Questions tagged [lowpass-filter]

A low-pass filter is an electronic filter that passes low-frequency signals but attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.

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First order low pass filter

I am trying to better understand the first-order low pass filter: Summary: Per wikipedia, a first order low pass filter yields the following in discrete time: $$ \frac{Y(s)}{U(s)}= \frac{\omega_{c}}...
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1answer
639 views

Low-pass filter with varying cut-off frequency over time

Is there a novel way to create a low-pass filter (Finite Impulse Response Filter) with varying cut off frequency over time? For example, I have a white noise that is 10 seconds long sampled at 44.1 ...
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592 views

Why do Savitzky-Golay filters of degrees 4 and 6 have roughly opposite ripples?

Savitzky-Golay smoothing filters of polynomial degrees 4 and 6 have frequency response with ripples of roughly opposite signs. Thus averaging the coefficients of two filters of degrees d and d+2 is an ...
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1answer
97 views

What impact have different types of border-handling on high pass or low pass filtering?

When high or low pass filters are being applied to an (grayscale) image, the borders need to be handled separately. They could be filled with 0's or 255's (b/w), repeat the nearest pixel value, or ...
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0answers
296 views

Applying Jake's remez exchange algorithm for filter design

I have found C implementation for remez exchange algorithm(https://github.com/janovetz/remez-exchange/blob/master/remez.c) and I want to use this to implement a generic prototype lowpass filter. ...
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0answers
114 views

What is the reason for this 'linear “error”'

Here's MIM (Magnitude Invariance Method) thesis (press the "View PDF" to get the theis with MATLAB code in hands) and here's a plot showing the issue I'm trying to solve: Magnitude responses for one ...
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0answers
57 views

What Techniques Are Used for Signal / Image Denoising (Example Image Provided)?

I have an image that looks like this (it might appear low res in a browser because it is 16 MB). This image was taken with a scanning electron microscope, but because the equipment is outdated there ...
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0answers
5k views

Digital low pass filter vs Kalman filter

I have experience with the design of FIR, IIR digital filters. I also know about the Kalman filter, but I am not skilled at using them. Consider the case of a low frequency signal from discrete ...
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0answers
119 views

How many different filters are needed for in an iterated filter bank?

I'm trying to implement an iterated filter bank as described in the Subband coding chapter of the Really Friendly Guide to Wavelets. However, the text seems to suggest that The advantage of this ...
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1answer
310 views

filter design for ECG

I would like to ask how to design a digital filter to remove $50$ Hz interference on an ECG signal. Do I need to use notch filter? Thanks.
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19 views

Partially aliasing in Signals

I have read a paper about super resolution where signals are used that are partially aliased. here the paper If the sampling rate is smaller than the 2*max frequency but greater the max frequency, ...
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0answers
23 views

Continuously tunable low-pass filter that “interpolate” wavelet filter for multi-resolution analysis

I am using wavelets to analyse some complicated 1D signal, where I am able to come up with multiple filtered signals with different level of details. However, the cutoff of wavelet filters follow a ...
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22 views

Correct way to build a basic filter bank (ie. for simple multiband audio processing)?

I need to build a filter bank for multiband processing. Last time I tried I was just starting at coding/DSP so I failed and didn't get a flat spectrum out of it. I just want to know the basic ...
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152 views

Choosing Right Type of Filter for time series data

I am working on a temperature time-series data which is very noisy. I am trying to measure true low and ...
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31 views

2-D low pass filter

I have an ultrasound signal that is 1536x128. I first downsample the signal by a factor of 2x2 in x and t, then I upsample the missing data with zeros, then I do an fft, fftshift, then another fft to ...
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67 views

How to filter out noise in high frequency signal?

I am trying to filter this signal (download-zip): ...
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23 views

How to design a filter with smoothness regularisation?

