Questions tagged [measurement]

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20 views

Direct path and reflections of ultrasound transmission

I am using the following system: Ultrasonic chirp signals with central frequency 100kHz are being transmitted using ultrasonic sensor. After the transmission through the medium(air/solid/liquid/...
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1answer
21 views

Oversample or undersample correlated noise?

I wish to measure nontrivial (non-Gaussian) broadband current noise for its distribution and power spectral density. The noise is amplified (with transimpedance amplifier) with some characteristic ...
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0answers
31 views

How to determine number of observations based on measurement frequency?

So I'm working on a problem where I'm measuring a signal with two different instruments -- one is a low frequency measurement system (1 Hz), and the other is a high frequency measurement system (200 ...
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1answer
30 views

Measuring THD using consumer sound card

I am trying to measure (estimate) THD of an audio path using a consumer sound card. The idea is that I do two measurements, one without the system being measured in the path and one with it: ...
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2answers
74 views

Proof that spectrum analyzer measures mathematical Power Spectral Density

It seems to me the power spectral density (PSD) is defined as follows. Consider a signal $X(t)$ The windowed version of this signal is Consider a signal $X(t)$. We defined a time-windowed version of $...
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1answer
24 views

how to get the location long and lat out of the raw measurements?

I'am making a research about GNSS I used GNSS logger to collect measurements but couldn't understand how these measurements turn into location of long and lat? the picture below of the measurements ...
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0answers
22 views

Dirty Image Quality Assesment Measure

I was looking for a way to measure how dirty is the document in image processing. Example images below: a. Dirty Backgrounds b. Dirty Backgrounds with Text Can someone give me an initial idea to ...
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1answer
40 views

Phase difference measurement of a 100 kHz tone

I would like to measure the phase difference of a 100 kHz tone. The tone is transmitted and then received. The received tone is sampled using an 1 MHz 12 bit ADC(IQ) and the SNR is at least 35 dB. ...
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1answer
23 views

Can a Kalman Filter Be Applied Using Measurement-Space Dependent Sensors?

I'm currently attempting to apply a Kalman filter to track the angular position, velocity, and acceleration of a bike wheel, and I'm having a lot of trouble, so I want to check if I'm even applying ...
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0answers
11 views

Measure that Compares an Actual Old Document from a Synthetic Old Document

I have collected dirty background images, below is the sample: I have also a collection of an actual image of a dirty document with text on it, just like below: My problem with my actual image of a ...
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0answers
18 views

IEC fast RMS measurement

I'm looking how to implement fast RMS measurement according to the IEC 61000-4-30 class A and I would appreciate some advice or guideline, as I'm having some doubts. IEC goes with zero crossing for ...
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1answer
42 views

Adding Poisson noise to a time series signal

I'm working on a radiation detection problem. I have simulated some measurement count data and want to add an amount of Poisson background noise to achieve a certain SNR. Radiation count measurement (...
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1answer
53 views

How to measure algorithmically side lobes in real data

I want to measure algorithmically the following parameters in a given FFT data (real numbers). peak side lobe levels side lobe levels 
side lobes nulls The following image illustrates parameters I ...
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2answers
26 views

Using the traditional instruments for measuring high frequency signal

All we know that we can not use the probe for measuring the high-frequency signal (microwave signals). I still can not understand the reason. I have read that the reason because of the wavelength size ...
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0answers
43 views

Face image quality assessment

I'm trying to filter out bad face images (with artifacts) generated by StyleGAN. Is there a good image quality measurement mechanism in python for doing this? I've tried using BRISQUE but it is not ...
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0answers
48 views

How to draw a smooth spectrum from a discrete array of measurements at selected frequencies?

