# Questions tagged [integration]

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### Are longer integration times equally good or better than averaging over several shorter timespans?

Consider the signal of e.g. a photodiode or a spectrometer, where a dark measurement has been taken to account for baseline noise. The signal we want to measure is quite weak, so we need a decently ...
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### Undo finite difference with arbitrary timesteps

I'm wondering if there is a way to undo a finite difference filter with arbitrary timesteps. In the simplest case of a two-sample finite difference of a time-series $x[n]$, \begin{equation} y[n] = x[n]...
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### How to prove that the integral of Hilbert transform is not equal to the Hilbert transform of the integral?

To prove that $\int_{-\infty} ^\infty \mathcal{H}(g(t))(t)\text{d}t\neq\mathcal{H}(\int_{-\infty} ^\infty g(t) \text{d}t)$, where $\mathcal{H}(\cdot)$ is the Hilbert transform operator My approach to ...
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### why does my integrator perform noise shaping?

I am designing (in matlab) a simple system with a DC signal at 0 Hz and some added noise. I am performing a differentiation of the signal (by simply subtracting the last values from each other), next ...
1 vote
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### CIC SINC3 Filter with unsigned Integrators

I want to use the AD7401 Sigma delta modulator connected to my FPGA. The Datasheet pg.15 has some demo verilog code which I understand alright except one thing: They use unsigned integers for all of ...
1 vote
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### y(t) a of an integrator circuit

I have a signal $$x(t)= \frac{1}{T} e^{-\frac{t}{T}} u(t) - \frac{1}{T} e^{\frac{t}{T}} u(-t)$$ and I know that it transits in a integrator circuit and I have to find y(t) in time and frequency ...