# Questions tagged [laplace-transform]

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### Is the Laplace transform redundant?

The Laplace transform is a generalization of the Fourier transform since the Fourier transform is the Laplace transform for $s = j\omega$ (i.e. $s$ is a pure imaginary number = zero real part of $s$). ...
24k views

### How poles are related to frequency response

I have recently fallen into fallacy, considering pole s=1 as there is infinite response at frequency 1. Yet, response was only 1. Now, can you derive the frequency response, given the poles? ...
3k views

### Intuitive interpretation of Laplace transform

So I am getting to grasps with Fourier transforms. Intuitively now I definately understand what it does and will soon follow some classes on the mathematics (so the actual subject). But then I go on ...
4k views

### Why is a negative exponent present in Fourier and Laplace transform?

could anyone explain why there is a need of negative exponent in fourier and laplace transform.I looked through the web but I couldn't get anything.Does anything happen if a positive exponent is ...
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### What's the meaning of a complex zero/pole?

I have been studying signal processing and control for a while now, and I use Laplace and Fourier transforms almost everyday. Also another tools such as Nyquist or Bode plots. However, I had never ...
894 views

### what is the difference between $X(j\omega)$ and $X(\omega)$ notation

I am trying to understand Fourier Transform and Laplace Transform. What is the difference between $X(j\omega)$ and $X(\omega)$ notation? what is the meaning of $j\omega$ ? Is it represent frequency? ...
2k views

### Why does the separable filter reduce the cost of computing the operator?

A separable filter in image processing can be written as product of two more simple filters. Typically a 2-dimensional convolution operation is separated into 2 onedimensional filters. This reduces ...
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### Is $y[k] = y[k-1] + x[k]$ an integrator?

It looks exactly like an integrator to me. Since $$y[k] = y[k-1]+x[k] = y[k-2] + x[k-1] +x[k] = \sum{x}$$ Applying the Z-transform gives \begin{align} Y(z) &= Y(z)\cdot z^{-1} + X(z)\\ \...
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### Fourier transform of exponent: Delta pulse or hyperbola?

Why do some tables say that Laplace (or Fourier?) inverse of exponential is a time-shifted delta pulse \begin{align} \delta (t) &\overset{\mathcal F}{\Longleftrightarrow} 1\\ \delta (t-t_0) &...
176 views

### Find state space model from transfer function

Let's suppose we have: G(s) = (s+1)/(s^2-2s+1) how can we find the state space representation of the transfer function: x_dot = x2 x2_dot = 2*x2-x1+u where u is an arbitrary input. I am very new ...
669 views

### Response of a system to a step function (heaviside)

I'd like to compute the response to a step function of a electrical/thermal system. Generally I can "easily" compute the transfer function $H$: $$H(\omega) = \frac{V_{out}(\omega)}{V_{in}(\omega)}$$ ...
1k views

### Can the inverse system of a stable system be unstable?

Can the inverse system of a stable system be unstable? For the class of LTI systems, the criteria for stability of a system with impulse response $h(t)$ and systems function $H(s)$ are: $h(t)$ be ...
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### Find transfer function from root locus and step response diagram?

I am given the response of a step of magnitude of 3 and the root locus and I have to find the transfer function of the system. The function I find gives me the step response(magnitude of 3 again) of ...
2k views

### On the meaning of s-plane and it's link to a transfer function

Considering Fourier analysis and let's say I'm walking on the blue frequency axis in the below 3D plot from zero towards infinity: So each time I encounter a non zero blue bar, I check the frequency ...
299 views

### Can use of Fourier transform be minimized completely with the help of Laplace and Z transform?

Fourier transform has different types like continuous Fourier transform (CFT), Discrete time Fourier transform (DTFT) and Discrete Fourier transform ( DFT). CFT can be used in case of continuous ...
275 views

### Transfer function of a frequency shifting system

There is a system which shifts frequencies of input by -Fc such that: Y(S) = X(S).H(S) But X(S) has value zero from 0 to Fc. I am confused on how the product of X(S) and H(S) becomes a positive ...
1k views

### How to modify an LTI differential equation to be acausal or anti-causal?

I'm trying to wrap my head around causality in LTI-systems. Considering continuous time only, I'm happy with the fact that the system is causal iff the impulse response function $h(t)=0$ for $t<0$. ...
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### Finding Laplace Transform without ROC

While studying Laplace Transform i found that region of convergence (ROC) is important because for some problems we have same Laplace Transform but different ROC helps us to take correct inverse ...
358 views

### Meaning and unit of frequency in Laplace (Fourier) transform

Imagine transfer function obtained by Laplace transform, for example: $G(s) = \dfrac{1}{s+1}$ Now, I would like to do some frequency analysis, so I replace the $s$ with $\omega i$ (let's consider ...
83 views

### Basic difference between Fourier transform and laplace transform? [duplicate]

I have read few links about difference between Fourier transform and Laplace transform but still not satisfied Please correct me if i am wrong Simply put, the main difference between Fourier ...
1k views

### blur detection using opencv

I'm writing a script to detect blur images using OpenCV by applying Laplacian filter and calculate the std but there is a problem the std for images that contain motion blur is very close to those ...
265 views

### Servo motor analysis

I'm studying a mathematical behaviour of a servo motor and I need some help to understand it. The output signal is $\beta(t)$, representing the angle rotated by the axis at instant t, in relation to ...
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### Confusion in basics of Laplace Transform

I have few confusions while starting Laplace Transform. So far I have studied, Fourier series and Fourier Transform. The basic difference which I found from different books is Fourier Transform is ...
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### Determining the causality of a signal with it's pole-zero plot

I have the following question: Pole-zero plot of x(t) and y(t) are given below: The signal $g(t)$ and $h(t)$ are defined as $g(t)=x(t)e^{-3t}$ and $h(t)=y(t)*e^{-t}u(t)$. If $g(t)$ ...
101 views

### Characteristic and moment generating function of a random variable interpretation

I have been studying about moments and cumulants of a random variable. Even though the definitions of characteristic and moments generating function are very similar (only the sign in the exponential ...
170 views

### Where does this star came from? [EDIT - Detailed Question]

First of all, it's a rare topic in google, so I can't find intuitive explanation about step-invariant, so I don't understand actually what it is, except to solve zero order hold transfer function. In ...
9k views

### Relation between Laplace and Fourier transforms

I know that $\ X_L(s=j\omega)=X_F(\omega)$ if $\ x(t)$ is one sided and absolutely integrable and hence, imaginary axis of the Laplace transform is the Fourier transform. But Fourier transform also ...