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# Questions tagged [integration]

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### Fourier series of cycloid

What is the Fourier series representation of a cycloid? The parametric representation of the curve is as follows. $$t=\dfrac{\theta-\sin\theta}{\pi}\\ x=\dfrac{1-\cos\theta}{\pi}$$ The period is $2$...
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### Problem with the existence of inverse DTFT

I am having trouble on the following exercise and I can't figure out where I am doing something wrong: Given an LTI system described by the following difference equation: $$y(n)=x(n)+2x(n-2)+y(n-1)$$ ...
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### Mutual information of $\infty$-PAM

I'm trying to compute using matlab the mutual information for an $\infty$-PAM input (the limit of a very dense PAM constellation) for a range of snr and I got stuck. I'm working with a real-valued ...
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### Dimensional analysis of integrated white noise process

This question is somewhat related to this post. Let us consider we have a white noise current source $i_n(t)$, with a variance $\sigma_i^2$, and mean, $\mu_n=0$. Assume that this current is passed ...
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### Derivative of delta function

I've come across the below. Can you please help me understand the proof for this? $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}x(t)\delta'(t-2.5)dt=-\frac{dx(t)}{dt}{\Big |}_{t=2.5}$$
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### z-Transform Methods: Definition vs. Integration Rule

The definition of the z-transform is defined as $z = e^{sT}$ where "s" is complex frequency for continuous-time systems and "T" is the sample period. Why are rules such as the forward rectangular ...
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### Why is $\int^\infty _{0^-}\delta(t-nT)e^{-st}dt = e^{-nsT}$?

I'm currently in the process of going over the $\mathcal Z$-transform and more specifically its derivation. I understand and I am able to follow it up until the final step whereby involving the ...
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### Correct way to get velocity and movement spectrum from acceleration signal sample

I have an acceleration signal sample and I need to get velocity and movement spectrum (amplitudes and phases) from it. I try to solve this problem in two ways: First method Get FFT of acceleration ...
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### Integration of square wave

trying to program an integrator. My input is a square wave and my expected output should be a triangle wave. However, whenever I pass it through my low pass filter algorithm (just a 2nd order ...
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### How can I get the function of a curve from a dataset without using a curve fitting tool?

previous relevant question here. I have a dataset of a signal captured from real hardware that produces a curve. Depending on the curve characteristics I can determine whether metal is present or not ...
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### Why this system is linear?

Hi guys i'm studying signals and systems, and my professor told us that $$y(t) = \int\limits_{ t+T }^{t-T/2} {x(a+T/2)}\mathrm{d} a$$ is a linear system. But a primitive of $x$ isn't $x^2$ ? How it'...
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### Integral of an upsampled signal, without actually resampling it

Given a signal X which is sampled at a certain frequency. The value we currently compute is given as the integral of the upsampled signal. Thus: Y = X but 100 times upsampled, by means of sinc ...
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### Orthogonal signal generator using integer arithmetic

I have a problem with implementing an orthogonal signal generator (OSG) algorithm on a microcontroller using integer arithmetic. I use this algorithm for a single-phase phase-locked loop (PLL) ...
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### Designing a practical integrator

One way to describe a practical integrator ("leaky integrator") is $$H(s) = \frac{g R}{1 + sRC}$$ I am trying to understand how to choose the values $g$, $R$ and $C$ because in practice, I will ...
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### How does integration of a signal change the spectrum?

It's a very basic question, but I havn't found the question on google or dsp.stackexchange.com: How does integraion of a signal change the spectrum?
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### Difference between these two integrators

I am an electrical engineering student but new to digital signal processing. However while searching references for my senior project I came across following two different discrete integrator blocks ...
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### Interpretation of the initial value of an integrator

I came across this example the stream processing chapter of a programming book that I'm reading: Streams as signals We began our discussion of streams by describing them as computational analogs of ...
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