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Questions tagged [lowpass-filter]

A low-pass filter is an electronic filter that passes low-frequency signals but attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.

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CCDE processing vs. Scilab function

I have used Scilab functions to produce a low-pass filter for an audio signal and the coefficients for the associated constant coefficient difference equation (CCDE). I then produced filtered signals ...
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3answers
68 views

Usefulness of Practical filter ouptput

If a practical filter can't remove all unwanted frequency components like ideal filter, does that mean unwanted frequency component are still present after filtering? how can we use such distorted ...
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1answer
587 views

Frequency analysis to determine low-pass cut off frequency

I collected some data for a practical application, where the signal represents force data obtained from an impact of a punch against a force plate attached to a quasi-rigid rig (it moves once the ...
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1answer
270 views

Poles and zeros map

Given the following map of poles and zeros for some $H^L(s)$: How can I understand from the map that the given Transfer function is LPF? Hence the poles are located at the hight frequencies it should ...
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1answer
118 views

Do you recognize this filter?

I'm trying to decipher the uncommented source code of SoundBox which is a little music tracker written in javascript. There is an included synthesizer, which applies a filter on the output samples. I'...
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2answers
74 views

High/Low Pass Filters from Zero

I everyone, I'm a computer scientist but not from the signal processing community. I want to implement a real time digital low pass filter (to begin with) for a sound processing application. I've ...
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0answers
62 views

LC Low Pass Filter Design

I am attempting to design a low-pass filter for a subwoofer, as the audio amplifier that is connected to it does not filter any of the sound coming in, and it is getting pumped full of high frequency ...
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0answers
60 views

How to combine filters' effects?

My question is about the use of many filters on a sound signal. I found the following transfer functions for the high cut, the low cut and the pass band filter : H = K / (1 - x^2 + j.x/Q) H = K / (1 -...
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2answers
318 views

Gaussian pyramid: why needs the image to be downsampled

In the context of a gaussian pyramid, why is the image downsampled separately although the numbers of pixels are decreased through smoothing already? In my understanding, the number of pixels will ...
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1answer
216 views

How to decompose raw acceleration signals into gravity and dynamic acceleration?

I have a data from $3$-axis $50$ Hz accelerometer, acceleration over each of $3$-axis: $acc_X,\ acc_y,\ acc_z$. I want to decompose acceleration into gravity and movement components. First ...
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1answer
371 views

How to design a lowpass filter using Hamming window and sinc function

I have these three equations and have a noisy voice signal. I have to design a low pass filter of length N=1000 using hamming window technique. I have selected its cutoff frequecny 0.25 (normalized). \...
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130 views

Low/High cut filter : how does it work?

I have a question about the low-cut and high-cut filter on an equalizer. Let's say, for example, that I'm using a 15 band equalizer with the following central frequencies: 25, 40, 63, 100, 160, 250, ...
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2answers
682 views

How to Classify a Kernel as Low Pass Filter (LPF) or High Pass Filter (HPF)? How to Transform an LPF Kernel into HPF Kernel?

The filter impulse response is [1/9 1/9 1/9;1/9 1/9 1/9;1/9 1/9 1/9]. how do i determine whether it is an Low pass filter or a high pass filter. If this is a low pass filter how do i convert it to a ...
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87 views

Estimating frequency when there's little isolation between signal and noise frequencies

Say I have a signal which is guaranteed to have a frequency between 110-120 Hz but is corrupted by interference signals that're very close to this frequency range. For example, let the interference ...
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2answers
11k views

Apply Low pass Butterworth filter in Python

I want to use a low pass Butterworth filter on my data but on applying the filter I don't get the intended signal. Here is the dummy code: Signal A: ...
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2answers
249 views

Short length windowed sinc filter

I have a 50-60Hz signal being sampled at a frequency of 25 kHz & I'm trying to filter all frequencies beyond 70 Hz with a reasonable steep transition band (approx 4 Hz) & good attenuation (~40+...
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1answer
53 views

Help generating coefficients for basic FIR LPF

I'm trying to generate coefficients for a FIR low pass filter to be used in an FPGA. I'm using python (scipy.signal) to attempt to do this, but am having trouble getting coefficients in a usable form....
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37 views

What does “ripple limit cutoff” mean?

