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Questions tagged [lowpass-filter]

A low-pass filter is an electronic filter that passes low-frequency signals but attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.

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Low Pass Filter - pixel correlation

I am trying to understand low pass filters for image processing, I came across an article that stated that low pass filters effect noise more than the real data due to that the image Noise always ...
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3k views

Why Butterworth filter always starts my signal from from zero mark (amplitude)?

I am trying to filter my force signal using Butterworth low pass filter. so this is the signal, I have to filter (noise frequency is around 33 Hz). So when I use Butterworth filter with following ...
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How do I smooth this noisy signal?

I have a numerical solution to a problem in mechanics. I am computing the force applied to an object as a function of its deformation and in the problem, there is an instability, due to which the ...
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834 views

Choosing minimum sampling frequency of a filtered signal

I have a time series of acceleration sampled at 1000Hz to capture random impacts on a structure. The ringing of the structure (not of interest) produces noise which a 50Hz filter seems to eliminate ...
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Transform one-pole cascaded system into a biquadratic section

I have two cascaded one-pole sections with the same coefficient b for both sections. $$ y_A[n]=x_A[n]+b\cdot(y_A[n−1]−x_A[n])\\ y_B[n]=y_A[n]+b\cdot(y_B[n−1]−y_A[n]) $$ The final output of the system ...
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215 views

Cascaded one-pole sections and relationship to time constant

I have implemented a typical one-pole lowpass filter to smooth out some control signals. The form of the filter is: $$ y1 = x0 + b1\centerdot(y1 - x0) $$ x0 is the current input sample. y1 is the past ...
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1k views

calculating the stop-band edge frequency of a low-pass FIR

I have three information about a low-pass FIR filter. pass-band edge frequency pass-band ripple stop-band ripple I want to get the stop-band edge frequency I've been googling for the last hour ...
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872 views

Integration of square wave

trying to program an integrator. My input is a square wave and my expected output should be a triangle wave. However, whenever I pass it through my low pass filter algorithm (just a 2nd order ...
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Why is the output of the LPF half that of the real/imaginary part of the complex envelope?

The passband signal $\ u_p(t) = I_{[−1,1]}(t) \cos 400πt $ is passed through an LPF as $\ u_p(t) \cos(401\pi t).$ The question is to find the output. The example does the following: If we let $\ u_1 =...
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643 views

Relation between poles and cut off frequency of a filter

I noticed that for a low pass Butterworth filter, as the cut off frequency reduces, the poles get closer to the unit circle. Is it applicable to all filters and why is this so? As the normalized cut ...
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1k views

Smoothed Square Wave

new here and probably pretty unexperienced compared to the rest of you. This should be simple enough but just wanted some clarification. I'm trying to model an analog square wave oscillator with C. ...
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Interpolation based on sinc function

I implemented an interpolation method in C++ based on this equation ...
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3k views

How to Actually Use FFT to implement Low Pass Filter

have searched high and low for a practical guide to implement a simple 50Hz low pass filter on a signal.I understand the theory but its the practical but that's missing. If I was using MATLAB it would ...
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Digital low pass filter vs Kalman filter

I have experience with the design of FIR, IIR digital filters. I also know about the Kalman filter, but I am not skilled at using them. Consider the case of a low frequency signal from discrete ...
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4k views

Complex low pass filters

I am searching for documentation on the behaviour of complex low pass filters, and their application in telecommunications. Thank you
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what is magnitude responce at ω = π/2M for freqz function [duplicate]

what is magnitude responce at ω = π/2M.Code Given is ...
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Frequency response of a rolling linear regression

I am looking for a way to characterise the frequency response of the slope from a linear regression. We are exploring the effect of window length of the regression to the magnitude of the slope of the ...
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4answers
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filter coefficients to know high pass and low pass filter

Looked on few questions already there in dsp.stackexchange and couldn't get the direct answer. Basically I have a kernel of a gaussian separable filter. ...
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134 views

Transform a continuous time differential equation of a Low Pass Filter to discrete time

Assuming I have a linear differential equation of first order low pass filter: $$RC*y(t)'+y(t) = x(t) $$ And Assuming i know now that the input x(t) is being sampled at a rate of $T_s$ how can now ...
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Lag in financial trading vs Group Delay in signal processing

I'm a newbie to Signal Processing - and so I'm providing a "background" and a "question" section separately. Background: Suppose I have a linear filter (w.r.t. given as $\theta_{t+1} = \theta_t + ...
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42 views

Denoising approach for a combination of several ADC voltage channles

I have 2 ADC channels of constant voltage measurement with small amount of high frequency noise only and no low frequency oscillations. The final signal should be the simple sum of those and denoised ...
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1answer
228 views

Possible to implement simple IIR filter with greater than 6 db/octave slope?

I am using the following IIR code as a low-pass filter in a software project, and it works great. However, I would like the slope of the filter to be much steeper as the one here seems to be very ...
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248 views

Implementation of a cascaded IIR filter

I am attempting to implement a cascaded IIR filter in MATLAB. I used fdatool to design the filter and exported it as an object, Hd. In my script, I import a log file of data I captured and store my ...
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Why are ideal filters not particularly useful/ hard to do?

