the distance after two sets of MFCCs. We compared the four wave files and obtained the Euclidean distance ...
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14 views

Constants in Triangular Filter Bank

In various implementation for the triangular filterbanks for MFCC computations, I see the following constants but they are not commented/annotated. E.g. in https://github.com/alvations/...
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34 views

MFCC Feature Reduction for Similarity Search

I'm working on creating song level features for music tracks. ...
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1answer
33 views

How does a telephone change your voice? [closed]

Is it due to vocal length normalization during MFCC? Please be kind enough to explain.
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1answer
113 views

MFCC window size at different sampling rates

The general recommendation for window size when calculating MFCC seems to be 20-40 msec. This is most often recommended in a context of 16000 samples per second, so leading to a window containing 320-...
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1answer
77 views

Given MFCC values for some wav’s, how can I easily tell if all speakers are the same?

Context: for a research project I have at regular times a batch of wav files with recordings of voice. The hypothesis is that all speakers in a batch are the same, but there might be 1 or a few “...
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82 views

issue with the MFCC and GMM for audio recognition

i am working on a project related to audio events recognition in real time like a door bell, baby crying, footstep, I have 9 categories of sound events so the first step i did was getting many wav ...
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78 views

issue in the mfcc function in java and matlab,not the same

I am working on a project for recognizing and identifying the sounds in real time(like baby crying, birds, door knocking...)by java, so I made a model by using audio files for 9 categories of sound by ...
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0answers
102 views

Why MFCC have varying length dimensions?

I have recently started to use MFCC as a feature for a project. However, I am unable to understand why MFCC have varying 2nd dimension size even when I chose the number of coefficients to be 40.
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24 views

How to calculate the time from the frame number in mfcc. would be helpful if any formula is suggested. fs=16000,overlap=10ms

Speech signal processing How to calculate the time from the frame number in mfcc. would be helpful if any formula is suggested. fs=16000,overlap=10ms
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0answers
17 views

Estimating a distribution of feature of sound based on a factor

I am currently working on creating a model of sound of inside of a car based on speed. To be specific, making a Gaussian distribution of MFCC(13 dim) for each speed, i.e. car running at 30 kmph, ...
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1answer
36 views

Speech Processing applications: stereo data for features

I am working on speech databases that have a stereo format. I want to extract spectral information (Mel-filterbanks, MFCC, LPCC) and also some other prosody features like the fundamental Frequency F0. ...
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2answers
62 views

Is there such thing as harmony independent timbre characteristic of a sound?

I was wondering if any of you know about any technique to extract a harmony (e.g. harmony in a shape of a chromagram) independent timbre characteristic of a sound frame. What I'm after is a version ...
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43 views

Derivative of a MFCC matrix

While reading this (see feature extraction section, subsection 4.1), I came across the following: The per-frame values for each coefficient are summarized across time using the following summary ...
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1answer
222 views

Machine Learning - any suggestions to solve Python rounding errors?

I am working with Python to isolate voiced segments from music using the Jamendo corpus for singing detection. Training a model, I break my audio into frames, and have a label (0,1) for each frame. ...
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167 views

Rookie Question regarding hop length and MFCC

Apologies for the basic question but I am a data scientist dipping my toes into the world of digital signal processing for the first time and have ran into an issue which is preventing me from running ...
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63 views

non-Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients

I'm trying to summarize the frequency domain information of an electrical signal as a feature engineering step for a machine learning algorithm. My hypothesis is that an anomaly will appear in the ...
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0answers
161 views

How to combine/append mfcc features with rmse and fft using librosa in python 2.7

I have an audio file say myfile.wav I trained a neural network based on fft features, and it is giving pretty good results for detecting particular classes of sounds. I want to expand above ...
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0answers
16 views

MFFC - Source moving towards the recorder in time

I'm doing my master thesis, it's about classifying ships using sonars. I'm using MFCC to extract the features. The question that I have is, since the ship will move towards the sonar in time, will I ...
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46 views

merge frame features matrix to one vector that describe the whole signal

I am trying to build a speaker identification system I use mfcc feature and lpcc feature first I split each sound into frames and compute mfcc and lpcc feature for each frame finally I have 379 frames ...
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1answer
166 views

The origin of constants in mel-scale formula

To convert frequency to mel, we usually use formula: $$\mathrm{mel}(f) = 1127 \ln \left(1 + \frac{f}{700}\right)$$ I wonder where are $1127$ and $700$ came from? I've read the paper which ...
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1answer
78 views

Mathematical reason for MCPP in audio recognition?