I have a AS7265x triad spectroscopy sensor from SparkFun (link) which gives me measurements at 18 individual light wavelengths between 410nm and 940nm. The datasheet says that the FWHM of each sensor ...
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1answer
75 views

Sampled AC Voltage measurement

I want to implement a AC Voltage measurement function for a DMM. That DMM can sample up to 1,000,000 Samples/s. With the sampling function I wanted to sample an input sigal (e.g. sine signal) and ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is fft2 in MATLAB unitary? Some differences happen

I meet a problem when implementing fft2 in MATLAB. The question is I try to simulate the realistic measurements $Y = |FCXF^H|^2$ - the intensity of Fourier domain of object $X$, where $F$ denotes ...
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2answers
78 views

Phase measurement with FFT for DMM Keithley 7510

I am currenly working on a measurement driver for the DMM Keithley 7510. I implemented a harmonics measurement using FFT (from MathNet library). First I simply sample my input voltage signal and ...
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1answer
39 views

Separability vs. Resolution - Synonymous terms?

In terms of discrete representation of a variable, let's say time measurements in absolute values in [seconds], is there a difference between separability and resolution? When do speak of either ...
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1answer
185 views

Finding period of a square wave with varying sampling frequency

I have a square wave (0-1.8V) with a varying sampling frequency (from a circuit simulator). It is also not a perfect square wave (the high and low signal could be very close to but not precisely zero ...
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1answer
229 views

Can I use SINAD for THD+N measurements? Are they inverse of each other?

I'm looking for a clarification, which I haven't really been able to find. It's probably obvious but I'd like to be absolutely sure of what I'm calculating. I noticed that the formula that calculates ...
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1answer
106 views

Sensor rise time compared to experimental step input rise time

I have a dynamic calibration system. With it, I am applying a experimental step input to a pressure sensor. The goal is to measure the step response of the sensor and use it to calculate the frequency ...
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0answers
200 views

Phase response of S11/S22 parameter for an RF attenuator? [closed]

I am new into the RF measurements. I was measuring the S11/S22 (reflection) parameters of an RF attenuator (with different attenuation levels, e.g., 10 dB) via a vector network analyzer from Rhode &...
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3answers
123 views

Quality of experience engineer

I have noticed certain overlap between digital signal processing and quality assurance for jobs that require expertise in evaluating the quality of the transmitted signals on telecommunication systems ...
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3answers
272 views

How to calibrate a signal with respect to frequency

I have recordings from accelerometers (non-flat response with respect to frequency) and I'd like to convert my voltage time series into acceleration values. Is there a standard method for doing this? ...
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1answer
155 views

Calculating THD where peaks are not exact harmonics

I have captured an FFT of a 1 kHz signal that I am generating using a WM8904 codec running at 48k samples/second connected via I2S to a ARM microcontroller (Atmel SAME70). It appears to have some ...
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1answer
242 views

Why is Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) measured as an RMS value?

I do understand Voltage/Current measurement of a Sine Wave is in RMS, as average yields a zero, and RMS gives a true 'DC equivalent' value. But I do not understand why an EVM measurement could be in ...
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2answers
33 views

Is there a way to measure each pixel's content in an image somehow?

Is there a way to measure each pixel's content in an image somehow? Like can I interpret each color as some kind of a single value, rather than a triplet? Perhaps I can think of them as $\mathbb{R}^...
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0answers
92 views

Calculating Transfer Functions From Harmonic Distortion Percentage

Hi I am working on emulating a piece of analog audio equipment and would like to be able to create a transfer function based on the measured percentages of harmonic distortion. I know that harmonic ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What's the Difference Between UQI and SSIM Measures for Image Similarity / Quality?

I'm studying image quality assessment (IQA) problem and I'm currently learning about quality measures UQI and SSIM, I know UQI is a predecessor of SSIM, but they look exactly the same for me...
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1answer
333 views

How to calculate the entropy of random normally distributed samples?

