Questions tagged [matched-filter]

Matched filter is obtained by correlating a known signal, or template, with an unknown signal to detect the presence of the template in the unknown signal.

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51 views

Practical question about DFT in Matlab

Please consider this piece of code: ...
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What is matched filter in QPSK signal?

Consider we have received a QPSK signal. We than make I (In phase) and Q (quadrature component) which I understand is nothing but multiplying the received signal by the cos(2*pi*f) and -sin(2*pi*f) ...
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About understanding a Matched Filter

I have some basic doubt in understanding a matched filter (MF). Please note that I have already seen very informative post in this context Understanding the Matched Filter In what follows, I list ...
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Is there a hypothetical situation where once can use Wiener filter prior Matched filter to get better result?

Is there a hypothetical situation where once can use Wiener filter prior Matched filter to get better result? Mostly I am looking for an example or a situation where both the filters are required as ...
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ADC and Matched Filtering

A basic theorem in communications is the matched filter maximizes the SNR at sampling. I'm a little confused on how this relates to discrete time systems and sampling rate. Normally if you sample at ...
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Designing Matched Filters on Arduino

I'm trying to develop a prototype at the moment that includes a sensor to detect how fast someone is typing on a keyboard. Essentially this sensor is a microphone that will be able to detect keyboard ...
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Find a simple sine wave buried within noise, FFT or cross-correlation?

My recorded signal x = s + v, where s = A*sin(ωt) and v = noise. SNR < 1 or ~ 1. So the sine wave is buried under a lot of noise. I need to compare the relative amplitudes of s for each recording ...
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Cascading conventional filter with matched filter

The most upvoted answer to this question suggests to use a "conventional" filter in cascade with a matched filter to first remove out of band noise (with conventional filter) and then optimize signal ...
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Radar SNR for a LFM Waveform

How do you estimate the detection SNR for a radar transmitting an LFM (chirp) waveform? I'm looking for an SNR equation that is a function of chirp bandwidth and compressed (or uncompressed) ...
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How to calculate the phase shift AND time delay of non-periodic signals

Say I have two non-periodic signals, $f_1(t)$ and $f_2(t)$, with Fourier transforms $F_1(\omega)$ and $F_2(\omega)$. Basically, I need to line up $f_1(t)$ and $f_2(t)$ as close as possible, and I am ...
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Plane Settings of the Matched $z$-transform Method

I've come across that the matched $z$-transform maps poles of the $s$-plane design to locations in the $z$-plane. My question is, what is the $s$-plane and what does this mean? I'm aware that the ...
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Does oversampling improve processing gain?

I am used to Time-Bandwidth product describing the processing gain or improvement in SNR for a spread spectrum signal using a matched filter. One could view the bandwidth $B$ as the sample rate (...
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Matched filter and cross correlation in digital processing

I am very new to signal processing, and a bit confused with the matched filter. Assume that I have a time series and a specific waveform I need to identify in it. By definition: a matched filter ...
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Determining signal using Optimal receiver(Matched filter)

I'm given a signal that has been passed through a noisy channel using binary polar signaling with a pulse value of p(t) = 1. The receiver is coherent and the length of each pulse (in samples) is 10 ...
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What will the impulse response of a matched filter look like if the input is complex?

If $h(t)$ is the impulse response of a filter matched to a signal $s(t)$, I read that $h(t) = ks(t_o - t)$. But what if the signal is complex? I went through the derivation of the matched filter and ...
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Digital Communications block diagram question

I am new to digital communications and trying to understand the basic underlying concepts of digital comm systems. So far , studying the course , I have some questions which if anyone can answer would ...
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Understanding the Matched Filter

I have a question about matched filtering. Does the matched filter maximise the SNR at the moment of decision only? As far as I understand, if you put, say, NRZ through a matched filter, the SNR ...
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What's the difference between SISO and SIMO in using matched Filters

Suppose we are transmitting a signal $x$ in $OFDM$ with $N$ subcarriers, After performing Parallel/Serial conversion and then N-points FFT, we suppose to have signal $s = IFFT^Hx$, Then adding the ...
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Understanding the over sampling factor effects before a Matched Filter?

I am trying to design a matched filter at the receiver side to a half sine pulse shaping function sent by the transmitter of an OQPSK transceiver. I am not sure I understand the effect of varying the ...
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Derivation of the Optimal Matched Filter - Convolution vs. Correlation

On the Wikipedia page for Matched Filters here, there is a matrix algebra derivation for an optimal matched filter. Now, considering the output of an LTI system is found using the convolution operator,...
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“Complex Matched Filter”

What does a complex matched filter mean? . A complex bandpass filter can be formed by multiplying a low pass filter by exp(jwt) getting an analytic filter (one sided in the frequency domain) which is ...
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matched filter of chirp signals

In simulating linear frequency modulated (LFM) chirp signals, with the parameters: Pulse width, bandwidth. I find the matched filter response to be this: In particular, there is a increase in the ...
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Carrier Frequency Offset, Rotating Constellation and Correlator

I have been further reading up on carrier recovery methods and something is not clear to me: It's written that a carrier frequency offset results in a rotating constellation diagram but if you are ...
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Perform overlap add with available FFT size smaller than filter coefficients

I would like to process 12 to 20 seconds of incoming audio at a sample rate of 44100. I must process this audio in real time in an STM embedded kit (perhaps also an Android Smartphone). I'm trying to ...
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Optimum Filter Signal Detection for Non AWGN Channels

I have been reading this question and it confirms that the matched filter is the maximum-likelihood receiver in the presence of additive white Gaussian noise. So in the AWGN channel it maximizes the ...
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Radar video signal and matched filtering

In order to make my question more clear and give more details I'm trying to understand the processing signal procedure in radars,i understood till this moment that a transmitter generates a signal ...
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How to Tell How Likely a Signal Is Present in Another One (Variance Unknown)?