MCPP uses a weird graph of human phychoacoustics measurements called MEL scale to process digital audio. Why is MEL used in DSP voice recognition if it's based on logarithmic human perception, and ...
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3answers
101 views

Features Used for Instrument Recognition?

I'm building a neural network for instrument recognition based on the IRMAS data set. However, I'm a bit at a loss for what features to use. MFCC seems to be quite popular but extracting this per ...
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1answer
107 views

Synchronizing 2 seperate speech audio signals

I have two speech signals: one with a man reading a passage, and one with a woman reading the same passage. I want to synchronize these signals so that, for each word, their readings line up. The ...
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1answer
159 views

MFCC in Speech Recognition and ANN

I have a dataset with over 2000 examples of digits (0 to 9) recorded on wav files. I'm trying to process these files with MFCC so that later I could train an Artificial Neural Network (ANN). My ...
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1answer
61 views

Trouble understanding an article about MFCC

I'm willing to apply the same audio preparation that this article page 3. However, I don't understand the final part : ...
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2answers
556 views

Is it possible to apply a frequency filter a time domain signal?

Is it possible to frequency filter a time domain signal, without converting the signal to a frequency domain.. My question comes in regards how MFCC according to wiki and other pages describe the ...
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0answers
40 views

Why the $\tt filtbankm$ function returns $\tt 1+floor(n/2)$ samples?

I'm just trying to simulate the MFCC algorithm by different separated blocks in Simulink. so, for applying triangular Mel filters in to $\lvert \mathrm{FFT}\rvert^2$ , I've tried to use ...
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1answer
541 views

MFCC delta: How to compute delta, in real time, with no future frames?

I am trying to compute Delta coefficients for real-time audio analysis. As far as I know, a valid formula is: $$d_t= \frac{\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{N}n\left(c_{t+n}-c_{t-n}\right)}{2\displaystyle\...
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0answers
173 views

How to use frame based audio features for machine learning

I have an audio recording (wav file) that is 2 seconds long. That is my sample and it needs to be classified as [class_A] or [class_B]. To extract MFCC features, I divided the sample into frames (183 ...
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2answers
501 views

Using k Nearest Neighbour & Dynamic Time Warping for keyword spotting

As stated in the title, I am currently researching a method using k-NN, specifically, as either an alternative or as a supplement to the DTW algorithm in keyword spotting based on MFCC. I have read ...
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1answer
148 views

Signal Processing and Emotion Recognition

I have to write a paper on emotion recognition. More specifically on how different parameters affect the algorithms effectiveness. I have already read a lot about this and done research using ...
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1answer
584 views

Applying dtw on mfcc

I have calculated 26 MFCCs for two sample speech data. My mfcc matrices thus contain 26 columns and 120 rows each, where 120 is the number of frames. Now I want to apply DTW on them and I am doing ...
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1answer
2k views

What's the correct graphical interpretation of a series of MFCC vectors?

I'm studying speech-recognition, in particular the use of MFCC for feature extraction. All examples I've found online tend to graph a series of MFCC extracted from a particular utterance as follows (...
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1answer
81 views

What is the use of perception calculation in Speaker Identification?

I'm currently trying to find audio features to train a neural network that distinguishes people, and I came across MFCC which is used a lot for speech verification. As far as I understand the ...
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0answers
71 views

Can MFCC consist any zero values?

After extracting audio features using some library, I just realized that sometimes it (MFCC) might or might not have zero values. At what time/event does MFCC could have zero values? Because it's (...
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2answers
318 views

Music recommendation by Cepstral coefficients

I have to make a music recommender system by taking signal features. I have decided to take MFCC coefficients as feature vector. So I extracted a dataset of 13 MFCC coefficients for each song. Here ...
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1answer
409 views

Comparing band-pass filters and convolutional kernels?

I am currently working on extracting features for speech recognition purposes. I wanted to try an approach similar to MFCC features in which the center frequency of each band pass filters are placed ...
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0answers
64 views

Is it possible to classify sounds from one long sound file?

I was successfully able to classify sounds by training and testing MFCC of separate sound files (a short file for each class). My question is whether I can classify sounds (e.g. vehicle engine sounds) ...