Why is a LPF ideal filter: a) Not useful? b) Hard to make? I was asked to make a Low pass filter (simulink block) that will take an input of a cutoff frequency, and for a signal with a frequency ...
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209 views

Transfer function, amplitude response and difference equation for a filter

I've found a paper with a filter described in terms of transfer function, amplitude response and difference equation: transfer function of the second-order low-pass filter: $$ H(z) = \frac{(1-z^{-6})...
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Find Stopband Edge Frequency

I tried to find the stopband edge frequency.I know that the signal amplitude falls to -3 dB below the passband edge frequency.I examine a lot of DSP books so i don't any information about how to ...
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421 views

FFT “Brick Wall” Low Pass Filter Not Smoothing Output

I'll try to be as brief as possible. I have very limited signal processing experience. I have a data set that consists of essentially a big old sine function (with deviations from ideality), and lots ...
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1answer
646 views

How does sampling rate affect discrete filters?

I am just starting to learn discrete filters and I could use some help. I understand continuous signals and filters. I am trying to understand the math behind discrete filtering. For example in the ...
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1answer
325 views

Minimum Energy Delay Property

I have 4 systems which are represented in z domain like this: Where I know the poles and zeros. Then I compute Partial Energy Sequence of impulse response of all these system using this formula: ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the low-pass filter that gives minimal transient response?

As title says, what is the low-pass filter that gives minimal transient response? By minimal transient response, I mean minimal settling time with reference to very tiny amount of divergence of steady-...
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337 views

FIR Filter matlab command

i'm trying to understand the fir1 filter but i still don't get it. For example here i got an audio signal that i consider noise, i'm passing it through a low pass filter. ...
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1answer
34 views

Calculating the network function of a filter

Given a system, that behaves as a 1st order filter with network function $H(s)$. We input: $$v_1 (t)=1+3\cos(10^4 t)$$ And we obtain as output: $$v_2(t)=1+1.5\cos \left(10^4 t -\dfrac{\pi}{3}\right)$$...
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964 views

Which anti aliasing filter algorithm for efficient audio resampling?

I'm building a real-time audio resampler (think pitch bend) that needs to have a several different performance vs quality configuration options. I understand that I'll need to apply a low-pass filter ...
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526 views

Convert low pass continuous time filter design to bandpass, discrete time

I am trying to convert the continuous time transfer function of a second order lowpass Butterworth filter is given by: To a bandpass fourth order bandpass digital filter, I first apply the mapping to ...
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127 views

transient response of simple digitalized RC low-pass filter

In http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilinear_transform#Example, digital version of simple RC low-pass filter is presented: $$\frac{1 + z^{-1}}{(1 + 2RC / T) + (1 - 2RC / T) z^{-1}}$$ where $T$ is ...
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How many different filters are needed for in an iterated filter bank?

I'm trying to implement an iterated filter bank as described in the Subband coding chapter of the Really Friendly Guide to Wavelets. However, the text seems to suggest that The advantage of this ...
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1answer
2k views

low pass filter with minimal ringing

I am trying to filter out some square wave signal to within a limited band (1/4 or 1/8 of the original), I realized that there's a lot of ringing in the wave when I use my filter (elliptical), I also ...
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1answer
2k views

FIR filter coefficients from frequency responses

I have frequency responses of FIR filter of order 13 from obtained 50 frequency samples. How can I get FIR filter coefficients of order 13? For example, in MATLAB a lot of possible ways I tried ; I ...
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315 views

extrapolate turning points for a sine weighted moving average?

On a stationary signal a sine-weighted moving average is calculated (SWMA: the coefficient vector looks like the first (>0) part of a sinusoid). The SWMA looks like this: very smooth: The future is ...
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2answers
387 views

my Butterworth lowpass formulas do not agree with Fisher webpage

I want to implement Butterworth low-pass filter. Thanks to this question, I have found out that the filter coefficients can be generated using Tony Fisher web-site or using his code. But the problem ...
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207 views

Spectral leakage issue cannot solved using windowing

I am designing a frequency lowpass filter using FFT&IFFT. My test data is a time series with a large DC component (the pink curve). Before the FFT, the time series was detrended (curve fitting) to ...
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1answer
579 views

Understanding my Butterworth filter

My input is x and my filtered output is y. The sampling rate of x is ...
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5answers
3k views

How to design very narrow band, very sharp low pass filters - Only DC needed?

I am using a DSP processor to sample signals at 108kHz and I only want to get the DC part out of it. Such a high sampling rate is used because I want to use oversampling to reduce quantization noises. ...
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1answer
759 views

Common Filter Types for Audio Applications

I'm beginning to write a basic "virtual analog" synthesizer and want to implement a lowpass with variable cutoff frequency and resonance. Does anyone have insight into filter types commonly used to ...
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1answer
135 views

Given Gain function, how to design a causal, stable and minimum phase IIR filter?

I am given $|H(\omega)|$, I wonder if minimum phase stable causal filter is unique and how to calculate it.
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1answer
375 views

How can slope of low-pass biquad be configured?

I have a biquad filter, configuread as a low-pass filter (using Zolzer's formulas, similar to these). It does not overshoot and decays nicely in what I assume is -40dB/dec. How can I device a ...
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2answers
236 views

Playing back an audio file at an arbitrary rate with upsampling and downsampling

Background: My overall goal is to create an audio file player which can playback an audio file at an arbitrary rate. The rate can change continuously as the file plays. This means upsampling to ...
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1answer
139 views

How to manipulate attenuation in Parks MClellan algorithm?

I am using GNU Radio C++ source code in my app (pm_remez()) for generating FIR filters coefficients. Input parameters here are: ...
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1answer
7k views

How is the lowpass to bandpass transformation derived?

I'm using a lowpass to bandpass filter transformation: $$ s \leftarrow Q \left( \frac{s}{\omega_0} + \frac{\omega_0}{s} \right) $$ Based on the wiki article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...