I know this is probably a simple question, but I haven't been able to find a satisfactory answer anywhere... Say you have a time series signal of finite length N. Call it $y[n]$. It looks like a ...
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742 views

Finding Reference Audio Signal in Test Audio Signal and Cropping Accordingly

As seen in the diagram, below I have a reference audio and a test audio. I want to find at what part of the test clip the reference audio be heard. Once, that is found I want to crop the test file ...
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How to detect a long signal inside an even longer one?

I'm trying to detect a long pattern inside a long recorded audio. In order to do so I am implementing a matched filter in time by performing a FIR filtering using the coefficients of my pattern ...
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Pulse Compression(Chirp) SNR Gain

I've created both single tone signal and a LFM chirp signal with same pulse duration and cross correlated both of them with their own(matched filter). Peak points of both results were same as expected ...
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Expectation and Auto-correlation of an Output from a Matched Filter. [duplicate]

[see the attached image] I recognize the filter in the problem is a matched filter. But I don't understand how this filter actually work, and I am not quite sure about how to calculate the ...
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Frequency Domain Variant of Pearson's Sample Correlation Coefficient?

Suppose that you need to find (i.e. acquire) $x_1$, a short data packet with a known bit sequence preamble (i.e. a PRBS BPSK), in $x_2$, quantized samples recorded from the output of an ADC. You don'...
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How to interpret output of matched filter with complex input?

I have implemented a matched filter based on the Fourier Transform approach. In the real numbers domain that means that I use as the coefficients of my filter (B) the inverted time-samples of the ...
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Cross-correlation - Why is there a complex part after FFT/IFFT when deleting the mirrored part of the spectrum?

I want to detect a special shape in my time series and I apply an matched filter using cross-correlation to increase the SNR. ...
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Noise covariance matrix

I am attempting to implement a generalized least squares estimator that uses a noise covariance matrix from measured data. The basic model is as follows $$\hat{c}_{GLS} = \left(\bf{A}^T\bf{\Sigma}^{-...
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normalized sum of squared differences

I want to search for a patch in a region of image, and I will use the normalized sum of squared differences. I know that the sum of the squared differences is: $SSD = \sum {\left(F - I\right)^2}$ ...
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Besides computational costs, is filtering, decimating, then filtering different from just filtering?

Background: I have a variety of BPSK which uses a raised cosine transmitted pulse shape: $$ h(t) = {1 \over 2}\, (1+\cos(\pi t))\, \Pi(t/2) $$ After matched filtering in the receiver, the end result ...
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How to eliminate matched filter background?

The question My goal is to detect an unknown frequency $f_1$ with a mixer and a matched filter. My simulation shows (below) that I correctly identify the 50 kHz external signal - but it also ...
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Calculating penalty to SNR for non-matched filter

If a matched filter is optimal for detecting a known pulse in an AWGN channel, any other filter must have a degraded SNR. Given a discrete pulse shape and an arbitrary non-matched filter, is it ...
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Whitened Matched Filter

I am seeking for an advice on whitened matched filtering technique. I have looked into the literature and I do understand its the purpose and how to select the filter in order to achieve the desired ...
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Match Filter in Time-Frequency domain instead of just Time domain. Redundant, or better?

Assume you have a signal, and within it, some pulses are present. A pulse is a simple tone. You know the pulses' duration and shape. (Let us assume that a pulse is made of a couple of cycles, and then ...
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Matched filter loss due to frequency offset

I'm working with a pulsed radar signal which uses linear chirp pulses. I perform pulse compression by applying a matched filter of the simulated chirp waveform and recording the location and power of ...
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Location of Matched Filter

In a digital communication receiver, matched filter(SRRC filter) is used. In different literatures, the location of the matched filter is mentioned in two different places. One is just after the ADC ...
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Does a matched filter give a gain in SNR?

I am trying to know if filtering a sequence with a matched filters gives a gain equal to the sequence length, he are the calculus, is it correct ? In my model $s$ is a deterministic complex sequence (...
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Obtaining phase and magnitude of 2 spectral components after ADC

I am currently implementing a digital filter to obtain the output of a PID controller. The control loop is carried out by applying a 1kHz sine wave at the input of the system and reading the output ...
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Finding a signal inside a time series using MATLAB's $\tt xcorr()$

I would like to find the exact replica of signal A in time series B. I am working with the simple toy example below, in which A is located starting at the 4th position in B. I thought that using <...
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771 views

How MATLAB calculates matched filter gain

Here is a bunch of code from MATLAB documentation: Designing a Basic Monostatic Pulse Radar: ...
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Matched Filter BER vs SNR curve does not match the theoretical curve [closed]

I am creating a matched filter using filter command. The coefficients are also generated in another file using sigma delta modulator these are ternary coefficients (+1,-1,0). I have generated 1 and 0 ...
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matched filtering in GSM

After the estimation of channel impulse response (using the training sequence in burst), to cancel the effect of channel on the received signal, I think, we should convolve the received signal with ...
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Matched filter for variable time scaling?

Lets say I have some arbitrary waveform shape I want to look for. We'll use this as an example: If my input is some mildly noisy signal, and I see something like this: I can run that through a ...