Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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45 views

Image from Inverse FFT operation is sparse

I'm trying to train a deep nerual network that takes in input, an signal in the frequency domain, and attempts to learn a mapping to another signal in the frequency domain. Basically, the input to ...
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36 views

Text detection and recognition from Image

Let say you are given this image and want to detect and recognize the digits printed on the fuses. for all CV-operations i used OpenCV 3.4.4 and Python I did already these things: Detection: 1) ...
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81 views

How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
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26 views

What is a `patch expert'?

In many facial tracking algorithms based on constrained local models (CLM), such as this one and also this one, the first step of the algorithm is to learn a 'patch expert' which learns if a proposed ...
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20 views

Seperating two (image) signals in Fourier Space / Denoising

i have a problem here which is not so easy to solve. I have a measurement system which provides me two signals: -The "contrast" channel" - this is the main channel on the object -A second channel ...
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22 views

Retro Tiled Image Palettization Algorithm?

In most cases today, image palettization consists of reducing the overall number of colors in an image to some fixed number globally. This is typically solved as a straightforward but computationally ...
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26 views

Finding Local mean value of pixels of window

I want to solve the equation (2) in the attached picture which tells the local mean value. But i don't have any idea about how to evaluate this equation using matlab code. could only guess w indicates ...
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63 views

How to calculate the variance of noise when an image is downsampled?

I have a noisy image for which I know the noise variance. (Basically I created noisy image by adding noise). Now, I'm downsampling this noisy image. How does the noise variance change? Is it possible ...
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19 views

fitting lines based on image content with python

I trained an algorithm for road semantic segmentation that gives an output like this: I want to retrieve the coordinates of the vanishing point (the top of the triangle) and to fit two lines ...
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21 views

Switching camera angle based on several images

Given a number (3 or 4) of different images of a given subject from different angles, how do I interpolate to an angle that isn't available on any of the photos? What is this technique called and is ...
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24 views

problem in selecting correct algorithm for project (RCNN)

I am doing a deep learning project in which i have to identify different models of cars. i am a bit confused for the following reason: first is what algorithm should I use. I have studied that RCNNs ...
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60 views

Calculating the Mean Square Error (MSE) in Wavelet Denoising

I´m currently reading the paper (to be more precise: it´s a chapter from the book "Shearlets, Multiscale Analysis of Multivariate Data" by Kutyniok and Labate) "Image Processing Using Shearlets" by G....
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25 views

Is there a way to find a picture inside another picture, using only 2D Fourier Transforms of both images?

Can Fourier Transforms of both images tell anything about "likeliness" of two pictures? If yes, how precise? Can it still work if only several pixels are different or can it tell they are same if one ...
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170 views

Scratch Detection On Noisy Textured Surface

I wish to extract long thin scratches from the noisy background image.I have tried several ways such as stacking smoothed image with input image to remove some of the noisy background patch before ...
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176 views

retrieving complete 2d autocorrelation function from 2d power spectral density function (numpy.fft.ifft2)

My question is at the boundary between signal processing and python. I have a 2d power spectral density function (PSDF) constructed on Nx/2 + 1 and ...
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20 views

Amount of pixel eroded

Is there a definite relation between the kernel size and shape of a morphology change and the amount of pixels added or removed? I have a case where I have a segmented image, and I need to remove x ...
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17 views

Filter imaging based on the spectrum image

On the left I have the noised spectrum image can we choose which filter to work based on it? For example in the 3rd row it seems that all the energy is concentrated in the middle so we need to "...
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185 views

Detection of Video Quality Using Python

I am getting started with image/video processing. As a start I have a dataset for which the goal is to detect the quality as the video progresses. Based on my readings I think any video under test ...
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58 views

Polyphase FIR image downscaling

I recently started designing a Polyphase FIR filter in with a lanczos kernel interpolator to resample an image in Python. The goal is to downscale the image using these methods. However, I think I don'...
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10 views

Corresponding filter in the frequency domain

If we take a 7 by 7 mean filter in the spatial domain, the corresponding filter in the frequency domain is the sinc function? Is there is a list of filter in spatial domain and corresponding function ...
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94 views

Adaptive Clip Limit on CLAHE

I am working on CLAHE algorithm in order to contrast enhancement. I try to find best clip value to get best result image. However, each input image desires different clip value. Therefore, I need an ...
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26 views

Which frequency filter is it?

To which frequency filter the following operator is equivalent? -1 0 -1 0 4 0 -1 0 -1 In the image domain, it is a laplacian rotated by 45 degrees. In the ...
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77 views

Rotation invariant vs rotation variant

I have a very basic question. We have Rotation invariant filters and filters which are not invariant to rotation. Now let us suppose I want to apply one of these filters. How can I decide which one is ...
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1answer
33 views

What principles to use, in order to create field that will be read by OCR?

I currently have an invoice, where some numbers are written by hand, and I would need to read them automatically. My past experience is that people who write numbers will them write in so many ...
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42 views

How to normalise data for iterative computation of extrinsic camera matrix?

Hartley & Zisserman defend that data normalisation is an essential step prior to the estimation of geometric image transformations. The reasoning behind this, as stated in their book [1, Section 4....
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57 views

Performing inverse DFT after taking conjugate of the result of DFT

The following is a question I got in my school assignment. Pick an image and follow the operations Multiply image by (−1)x+y. Compute the DFT. Take the complex conjugate of the ...
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134 views

How to set sigmas and kernels for 3D-Laplacian of Gaussian filters to blob detection in Matlab?