I am rather new to the DSP topic. However, I would like to filter a signal with lowest error and highest smoothness. Until now, I was using tikhonov regularisation inside batch regression with some ...
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1answer
403 views

windowed sinc filter in matlab

Hello i'm designing a low pass filter windowed sinc in matlab ...
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219 views

low-pass filter and the sharp cut-off filter

are the low-pass filter and the sharp cut-off filter the same thing?? Here there is the definition of sharp cut-off filter https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filter_(large_eddy_simulation) . I tried to ...
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113 views

Why do I have to scale filter coefficients during bandlimited sample rate conversion?

I am writing an example for how to perform sample rate conversion using windowed sinc and polyphase filters. Here is the C++ code as a github gist. So far, this works, and I think I have understood ...
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0answers
45 views

Frequency warping while creating filter coefficients

If I have an audio signal at 16kHz with frequencies band-limited to 8kHz. I want to low-pass filter this signal such that fc=4000Hz. Meaning when I reconstruct the signal I do not want any content ...
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231 views

How to implement one dimensional low pass Gaussian filter with zero-phase shift?

I am trying to apply a low pass Gaussian filter on a signal and find the exact location of maximum/minimum in the resulting smoothed signal. I have to do it for a few values of sigma (Gaussian ...
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74 views

Using a Passive 1st Order RC filter to Extract DC Component

I am trying to extract the DC component out of a PWM signal produced by the MCU using a LPF. I understand that 1st order RC filter is looked upon as being amateurish because the gain in the passband ...
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170 views

Issue with the Massberg Analog-Matched Low Pass Filter

Implemented the filter mentioned in title using Octave and couple sources Vicanek and Zeitlin (LPF.cpp). Got filter working otherwise but, ... when tested the responses against 'analog model' of the ...
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1answer
779 views

How to design a lowpass filter using Hamming window and sinc function

I have these three equations and have a noisy voice signal. I have to design a low pass filter of length N=1000 using hamming window technique. I have selected its cutoff frequecny 0.25 (normalized). \...
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0answers
2k views

Implement a Butterworth Filter in C#

I'm very new to signal processing, but was asked to implement a filter function for Butterworth low pass filter for given order, cutoff frequency and sample rate. After reading some articles I think ...
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51 views

Low pass image filter

I have feature in my camera that indicates "Low Frequency Flat Field correction" and I want to evaluate its impact on the image. How can I do this? Currently I can only take pictures of a uniform ...
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0answers
4k views

Design of a Butterworth lowpass filter in MATLAB

I'm using the Signal Processing Toolbox in MATLAB to design a Butterworth low-pass filter. I'm told that my filter has been giving some unexpected results. In particular, when the values from this ...
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0answers
402 views

Converting floating point IIR to fixed point arithmetic, given its difference equation

Is there some general way to perform the task given in the question? I have a filter given as follows: ...
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0answers
252 views

How use FIR filter for simulating an integral implemented using the trapezoidal integration?

Suppose I have this equation $$ \phi = \frac{60}{T^5} \int_0^T \left( T^2 - 6T \tau + 6\tau^2\right) y(t-\tau) d\tau - \frac{30 \alpha}{T^5} \int(T-\tau)^2\tau^2 u(t-\tau) d\tau $$ and I want to use ...
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is there upper limit on averaging window size for images?

An amateur question. I take an image and average pixels over a window 3 by 3, thus obtaining a smoother image. Then I increase the averaging window size - obtain an image with even less details, but ...
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0answers
260 views

Appropriate digital filter for GPS tracks?

I have an open-source software project whose purpose is to analyze a GPS track, or a similar track made by an application such as google maps, and estimate the physical exertion required to hike or ...
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0answers
59 views

Locate first minima in signal

I have many datasets which all looks roughly like this: All the datasets have this in common. First there is an artifact around 0 with an unknown (but likely very high) intensity. Then there is some ...
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115 views

Velocity estimation from distance sensor

I know it is a generic question but I did not find a specific answer to it online. My question is: I have a range sensor based on the time of flight (Infrared Sensor. Transmitter-Reflector-Receiver)....
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193 views

Two way Audio crossover MATLAB code using Bessel

Could MATLAB's besself function be used in designing an Audio crossover (Tweeter and Woofer) with highpass and lowpass filters? Most likely the same with this ...
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0answers
311 views

Which method to choose to get linear phase response zero group delay low-pass filter?