So I'm reading the datasheet for MAX98357A. It's an audio amplifier that receives digital signal using I²S bus and has integrated digital low-pass filters of the IIR and FIR types. In addition to ...
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1answer
203 views

How to properly filter a BPSK demodulated signal?

I am new to this field and yesterday I began a project for BPSK modulation. So this is what i did: $\ x(t) = 0 $ or$\ 1 $ binary data $\ Fs = 15 $ sampling frequency kHz $\ Fc = 10 $ carrier ...
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1answer
338 views

Condition for modelling noise as white noise

I am reading a book on Communication System by Simon Haykin. In the topic of white noise there is a paragraph "We may state that as long as the bandwidth of noise process at input of a system is ...
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2answers
264 views

should I apply low-pass filter when calculating central derivative?

Let us say that we have a discrete signal $I_n$, $n=0, 1, 2, ...$. According to Nyquist theorem the maximum frequency for such discretization is $f_{max} = 0.5$. Now imagine that I want to calculate ...
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1answer
232 views

AM demodulation from a real RF signal

I'm capturing an RF signal transmitted at 433.8MHz, with a bandwidth of about 50KHz. My goal is to be able to save it as a .wav file. I'm using an RTL-SDR dongle and a software named HDSDR, where I ...
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1answer
119 views

How to smoothen signal with missing values before differentiation?

I want to differentiate a noisy signal with many, randomly located, missing data values. Which smoothing techniques should be applied before differentiating the signal? I have a velocity signal at ...
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1answer
111 views

Instantaneous velocity and displacement from acceleration signal using a proper filtering method

first I need to mention I'm new to signal processing. here is the situation: I have an acceleration time-series derived from an accelerometer I wanted to imply a filtering method like high pass ...
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0answers
3k views

AM Modulator Demodulator in Python

I am trying to make a AM modem using Python Numpy and Matplotlib. I am successful in generating the AM Signal but I cannot demodulate it using a lowpass filter function that I made. The demodulation ...
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1answer
99 views

How to filter a signal sampled at different frequencies

I have a signal which was sampled using different frequencies. The 3 regions are: 0-10 ms: 10000 Hz 10-50 ms: 1000 Hz 50-200 ms: 100 Hz The signal is very noisy, so I thought about smoothing it with ...
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0answers
1k views

Implement a Butterworth Filter in C#

I'm very new to signal processing, but was asked to implement a filter function for Butterworth low pass filter for given order, cutoff frequency and sample rate. After reading some articles I think ...
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1answer
286 views

how can I make a simple lowpass filter with this constraints? [closed]

I'm searching for a simple low pass filter code in C with this constraints a modulable frequency cutoff (how can I convert all these crazy coefficients into a frequency?) I could change with a slider....
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1answer
5k views

Apply butterworth filter (lowpass) to a signal

I'm working on a DSP lab and I can't figure out how to apply the filter I've created to a sound. The only thing I found online that did something to my sound was ...
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2answers
90 views

Can I combine an IIR (an EWMA) with a maximum?

I'd like to have a exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) which is raised to the value of the input signal whenever this is higher than the filter output. This taking of the maximum shall take ...
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4answers
76 views

Can I use IIR or FIR to get a sliding mean?

My output signal shall be computed by (meta code): o = 0 # or some arbitrary initial value for i in input: o = (o * 99 + i) / 100 print o I call this a "...
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1answer
258 views

Design Lowpass Filter With -7.5 dB/Octave Rolloff

I am working on a project that needs a lowpass filter with a -7.5 dB/Octave rolloff. This is somewhere between the rolloff of a one-pole and two-pole filter, so I wanted to ask what some standard ...
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1answer
101 views

Compensate for FIR filter attenuation

Is there a simple way to compensate for the reduction in amplitude of a low pass filter of a noisy sine wave signal that has been smoothed using a FIR filter so that the amplitude of the smoothed sine ...
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1answer
399 views

“fred harris rule of thumb”:

I would like to cite "fred harris rule of thumb" for estimating filter order. Is there a book or paper where I can find this rule of thumb? Thanks a bunch.
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462 views

What is the name of this digital low pass filter?