I have written code according to a paper for Lung CT images, but its output wasn't correct. I think it is because of the setting of its parameters. The paper is about a multi-scale method using a ...
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19 views

Which algorithms can efficiently identify rectangular regions in noisy greyscale image?

I have a large number (~50000) of square greyscale images, about 180x180 pixels. I need to efficiently scan them for containing significant block like regions. See the following pictures where I have ...
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213 views

Multifractal analysis of an image using wavelets

I want to measure the fractal character of images using a wavelet approach (if possible) in python. (E.g., maybe things like roughness, anisotropy, or just the fractal dimension - perhaps just ...
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241 views

python: how to compute the color distribution of image in the paper with python and openCV

I am computing the color distribution of image as mentioned in the paper: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1202.2158.pdf. ...
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1answer
26 views

Can Normalized Cut be used to find connected components in binary images?

I'm unsure whether Normalized Cut can or can't be used to find connected components in binary images. I would argue that it could, but could not validate this argument.
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45 views

MatLab-Finding error in hough line transform

Can I calculate the number of error in Hough Line Transform using MatLab? I did Hough Line Transform process from Canny Edge Detection, but it is unable to detect all the lines. Thanks.
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15 views

Amplifying the difference of luminance between pixels of color images?

I'm doing some research on digital watermarking and came across an article that embeds QR codes on mostly grayscale images and the extraction part for color images is quite confusing the article ...
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46 views

Correspondence between spatial frequency and pixel position

I have a very basic image processing question for which I have not been able to find an answer so far: On several occasions I have encountered descriptions of image filters given in the frequency ...
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16 views

Extracting straight line and curves from an edge image using fourier coefficients

I came across Fourier coefficients and my understanding is that it is very efficient in analysing image properties such as shape etc.. I know we can use Fourier descriptors to describe shape... But in ...
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137 views

Brightness equalization between different images

I am dealing with a proprietary whole slide image format from 3DHistech, namely MRXS. This image is produced by scanning a glass slide biopsy. The scanner takes pictures at certain positions which ...
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1answer
125 views

How to add additive noise to an image?

I have the following image I and I want to add additive noise using the array N below. Can you please give me a calculation example of how to achieve this? Do I have to move from image space to ...
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1answer
34 views

Producing masks from mostly-static-background subtraction when given the background

My data set contains a number of high resolution greyscale images containing a person's face. A single image containing the background without the face is provided. The background is mostly static in ...
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1k views

What does opencv `mean` function do when passing a mask of zeros?

INTRO I am looking at this project to implement some changes. The project is written in C++ using openCV library. Its goal is to detect cars in parking area to calculate the number of free spots. It ...
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1answer
50 views

How would I fit a distribution to this image noise?

I have collected some noise data from a dimly lit CMOS image sensor. The distribution of pixel values is tallied below:- I'd like to be able to simulate this sensor noise. How would I fit a ...
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122 views

Improving credit-card-like image scan for OCR

OCR works best for black on white or binary images, where letters have sharp contours, no noise, and solid filling, i.e. they are nothing like this: For the curious it's a part of a document number ...
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1answer
126 views

How to find Performance Ratio (PR)?

If we have one image from BSD (The Berkeley Segmentation Dataset and Benchmark) and for this images Ground truth, how to calculate PR? PR is the ratio of true to false edges and can be calculated by ...
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1answer
155 views

Redistributing Color in a RGB Image According to a Gaussian Distribution

I haven't done this stuff in a while. If I have an image $I$ I can equalize the histogram of the image using some opencv procedure, it's already defined. Equalizing an histogram means essentially to ...
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18 views

Quantization of Image which have taken from partially less dark

I have picture with high resolution with 20M memory space and this image has been taken from the standing away from the window in room which has significantly less light as compared to outside. Image ...
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55 views

Scan an Auditorium, Count People, and Display Open Seats

I'm looking for any recommended approaches to be able to digitally process a room full people, like an auditorium or a movie theater and output the following information: Goals: How many people are ...
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105 views

How to obtain the relative position (coordinates) of SIFT feature from image center coordinates?

I have extracted SIFT features (keypoints and descriptors) of training set and saved in an inverted index form. My question is how can I calculate the coordinates of each visual features in an image ...
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1answer
89 views

how to describe the color of a small image patch?

I want to describe the color of an image patch (say of size 5x5) centered around a pixel of an rgb image. The most straightforward way to do that is to calculate the average color over that patch and ...
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1answer
302 views

Programming the IDWT for image processing

I want to program the 2D inverse discrete wavelet transform (only 1 level) in the case of image processing. In the matlab website there's this diagram: now, I want to program the IDWT with haar ...
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93 views

How to overcome effect of intensity variation in image processing?

I want to process an image for which I need the method to be robust to lighting conditions. For that the only thing I can think of is normalising intensity. I did this by dividing the image with ...
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489 views

Convex hull area in pixels

I am calculating different attributes for connected regions of the image, with the final goal of classification. One of the attributes I am working with is a sparsity measure, calculated as the ratio ...