Background: I do time-dependent simulations of physical systems. Like this: http://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.115431 During the simulation, observables are recorded and later ...
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155 views

Multiply filter kernel by sine

1)Suppose that we have low-pass filter with cf equal to 0.1. How frequency response would look like if I multiply filter kernel by sine with frequency say 0.3? How this is related to converting low-...
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0answers
543 views

Calculate cutoff frequency of filtered data

I am processing data which was put through a low pass filter at some point. Looking at the FFT, I can see that it is less than the Nyquist rate. I am trying to filter another set of data so that the ...
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0answers
35 views

Statistics of the output of a high bitrate signal filtered through a narrow band low pass filter

I was wondering what would be the statistics of the output of the filtering of an extremely wideband signal (e.g. 10 Gbps random data stream) through a narrowband low-pass filter (e.g. 10 MHz LP). I ...
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0answers
862 views

Lowpass then Inverse filtering in python

I wrote a simple lowpass filter in python to run against lena. Now I'd like to add Gaussian noise to the lowpass filtered data and then run an inverse filter against the lowpass and try to get the ...
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0answers
131 views

Recovery of Bandlimited Signals after Companding and Low Pass Filter

Let $\Omega > 0$ and denote by $\mathcal{B}_\Omega$ the subspace of $L^2(\Bbb R)$ consisting of signals that are bandlimited to $(-\Omega, \Omega)$. Denote $\mathcal{L}_{\Omega} : L^2(\Bbb R) \...
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0answers
545 views

Building a Low-Pass FFT filter for a noisy current pulse signal

I have some (well lots) of data signals which are measurements of current pulses. The current pulses are the result of spark breakdowns (20 kV + 700 pF capacitor so quite energetic) and my problem is ...
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0answers
2k views

How do decide which order my butterworth filter should have?

I have a signal that was recorded with around 300 samples in a second. Now I want to run a low pass and a high pass butterworth filter over it. The frequency for the high pass filter is around 0.05 Hz ...
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0answers
16 views

Bandpass filter is not working as expected

The sampling rate that I have currently is at 384kHz and I want to downsample it down to 44.1kHz. I want to use a bandpass from 5kHz to 200kHz but I am only able to bandpass up to 192kHz for some ...
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22 views

Remove noise from distance calculated from accelerometer data

I got distance calculated from accelerometer raw datas using double integral accelerometer.I attached the image below.But it shows noise with it.Please help me to remove this noise.
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31 views

Droop compensation - How to do it?

Lets say i have a LPF response that has some kind of droop (some attenaution in the passband, usually could be due to cic filter how to make CIC compensation filter,,,, or can also be due to large ...
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26 views

Filtering via Convolution and Multiplication… Why different results? *Code and image*

Image and MATLAB code are below. I am doing Complex Down Conversion (IQ Sampling) to 0 Hz and using a Low Pass Filter after it to remove an unwanted conversion product. I start with 500-1000Hz ...
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2answers
23 views

Role of Power Metric and LPF in AGC(Automatic Gain Controller)

I am trying to understand & implement simple toy AGC system . Few questions while reading about it, 1) How POWER metric came into picture, why not other metric like absolute value to control ...
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2answers
24 views

Design and a notch filter using two Butterworth filters in parallel (MATLAB)

I am doing a project to filter out a 1kHz noise inserted to a 30sec .wav audio file. To filter out the 1kHz noise, I am required to design using two Butterworth filters connected in parallel where ...
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0answers
35 views

Fundamental component estimation

I am dealing with phasor estimation (fundamental component extraction primarily), and i am using sliding window DFT (which happens to be very popular for phasor estimation). Now at nominal frequency (...