I have a hardware device that outputs a normal distribution of readings. It's (fitted) parameters are mean = 35 units, std.dev. = 8 units and I read the values as 8 bit integers. I'm trying to ...
2
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0answers
157 views

Digital filter for sharp impulse in data

I am looking for an algorithm or a filter to remove sharp peaks from my data. I am collecting raw data after every 1 second from an sensor through an ADC. The ADC has an internal FIR filter. I use ...
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1answer
210 views

Estimating confidence intervals for the mean value

Say I conducted a numerical experiment -a time-dependent fluid simulation- and extracted a time-series of some variable. It looks like this: As a result of the simulation, I am supposed to report the ...
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1answer
98 views

Filter results from force measurements

I was provided with several force measurements. Precisely: The vertical compression force exerted from the milling tool on a working peace. The plot of the force looks reasonable and of course it ...
2
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1answer
666 views

Adjustment of window length with sliding/moving RMS method for frequency drifts

I'm using a sliding RMS mechanism to compute RMS of a signal, i.e. with a window size of N, I add the squared value of the new sample $x[n]$ to the running total while deducting the squared value of ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Measuring signal phase difference between receivers

I am working on a project which aims to locate a transmitter. I consider doing this using several receivers and measuring the phase differnces between them. My problem is that arduino measures once ...
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0answers
48 views

How does the error in azimuth angle vary as one moves away from the boresight direction of a radar

My question is basically same as the title. I am trying to find a mathematical model which provides the error, $d\theta$, in azimuth angle($\theta$) as one moves away from the boresight direction of ...
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0answers
45 views

Parameter estimation from a measure

I'm doing an exercise where, given a data sample taken from a physical measure, I have to estimate the parameters of the measure where samples $x_i$ are described by the equation: $$ x_i = A \sin(2\pi ...
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1answer
78 views

SNR problem with different sampling rates using innerproduct

I'm trying to measure the amplitude of a sinusoidal component in a noisy signal. Since the signal frequency is known beforehand, I'm calculating scalar product with a sine and cosine base function ...
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0answers
71 views

Why is the term deconvolution used more for signals and not so much (or at all) for systems?

Wikipedia defines mathematical deconvolution here, and with the examples given and my experience, what I've read over the years is that deconvolution is used to determine an input signal provided a ...
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2answers
373 views

Measuring amplitude of a spectral component

I'm trying to measure the amplitude of a spectral component in a signal. The component's frequency is always known beforehand. I take a given number of samples, apply the flattop window to reduce ...
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1answer
215 views

Best reference for object size estimation in an image

I'm working on a project where I need to measure the size of a 2D object on a flat surface from an image. I have total freedom to create a reference with any shape and size. The camera I am using is ...
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0answers
523 views

Sampling and zero crossing

I am sampling a sine wave of 50Hz(stepped down from 230V) at the rate of 500KHz. For identifying disturbances in the wave, i was thinking of comparing a cycle of incoming sine values with reference ...
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0answers
150 views

White noise sound vs harmonic sound reverb

I use a microphone array to localise a sound source in a small lecture theatre. I tested it with white noise and a bird noise source. I found out that the white noise source give very good results. ...
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0answers
17 views

How is per-class rate defined?

I've recently read the following For our pixel labeling, consistent with [20], we report the number of pixels correctly classified (per-pixel rate) and the average of per-class rates. The per-...
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1answer
40 views

Accurate measurement of object's position on a bayer-filtered and grayscaled images

This is an experience-related question about cameras and image processing. I have a laboratory setup. Under some simplifications it looks like a red ball rolling on a white table (the real setup is ...
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0answers
82 views

Get the distinctive deltas of quite noisy and very variable / dynamic measurement values

for my thesis I need to point out the distinctive deltas of my measurements for further use. The jumps can occur with different heights over different time slots. And the absolute base values can ...
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0answers
27 views

If a signal is added to another in the freq. domain, how to filter it out?

I have two signals, $x$ and $y$. I know that $F(x)=F(s)+F(n)$ and $F(y)=F(n)$, where $s$ is the 'clean' signal, $n$ is the added noise and $F$ donate Fourier Transform. To obtain the clean signal, I ...
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2answers
62 views

Finding filaments in high dimensional space

I have unit vectors in a high-dimensional space (~300) that are non-uniformly distributed over this hypersphere. There is physical meaning when the vectors are clustered together, but I'm ...