I found this digital filter in code I am working on. It is a low pass filter. In the code it is called an "alpha filter", but it is not the same as the alpha filter mentioned here. I post the ...
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1answer
630 views

2D Fourier transform of Sobel kernel

Can someone explain me the highlighted text parts regarding this image ? Here is a pseudo-code of how it was created: ...
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2answers
1k views

Gaussian filter as a low pass filter

Can anyone explain me how is a Gaussian filter a low pass filter? It may be a simple thing but I just can't seem to wrap my head around it. Also while applying a low pass filter for bandlimiting (to ...
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1answer
84 views

Determine filter given transfer function [closed]

I am given $$H(z) = 1 + \frac{\alpha}{1-\alpha z^{-1}}$$ where alpha is between $0$ and $1$. This is apparently is a low-pass filter with cutoff frequency $f_c$. How can I see that? And how can I ...
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1answer
373 views

Consider an ideal low pass filter $H(\omega)$, and the input to this filter is the periodic square wave $x(t)$. Find the output $y(t)$

The solution to the problem is $$y(t) = 5 + \frac{20}{\pi} \sin(\pi t) + \frac{20}{3\pi} \sin(3 \pi t) $$ and to get that the solution says to find the Fourier series expansion of $x(t)$ and I am ...
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1answer
81 views

Digital Lowpass Filters, basic questions

Forgive the newbie questions, I'm just starting out and wanted some basic information. I have a signal coming from a digital gyro, most of the useful information is below 90hz but I am seeing ...
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0answers
45 views

Low pass image filter

I have feature in my camera that indicates "Low Frequency Flat Field correction" and I want to evaluate its impact on the image. How can I do this? Currently I can only take pictures of a uniform ...
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0answers
236 views

Applying Jake's remez exchange algorithm for filter design

I have found C implementation for remez exchange algorithm(https://github.com/janovetz/remez-exchange/blob/master/remez.c) and I want to use this to implement a generic prototype lowpass filter. ...
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1answer
838 views

Upsampling before performing pulse shaping

I know what an upsampler does. We insert L-1 zeros between the samples. As a result, it creates spectral repetitions. What if we have a symbol impulse stream and then we apply a Root Raised Cosine ...
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1answer
33 views

Overview of regression methods between the data

I am trying to find different approaches (classic and modern) in order to find a regression function between data (in time domain) with high-frequency noise. Consider the result of this code (in ...
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1answer
106 views

Apply LTI filter to incoming signal stream [duplicate]

Typically, when I want to filter a signal with an LTI filter (in this case a low-pass filter), I just convolve the signal with the filter. However, what do I do if I have a stream of data that I want ...
2
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1answer
712 views

Lowpass Lanczos filter

I am new to Lanczos filters and trying to figure out how they can be used to generate a zero-phase lowpass filter with good time-domain properties. This example shows how to implement such a filter in ...
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0answers
3k views

Design of a Butterworth lowpass filter in MATLAB

I'm using the Signal Processing Toolbox in MATLAB to design a Butterworth low-pass filter. I'm told that my filter has been giving some unexpected results. In particular, when the values from this ...
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1answer
1k views

Removing low frequencies from a signal

I am trying to remove low frequencies from a signal and intuitively I chose the high-pass filter, more specifically - a Butterworth filter, Order 4 (because I am not sure how to choose properly the ...
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0answers
107 views

What is the reason for this 'linear “error”'

Here's MIM (Magnitude Invariance Method) thesis (press the "View PDF" to get the theis with MATLAB code in hands) and here's a plot showing the issue I'm trying to solve: Magnitude responses for one ...
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1answer
2k views

Lowpass : What is wrong with average filtering?

The question is : What is wrong with averaging as low pass filter ? The details : I want to lowpass filter a signal to downsample it. The constraints are : I have no RAM available and I work in ...